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Recent Journal of Magnesium and Alloys Articles

Recently published articles from Journal of Magnesium and Alloys.

Corrosion behavior of AZ31-WC nano-composites

December 2019
Sudip Banerjee | Suswagata Poria | Goutam Sutradhar | Prasanta Sahoo

In this study, the effects of WC nano-particles amount and surface roughness on corrosion behavior of magnesium metal matrix nano-composites in 3.5% NaCl solution are examined with the help of electrochemical...

Texture tailoring and bendability improvement of rolled AZ31 alloy using {10–12} twinning: The effect of precompression levels

December 2019
Jong Un Lee | Ye Jin Kim | Sang-Hoon Kim | Jeong Hun Lee | Min-Seong Kim | Shi-Hoon Choi | Byoung Gi Moon | Young Min Kim | Sung Hyuk Park

In this study, the texture of a rolled Mg alloy is effectively modified through the application of precompression and subsequent annealing treatment, leading to a remarkable improvement in the bending...

Assessment of self-reacting bobbin tool friction stir welding for joining AZ31 magnesium alloy at inert gas environment

December 2019
Prakash Kumar Sahu | Nikhil P Vasudevan | Bipul Das | Sukhomay Pal

Research work presented in this study has the primary target of exploring joint attributes of AZ31 magnesium alloys using friction stir welding process with a modified tool referred as bobbin tool....

High temperature mechanical behavior of low-pressure sand-cast Mg–Gd–Y–Zr magnesium alloy

December 2019
Wencai Liu | Beiping Zhou | Guohua Wu | Liang Zhang | Xiang Peng | Liang Cao

The aim of this work is firstly to optimize T6 heat-treatment of low-pressure sand-cast Mg–10Gd–3Y–0.5Zr alloy, and then systematically investigate the mechanical behavior of the T6-treated alloy from...

Structural, dielectric and electrical properties of bismuth magnesium tantalate electronic system

December 2019
Sarbasri Halder | Satyanarayan Bhuyan | R.N.P. Choudhary

The lead-free dielectric compound Bi(Mg2/3Ta1/3)O3 (BMT) has been synthesized at high temperature by a low-cost solid-state method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique reveals that the fabricated...

Influence of friction stir processing conditions on corrosion behavior of AZ31B magnesium alloy

December 2019
Hamed Seifiyan | Mahmoud Heydarzadeh Sohi | Mohammad Ansari | Donya Ahmadkhaniha | Mohsen Saremi

The present study aims to investigate the effect of friction stir processing (FSP) conditions on the corrosion characteristic of AZ31B magnesium alloy. Specimens made of AZ31B alloy were friction stir...

Investigation of ZrO2 nanoparticles concentration and processing time effect on the localized PEO coatings formed on AZ91 alloy

December 2019
Zeeshan Ur Rehman | Dongjin Choi

AZ91 Mg alloy was treated through a new localized PEO (Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation) coating approach, using electrolyte solutions with varying ZrO2 nanoparticles concentration (2–8 g/L) and processing...

On the improved tensile strength and ductility of Mg--Sn--Zn--Mn alloy processed by aging prior to extrusion

December 2019
Liping Zhong | Yongjian Wang | Yuchen Dou

This study investigated the influence of aging prior to extrusion (APE) on the tensile strength and ductility of as-extruded Mg–8.32Sn–1.85Zn–0.17Mn alloy. Results demonstrated that APE treatment dramatically...

Bioactivity enhancement by Sr doped Zn-Ca-P coatings on biomedical magnesium alloy

December 2019
P. Amaravathy | T.S. Sampath Kumar

The effect of strontium doped Zn-Ca-P (ZCP) coating by chemical conversion technique on the biodegradation of AZ31 alloy was evaluated. The coating formed with 1.5 wt.% Sr and 20 min phosphating time...

A systematic investigation of secondary phase dissolution in Mg–Sn alloys

December 2019
Arushi Dev | Niladri Naskar | Nishant Kumar | Ashutosh Jena | Manas Paliwal

As-cast Mg–Sn alloys (3, 6, and 9 wt% Sn) were solution treated at 653, 703 and 753 K (380, 430 and 480 °C) for 1, 4, 8, 12 and 24 h to determine the variation of secondary phase with respect to Sn...

Crack behavior in Mg/Al alloy thin sheet during hot compound extrusion

December 2019
Kun Sheng | Liwei Lu | Yao Xiang | Min Ma | Zhiqiang Wu

A novel and effective method to co-extrude metallic alloys is described which named Direct Extrusion and Bending-Shear Deformation. The compound extrusion plates have cracked at 290 °C and 3 mm/s. According...

