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Recent Horticultural Plant Journal Articles

Recently published articles from Horticultural Plant Journal.

Variation in Plant Morphology and Sinigrin Content in Ethiopian Mustard (Brassica carinata L.)

September 2019
Tesfay Teklehaymanot | Haijing Wang | Jianli Liang | Jian Wu | Runmao Lin | Zhen Zhou | Xu Cai | Xiaowu Wang

Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata) is mainly grown as a leafy vegetable and oilseed crop. Sinigrin is predominant glucosinolate in the leaves of Ethiopian mustard. It is hydrolyzed by enzyme myrosinase...

Responses of Grafted Watermelon onto Cucurbita pepo Tiana F1 Hybrid to Boron Nutritional Disorders

September 2019
Shirani Bidabadi Siamak | Sabbatini Paolo

Sensitivity to boron stress in growing media during the early seedlings stage could severely inhibit watermelon growth and development. The aim of this study was to test if watermelon (Citrullus lanatus...

Comparative Cyto-molecular Analysis of Repetitive DNA Provides Insights into the Differential Genome Structure and Evolution of Five Cucumis Species

September 2019
Shuqiong Yang | Chunyan Cheng | Xiaodong Qin | Xiaqing Yu | Qunfeng Lou | Ji Li | Chuntao Qian | Jinfeng Chen

The genus Cucumis, includes the cucumber (2n = 14), melon (2n = 24), and other wild species, which is a good model for studying genome organization and evolution due to their variation in genome size...

Agrobacterium–mediated Transformation of Kalanchoe laxiflora

September 2019
Xiling Wang | Xinlu Chen | Qunkang Cheng | Kaikai Zhu | Xiaohan Yang | Zongming Cheng

Plants with crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) generally utilize water 20%–80% more efficiently than non-CAM plants. The whole genomes of several CAM plants have been sequenced or are being sequenced....

Progress of Apple Rootstock Breeding and Its Use

September 2019
Yi Wang | Wei Li | Xuefeng Xu | Changpeng Qiu | Ting Wu | Qinping Wei | Fengwang Ma | Zhenhai Han

Apple rootstock breeding has achieved great progress worldwide. In this review, we first summarize the rootstock breeding targets and utilization in main apple-producing countries. Furthermore, we discuss...

Harvest and Postharvest Factors Affecting Bruise Damage of Fresh Fruits

Available online 4 September 2019
Zaharan Hussein | Olaniyi A. Fawole | Umezuruike Linus Opara

Fresh fruits are susceptible to bruising, a common type of mechanical damage during harvest and at all stages of postharvest handling. In quest of developing and adoption of strategies to reduce bruise...

Changes in Extractable and Non-extractable Polyphenols and Their Antioxidant Properties during Fruit On-tree Ripening in Five Peach Cultivars

July 2019
Hui Liu | Weibo Jiang | Jiankang Cao | Yucai Li

To evaluate the changes of total phenolic content and antioxidant capacities of five peach cultivars, this work measured them separately in extractable polyphenols and non-extractable polyphenols during...

Efficient BoPDS Gene Editing in Cabbage by the CRISPR/Cas9 System

July 2019
Cunfa Ma | Mengci Liu | Qinfei Li | Jun Si | Xuesong Ren | Hongyuan Song

Genome editing offers great advantages in identifying gene function and generating agronomically important mutations in crops. Here, we report that the genome of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata),...

Agronomy, Nutritional Value, and Medicinal Application of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.)

July 2019
Fatemeh Etemadi | Masoud Hashemi | Allen V. Barker | Omid Reza Zandvakili | Xiaobing Liu

Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a cool season grain legume crop with the potential to be grown as multi-purpose crop in areas with short growing season. Faba bean is grown in many regions in the world...

Effects of IAA and ABA on the Immature Peach Fruit Development Process

July 2019
Nana Liu

Peach (Prunus persica cv. Dajiubao) was chosen as a model to clarify the roles of IAA and ABA during the fruit ripening process. Seventy days after flowering (DAF), the fruits were treated with IAA...

