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Recent Journal of Magnesium and Alloys Articles

Recently published articles from Journal of Magnesium and Alloys.

Deformation mechanism, orientation evolution and mechanical properties of annealed cross-rolled Mg-Zn-Zr-Y-Gd sheet during tension

Available online 14 September 2021
Xia Lin | Zhiyong Chen | Jianbo Shao | Jiangying Xiong | Zhang Hu | Chuming Liu

Mg-6.75Zn-0.57Zr-0.4Y-0.18Gd (wt.%) sheet with typical basal texture was produced by cross rolling and annealing. Room temperature tensile tests were subsequently conducted along rolling direction (RD),...

Effect of crystallization on purity of volatile metallic magnesium prepared from a one-step multi-region condensation process under vacuum condition

Available online 14 September 2021
Bin Yang | Dong Liang | Neng Xiong | Yang Tian | Baoqiang Xu | Yongnian Dai

We hereby report a green and simple volatilization-condensation process to prepare high-purity magnesium in different crystal forms under vacuum condition. This method can be also used for the analysis...

Developing polydopamine modified molybdenum disulfide/epoxy resin powder coatings with enhanced anticorrosion performance and wear resistance on magnesium lithium alloys

Available online 10 September 2021
Shibo Chen | Changqing Yin | Yi Wang | Shuang Yi | Xiang Gao | Xujuan Zhang | Qiyu Liao | Yuxin Zhang | Xia Zhao | Jinsong Rao | Baorong Hou

Epoxy resin powder coating has been successfully applied on the corrosion protection of magnesium lithium alloys. However, poor wear resistance and microcracks formed during the solidification have...

On the strengthening and slip activity of Mg-3Al-1Zn alloy with pre-induced {101¯2} twins

Available online 10 September 2021
Jie Kuang | Yuqing Zhang | Xinpeng Du | Jinyu Zhang | Gang Liu | Jun Sun

{101¯2} twins were introduced into the magnesium (Mg) plate AZ31 via pre-rolling along its transverse direction. The plates, both with and without the pre-induced {101¯2} twins, were subjected to uniaxial...

Improvement of strength and ductility synergy in a room-temperature stretch-formable Mg-Al-Mn alloy sheet by twin-roll casting and low-temperature annealing

Available online 9 September 2021
T. Nakata | C. Xu | K. Kaibe | Y. Yoshida | K. Yoshida | S. Kamado

•Twin-roll casting leads to the formation of uniform and fine grain structures.•The microstructure feature is effective to improve strengths-ductility synergy.•In-plane isotropic tensile property and...

The roles of stress state and pre-straining on Swift effect for an extruded AZ31 Mg alloy

Available online 8 September 2021
Chong Yang | Guoguo Zhu | Hui Zhao | Yan Peng | Baodong Shi

The Swift effect of Mg alloy is sensitive to initial texture. However, dislocation slip is the main deformation mechanism during torsion of Mg alloy. The underlying relation of Swift effect and dislocation...

Developing super-hydrophobic and corrosion-resistant coating on magnesium-lithium alloy via one-step hydrothermal processing

Available online 7 September 2021
Guowei Wang | Dan Song | Yanxin Qiao | Jiangbo Cheng | Huan Liu | Jinghua Jiang | Aibin Ma | Xiaolong Ma

Formation of super-hydrophobic and corrosion-resistant coatings can provide significant corrosion protection to magnesium alloys. However, it remains a grand challenge to produce such coatings for magnesium-lithium...

Corrosion and wear resistance of coatings produced on AZ31 Mg alloy by plasma electrolytic oxidation in silicate-based K2TiF6 containing solution: Effect of waveform

Available online 7 September 2021
Maryam Rahmati | Keyvan Raeissi | Mohammad Reza Toroghinejad | Amin Hakimizad | Monica Santamaria

In this research, plasma electrolytic oxidation coatings were prepared on AZ31 Mg alloy in a silicate-based solution containing K2TiF6 using bipolar and soft sparking waveforms with 10, 20, and 30%...