Comparison of microstructures and mechanical properties of composite extruded AZ31 sheets

December 2019
Yanfu Chai | Yan Song | Bin Jiang | Jie Fu | Zhongtao Jiang | Qingshan Yang | Haoran Sheng | Guangsheng Huang | Dingfei Zhang | Fusheng Pan

The microstructures and mechanical properties of the composite extruded AZ31/AZ31 and AZ31/4047 Al sheets were investigated and made a comparison to the conventional extruded AZ31 sheet. Owing to the...

Mechanical and degradation behaviour of biodegradable magnesium–zinc/hydroxyapatite composite with different powder mixing techniques

December 2019
Siti Nur Hazwani Mohamad Rodzi | Hussain Zuhailawati | B.K. Dhindaw

Magnesium-based biomaterials have recently gained great attention as promising candidates for the new generation of biodegradable implants. This study investigated the mechanical performance and biodegradation...

Effect of texture and twinning on mechanical properties and corrosion behavior of an extruded biodegradable Mg–4Zn alloy

December 2019
M. Sabbaghian | R. Mahmudi | K.S. Shin

Microstructure, texture, mechanical properties and corrosion behavior of the extruded Mg–4Zn alloy, as a biodegradable material, were investigated. A refined microstructure caused by dynamic recrystallization...

Strain hardening behavior of Mg–Y alloys after extrusion process

December 2019
Chaoyue Zhao | Ziyan Li | Jiahui Shi | Xianhua Chen | Teng Tu | Zhu Luo | Renju Cheng | Andrej Atrens | Fusheng Pan

The strain hardening is an effective mode of enhancing mechanical properties in alloys. In this work, the strain hardening behaviors of Mg-xY (x = 1, 2, and 3 wt%) after extrusion process was investigated...

Potential of multi-pass ECAP on improving the mechanical properties of a high-calcium-content Mg-Al-Ca-Mn alloy

December 2019
He Huang | Huan Liu | Ce Wang | Jiapeng Sun | Jing Bai | Feng Xue | Jinghua Jiang | Aibin Ma

In this study, the multi-pass equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was employed on a high-calcium-content Mg-Al-Ca-Mn alloy to tailor its microstructure and mechanical properties. The obtained results...

Research on the microstructure and properties of a multi-pass friction stir processed 6061Al coating for AZ31 Mg alloy

December 2019
Xiaoming Xiong | Yan Yang | Jinguang Li | Minmin Li | Jian Peng | Chen Wen | Xiaodong Peng

A 6061 Al coating for AZ31 Mg alloy was prepared by multi-pass friction stir welding (FSW) with different travel speeds. The microstructure, mechanical properties of the interfacial region and the corrosion...

Thermal stability of different texture components in extruded Mg–3Al–1Zn alloy

December 2019
Lingyu Zhao | Yunchang Xin | Zhaoyang Jin | Jian Wang | Bo Feng | Qing Liu

Grain growth can modify the texture orientation and the fraction of different texture component. The thermal stability of two texture component in an extruded magnesium AZ31 alloy was investigated....

Overview of advancement and development trend on magnesium alloy

September 2019
Tiancai Xu | Yan Yang | Xiaodong Peng | Jiangfeng Song | Fusheng Pan

Magnesium alloys are characterized by their low density (approximately 1.8 g/cm3 for magnesium alloys), high strength, large modulus of elasticity, good heat dissipation, good shock absorption, greater...

Dislocations-induced precipitates and their effect on mechanical properties of Mg-Gd-Y-Zr alloy

September 2019
Chao You | Chuming Liu | Yingchun Wan | Bei Tang | Bizheng Wang | Yonghao Gao | Xiuzhu Han

Optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and tensile machine were used to characterize the microstructures and mechanical properties of as-forged...

Influence of tool rotation speeds on mechanical and morphological properties of friction stir processed nano hybrid composite of MWCNT-Graphene-AZ31 magnesium

September 2019
Sanjay Sharma | Amit Handa | Sahib Sartaj Singh | Deepak Verma

The ever-increasing demand for light weighted hard materials for transportation industries encouraged researchers to develop composites with excellent mechanical properties which can transform it into...

Investigation of the compressibility and sinterabilty of AZ91 powder production and particle production by gas atomisation method

September 2019
Mehmet Akkaş | Mustafa Boz

This study intends to determine the pressability and sinterability of AZ91 powder production by gas atomisation method and that of the produced powder for partial production. Therefore, first, a gas...