Phenolic Profile, Antioxidant Activity and Anti-proliferative Activity of Crabapple Fruits

July 2019
Meiling Han | Guo Li | Xiaowei Liu | Ai Li | Peiqi Mao | Pengyuan Liu | Houhua Li

To explore the potential of crabapples as functional food, polyphenols in crabapples and ‘Fuji’ apples were extracted, and the phenolic profile, total polyphenols, antioxidant activity and anti-proliferative...

Identification and Characterization of a LEA-like Gene, CaMF5, Specifically Expressed in the Anthers of Male-fertile Capsicum annuum

Available online 15 July 2019
Yudan Wang | Guoju Chen | Jianjun Lei | Bihao Cao | Changming Chen

To improve the understanding of molecular mechanisms of anther and/or pollen development in Chili pepper, in the present study, full-length cDNA and DNA sequences of the pollen development-related gene...

Effects of Brassinosteroid Associated with Auxin and Gibberellin on Apple Tree Growth and Gene Expression Patterns

May 2019
Liwei Zheng | Cai Gao | Caide Zhao | Lizhi Zhang | Mingyu Han | Na An | Xiaolin Ren

Brassinosteroid is an important hormone that interacts with auxin and gibberellin to regulate plant growth and development. However, there is currently a relative lack of information regarding brassinosteroid...

Identification of Flowering Regulatory Genes in Allopolyploid Brassica juncea

May 2019
Ning Zhao | Chang Liu | Yiqing Meng | Zhongyuan Hu | Mingfang Zhang | Jinghua Yang

Brassica juncea is an allopolyploid originating from the interspecific hybridization between Brassica rapa and Brassica nigra, which is of multiple usage as a vegetable, oilseed and condiment worldwide....

Functional Characterization of a Type 4 Metallothionein Gene (CsMT4) in Cucumber

May 2019
Ling Duan | Jingwen Yu | Li Xu | Ping Tian | Xin Hu | Xiaomei Song | Yu Pan

The excess amounts of heavy metals are toxic to various physiological processes in plants. Plant metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight, cysteine-rich metal-binding proteins that play important...

Development of a Colorimetric Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay for the Visual Detection of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis

May 2019
Mohammad Amin Almasi

Fusarium wilt of melon, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis is one of the most important diseases, causing tremendous losses in melon growing areas in Iran. There is a real need for a rapid and inexpensive...

Phylogenetic and Expression Analyses of With-No-Lysine Kinase Genes Reveal Novel Gene Family Diversity in Fruit Trees

March 2019
Suhao Cao | Pingping Hao | Weishen Shu | Guoming Wang | Zhihua Xie | Chao Gu | Shaoling Zhang

With-No-Lysine kinases (WNK) have been reported to be associated with plant growth regulation in Arabidopsis, soybean, and rice, but little is known of their roles in fruits. In this study, a total...

Effect of Exogenous Melatonin on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth in Melon (Cucumis melo L.) Under Salt Stress

March 2019
José Luis Castañares | Carlos Alberto Bouzo

An investigation was carried out to evaluate the effect of different application forms and concentrations of melatonin on germination and initial growth of melon plants in several different salinity...

Interactive Effect of Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus and Cucumber mosaic virus on Vigna unguiculata

March 2019
Ayodele Anthony Fajinmi

This research tries to demonstrate physiological effect of combined infection of two viruses on growth parameter of cowpea plant as demonstrated through symptom expression. Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus...

Number of Species and Geographical Distribution of Diospyros L. (Ebenaceae) in China

March 2019
Donglan Tang | Qinglin Zhang | Liqing Xu | Dayong Guo | Zhengrong Luo

Diospyros L. is the largest, most widely distributed, and economically important genus of the family Ebenaceae. However, various researchers disagree on the number of species and geographical distribution...

Preventive Regulation of Jelly Seed Disorder in ‘Amrapali’ Mango (Mangifera indica) by Preharvest Spray

March 2019
Shivashankar Seshadri | Sumathi Manoharan | Hari Shankar Singh

Jelly seed, a physiological disorder in ‘Amrapali’ mango fruit, is characterized by the excessive softening of pulp around the stone in ripe fruits. The disorder is caused by the onset of germination...

