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Open Access



This journal is a peer reviewed, subsidized open access journal where Tianjin University of Sport pays the OA fee. Authors do not have to pay any open access publication fee.
Peer review under the responsibility of Tianjin University of Sport.

Access Rights
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.

User Rights
A CC user license manages the reuse of the article (see http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses). Articles will be published under one of the following licenses according to author's choice:

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY)
Let others to copy, to create extracts, abstracts and new works from the Article, to alter and revise the Article, and to make commercial use of the Article (including reuse and/or resale of the Article by commercial entities), provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, indicates if changes were made and the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

Author Rights
For open access publishing this journal uses a licensing agreement. Authors will transfer copyright to Tianjin University of Sport, but will have the right to share their article in the same way permitted to third parties under the relevant user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights.
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