Investigation of dry sliding wear properties of multi-directional forged Mg–Zn alloys

September 2019
S. Ramesh | Gajanan Anne | H. Shivananda Nayaka | Sandeep Sahu | M.R. Ramesh

Effect of multi-directional forging (MDF) on wear properties of Mg–Zn alloys (with 2, 4, and 6 wt% Zn) is investigated. Dry sliding wear test was performed using pin on disk machine on MDF processed...

Thermoelectric transport behaviours of n-type Mg2 (Si,Sn,Ge) quaternary solid solutions

September 2019
Övgü Ceyda Yelgel | Celal Yelgel

Mg2X (X=Si, Sn, and Ge) based systems have attracted widespread attention owing to their various benefits in thermoelectric applications. In particular, to date, ternary Mg2X based solid solutions have...

Improved tensile properties of AZ31 Mg alloy subjected to various caliber-rolling strains

September 2019
Jeong Hun Lee | Byung Je Kwak | Taein Kong | Sung Hyuk Park | Taekyung Lee

A multi-pass caliber rolling has attracted attentions as an alternative to severe plastic deformation processes. The present study enhanced strength and ductility of AZ31 Mg alloy simultaneously through...

Research status and prospects of melt refining and purification technology of magnesium alloys

September 2019
Hanxue Cao | Mengtao Huang | Chengcheng Wang | Siyuan Long | Jili Zha | Guoqiang You

Refining and purification is a significant way to obtain pure and high-quality magnesium alloy melts. This paper summarizes the flux refining methods and non-flux purification methods (blowing purification,...

Effective femtosecond laser shock peening on a Mg–3Gd alloy at low pulse energy 430 µJ of 1 kHz

September 2019
Chenghao Lu | Licheng Ge | Bing Zhu | Yangxin Li | Xianfeng Chen | Xiaoqin Zeng | Yuping Chen

In this paper, microstructure evolution and hardness of Mg-3Gd alloy treated by femtosecond (fs) laser shock peening (LSP) with direct and confined ablation modes were investigated in detail. Under...

3D atomic-scale growth characteristics of {10–12} twin in magnesium

September 2019
Xin Wan | Jing Zhang | Xueyan Mo | Fusheng Pan

In this work, we carried out three-dimensional (3D) atomic-scale study on the growth characteristics of {10–12} twin in magnesium (Mg). The study was performed by MD simulations on Mg single crystals...

Effects of Y content and temperature on the damping capacity of extruded Mg-Y sheets

September 2019
Y.T. Tang | C. Zhang | L.B. Ren | W. Yang | D.D. Yin | G.H. Huang | H. Zhou | Y.B. Zhang

The damping behavior of extruded Mg-xY (x = 0.5, 1.0, 3.0 wt.%) sheets were investigated in detail concerning the effects of Y addition and temperature, and the relationship between damping capacity...

A review: Past, present and future of grain refining of magnesium castings

September 2019
Erdem Karakulak

Magnesium is the lightest constructional metal, which makes it an important material for different applications like automotive, transportation, aviation and aerospace. There are several studies about...

The influence of Sc addition on microstructure and tensile mechanical properties of Mg–4.5Sn–5Zn alloys

September 2019
Pengqi Wang | Enyu Guo | Xuejian Wang | Huijun Kang | Zongning Chen | Zhiqiang Cao | Tongmin Wang

The microstructure and tensile properties of the as-cast and as-rolled Mg–4.5Sn–5Zn alloys by adding various Sc content were investigated. Improvement of the tensile properties in as-cast Sc-containing...

Enhancing strength and creep resistance of Mg–Gd–Y–Zn–Zr alloy by substituting Mn for Zr

September 2019
C. Xu | T. Nakata | G.H. Fan | X.W. Li | G.Z. Tang | S. Kamado

The age-hardening behavior and mechanical properties of the extruded Mg-2Gd-1.2Y-0.5 Zn (at.%) alloy with Zr or Mn additions were investigated. The results show that Mn added alloy exhibits more remarkable...

Anisotropy of mechanical properties and crystallographic texture in hot rolled AZ31+XSr sheets

September 2019
Alireza Sadeghi | Hossein Mortezapour | Javad Samei | Mihriban Pekguleryuz | David Wilkinson

The influences of Sr on the microstructure, texture and mechanical properties including flow and anisotropy behavior of AZ31 alloys are investigated. Slabs containing no, 0.4 and 0.8 wt% of strontium...

Modeling strain rate sensitivity and high temperature deformation of Mg-3Al-1Zn alloy

September 2019
Adrien Chapuis | Qing Liu

Increasing the plastic deformation temperature of Mg alloys results in higher strain rate sensitivity, easier activation of secondary slip modes, and impeded twinning. In this study, the strain rate...