The Characterization, Authentication, and Gene Expression Pattern of the MdCER Family in Malus domestica

January 2019
Chenhui Qi | Han Jiang | Xianyan Zhao | Ke Mao | Haitao Liu | Yuanyuan Li | Yujin Hao

Plant cuticular wax is an important determinant factor of fruit quality. Cuticular wax can protect the fruit from UV radiation, drought, and disease and increase the storage period of fruit. In many...

Oil Content and Nervonic Acid Content of Acer truncatum Seeds from 14 Regions in China

January 2019
Qian Qiao | Xue Wang | Hongjian Ren | Kai An | Zhen Feng | Tiantian Cheng | Zhongkui Sun

Acer truncatum is considered a promising species as a raw material to produce nervonic acid (NA). The goal of this study was to explore the variation of oil content and nervonic acid content of 138...

Optimisation of Adventitious Shoot Regeneration and Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation in Canna × generalis (Canna Lily)

January 2019
Rani Singh | Arvind Kumar Dubey | Indraneel Sanyal

Canna being ornamental plants has a significant role in agriculture, medical, economy and food industry. Canna has a limited vase life due to the rapid loss of moisture from its perianth. For improving...

Performance of Iranian Okra Ecotypes Under Various Accelerated Aging Conditions

January 2019
Ghasem Parmoon | Seyed Amir Moosavi | Seyed Ataollah Siadat

Knowledge of seed quality and preservation of okra seeds is very limited, and the main purpose of this study was to simulate the condition of seed quality loss during storage and the physiological implications,...

Potassium Uptake and Transport in Apple Roots Under Drought Stress

January 2019
Jianguo Qi | Simin Sun | Lin Yang | Mingjun Li | Fengwang Ma | Yangjun Zou

As one of the most important mineral nutrient elements, potassium (K+) plays an important role in many plant physiological processes and determines both the yield and quality of crops. There are two...

Virus-induced Phytoene Desaturase (PDS) Gene Silencing Using Tobacco Rattle Virus in Lilium × formolongi

January 2019
Hua Xu | Leifeng Xu | Panpan Yang | Yuwei Cao | Yuchao Tang | Guoren He | Suxia Yuan | Jingyi Lei | Jun Ming

Gene function analysis is challenging for Lilium due to the lack of an efficient method for stable genetic transformation. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is an attractive tool for determining gene...

Efficient Breeding and Cultivation of Type 2 Red-fleshed Apple Cultivars Using a Search System for Suitable Apple Cultivar Combination

November 2018
Matsumoto SHOGO | Tianzhong LI | Otagaki SHUNGO | Yang LI | Songling BAI

As apple possesses self-incompatibility, knowledge of the S-genotypes is very important for apple breeding and cultivation. We investigated the S-RNase genotypes of 13 type 2 red-fleshed apple cultivars...

Effect of Different Rootstocks on the Salt Stress Tolerance in Watermelon Seedlings

November 2018
Yanyan YAN | Shuoshuo WANG | Min WEI | Biao GONG | Qinghua SHI

The selection of salt-tolerant watermelon rootstocks requires the evaluation of its underlying mechanism. The present study investigated the effect of applying 200 mmol·L−1 NaCl on various physiological...

Genetic Variation in Resistance to Valsa canker is Related to Arbutin and Gallic Acid Content in Pyrus bretschneideri

November 2018
Pu LIU | Yuanyuan SHI | Liwu ZHU

Pear Valsa canker is a fungal trunk disease caused by Valsa pyri. Phenolic compounds are ubiquitous in plants and usually contribute to plant resistance against biotic stress. To investigate the association...

Effect of Silicon on Growth and Development of Strawberry under Water Deficit Conditions

November 2018

Water stress is a major factor that limits agricultural crop production. Silicon (Si) is generally considered as a beneficial element for the growth of higher plants, especially for those grown under...

Effect of Combined Chilling and GA3 Treatment on Bud Abortion in Forced ‘Luoyanghong’ Tree Peony (Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.)

