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Most Downloaded Emerging Contaminants Articles

The most downloaded articles from ScienceDirect in the last 90 days.

1. Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the freshwater aquatic environment

March 2017
Anekwe Jennifer Ebele | Mohamed Abou-Elwafa Abdallah | Stuart Harrad

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are a unique group of emerging environmental contaminants, due to their inherent ability to induce physiological effects in human at low doses. An...

2. An insight of environmental contamination of arsenic on animal health

March 2017
Paramita Mandal

The main threats to human health from heavy metals are associated with exposure to lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic. Exposure to arsenic is mainly via intake of food and drinking water, food being...

3. Occurrence, sources and fate of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the groundwater: A review

November 2015
Qian Sui | Xuqi Cao | Shuguang Lu | Wentao Zhao | Zhaofu Qiu | Gang Yu

The presence of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the aquatic environment may pose potential threat to the ecosystem and human health, hence PPCPs have aroused much concern over...

4. Levels and trends of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in the Arctic environment – An update

Derek Muir | Rossana Bossi | Pernilla Carlsson | Marlene Evans | Amila De Silva | Crispin Halsall | Cassandra Rauert | Dorte Herzke | Hayley Hung | Robert Letcher | Frank Rigét | Anna Roos

Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are important environmental contaminants globally and in the early 2000s they were shown to be ubiquitous contaminants in Arctic wildlife. Previous reviews...

5. Plastic litter in the European Arctic: What do we know?

Claudia Halsband | Dorte Herzke

Despite an exponential increase in available data on marine plastic debris globally, information on levels and trends of plastic pollution and especially microplastics in the Arctic remains scarce....

6. Occurrence, seasonal variation and human exposure to pharmaceuticals and personal care products in surface water, groundwater and drinking water in Lagos State, Nigeria

Anekwe Jennifer Ebele | Temilola Oluseyi | Daniel S. Drage | Stuart Harrad | Mohamed Abou-Elwafa Abdallah

The occurrence of 28 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) was investigated in 17 surface water samples (rivers, canals, and lagoons), 12 groundwater samples (wells and boreholes, which...

7. Sources and environmental fate of pyrogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Arctic

Jennifer E. Balmer | Hayley Hung | Yong Yu | Robert J. Letcher | Derek C.G. Muir

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are large class of hydrophobic, semi-volatile organic contaminants that may enter the environment from both natural sources and anthropogenic activities. Pyrogenic...

8. Early life exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs): A critical review

June 2017
Kerstin Winkens | Robin Vestergren | Urs Berger | Ian T. Cousins

Due to the dynamic developmental processes during pregnancy, infancy, childhood and adolescence, exposure to PFASs is hypothesized to have the most pronounced negative effects during this period. In...

9. First determination of the highly genotoxic fungal contaminant altertoxin II in a naturally infested apple sample

Hannes Puntscher | Doris Marko | Benedikt Warth

Altertoxin II is an epoxide-holding perylene quinone and secondary metabolite produced by Alternaria molds. Its genotoxic potential and the high concentrations determined in laboratory fungal cultures...

10. Contaminants of emerging concern in landfill leachate in China: A review

Chengdu Qi | Jun Huang | Bin Wang | Shubo Deng | Yujue Wang | Gang Yu

This review paper summarizes the occurrence, removal and ecological risk of contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) reported in landfill leachate in China since 1996 (43 studies in 10 regions). Results...

11. Temporal trends of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the influent of two of the largest wastewater treatment plants in Australia

Hue T. Nguyen | Sarit L. Kaserzon | Phong K. Thai | Soumini Vijayasarathy | Jennifer Bräunig | Nicholas D. Crosbie | Anders Bignert | Jochen F. Mueller

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are found ubiquitously in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) due to their multiple sources in industry and consumer products. In Australia, limited spatial...

12. Assessing the persistence of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment: Challenges and needs

September 2016
Qingwei Bu | Xiao Shi | Gang Yu | Jun Huang | Bin Wang

Chemical’s persistence is known to be an important parameter applied for decades to identify persistent organic pollutants in hazard and/or risk assessments. Nevertheless it is greatly challenged in...

13. Disposal of waste-based fuels and raw materials in cement plants in Germany and Switzerland – What can be learned for global co-incineration practice and policy?

Josef Waltisberg | Roland Weber

The limit value for emissions of total organic carbon (TOC) for incinerators in the European Union (EU) is 10 mg/m3. However, clinker burning is a material conversion process during which TOC emissions...