Microstructure, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of an explosively welded Mg–Al composite

Available online 6 September 2021
Mustafa Acarer | Bilge Demir | Burak Dikici | Emin Salur

In this study, an attempt was made to manufacture an AZ31–Al5005 laminated composite by explosive welding. A mixture of ammonium nitrate (90%), fuel oil (5%), and TNT (5%) was used as the explosive....

Effect of ultrasonic peening treatment on the fatigue behaviors of a magnesium alloy up to very high cycle regime

Available online 5 September 2021
Yao Chen | Fulin Liu | Chao He | Lang Li | Chong Wang | Yongjie Liu | Qingyuan Wang

•Complete change of crack initiation site.•Quantitative evaluation of grain-boundary retarding effect.•Crack type affects the formation of FGA....

New approach to formation of coatings on Mg–Mn–Ce alloy using a combination of plasma treatment and spraying of fluoropolymers

Available online 5 September 2021
D.V. Mashtalyar | K.V. Nadaraia | I.M. Imshinetskiy | S.L. Sinebryukhov | S.V. Gnedenkov

This paper presents a method of the formation of composite polymer-containing coatings on a Mg–Mn–Ce magnesium alloy by forming a ceramic-like layer using plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) and subsequent...

Microstructures and electrochemical behaviors of casting magnesium alloys with enhanced compression strengths and decomposition rates

Available online 5 September 2021
Xuewu Li | Qingyuan Yu | Xi Chen | Qiaoxin Zhang

nMg-xZn-Zr-SiC alloys are designed and fabricated with casting process.nAlloys display floccules, matrixes and second phases with discontinuous reticular structures.nMaterials guarantee fast decomposition...

Microstructure, mechanical properties and fracture behaviors of large-scale sand-cast Mg-3Y-2Gd-1Nd-0.4Zr alloy

Available online 5 September 2021
Lixiang Yang | Yuanding Huang | Zhengquan Hou | Lv Xiao | Yuling Xu | Xiwang Dong | Fei Li | Gerrit Kurz | Baode Sun | Zhongquan Li | Norbert Hort

In order to improve the ductility of commercial WE43 alloy and reduce its cost, a Mg-3Y-2Gd-1Nd-0.4Zr alloy with a low amount of rare earths was developed and prepared by sand casting with a differential...

Evaluation of elastic-viscoplastic self-consistent models for a rolled AZ31B magnesium alloy under monotonic loading along five different material orientations and free-end torsion

Available online 5 September 2021
Xianyun Zhu | Yuqian Wang | Luiz Carneiro | Huamiao Wang | Yanyao Jiang

Comprehensive experiments including monotonic tension and monotonic compression of specimens taken from a rolled AZ31B Mg thick plate along five different material orientations with respect to the rolled...

Mg-3Al-1Zn alloy deformed along different strain paths: Role of latent hardening

Available online 4 September 2021
Yao Cheng | Adrien Chapuis | Yunchang Xin | Qing Liu | Peidong Wu

The mechanical properties of magnesium alloy AZ31 were investigated experimentally with visco-plastic self-consistent modeling. Tension, compression and plane strain compression (PSC) tests were performed...

Twin-twin geometric structure effect on the twinning behavior of an Mg-4Y-3Nd-2Sm-0.5Zr alloy traced by quasi-in-situ EBSD

Available online 4 September 2021
Yunwei Gui | Quanan Li | Yibei Xue | Lingxiao Ouyang

We studied the microstructure evolution of Mg-4Y-3Nd-2Sm-0.5Zr alloy by quasi-in-situ electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) along with several strains under compression tests, which provided direct...