November 2018
Philip M.P. MORNYA | Fangyun CHENG

This research investigated the effect of combined chilling and GA3 treatment on bud abortion of tree peony under greenhouse conditions to determine the dynamics of exogenous hormones and chilling effects...

Physiological and Biochemical Modulations upon Root Induction in Rose Cuttings as Affected by Growing Medium

November 2018
Soohoon KIM | Manivannan ABINAYA | Yoo Gyeong PARK | Byoung Ryong JEONG

Two cut rose (Rosa hybrida) cultivars ‘Sherbet’ (easy-to-root) and ‘Alibaba’ (difficult-to-root) were propagated by single nodal cuttings on preformed media. Four commercial media such as Tosilee, Ellepot,...

Analysis of the Fungal Community in Apple Replanted Soil Around Bohai Gulf

September 2018
Gongshuai WANG | Chengmiao YIN | Fengbing PAN | Xiaobao WANG | Li XIANG | Yanfang WANG | Jinzheng WANG | Changping TIAN | Jie CHEN | Zhiquan MAO

Apple replant disease (ARD) is a frequently occurring plant disease in replanted orchards around Bohai Gulf, which causes growth inhibition and even death of plants. The aim of this study was to investigate...

Physiological Effect of Kinetin on the Photosynthetic Apparatus and Antioxidant Enzymes Activities During Production of Anthurium

September 2018
Fabiana B. de MOURA | Marcos R. da S. VIEIRA | Adriano do N. SIMÕES | Sérgio L. FERREIRA-SILVA | Carlos A.V. de SOUZA | Eduardo S. de SOUZA | Alexandre T. da ROCHA | Luzia F. da SILVA | Miguel A. JÚNIOR

The results observed in the literature raise the hypothesis according to which cytokinin plays important roles in photosynthetic metabolisms and antioxidant enzymes. Thus, the study aimed to evaluate...

Breeding for Resistance to Tomato Bacterial Diseases in China: Challenges and Prospects

September 2018
Yuqing WANG | Yaxian ZHANG | Zhipeng GAO | Wencai YANG

Four bacterial diseases including bacterial canker caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, bacterial speck caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, bacterial spot caused by at least...

Banana Fusarium Wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense) Control and Resistance, in the Context of Developing Wilt-resistant Bananas Within Sustainable Production Systems

September 2018
Shirani Bidabadi SIAMAK | Sijun ZHENG

Banana (Musa spp.) is seriously threatened by the soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), also known as Panama disease. Attempts to control Fusarium wilt with fungicides damage soil...

Genome-wide Identification and Classification of HSF Family in Grape, and Their Transcriptional Analysis under Heat Acclimation and Heat Stress

July 2018
Guotian LIU | Fengmei CHAI | Yi WANG | Jinzhu JIANG | Wei DUAN | Yuting WANG | Fangfang WANG | Shaohua LI | Lijun WANG

Heat stress is one of the most serious threats in viticulture. Heat shock transcription factors (HSFs) have been proven to be the most important transcriptional factor family in the plant response to...

Melatonin Treatment Enhances the Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Capacity of Red Wine

July 2018
Lili XU | Qianyu YUE | Feng'e BIAN | Heng ZHAI | Yuxin YAO

Melatonin and polyphenols are strong antioxidants, and melatonin is also a potential plant growth regulator. The role of melatonin in regulating polyphenol metabolism is unclear. This study assessed...

Variation in Polyphenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Traditional Apple Cultivars from West Himalaya, Uttarakhand

July 2018
Amit BAHUKHANDI | Praveen DHYANI | Indra D. BHATT | Ranbeer S. RAWAL

Apple (Malus × domestica) is largely known for polyphenolic and antioxidant properties; however, systematic investigation in the apple growing in the Indian Himalayan region is not carried out. The...

Heterotic Group Classification of 63 Inbred Lines and Hybrid Purity Identification by Using SSR Markers in Winter Cabbage (Brassica Oleracea L. var. capitata)

July 2018
Xing LI | Hailong YU | Zhiyuan LI | Xiaoping LIU | Zhiyuan FANG | Yumei LIU | Limei YANG | Mu ZHUANG | Honghao LV | Yangyong ZHANG

Winter cabbage is an important crop cultivated through winter in the region near the Yangtze River, enabling the supply of fresh cabbage there at that time of year. However, a problem has emerged regarding...