14. Translocation of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) into plant tissues: A review

15 December 2017
Raya Salim Al-Farsi | Mushtaque Ahmed | Ahmed Al-Busaidi | B.S. Choudri

Occurrence and fate of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the environment and the potential consequences for human health is of serious concern. In the current review, we have tried...

15. Chlorinated paraffins in the technosphere: A review of available information and data gaps demonstrating the need to support the Stockholm Convention implementation

Yago Guida | Raquel Capella | Roland Weber

Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) have been produced for a wide range of applications, mostly in open uses, such as metalworking fluids, lubricants, coolants or additives in consumer goods. The production...

16. Pay special attention to the transformation products of PPCPs in environment

June 2017
Lina Yin | Bin Wang | Honglin Yuan | Shubo Deng | Jun Huang | Yujue Wang | Gang Yu

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) have received increasing attention. However, their transformation products (TPs) and metabolites, sometimes even with environmental concentration and/or...

17. Use of simulated sunlight radiation and hydrogen peroxide in azithromycin removal from aqueous solutions: Optimization & mineralization analysis

Pablo Andrés Cano | Marcela Jaramillo-Baquero | Henry Zúñiga-Benítez | Yudy A. Londoño | Gustavo A. Peñuela

Azithromycin (AZT) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic from the group of macrolides that acts against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, which has promoted its use in the treatment of different...

18. A review of halogenated natural products in Arctic, Subarctic and Nordic ecosystems

Terry F. Bidleman | Agneta Andersson | Liisa M. Jantunen | John R. Kucklick | Henrik Kylin | Robert J. Letcher | Mats Tysklind | Fiona Wong

Halogenated natural products (HNPs) are organic compounds containing bromine, chlorine, iodine, and rarely fluorine. HNPs comprise many classes of compounds, ranging in complexity from halocarbons to...

19. Hazardous metals emissions from e-waste-processing sites in a village in northern Vietnam

Natsuyo Uchida | Hidenori Matsukami | Masayuki Someya | Nguyen Minh Tue | Le Huu Tuyen | Pham Hung Viet | Shin Takahashi | Shinsuke Tanabe | Go Suzuki

Inappropriate e-waste-processing operation is a serious issue in developing countries since the early 2000's. Field research was conducted to clarify its influences and diffuse toxic substances in the...

20. A review of chlorinated paraffin contamination in Arctic ecosystems

Katrin Vorkamp | Jennifer Balmer | Hayley Hung | Robert J. Letcher | Frank F. Rigét

Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) present a complex mixture of congeners which are often analysed and assessed as short-, medium- and long-chain CPs, i.e. ΣSCCP (C10–C13), ΣMCCP (C14–C17) and ΣLCCP (≥C18)....

21. Small-scale waste incinerators in rural China: Potential risks of dioxin and polychlorinated naphthalene emissions

Lili Yang | Guorui Liu | Qingqing Zhu | Minghui Zheng

Rapid development has led to a tremendous increase in the volume of solid waste produced in rural China. The annual amount of solid waste produced from Chinese rural areas is approximately 110 million...

22. Antibiotics in two municipal sewage treatment plants in Sri Lanka: Occurrence, consumption and removal efficiency

Dilanka N.D. Samaraweera | Xin Liu | Guangcai Zhong | Tilak Priyadarshana | Riffat Naseem Malik | Gan Zhang | Mahdi Safaei Khorram | Zewen Zhu | Xianzhi Peng

Most of the monitoring data on the occurrence of antibiotics in sewage treatment plants (STPs) have been reported from Europe, North America and some countries in Northeast Asia, while very limited...

23. Current-use halogenated and organophosphorous flame retardants: A review of their presence in Arctic ecosystems

Katrin Vorkamp | Jennifer Balmer | Hayley Hung | Robert J. Letcher | Frank F. Rigét | Cynthia A. de Wit

Since the ban of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), other flame retardants may be increasingly used. Thirty-one current-use halogenated (HFRs) and 24 organophosphorous...

24. The impact of a Wastewater Treatment Works in Southern Gauteng, South Africa on efavirenz and nevirapine discharges into the aquatic environment

June 2017
C. Schoeman | M. Dlamini | O.J. Okonkwo

There has been growing concern regarding the pollution of the aquatic environment with synthetic organic chemicals. Antiretroviral drugs, such as efavirenz and nevirapine, are pharmaceutical drugs and...

25. Identifying further chemicals of emerging arctic concern based on ‘in silico’ screening of chemical inventories

Derek Muir | Xianming Zhang | Cynthia A. de Wit | Katrin Vorkamp | Simon Wilson

In the past 12 years several studies have screened lists of thousands of chemicals available in the industrial chemical inventories of the European Union, the USA and Canada with the goal of identifying...

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