Modeling of microstructure evolution of AZ80 magnesium alloy during hot working process using a unified internal state variable method

Available online 4 September 2021
Zexing Su | Chaoyang Sun | Mingjia Wang | Lingyun Qian | Xintong Li

In this paper, a unified internal state variable (ISV) model for predicting microstructure evolution during hot working process of AZ80 magnesium alloy was developed. A novel aspect of the proposed...

Effects of proteins on magnesium degradation - static vs. dynamic conditions

Available online 4 September 2021
Ruiqing Hou | Frank Feyerabend | Heike Helmholz | Vasil M. Garamus | Regine Willumeit-Römer

•Proteins promote the formation of Ca/P-rich products on mg surface in static immersion.•Protein adsorption is largely reduced during mg degradation under flow condition.•Interaction between proteins...

Revealing the grain size dependent hot workability and deformation mechanisms in a Mg-Zn-Y alloy

Available online 4 September 2021
Ruiqing Lu | Zhiming Xu | Fulin Jiang | Shiwei Xu | Dingfa Fu | Hui Zhang | Jie Teng

Despite the industrial significance of grain size for enhancing mechanical properties and formability, the in-depth deformation mechanisms at elevated temperature are still unclear. To investigate the...

Achieving a novel solvent-free regeneration of LiBH4 combining hydrogen storage and production in a closed material cycle

Available online 4 September 2021
Kang Chen | Hao Zhong | Liuzhang Ouyang | Fen Liu | Hui Wang | Jiangwen Liu | Huaiyu Shao | Min Zhu

LiBH4 has been considered as one of the most promising energy storage materials with its ultrahigh hydrogen capacity, which can supply hydrogen through hydrolysis process or realize hydrogen-to-electricity...

A combination strategy of functionalized polymer coating with Ta ion implantation for multifunctional and biodegradable vascular stents

Available online 4 September 2021
Kwang-Hee Cheon | Cheonil Park | Min-Ho Kang | Suhyung Park | Jinyoung Kim | Seol-Ha Jeong | Hyoun-Ee Kim | Hyun-Do Jung | Tae-Sik Jang

Biodegradable stents made of magnesium (Mg) and its alloys have been developed to minimize persistent inflammation or in-stent restenosis, which are the main problems for permanent stents. However,...

Incorporation of LDH nanocontainers into plasma electrolytic oxidation coatings on Mg alloy

Available online 4 September 2021
Yan Li | Xiaopeng Lu | Maria Serdechnova | Carsten Blawert | Mikhail L. Zheludkevich | Kun Qian | Tao Zhang | Fuhui Wang

In-situ incorporation of layered double hydroxides (LDH) nanocontainers into plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coatings on AZ91 Mg alloy has been achieved in the present study. Fumarate was selected...

Damping performance of SiC nanoparticles reinforced magnesium matrix composites processed by cyclic extrusion and compression

Available online 3 September 2021
Mahmoud Ebrahimi | Li Zhang | Qudong Wang | Hao Zhou | Wenzhen Li

This work dealt with the damping performance and its underlying mechanism in SiC nanoparticles reinforced AZ91D composite (SiCnp/AZ91D) processed by cyclic extrusion and compression (CEC). It was found...

ZIF-8-based micro-arc oxidation composite coatings enhanced the corrosion resistance and superhydrophobicity of a Mg alloy

Available online 1 September 2021
Shiquan Jiang | Zhiyuan Zhang | Dong Wang | Yuqing Wen | Ning Peng | Wei Shang

Mg alloys are considered the most promising engineering materials because of their unique properties. However, the uncontrolled corrosion rate of these alloys limits their applications. Therefore, in...

Influence of temperature on twinning dominated pop-ins during nanoindentation of a magnesium single crystal

Available online 20 August 2021
Jun Cheng | Tingting Guo | Matthew R. Barnett

The present paper examines the temperature sensitivity of tensile twinning in a magnesium single crystal during nanoindentation of the prismatic plane. High temperature indentations from 25 °C to 250...