Hotspots of Independent and Multiple Rounds of LTR-retrotransposon Bursts in Brassica Species

July 2018
Xu CAI | Yinan CUI | Lei ZHANG | Jian WU | Jianli LIANG | Lin CHENG | Xiaowu WANG | Feng CHENG

Long terminal repeat retrotransposons (LTR-RTs) are a predominant group of plant transposable elements (TEs) that are an important component of plant genomes. A large number of LTR-RTs have been annotated...

Soil Nutrient Status and Leaf Nutrient Diagnosis in the Main Apple Producing Regions in China

May 2018
Shunfeng GE | Zhanling ZHU | Ling PENG | Qian CHEN | Yuanmao JIANG

Soil and leaf nutrient analysis are widely used as effective methods of diagnosing nutrient deficiency in fruit trees, the results of which are used to properly manage fertilizer application. Therefore,...

Molecular Cloning and Expression Analysis of the ζ-Carotene Desaturase Gene in Chinese kale (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra Bailey)

May 2018
Bo SUN | Fen ZHANG | Shengling XUE | Jiaqi CHANG | Aihong ZHENG | Min JIANG | Huiying MIAO | Qiaomei WANG | Haoru TANG

ζ-Carotene desaturase (ZDS) is an important enzyme in carotenoid biosynthesis. Here, the Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra ZDS (BoaZDS) gene was cloned from Chinese kale via reverse transcription-polymerase...

Functional Characterization of the Promoter and Second Intron of CUM1 During Flower Development in Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)

May 2018
Ran GU | Xiaofeng LIU | Wensheng ZHAO | Shuangshuang YAN | Linhan SUN | Binning WU | Xiaolan ZHANG

The characterization of flower specific promoter is critical during flower development by cucumber transformation technology. AGAMOUS (AG) is an organ identity gene that is required for carpel and stamen...

Efficient Transposition of the Retrotransposon Tnt1 in Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)

May 2018
Qi ZHANG | Hui DU | Duo LV | Tingting XIAO | Jian PAN | Huanle HE | Gang WANG | Run CAI | Yiqun WENG | Junsong PAN

Tnt1 is an active retrotransposon originally identified in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) (Grandbastien et al., 1989), but its transposition activity could be activated through tissue culture in other...

Grafting Onto Artemisia annua Improves Drought Tolerance in Chrysanthemum by Enhancing Photosynthetic Capacity

May 2018
Yue CHEN | Xianzhi SUN | Chengshu ZHENG | Sheng ZHANG | Jinghui YANG

Drought stress drastically influences the yield and quality of chrysanthemums, and thus grafting has been widely used to improve tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses. To explore the mechanisms underlying...

Research Progress on Agrobacterium tumefaciens-based Transgenic Technology in Brassica rapa

May 2018
Guoliang LI | Lixin YUE | Fei LI | Shifan ZHANG | Hui ZHANG | Wei QIAN | Zhiyuan FANG | Jian WU | Xiaowu WANG | Shujiang ZHANG | Rifei SUN

Brassica rapa L. is cultivated globally and consumed in many areas worldwide. Using the transgenic Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method, which is a reproducible and efficient technique, genes...

Genome-wide Identification and Expression Analysis of Half-size ABCG Genes in Malus × domestica

March 2018
Juanjuan MA | Liwei ZHENG | Caide ZHAO | Guofang LI | Yawen SHEN | Na AN | Dong ZHANG | Mingyu HAN

Half-size adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter subgroup G (ABCG) genes play crucial roles in regulating the movements of a variety of substrates and have been well studied in several...

Vegetable Genetic Resources in China

March 2018
Haiping WANG | Xixiang LI | Jiangping SONG

China is recognized as an important region for plant biodiversity based on its vast and historical collection of vegetable germplasm. The aim of this review is to describe the exploration status of...

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