Stable and metastable phase equilibria in binary Mg-Gd system: A comprehensive understanding aided by CALPHAD modeling

September 2019
Huaijia Si | Yuxun Jiang | Ying Tang | Lijun Zhang

In this paper, a comprehensive understanding of stable and metastable phase equilibria in binary Mg-Gd system was conducted with an aid of the CALculation of PHAse Diagram (CALPHAD) modeling. Firstly,...

Application of novel sol–gel composites on magnesium alloy

September 2019
S. Nezamdoust | D. Seifzadeh | Z. Rajabalizadeh

Application of defect-free, adherent, and corrosion protective sol–gel film on the magnesium alloys is generally difficult. In this study, two novel sol–gel/conversion coating composites were successfully...

Mechanical and corrosion behaviour of hydroxyapatite reinforced Mg-Sn alloy composite by squeeze casting for biomedical applications

Available online 24 September 2019
R Radha | D. Sreekanth

Magnesium alloys have gained increasing attention for biomedical applications due to their biocompatibility and the biodegradability. Hydroxyapatite (HA) is known to be a highly bioactive because of...

Fabrication of corrosion-resistant superhydrophobic coating on magnesium alloy by one-step electrodeposition method

June 2019
Tianxu Zheng | Yaobo Hu | Fusheng Pan | Yuxin Zhang | Aitao Tang

A one-step electrodeposition method was used to construct a superhydrophobic coating on the surface of magnesium alloy. Using magnesium nitrate and ethanol solution of stearic acid as electrolyte, four...

Influence of Al addition on solidification path and hot tearing susceptibility of Mg–2Zn–(3 + 0.5x)Y–xAl alloys

June 2019
Guojia Zhang | Yue Wang | Zheng Liu | Shimeng Liu

Hot tearing susceptibility (HTS) of Mg–2Zn–(3 + 0.5x)Y–xAl (x = 0, 2 and 3 at%) alloys is predicted by using modified Clyne–Davies’ model (CSC*). The solidification path, solidification characteristic...

Durability of AZ31 magnesium biodegradable alloys polydopamine aided. Part 2: Ageing in Hank's solution

June 2019
Anna Carangelo | Annalisa Acquesta | Tullio Monetta

Magnesium alloys are candidates as biodegradable medical materials due to their biocompatibility and favorable mechanical properties. Unfortunately, the high corrosion rate in physiological media and...

Mechanical and metallurgical properties of friction stir welded dissimilar joints of AZ91 magnesium alloy and AA 6082-T6 aluminium alloy

June 2019
Sameer MD | Anil Kumar Birru

In the present research work, AZ91 magnesium alloy and AA6082-T6 aluminium alloy were joined by friction stir welding process. The comparison of microstructure and mechanical properties between different...

Study of the degradation behavior and the biocompatibility of Mg–0.8Ca alloy for orthopedic implant applications

June 2019
Aya Mohamed | Ahmed M. El-Aziz | Hans-Georg Breitinger

Mg–Ca alloys have recently attracted great attention towards the research in the field of orthopedic biodegradable implants. This study presents an in vitro degradation assessment of Mg–0.8Ca (0.8 wt....

Evaluation of the reliability of twin variant analysis in Mg alloys by in situ EBSD technique

June 2019
Feiya Liu | Changfa Guo | Renlong Xin | Guilin Wu | Qing Liu

Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) is an orientation mapping technique, which has been widely used to study texture evolution and twinning behavior. This work aims to study the variant of {101¯2}...

Heat transfer analysis of magnesium alloy plate during transport process

June 2019
Qichi Le | Weitao Jia | Fangkun Ning

Temperature detection and tracking of AZ31B magnesium alloy plate during the air-cooling transport process were investigated and carried out under different thicknesses and initial temperatures. Experimental...

Finite temperature thermophysical properties of MgCu intermetallic compound from quasi-harmonic Debye model

June 2019
Salah Daoud | Nadhira Bioud | P.K. Saini

The influence of pressure and temperature on the thermodynamic properties of MgCu intermetallic compound was investigated by quasi-harmonic Debye model approximation. The equation of state (EoS) parameters...

Investigation on the reaction between MgO–CaO–CaF2 and Al–C powders to extract magnesium under atmospheric pressure

June 2019
Teng Zhang

In order to utilize the carbon resource, a novel process was developed to extract magnesium from magnesia by the reaction between MgOCaOCaF2 and Al-C powders reinforced using mechanical activation technique...

A review of magnesium die-castings for closure applications

June 2019
J.P. Weiler

Vehicle mass reduction in the automotive industry has become an industry-wide objective. Increasing fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas emission targets for engine-powered vehicles, and ambitions for...

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