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Recent Journal of Magnesium and Alloys Articles

Recently published articles from Journal of Magnesium and Alloys.

Wear and mechanical characterization of Mg–Gr self-lubricating composite fabricated by mechanical alloying

Available online 15 May 2019
Azzat Esam Abdulqader Al-maamari | AKM Asif Iqbal | Dewan Muhammad Nuruzzaman

In this research, the wear and mechanical responses of pure magnesium-graphite (Mg–Gr) composite have been investigated aiming to get the optimum composition of reinforcement. The composite materials...

Statistical optimization of stress level in Mg-Li-Al alloys upon hot compression testing

Available online 13 May 2019
Rezawana Islam | Meysam Haghshenas

In the present study, a response optimization method using Extreme Vertices Mixer Design (EVMD) approach is proposed for stress optimization in a thermomechanically processed Mg-Li-Al alloy. Experimentation...

Durability of AZ31 magnesium biodegradable alloys polydopamine aided. Part 2: Ageing in Hank's solution

Available online 13 May 2019
Anna Carangelo | Annalisa Acquesta | Tullio Monetta

Magnesium alloys are candidates as biodegradable medical materials due to their biocompatibility and favorable mechanical properties. Unfortunately, the high corrosion rate in physiological media and...

Dry sliding tribological behavior of AZ31-WC nano-composites

Available online 6 April 2019
Sudip Banerjee | Suswagata Poria | Goutam Sutradhar | Prasanta Sahoo

The present study investigates the effect of WC nano-particles on tribological behavior of magnesium based nanocomposites for varying wt% of WC (0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 wt%). Nanocomposites are fabricated...

Mechanical and metallurgical properties of friction stir welded dissimilar joints of AZ91 magnesium alloy and AA 6082-T6 aluminium alloy

Available online 5 April 2019
Sameer MD | Anil Kumar Birru

In the present research work, AZ91 magnesium alloy and AA6082-T6 aluminium alloy were joined by friction stir welding process. The comparison of microstructure and mechanical properties between different...

Enhancement of magnesium-composite bond-interface by a simple combined abrasion and coating method

Available online 5 April 2019
Davide De Cicco | Farid Taheri

Obtaining a strong bond when adhering magnesium alloys to other materials, especially to fiber-reinforced polymer composites, is challenging. Regardless of the strength of the adhesive used, it is the...

Corrosion behavior of Mg–3Gd–1Zn–0.4Zr alloy with and without stacking faults

Available online 4 April 2019
Xiaobo Zhang | Jianwei Dai | Ruifeng Zhang | Zhixin Ba | Nick Birbilis

To develop biodegradable magnesium alloy with desirable corrosion properties, a low Gd-containing Mg–3Gd–1Zn–0.4Zr (wt%, GZ31K) alloy was prepared. The as-cast ingot was solution treated and then hot...

Preparation of a single-phase Mg–6Zn alloy via ECAP-stimulated solution treatment

Available online 4 April 2019
Kai Yan | Huan Liu | Na Feng | Jing Bai | Honghui Cheng | Jingjing Liu | Fuyu Huang

The solution of the intermetallic phase and the homogenization of composition are important for Mg alloy biomaterials. A single-phase Mg–6Zn alloy with the average grain size of about 20 µm was prepared...

Study of the degradation behavior and the biocompatibility of Mg–0.8Ca alloy for orthopedic implant applications

Available online 4 April 2019
Aya Mohamed | Ahmed M. El-Aziz | Hans-Georg Breitinger

Mg–Ca alloys have recently attracted great attention towards the research in the field of orthopedic biodegradable implants. This study presents an in vitro degradation assessment of Mg–0.8Ca (0.8 wt....

Evaluation of the reliability of twin variant analysis in Mg alloys by in situ EBSD technique

Available online 4 April 2019
Feiya Liu | Changfa Guo | Renlong Xin | Guilin Wu | Qing Liu

Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) is an orientation mapping technique, which has been widely used to study texture evolution and twinning behavior. This work aims to study the variant of {101¯2}...

Heat transfer analysis of magnesium alloy plate during transport process

Available online 4 April 2019
Qichi Le | Weitao Jia | Fangkun Ning

Temperature detection and tracking of AZ31B magnesium alloy plate during the air-cooling transport process were investigated and carried out under different thicknesses and initial temperatures. Experimental...

Finite temperature thermophysical properties of MgCu intermetallic compound from quasi-harmonic Debye model

Available online 3 April 2019
Salah Daoud | Nadhira Bioud | P.K. Saini

The influence of pressure and temperature on the thermodynamic properties of MgCu intermetallic compound was investigated by quasi-harmonic Debye model approximation. The equation of state (EoS) parameters...

