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Most Downloaded Fundamental Research Articles

The most downloaded articles from ScienceDirect in the last 90 days.

1. Recent progress in human body energy harvesting for smart bioelectronic system

May 2021
Yang Zou | Lin Bo | Zhou Li

From every heartbeat to every footstep, human beings dissipate energy all the time. Researchers are trying to harvest energy from the human body and convert it into electricity, which can be supplied...

2. Underwater robot sensing technology: A survey

May 2021
Yang Cong | Changjun Gu | Tao Zhang | Yajun Gao

Underwater robot technologies are crucial for marine resource exploration and autonomous manipulation, and many breakthroughs have been achieved with key indicators (e.g., dive depth and navigation...

3. Current progress and challenges in the design and development of a successful COVID-19 vaccine

March 2021
Tingting Li | Tianying Zhang | Ying Gu | Shaowei Li | Ningshao Xia

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is still a worldwide concern, with little to no sign of a decreasing trend....

4. Ion–solvent chemistry in lithium battery electrolytes: From mono-solvent to multi-solvent complexes

July 2021
Xiang Chen | Nan Yao | Bo-Shen Zeng | Qiang Zhang

The building of safe and high energy-density lithium batteries is strongly dependent on the electrochemical performance of working electrolytes, in which ion–solvent interactions play a vital role....

5. Therapeutic strategies against bacterial biofilms

March 2021
Yufang Bi | Guixue Xia | Chao Shi | Jianglin Wan | Longqiang Liu | Yuan Chen | Yueming Wu | Wenjing Zhang | Min Zhou | Hongyan He | Runhui Liu

The emergence of multi-drug resistance makes bacterial infection a major threat to public health and economy. The formation of bacterial biofilms is one of the main reasons of bacterial resistance....

6. Effect of bicarbonate on CO2 electroreduction over cathode catalysts

July 2021
Wanyu Deng | Tenghui Yuan | Sai Chen | Huimin Li | Congling Hu | Hao Dong | Bo Wu | Tuo Wang | Jingkun Li | Geoffrey A. Ozin | Jinlong Gong

CO2 electroreduction (CO2 ER) using renewable energy is ideal for mitigating the greenhouse effect and closing the carbon cycle. Bicarbonate (HCO3−) is most commonly employed as the electrolyte anion...

7. SARS-CoV-2 virus: Vaccines in development

March 2021
Qingrui Huang | Jinghua Yan

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, caused by SARS-CoV-2, is an unprecedented challenge to humanity. Global herd immunity may be necessary before resumption of normal economic and societal activities. Since...

8. Enhanced perovskite electronic properties via A-site cation engineering

July 2021
Xufeng Xiao | Yanmeng Chu | Chunyu Zhang | Zhihui Zhang | Zexiong Qiu | Cheng Qiu | Huaixing Wang | Anyi Mei | Yaoguang Rong | Gengzhao Xu | Yue Hu | Hongwei Han

Organic-inorganic halide perovskites have emerged as excellent candidates for low-cost photovoltaics and optoelectronics. While the predominant recent trend in designing perovskites for efficient and...

9. Satellite remote sensing of atmospheric particulate matter mass concentration: Advances, challenges, and perspectives

May 2021
Ying Zhang | Zhengqiang Li | Kaixu Bai | Yuanyuan Wei | Yisong Xie | Yuanxun Zhang | Yang Ou | Jason Cohen | Yuhuan Zhang | Zongren Peng | Xingying Zhang | Cheng Chen | Jin Hong | Hua Xu | Jie Guang | Yang Lv | Kaitao Li | Donghui Li

Mapping the mass concentration of near-surface atmospheric particulate matter (PM) using satellite observations has become a popular research niche, leading to the development of a variety of instruments,...

10. Bosonic quantum error correction codes in superconducting quantum circuits

January 2021
Weizhou Cai | Yuwei Ma | Weiting Wang | Chang-Ling Zou | Luyan Sun

Quantum information is vulnerable to environmental noise and experimental imperfections, hindering the reliability of practical quantum information processors. Therefore, quantum error correction (QEC)...

11. Drug discovery and development targeting the life cycle of SARS-CoV-2

March 2021
Haixia Su | Yechun Xu | Hualiang Jiang

A newly emerged coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), belongs to the β-coronavirus family and shows high similarities with SARS-CoV. On March 11, 2020, the World...

12. A machine learning vibrational spectroscopy protocol for spectrum prediction and spectrum-based structure recognition

July 2021
Hao Ren | Hao Li | Qian Zhang | Lijun Liang | Wenyue Guo | Fang Huang | Yi Luo | Jun Jiang

Vibrational spectroscopy is one of the most commonly applied techniques for determining molecular structures. Conventional applications often involve extensive expertise or expensive first-principles...

