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Recent Journal of Magnesium and Alloys Articles

Recently published articles from Journal of Magnesium and Alloys.

Effect of Sn addition on the mechanical properties and bio-corrosion behavior of cytocompatible Mg–4Zn based alloys

Available online 18 March 2019
Weiyan Jiang | Jingfeng Wang | Weikang Zhao | Qingshan Liu | Dianming Jiang | Shengfeng Guo

The mechanical properties and bio-corrosion behaviors of as-extruded Mg–4Zn alloys after Sn addition were investigated, systematically. A small amount of Sn addition to Mg–4Zn alloy slightly improved...

Effect of hot rolling on microstructure and properties of the ZEK100 alloy

Available online 11 March 2019
Amjad Javaid | Frank Czerwinski

Attempts to expand manufacturing capabilities of magnesium-based sheet materials are described. The as-cast ZEK100 (Mg1.2Zn0.35Zr0.17Nd, in wt%) magnesium alloy was subjected to hot rolling at temperatures...

Twinning behavior of hot extruded AZ31 hexagonal prisms during uniaxial compression

Available online 11 March 2019
Y.R. Zhao | L.L. Chang | J. Guo | Y.P. Jin

Hot-extruded magnesium alloy AZ31 bar was cut into hexagonal prisms and then compressed at room temperature with the loading direction parallel to the extrusion direction (ED) or perpendicular to ED....

Precipitation modification in cast Mg–1Nd–1Ce-Zr alloy by Zn addition

Available online 8 March 2019
Yiyuan Zhou | Penghuai Fu | Liming Peng | Dan Wang | Yingxin Wang | Bin Hu | Ming Liu | Anil K. Sachdev | Wenjiang Ding

The effects of different Zn addition (0, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 wt%) on the microstructure and mechanical properties of cast Mg–1Nd–1Ce-Zr alloy in as-cast, solution-treated and 200 °C peak-aged conditions were...

Corrosion behavior of Mg–Mn–Ca alloy: Influences of Al, Sn and Zn

Available online 4 March 2019
Ahmad Bahmani | Srinivasan Arthanari | Kwang Seon Shin

The effects of different elements including Al, Sn and Zn with ability of solution hardening on corrosion behavior of a Mg alloy have been studied. The microstructure was analyzed and the electrochemical...

Corrosion resistance of bioinspired DNA-induced Ca–P coating on biodegradable magnesium alloy

Available online 23 February 2019
Ping Liu | Jia-Min Wang | Xiao-Tong Yu | Xiao-Bo Chen | Shuo-Qi Li | Dong-Chu Chen | Shao-Kang Guan | Rong-Chang Zeng | Lan-Yue Cui

Bioinspired coatings with decreased corrosion rate and enhanced bond strength are at the core of future clinic applications on degradable magnesium (Mg)-based implants. The hybrid of organic and inorganic...

Evaluation of electrochemical impedance and biocorrosion characteristics of as-cast and T4 heat treated AZ91 Mg-alloys in Ringer's solution

Available online 23 February 2019
Nagaraj M. Chelliah | Pambannan Padaikathan | Ram Kumar

The present study aims at understanding the electrochemical impedance and biocorrosion characteristics of AZ91 Mg-alloy in Ringer's solution. As-cast AZ91 Mg-alloy was subjected to T4 heat treatment...

Effect of homogenization annealing on internal residual stress distribution and texture in ME21 magnesium alloy extruded plates

Available online 7 February 2019
Yong Lian | Pengfei Ji | Jin Zhang | Xiaomin Yuan | Weisheng Xu | Yongle Zhao | Jiahao Mo | Lin Zheng | Shitao Dou

The distribution of residual stresses through thickness of 5 mm-thick ME21 magnesium alloy extruded plates was analyzed non-destructively using short-wavelength X-ray diffraction (SWXRD), and the effect...

Influence of processing route on microstructure and wear resistance of fly ash reinforced AZ31 magnesium matrix composites

Available online 7 February 2019
I. Dinaharan | S.C. Vettivel | M. Balakrishnan | E.T. Akinlabi

Utilizing fly ash (FA) as reinforcement for magnesium matrix composites (MMCs) brings down the production cost and the land pollution. Magnesium alloy AZ31 was reinforced with FA particles (10 vol.%)...

In situ differential scanning calorimetry analysis of dissolution and precipitation kinetics in Mg–Y–RE alloy WE43

Available online 6 February 2019
Benjamin Milkereit | Lydia Burgschat | Richard H. Kemsies | Armin Springer | Christoph Schick | Olaf Kessler

Further development of our differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) method for the analysis of solid-solid phase transformations now also allows for its application in the kinetic analysis of age hardening...