Investigation on the reaction between MgO–CaO–CaF2 and Al–C powders to extract magnesium under atmospheric pressure

Available online 3 April 2019
Teng Zhang

In order to utilize the carbon resource, a novel process was developed to extract magnesium from magnesia by the reaction between MgOCaOCaF2 and Al-C powders reinforced using mechanical activation technique...

A review of magnesium die-castings for closure applications

Available online 3 April 2019
J.P. Weiler

Vehicle mass reduction in the automotive industry has become an industry-wide objective. Increasing fuel efficiency and greenhouse gas emission targets for engine-powered vehicles, and ambitions for...

Effect of Sn addition on the mechanical properties and bio-corrosion behavior of cytocompatible Mg–4Zn based alloys

March 2019
Weiyan Jiang | Jingfeng Wang | Weikang Zhao | Qingshan Liu | Dianming Jiang | Shengfeng Guo

The mechanical properties and bio-corrosion behaviors of as-extruded Mg–4Zn alloys after Sn addition were investigated, systematically. A small amount of Sn addition to Mg–4Zn alloy slightly improved...

Effect of hot rolling on microstructure and properties of the ZEK100 alloy

March 2019
Amjad Javaid | Frank Czerwinski

Attempts to expand manufacturing capabilities of magnesium-based sheet materials are described. The as-cast ZEK100 (Mg1.2Zn0.35Zr0.17Nd, in wt%) magnesium alloy was subjected to hot rolling at temperatures...

Twinning behavior of hot extruded AZ31 hexagonal prisms during uniaxial compression

March 2019
Y.R. Zhao | L.L. Chang | J. Guo | Y.P. Jin

Hot-extruded magnesium alloy AZ31 bar was cut into hexagonal prisms and then compressed at room temperature with the loading direction parallel to the extrusion direction (ED) or perpendicular to ED....

Precipitation modification in cast Mg–1Nd–1Ce–Zr alloy by Zn addition

March 2019
Yiyuan Zhou | Penghuai Fu | Liming Peng | Dan Wang | Yingxin Wang | Bin Hu | Ming Liu | Anil K. Sachdev | Wenjiang Ding

The effects of different Zn addition (0, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 wt%) on the microstructure and mechanical properties of cast Mg–1Nd–1Ce–Zr alloy in as-cast, solution-treated and 200 °C peak-aged conditions were...

Corrosion behavior of Mg–Mn–Ca alloy: Influences of Al, Sn and Zn

March 2019
Ahmad Bahmani | Srinivasan Arthanari | Kwang Seon Shin

The effects of different elements including Al, Sn and Zn with ability of solution hardening on corrosion behavior of a Mg alloy have been studied. The microstructure was analyzed and the electrochemical...

Corrosion resistance of bioinspired DNA-induced Ca–P coating on biodegradable magnesium alloy

March 2019
Ping Liu | Jia-Min Wang | Xiao-Tong Yu | Xiao-Bo Chen | Shuo-Qi Li | Dong-Chu Chen | Shao-Kang Guan | Rong-Chang Zeng | Lan-Yue Cui

Bioinspired coatings with decreased corrosion rate and enhanced bond strength are at the core of future clinic applications on degradable magnesium (Mg)-based implants. The hybrid of organic and inorganic...

Evaluation of electrochemical impedance and biocorrosion characteristics of as-cast and T4 heat treated AZ91 Mg-alloys in Ringer's solution

March 2019
Nagaraj M. Chelliah | Pambannan Padaikathan | Ram Kumar

The present study aims at understanding the electrochemical impedance and biocorrosion characteristics of AZ91 Mg-alloy in Ringer's solution. As-cast AZ91 Mg-alloy was subjected to T4 heat treatment...

Effect of homogenization annealing on internal residual stress distribution and texture in ME21 magnesium alloy extruded plates

March 2019
Yong Lian | Pengfei Ji | Jin Zhang | Xiaomin Yuan | Weisheng Xu | Yongle Zhao | Jiahao Mo | Lin Zheng | Shitao Dou

The distribution of residual stresses through thickness of 5 mm-thick ME21 magnesium alloy extruded plates was analyzed non-destructively using short-wavelength X-ray diffraction (SWXRD), and the effect...

Influence of processing route on microstructure and wear resistance of fly ash reinforced AZ31 magnesium matrix composites

March 2019
I. Dinaharan | S.C. Vettivel | M. Balakrishnan | E.T. Akinlabi

Utilizing fly ash (FA) as reinforcement for magnesium matrix composites (MMCs) brings down the production cost and the land pollution. Magnesium alloy AZ31 was reinforced with FA particles (10 vol.%)...

