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Open Access



This journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal.

To provide open access, this journal has an open access fee (also known as an article publishing charge APC) which needs to be paid by the authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution. The journal is currently free to the authors and readers.

Peer review under responsibility of the China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd. (CSPM).

Access Rights
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.

User Rights
Permitted third party reuse is defined by the following user license:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND):
Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

Author Rights
For open access publishing, this journal uses an exclusive licensing agreement. Authors will transfer copyright to the China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd. (CSPM) but will have the right to share their article in the same way permitted to third parties under the relevant user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights.

Publishing Schedule
This journal is published quarterly; March, June, September, and December.
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