Corrosion rate determination of rare-earth Mg alloys in a Na2SO4 solution by electrochemical measurements and inductive coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy

Available online 12 January 2019
Samuel Leleu | Bertrand Rives | Nicolas Causse | Nadine Pébère

The corrosion resistance of three Mg alloys containing rare-earth elements (WE43, EV31 and ZE41) was studied and compared to that of two Mg-Al alloys (AZ31 and AZ91) and of pure Mg (99.95 wt.%). Current-voltage...

GFA

December 2018

Corrosion protection of AZ91D magnesium alloy by a cerium-molybdenum coating-The effect of citric acid as an additive

December 2018
I.L. Lehr | S.B. Saidman

In order to improve the corrosion resistance of AZ91D magnesium alloy, a coating was formed by a potentiostatic technique from a solutions containing Ce(NO3)3, Na2MoO4 and citric acid (H3Cit). The degree...

Stress corrosion cracking of EV31A in 0.1 M Na2SO4 saturated with Mg(OH)2

December 2018
Yifeng Li | Yushan Zhou | Zhiming Shi | Jeffrey Venezuela | Akif Soltan | Andrej Atrens

This paper studied the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of EV31A in 0.1 M Na2SO4 saturated with Mg(OH)2 using linearly increasing stress tests, compared with pure Mg and WE43B. All three materials were...

The corrosion behavior and mechanical property of the Mg–7Y–xNd ternary alloys

December 2018
Quantong Jiang | Xianzi Lv | Dongzhu Lu | Jie Zhang | Baorong Hou

The corrosion behavior and mechanical property of Mg–7Y–xNd (x = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 wt%) alloys were investigated. The microstructure and precipitations of Mg–7Y–xNd alloys were studied by scanning electron...

Super-hydrophobic stearic acid layer formed on anodized high purified magnesium for improving corrosion resistance of bioabsorbable implants

December 2018
Sohrab Khalifeh | T. David Burleigh

Magnesium and its alloys are ideal candidates for bioabsorbable implants. However, they can dissolve too rapidly in the human body for most applications. In this research, high purified magnesium (HP-Mg)...

Effect of Si addition on microstructure and wear properties of Mg-Sn as-cast alloys

December 2018
Erdem Karakulak | Yusuf Burak Küçüker

Effect of Si addition on microstructure, hardness and wear resistance of as cast Mg-5Sn and Mg-10Sn alloys were investigated. For this purpose alloys with wt.-% 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 Si were cast using an...

Rietveld refinement of powder X-ray diffraction, microstructural and mechanical studies of magnesium matrix composites processed by high energy ball milling

December 2018
T. Ramkumar | M. Selvakumar | R. Vasanthsankar | A.S. Sathishkumar | P. Narayanasamy | G. Girija

This research reports the processing of magnesium matrix composites reinforced with silicon carbide (SiC) and aluminium oxide (Al2O3) using powder metallurgy technique through high energy milling. Samples...

Atomistic calculations of surface and interfacial energies of Mg17Al12–Mg system

December 2018
F.X. Wang | B. Li

It is well known that precipitation hardening in magnesium (Mg) alloys is far less effective than in aluminum alloys. Thus, it is important to understand the surface and interfacial structure and energetics...

Effect of process parameters on depth of penetration and topography of AZ91 magnesium alloy in abrasive water jet cutting

December 2018
C A Niranjan | S Srinivas | M Ramachandra

In the present study, the influence of dynamic process parameters such as water pressure, traverse speed and abrasive mass flow rate on depth of penetration and surface topography in high strength AZ91...

Review on friction stir welding of magnesium alloys

December 2018
Kulwant Singh | Gurbhinder Singh | Harmeet Singh

Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is considered to be the most significant development in metal joining in last two decades. FSW has many advantages when welding magnesium or lightweight alloys. The Friction...

The corrosion behavior of AZ31 alloy in chloride and sulfate media – A comparative study through electrochemical investigations

Available online 29 December 2018
M. Gururaj Acharya | A. Nityanansda Shetty

The magnesium alloys are considered to be the best structural materials, because of their advantageous weight to strength ratio. But, the limitation in their real field applications lies on the fact...

Kinetics in Mg-based hydrogen storage materials: Enhancement and mechanism

Available online 28 December 2018
Qun Luo | Jianding Li | Bo Li | Bin Liu | Huaiyu Shao | Qian Li

Mg-based materials have been intensively studied for hydrogen storage applications due to their high energy density up to 2600 Wh/kg or 3700 Wh/L. However, the Mg-based materials with poor kinetics...

Structural, phonon, elastic, thermodynamic and electronic properties of Mg-X (X = La, Nd, Sm) intermetallics: The first principles study

Available online 27 December 2018
S. Rameshkumar | G. Jaiganesh | V. Jayalakshmi

We show the results of first-principles calculations of structural, phonon, elastic, thermal and electronic properties of the Mg-X intermetallics in their respective ground state phase and meta-stable...