In situ differential scanning calorimetry analysis of dissolution and precipitation kinetics in Mg–Y–RE alloy WE43

March 2019
Benjamin Milkereit | Lydia Burgschat | Richard H. Kemsies | Armin Springer | Christoph Schick | Olaf Kessler

Further development of our differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) method for the analysis of solid-solid phase transformations now also allows for its application in the kinetic analysis of age hardening...

Corrosion rate determination of rare-earth Mg alloys in a Na2SO4 solution by electrochemical measurements and inductive coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy

March 2019
Samuel Leleu | Bertrand Rives | Nicolas Causse | Nadine Pébère

The corrosion resistance of three Mg alloys containing rare-earth elements (WE43, EV31 and ZE41) was studied and compared to that of two Mg– Al alloys (AZ31 and AZ91) and of pure Mg (99.95 wt.%). Current-voltage...

Structural, phonon, elastic, thermodynamic and electronic properties of Mg–X (X = La, Nd, Sm) intermetallics: The first principles study

March 2019
S. Rameshkumar | G. Jaiganesh | V. Jayalakshmi

We show the results of first-principles calculations of structural, phonon, elastic, thermal and electronic properties of the Mg–X intermetallics in their respective ground state phase and meta-stable...

Microstructural evolution, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of a heat-treated Mg alloy for the bio-medical application

March 2019
Mohammad Janbozorgi | Kimia Karimi Taheri | Ali Karimi Taheri

During the recent years, some Mg based alloys have extensively been considered as a new generation of degradable and absorbable bio-medical materials. In this work, the Mg–2Zn–1Gd–1Ca (wt%) alloy as...

Magnesium matrix composites for biomedical applications: A review

March 2019
Vijay Kumar Bommala | Mallarapu Gopi Krishna | Ch Tirumala Rao

In recent years, a new wave of bioactive, biocompatibility and biodegradable metallic materials were developed for orthopedic applications. Pure Magnesium, Magnesium alloys, Magnesium alloy-based composites...

The corrosion behavior of AZ31 alloy in chloride and sulfate media – A comparative study through electrochemical investigations

March 2019
M. Gururaj Acharya | A. Nityanansda Shetty

The magnesium alloys are considered to be the best structural materials, because of their advantageous weight to strength ratio. But, the limitation in their real field applications lies on the fact...

Kinetics in Mg-based hydrogen storage materials: Enhancement and mechanism

March 2019
Qun Luo | Jianding Li | Bo Li | Bin Liu | Huaiyu Shao | Qian Li

Mg-based materials have been intensively studied for hydrogen storage applications due to their high energy density up to 2600 Wh/kg or 3700 Wh/L. However, the Mg-based materials with poor kinetics...

Microstructure and texture evolution of AZ31 Mg alloy after uniaxial compression and annealing

March 2019
Fadi Abouhilou | Abdelkader Hanna | Hiba Azzeddine | Djamel Bradai

The effect of initial texture on the microstructure and texture evolution of as extruded AZ31 alloy after hot uniaxial compression at 430 °C and subsequent annealing at 450 °C for 72h has been investigated...


December 2018

Corrosion protection of AZ91D magnesium alloy by a cerium-molybdenum coating-The effect of citric acid as an additive

December 2018
I.L. Lehr | S.B. Saidman

In order to improve the corrosion resistance of AZ91D magnesium alloy, a coating was formed by a potentiostatic technique from a solutions containing Ce(NO3)3, Na2MoO4 and citric acid (H3Cit). The degree...

Stress corrosion cracking of EV31A in 0.1 M Na2SO4 saturated with Mg(OH)2

December 2018
Yifeng Li | Yushan Zhou | Zhiming Shi | Jeffrey Venezuela | Akif Soltan | Andrej Atrens

This paper studied the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of EV31A in 0.1 M Na2SO4 saturated with Mg(OH)2 using linearly increasing stress tests, compared with pure Mg and WE43B. All three materials were...

The corrosion behavior and mechanical property of the Mg–7Y–xNd ternary alloys

December 2018
Quantong Jiang | Xianzi Lv | Dongzhu Lu | Jie Zhang | Baorong Hou

The corrosion behavior and mechanical property of Mg–7Y–xNd (x = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 wt%) alloys were investigated. The microstructure and precipitations of Mg–7Y–xNd alloys were studied by scanning electron...