In vitro evaluation of degradation, cytocompatibility and antibacterial property of polycaprolactone/hydroxyapatite composite coating on bioresorbable magnesium alloy

Available online 16 August 2021
Zhang Chunyan | Cheng Lan | Lin Jiajia | Sun Dongwei | Zhang Jun | Liu Huinan

Polycaprolactone/hydroxyapatite (PCL/HA) composite coating was fabricated by a combination of hydrothermal and dipping methods to delay the degradation of Mg alloy AZ31 as bioresorbable materials. The...

Effects of homogenization temperature on microstructure and mechanical properties of high-speed-extruded Mg–5Bi–3Al alloy

Available online 13 August 2021
Jae Won Cha | Sang-Cheol Jin | Jae-Gil Jung | Sung Hyuk Park

This study investigates the effects of billet homogenization temperature on the dynamic recrystallization behavior during high-speed extrusion and resultant microstructure and tensile properties of...

Comparative study of extrudability, microstructure, and mechanical properties of AZ80 and BA53 alloys

Available online 13 August 2021
Sang-Cheol Jin | Jae Won Cha | Jongbin Go | Jun Ho Bae | Sung Hyuk Park

The extrudability, microstructural characteristics, and tensile properties of the Mg–5Bi–3Al (BA53) alloy are investigated herein by comparing them with those of a commercial Mg–8Al–0.5 Zn (AZ80) alloy....

The strain rate sensitive and anisotropic behavior of rare-earth magnesium alloy ZEK100 sheet

Available online 12 August 2021
H. Wang | X. Sun | S. Kurukuri | M.J. Worswick | D.Y. Li | Y.H. Peng | P.D. Wu

To overcome the limitation in formability at room temperature, manufacturers have developed magnesium alloys with remarkable properties by adding rare-earth elements. The rare-earth magnesium alloys...

Effect of the precipitation state on high temperature tensile and creep behaviors of Mg-15Gd alloy

Available online 11 August 2021
Shuxia Ouyang | Guangyu Yang | He Qin | Chunhui Wang | Shifeng Luo | Wanqi Jie

Due to the effective precipitation strengthening effect of the β' phase, Mg-Gd alloys exhibit excellent room temperature mechanical behaviors. However, when served at high temperatures, the metastable...

Mg-based materials for hydrogen storage

Available online 9 August 2021
Yuanyuan Shang | Claudio Pistidda | Gökhan Gizer | Thomas Klassen | Martin Dornheim

Over the last decade's magnesium and magnesium based compounds have been intensively investigated as potential hydrogen storage as well as thermal energy storage materials due to their abundance and...

Hardening effects of sheared precipitates on {112¯1} twinning in magnesium alloys

Available online 7 August 2021
Jing Tang | Wentao Jiang | Qingyuan Wang | Xiaobao Tian | Dean Wei | Haidong Fan

The interactions between a plate-like precipitate and two twin boundaries (TBs) ({101¯2}, {112¯1}) in magnesium alloys are studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The precipitate is not sheared...

Study on hot deformation behavior of homogenized Mg-8.5Gd-4.5Y-0.8Zn-0.4Zr alloy using a combination of strain-compensated Arrhenius constitutive model and finite element simulation method

Available online 5 August 2021
Li Hu | Mengwei Lang | Laixin Shi | Mingao Li | Tao Zhou | Chengli Bao | Mingbo Yang

Isothermal hot compression experiments were conducted on homogenized Mg-8.5Gd-4.5Y-0.8Zn-0.4Zr alloy to investigate hot deformation behavior at the temperature range of 673–773 K and the strain rate...

Development of anti-corrosive coating on AZ31 Mg alloy subjected to plasma electrolytic oxidation at sub-zero temperature

Available online 5 August 2021
S. Fatimah | M.P. Kamil | D.I. Han | W. Al-Zoubi | Y.G. Ko

Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) is a promising surface treatment to generate adherent and thick anti-corrosive coating on light-weight metals (Al, Mg, Ti, etc.) using an eco-friendly alkaline electrolyte....

Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as an effective corrosion inhibitor for Mg-8Li-3Al alloy in aqueous NaCl: A combined experimental and theoretical investigation

Available online 5 August 2021
Honggun Song | Zhidong Xu | Lahouari Benabou | Zheng Yin | Hongyu Guan | Hong Yan | Luo Chao | Zhi Hu | Xudong Wang

The corrosion inhibition behavior of Mg-8Li-3Al alloy in NaCl solution with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was investigated by hydrogen analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electrochemical test,...

Biocompatibility and electrochemical evaluation of ZrO2 thin films deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering on MgZnCa alloy

Available online 5 August 2021
Benjamín Millán-Ramos | Daniela Morquecho-Marín | Phaedra Silva-Bermudez | David Ramírez-Ortega | Osmary Depablos-Rivera | Julieta García-López | Mariana Fernández-Lizárraga | José Victoria-Hernández | Dietmar Letzig | Argelia Almaguer-Flores | Sandra E. Rodil

•Sputtered ZrO2 nanocoatings on a MgZnCa alloy provides corrosion protection.•The ZrO2 coated Mg alloy reduced the H2 by half during the first 5 h.•The ZrO2-coated Mg alloy presented cell viability...

Effect of carrier gases on the entrainment defects within AZ91 alloy castings

Available online 4 August 2021
Tian Li | J.M.T. Davies | Xiangzhen Zhu

An entrainment defect (also known as a double oxide film defect or bifilm) acts a void containing an entrapped gas when submerged into a light-alloy melt, thus reducing the quality and reproducibility...

Superplastic deformation behavior of Mg alloys: A-review

Available online 4 August 2021
Faisal Nazeer | Jianyu Long | Zhe Yang | Chuan Li

The magnesium alloys are the next-generation lightweight metal materials; however, the production of the complex shape components of thermo-mechanical processed magnesium alloys is very limited in comparison...

Investigation on the crystal structure and mechanical properties of the ternary compound Mg11-xZnxSr combined with experimental measurements and first-principles calculations

Available online 4 August 2021
Jian Wang | Lingzhong Meng | Zhang Zhang | Baisheng Sa | Xiaoxiao Fu | Liyuan Sheng | Daokui Xu | Yufeng Zheng

A new ternary compound, Mg11-xZnxSr in the Mg-Zn-Sr system was observed and studied using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy-Dispersive Spectroscope (EDS), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Transmission...

Evaluation of the biodegradation product layer on Mg-1Zn alloy during dynamical strain

Available online 4 August 2021
Lianxi Chen | Cheng Guo | Carsten Blawert | Junjie Yang | Dongchu Chen | Xiaojian Wang | Zhentao Yu | Mikhail L. Zheludkevich | Wei Li

Magnesium (Mg) alloys are attractive biodegradable implant materials. The degradation products on Mg alloys play a critical role in the stability of the interface between implant and surrounding tissue....

Effect of multiaxial deformation on structure, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of a Mg-Ca alloy

Available online 3 August 2021
N.Yu. Yurchenko | N.D. Stepanov | G.A. Salishchev | V.N. Serebryany | N.S. Martynenko | E.A. Lukyanova | L.L. Rokhlin | N. Birbilis | S.V. Dobatkin | Y.Z. Estrin

This article provides a report on the effect of multiaxial deformation (MAD) on the structure, texture, mechanical characteristics, and corrosion resistance of the Mg-0.8 (wt.)% Ca alloy. MAD was carried...

A route for large-scale preparation of multifunctional superhydrophobic coating with electrochemically-modified kaolin for efficient corrosion protection of magnesium alloys

Available online 2 August 2021
Xiang Liu | Tian C. Zhang | Yu-Xin Zhang | Jinsong Rao | Shaojun Yuan

Superhydrophobic coating has been widely studied for its great applicational potential, such as for corrosion protection of magnesium alloys while it has been restrained by expensive materials, sophisticated...

