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Open access journal

This journal is a peer reviewed, subsidized open access journal where the authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution pays for the publishing costs incurred by the journal. The open access publication fee for this journal is usually USD 1000, excluding taxes. For all articles submitted before 31-Dec-2020, the article publication charge will be waived making it free to submit to the journal.

Access Rights
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.

User Rights
Permitted reuse is defined by the following user license:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND):
Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

Author Rights
For open access publishing, this journal uses a copyright transfer agreement. Authors will transfer copyright to Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences AND Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, PetroChina, but will have the right to share their article in the same ways permitted to third parties under the relevant user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights.

Elsevier supports responsible sharing
Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.

Publishing Schedule
This journal is published in alternative months; February, April, June, August, October, and December.

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Contact Details
e-mail: support@elsevier.com
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