Super-hydrophobic stearic acid layer formed on anodized high purified magnesium for improving corrosion resistance of bioabsorbable implants

December 2018
Sohrab Khalifeh | T. David Burleigh

Magnesium and its alloys are ideal candidates for bioabsorbable implants. However, they can dissolve too rapidly in the human body for most applications. In this research, high purified magnesium (HP-Mg)...

Effect of Si addition on microstructure and wear properties of Mg-Sn as-cast alloys

December 2018
Erdem Karakulak | Yusuf Burak Küçüker

Effect of Si addition on microstructure, hardness and wear resistance of as cast Mg-5Sn and Mg-10Sn alloys were investigated. For this purpose alloys with wt.-% 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 Si were cast using an...

Rietveld refinement of powder X-ray diffraction, microstructural and mechanical studies of magnesium matrix composites processed by high energy ball milling

December 2018
T. Ramkumar | M. Selvakumar | R. Vasanthsankar | A.S. Sathishkumar | P. Narayanasamy | G. Girija

This research reports the processing of magnesium matrix composites reinforced with silicon carbide (SiC) and aluminium oxide (Al2O3) using powder metallurgy technique through high energy milling. Samples...

Atomistic calculations of surface and interfacial energies of Mg17Al12–Mg system

December 2018
F.X. Wang | B. Li

It is well known that precipitation hardening in magnesium (Mg) alloys is far less effective than in aluminum alloys. Thus, it is important to understand the surface and interfacial structure and energetics...

Effect of process parameters on depth of penetration and topography of AZ91 magnesium alloy in abrasive water jet cutting

December 2018
C A Niranjan | S Srinivas | M Ramachandra

In the present study, the influence of dynamic process parameters such as water pressure, traverse speed and abrasive mass flow rate on depth of penetration and surface topography in high strength AZ91...

Review on friction stir welding of magnesium alloys

December 2018
Kulwant Singh | Gurbhinder Singh | Harmeet Singh

Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is considered to be the most significant development in metal joining in last two decades. FSW has many advantages when welding magnesium or lightweight alloys. The Friction...

Optimization of plasma electrolyte oxidation process parameters for corrosion resistance of Mg alloy

Available online 12 December 2018
Z. Shahri | S.R. Allahkaram | R. Soltani | H. Jafari

Plasma electrolyte oxidation (PEO) is a surface treatment method with high dependency on the process parameters. This paper focuses on maximizing the corrosion resistance of PEO coatings applied on...


September 2018

Effect of ZRB2-modified on microstructure and mechanical properties of Mg-Zn-Y-Mn alloy

September 2018
Zhe Zhang | Yatong Zhang | Jinshan Zhang | Yi Li | Yanbin Ma | Chunxiang Xu

The ZrB2 particles firstly modified Mg94Zn2.5Y2.5Mn1 alloy. And the microstructures and mechanical performances of the modified alloys were studied systematically. The results showed that the moderate...

Effect of RE elements on the microstructural and mechanical properties of as-cast and age hardening processed Mg–4Al–2Sn alloy

September 2018
Amir Mahyar Majd | Mohammad Farzinfar | Matin Pashakhanlou | Mohammad Javad Nayyeri

In the present article, the effect of Rare Earth elements on the microstructural development and mechanical properties of as cast and age treated Mg–4Al–2Sn (AT42) alloy is studied. Investigation has...

Recent developments in high-strength Mg-RE-based alloys: Focusing on Mg-Gd and Mg-Y systems

September 2018
Jinghuai Zhang | Shujuan Liu | Ruizhi Wu | Legan Hou | Milin Zhang

Higher strength is always the goal pursued by researchers for the structural materials, especially for the lightweight magnesium (Mg) alloys which generally have relatively low strength at present....

Design of experiment study on hardness variations in friction stir welding of AM60 Mg alloy

September 2018
S. Richmire | K. Hall | M. Haghshenas

Identification of process parameters, their effects and contributions to the outcomes of the system using experimental approach could be a daunting, time consuming, and costly course. Using proper statistical...

Role of NiMn9.3Al4.0Co14.1Fe3.6 alloy on dehydrogenation kinetics of MgH2

September 2018
Priyanka Meena | Ramvir Singh | V.K. Sharma | I.P. Jain

•Role of first time synthesized nano structure NiMn9.3Al4.0Co14.1Fe3.6 alloy on hydrogenation of MgH2 is studied•Reduced mean crystallite size of sample was found after hydrogenations.•Activation energy...

Investigation of microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded AZ61 magnesium alloy joint

September 2018
Kulwant Singh | Gurbhinder Singh | Harmeet Singh

Increasing global demands for energy conservation and environmental protection led to the replacement of heavy components with lighter alloys. As magnesium alloys are believed to be unique candidates...

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