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Open Access



This journal is a peer reviewed, subsidized open access journal where the Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization pays for the publishing costs incurred by the journal. Authors do not have to pay any Article Processing Charge or Open Access Publication Fee.

Peer review under the responsibility of Global energy interconnection Co. Ltd.

Access Rights
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.

User Rights
Permitted third party reuse is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND):
Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

Author Rights
For open access publishing, this journal uses an exclusive licensing agreement. Authors will retain copyright but license exclusive rights in their article to Global energy interconnection Co. Ltd but will have the right to share their article in the same way permitted to third parties under the relevant user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights.
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