13. Realization of humoral immunity against SARS-CoV-2 infections

March 2021
Yong Lin | Zhenyu Zhao | Jiaxin Zheng | Jia Liu | Ailong Huang

14. Radiocarbon isotope technique as a powerful tool in tracking anthropogenic emissions of carbonaceous air pollutants and greenhouse gases: A review

May 2021
Gan Zhang | Junwen Liu | Jing Li | Pingyang Li | Nannan Wei | Buqing Xu

Air pollution and climate change are two important threats facing in our planet and are tightly linked to carbonaceous components in the atmosphere. A better understanding of the emission sources and...

15. Formation of copper boride on Cu(111)

July 2021
Chengguang Yue | Xiao-Ji Weng | Guoying Gao | Artem R. Oganov | Xiao Dong | Xi Shao | Xiaomeng Wang | Jian Sun | Bo Xu | Hui-Tian Wang | Xiang-Feng Zhou | Yongjun Tian

Boron forms compounds with nearly all metals, with notable exception of copper and other group IB and IIB elements. Here, we report an unexpected discovery of ordered copper boride grown epitaxially...

16. Crumpled, high-power, and safe wearable Lithium-Ion Battery enabled by nanostructured metallic textiles

July 2021
Dongrui Wang | Jian Chang | Qiyao Huang | Dongdong Chen | Peng Li | Yau-Wai Denis Yu | Zijian Zheng

Textile-based flexible Lithium-Ion Batteries (LIBs) show promising mechanical flexibility that is appealing for a wide variety of wearable and flexible electronic applications. The flexibility of flexible...

17. Sink or source? Methane and carbon dioxide emissions from cryoconite holes, subglacial sediments, and proglacial river runoff during intensive glacier melting on the Tibetan Plateau

May 2021
Yulan Zhang | Shichang Kang | Da Wei | Xi Luo | Zhuangzhuang Wang | Tanguang Gao

High Mountain Asia glaciers are currently ignored in the estimation of global greenhouse gas budgets (e.g., methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2)). Similar to the Asian Water Tower and Third Pole,...

18. Multidimensional perovskite solar cells

Available online 28 July 2021
Fengren Cao | Peng Zhang | Liang Li

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have attracted extensive attention, and their certified power conversion efficiency (PCE) has reached 25.5%. However, the instability of the high-efficiency...

19. Effects of catalyst mass loading on electrocatalytic activity: An example of oxygen evolution reaction

July 2021
Linghui Yu | Shengnan Sun | Haiyan Li | Zhichuan J. Xu

The evaluation of the intrinsic activity of catalysts is the most basic in searching energy- and cost-efficient catalyst materials for various applications. The accurate determination of the intrinsic...

20. Enhancing crystal structure prediction by decomposition and evolution schemes based on graph theory

July 2021
Hao Gao | Junjie Wang | Yu Han | Jian Sun

Crystal structure prediction algorithms have become powerful tools for materials discovery in recent years, however, they are usually limited to relatively small systems. The main challenge is that...

21. Establishment of the fundamental phase-to-polarization link in classical optics

Available online 6 July 2021
Xiaoyu Weng | Xiumin Gao | Guorong Sui | Qiang Song | Xiangmei Dong | Junle Qu | Songlin Zhuang

Vector polarization induced by a change in the scalar phase is far beyond our understanding of the relationship between polarization and phase in classical optics due to the entanglement of the inherent...

22. Unprecedented snow darkening and melting in New Zealand due to 2019–2020 Australian wildfires

May 2021
Wei Pu | Jiecan Cui | Dongyou Wu | Tenglong Shi | Yang Chen | Yuxuan Xing | Yue Zhou | Xin Wang

Wildfire events have recently shown a rapid increase in frequency and scale due to the warmer present-day climate; however, their potential effects on the cryosphere are difficult to assess. Catastrophic...

23. An origin of ultraslow spreading ridges for the Yarlung-Tsangpo ophiolites

Available online 21 July 2021
Chuan-Zhou Liu | Fu-Yuan Wu | Tong Liu | Chang Zhang | Wei-Qi Zhang | Zhen-Yu Zhang | Zhen Zhang | Wu Wei | Yin-Zheng Lin

As relics of ancient ocean lithosphere, ophiolites are the most important petrological evidence for marking the sutures and also play a key role in reconstructing plate configuration. They also provide...

24. Orthorhombic Y0.95-xSrxCo0.3Fe0.7O3-δ anode for oxygen evolution reaction in solid oxide electrolysis cells

July 2021
Weicheng Feng | Yuefeng Song | Tianfu Liu | Jingwei Li | Xiaomin Zhang | Junhu Wang | Guoxiong Wang | Xinhe Bao

Cubic perovskite oxides usually suffer from delamination and Sr2+ segregation for catalyzing oxygen evolution reaction (OER) at the anodes of solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs). It is crucial to...

25. Immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection in Humans and ACE2 humanized mice

March 2021
Airu Zhu | Zhao Chen | Yanqun Wang | Qiuhui Zeng | Jing Sun | Zhen Zhuang | Fang Li | Jingxian Zhao | Jincun Zhao | Nanshan Zhong

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) represents a major public health threat worldwide. Insight into protective and...

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