Microstructural evolution, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of a heat-treated Mg alloy for the bio-medical application

Available online 27 December 2018
Mohammad Janbozorgi | Kimia Karimi Taheri | Ali Karimi Taheri

During the recent years, some Mg based alloys have extensively been considered as a new generation of degradable and absorbable bio-medical materials. In this work, the Mg–2Zn–1Gd–1Ca (wt%) alloy as...

Microstructure and texture evolution of AZ31 Mg alloy after uniaxial compression and annealing

Available online 27 December 2018
Fadi Abouhilou | Abdelkader Hanna | Hiba Azzeddine | Djamel Bradai

The effect of initial texture on the microstructure and texture evolution of as extruded AZ31 alloy after hot uniaxial compression at 430 °C and subsequent annealing at 450 °C for 72h has been investigated...

Magnesium matrix composites for biomedical applications: A review

Available online 26 December 2018
Vijay Kumar Bommala | Mallarapu Gopi Krishna | Ch Tirumala Rao

In recent years, a new wave of bioactive, biocompatibility and biodegradable metallic materials were developed for orthopedic applications. Pure Magnesium, Magnesium alloys, Magnesium alloy-based composites...

Optimization of plasma electrolyte oxidation process parameters for corrosion resistance of Mg alloy

Available online 12 December 2018
Z. Shahri | S.R. Allahkaram | R. Soltani | H. Jafari

Plasma electrolyte oxidation (PEO) is a surface treatment method with high dependency on the process parameters. This paper focuses on maximizing the corrosion resistance of PEO coatings applied on...

GFA

September 2018

Effect of ZRB2-modified on microstructure and mechanical properties of Mg-Zn-Y-Mn alloy

September 2018
Zhe Zhang | Yatong Zhang | Jinshan Zhang | Yi Li | Yanbin Ma | Chunxiang Xu

The ZrB2 particles firstly modified Mg94Zn2.5Y2.5Mn1 alloy. And the microstructures and mechanical performances of the modified alloys were studied systematically. The results showed that the moderate...

Effect of RE elements on the microstructural and mechanical properties of as-cast and age hardening processed Mg–4Al–2Sn alloy

September 2018
Amir Mahyar Majd | Mohammad Farzinfar | Matin Pashakhanlou | Mohammad Javad Nayyeri

In the present article, the effect of Rare Earth elements on the microstructural development and mechanical properties of as cast and age treated Mg–4Al–2Sn (AT42) alloy is studied. Investigation has...

Recent developments in high-strength Mg-RE-based alloys: Focusing on Mg-Gd and Mg-Y systems

September 2018
Jinghuai Zhang | Shujuan Liu | Ruizhi Wu | Legan Hou | Milin Zhang

Higher strength is always the goal pursued by researchers for the structural materials, especially for the lightweight magnesium (Mg) alloys which generally have relatively low strength at present....

Design of experiment study on hardness variations in friction stir welding of AM60 Mg alloy

September 2018
S. Richmire | K. Hall | M. Haghshenas

Identification of process parameters, their effects and contributions to the outcomes of the system using experimental approach could be a daunting, time consuming, and costly course. Using proper statistical...

Research progress of residual stress determination in magnesium alloys

September 2018
Xiaomin Yuan | Jin Zhang | Yong Lian | Chang Du | Weisheng Xu | Yongle Zhao | Jiahao Mo

With the research development of the magnesium alloys, the deformation or stress corrosion induced by residual stress (RS) attracted extensive interests in industry and research efforts extensive. However,...

Growth behaviour of low-energy plasma electrolytic oxidation coatings on a magnesium alloy

September 2018
V. Dehnavi | W.J. Binns | J.J. Noël | D.W. Shoesmith | B.L. Luan

Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO), a promising surface treatment method to improve the corrosion and wear resistance of magnesium and its alloys, operates at high voltages, resulting in a relatively...

Role of NiMn9.3Al4.0Co14.1Fe3.6 alloy on dehydrogenation kinetics of MgH2

September 2018
Priyanka Meena | Ramvir Singh | V.K. Sharma | I.P. Jain

•Role of first time synthesized nano structure NiMn9.3Al4.0Co14.1Fe3.6 alloy on hydrogenation of MgH2 is studied•Reduced mean crystallite size of sample was found after hydrogenations.•Activation energy...

Evaluation of self-healing properties of inhibitor loaded nanoclay-based anticorrosive coatings on magnesium alloy AZ91D

September 2018
Swapnil H. Adsul | K.R.C. Soma Raju | B.V. Sarada | Shirish H. Sonawane | R. Subasri

This study emphasizes on the evaluation and comparison of the anticorrosive properties of sol–gel coatings with and without inhibitor loaded nanocontainers. In this case, naturally available clay nanotubes...