Plastic instability and texture modification in extruded Mg-Mn-Nd alloy

Available online 2 August 2021
Sang Kyu Woo | Risheng Pei | Talal Al-Samman | Dietmar Letzig | Sangbong Yi

Even though Mg alloys containing Mn and rare earth elements lead to higher ductility and lower yield asymmetry due to the weak texture after extrusion, plastic instability, commonly known as the Portevin–Le...

Unexpected high-temperature brittleness of a Mg-Gd-Y-Ag alloy

Available online 29 July 2021
Lirong Xiao | Xuefei Chen | Huiyan Ning | Ping Jiang | Yi Liu | Bin Chen | Dongdi Yin | Hao Zhou | Yuntian Zhu

•An unexpected high temperature brittleness of Mg-Gd-Y-Ag alloy deformed at 500 °C.•Softening of segregated compounds resulting in severe intergranular fractures during high temperature deformation.•A...

Computational design of Mg alloys with minimal galvanic corrosion

Available online 28 July 2021
Krishnamohan Thekkepat | Hyung-Seop Han | Ji-Won Choi | Seung-Cheol Lee | Eul Sik Yoon | Guangzhe Li | Hyun-Kwang Seok | Yu-Chan Kim | Jae-Hun Kim | Pil-Ryung Cha

Formation of galvanic cells between constituent phases is largely responsible for corrosion in Mg-based alloys. We develop a methodology to calculate the electrochemical potentials of intermetallic...

Extrusion limit diagram of AZ91–0.9Ca–0.6Y–0.5MM alloy and effects of extrusion parameters on its microstructure and mechanical properties

Available online 28 July 2021
Dong Hee Lee | Ye Jin Kim | Sang-Hoon Kim | Byoung Gi Moon | Sung Hyuk Park

An AZ91–0.9Ca–0.6Y–0.5 MM (AZXWMM91100) alloy, which has higher corrosion resistance, ignition resistance, and extrudability than a commercial AZ91 alloy, has been developed recently. In this study,...

Effect of heat treatment on the mechanical and biocorrosion behaviour of two Mg-Zn-Ca alloys

Available online 28 July 2021
N. Pulido-González | P. Hidalgo-Manrique | S. García-Rodríguez | B. Torres | J. Rams

•After solidification, ZX11 has both Mg2Ca and Ca2Mg6Zn3, but ZX30 only has Ca2Mg6Zn3.•Solution treatment results in a different Ca2Mg6Zn3 dissolution degree in each alloy.•Age hardening response is...

Biodegradable Mg alloys for orthopedic implants – A review

Available online 27 July 2021
Violeta Tsakiris | Christu Tardei | Florentina Marilena Clicinschi

The last decade has seen a significant growth in the market for alloys used for implants, especially for those intended for orthopedic implants. Research into biodegradable magnesium-based alloys has...

Bioinspired fish-scale-like magnesium composites strengthened by contextures of continuous titanium fibers: Lessons from nature

Available online 26 July 2021
Yanyan Liu | Qin Yu | Guoqi Tan | Mingyang Zhang | Enling Tang | Shaogang Wang | Zengqian Liu | Qiang Wang | Zhefeng Zhang | Robert O. Ritchie

Natural fish scales demonstrate outstanding mechanical efficiency owing to their elaborate architectures and thereby may serve as ideal prototypes for the architectural design of man-made materials....

Tribological behaviour of AZ31 magnesium alloy reinforced by bimodal size B4C after precipitation hardening

Available online 26 July 2021
Seyed Kiomars Moheimani | Azadeh Keshtgar | Saeed Khademzadeh | Morteza Tayebi | Ali Rajaee | Abdollah Saboori

•AZ31 composites reinforced by bimodal size B4C particles with low porosity were prepared.•The microhardness of the composites was increased by enhancing the B4C content.•The addition of B4C particles...

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