Introduction to magnesium alloy processing technology and development of low-cost stir casting process for magnesium alloy and its composites

September 2018
Anil Kumar | Santosh Kumar | N.K. Mukhopadhyay

This paper presents the processing of magnesium alloys and its composite through different stir casting technologies. Design and development of stir casting technology that is suitable for processing...

Investigation of microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded AZ61 magnesium alloy joint

September 2018
Kulwant Singh | Gurbhinder Singh | Harmeet Singh

Increasing global demands for energy conservation and environmental protection led to the replacement of heavy components with lighter alloys. As magnesium alloys are believed to be unique candidates...

Investigation on dry sliding wear behavior of Mg/BN nanocomposites

September 2018
R. Vara Prasad Kaviti | D. Jeyasimman | Gururaj Parande | Manoj Gupta | R. Narayanasamy

The present research objective is to investigate the effect of boron nitride nanoparticles reinforcement on dry sliding wear behavior of pure Magnesium and magnesium nanocomposites. The fabricated nanocomposites...

GFA

June 2018

Influence of tool pin profile and rotational speed on the formation of friction stir welding zone in AZ31 magnesium alloy

June 2018
S. Ugender

In this investigation, the effect of friction stir welding (FSW) parameters such as tool pin profiles, rotational speed and welding speed on the mechanical properties of tensile strength, hardness and...

Effects of cold and warm cross-rolling on microstructure and texture evolution of AZ31B magnesium alloy sheet

June 2018
Litzy Lina Choquechambi Catorceno | Hamilton Ferreira Gomes de Abreu | Angelo Fernando Padilha

Mg alloys conventionally rolled often present strong basal textures that affect negatively further deformations, limiting their applications. The present research found that cross-rolling experiences...

Fabrication of ultra-high strength magnesium alloys over 540 MPa with low alloying concentration by double continuously extrusion

June 2018
Hua Huang | Hongwei Miao | Guangyin Yuan | Zhongchang Wang | Wenjiang Ding

We prepare a new type of patented biodegradable biomedical Mg–Nd–Zn–Zr (JDBM) alloy system and impose double continuously extrusion (DCE) processing. The lowest processing temperature is 250 °C for...

Modeling of hot deformation behavior and prediction of flow stress in a magnesium alloy using constitutive equation and artificial neural network (ANN) model

June 2018
S. Aliakbari Sani | G.R. Ebrahimi | H. Vafaeenezhad | A.R. Kiani-Rashid

The aim of the present study was to investigate the modeling and prediction of the high temperature flow characteristics of a cast magnesium (Mg–Al–Ca) alloy by both constitutive equation and ANN model....

A study on joining magnesium alloy high pressure die casting components with thread forming fasteners

June 2018
Gerry Gang Wang | Jeremy Bos

With tremendous weight saving potential, magnesium alloy high pressure die casting components have been widely used for automotive applications. Magnesium fastening technology is thus becoming increasingly...

Effect of applied pressure on microstructures of squeeze cast Mg–15Gd–1Zn–0.4Zr alloy

June 2018
Qian Zhao | Yujuan Wu | Wei Rong | Ke Wang | Lingyang Yuan | Xiangwen Heng | Liming Peng

Microstructural evolution of Mg–15Gd–1Zn–0.4Zr (GZ151K, wt%) alloys, cast under 0 MPa (gravity cast) and 6 MPa (squeeze cast), were comparatively studied. It is found that the grain size of squeeze...

Full potential study of HoMg

June 2018
Meena Kumari | U.P. Verma

In this paper, HoMg is studied in two different phases i.e. B1 and B2. The calculated lattice constants in B1 and B2 phases are 6.39 Å and 3.78 Å and corresponding energies are −25,648.49 Ry and −25,648.56 Ry,...

Development and characterization studies on magnesium alloy (RZ 5) surface metal matrix composites through friction stir processing

June 2018
G. Vedabouriswaran | S. Aravindan

Surface metal matrix composite is produced on the as cast Magnesium Rare Earth alloy – RZ 5 by single pass friction stir processing using various micro/nano sized reinforcement particles namely Boron...

The flow behavior in as-extruded AZ31 magnesium alloy under impact loading

June 2018
Biwu Zhu | Xiao Liu | Chao Xie | Wenhui Liu | Changping Tang | Liwei Lu

As-extruded AZ31 magnesium alloy samples were compressed at ambient temperature and strain rates of 1000–3000 s−1. The fracture surfaces of cracked samples, the evolution of microstructures and macrotextures...

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