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Recent Nano Materials Science Articles

Recently published articles from Nano Materials Science.

High-efficiency extraction synthesis for high-purity copper nanowires and their applications in flexible transparent electrodes

June 2020
He Zhang | Shang Wang | Yanhong Tian | Jiayue Wen | Chunjin Hang | Zhen Zheng | Yilong Huang | Su Ding | Chenxi Wang

Copper nanowires (Cu NWs) are considered an excellent alternative to indium tin oxide (ITO) in flexible transparency electrodes (FTEs). However, the mixed particles and surface oxidation of Cu NWs degrade...

Metal Organic framework derived carbon for ultrahigh power and long cyclic life aqueous Zn ion capacitor

June 2020
Ting Xiong | Yirui Shen | Wee Siang Vincent Lee | Junmin Xue

In order to develop functional energy storage device, it is necessary to improve the energy and power density. As a potential candidate that can synergistically harmonize energy and power density, lithium...

LiBH4 for hydrogen storage - New perspectives

June 2020
Zhao Ding | Shaoyuan Li | Yang Zhou | Zhiqian Chen | Weijie Yang | Wenhui Ma | Leon Shaw

Hydrogen energy has been recognized as “Ultimate Power Source” in the 21st century. It is a boon in these days of energy crunches and concerns about climate change because of the characterized advantages,...

Highly antibacterial rGO/Cu2O nanocomposite from a biomass precursor: Synthesis, performance, and mechanism

June 2020
Mingguang Chen | Zhi Li | Long Chen

Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) has been widely used to fabricate electronics, sensors, photodetectors,and in other applications. However, the antibacterial performance of pristine rGO is relatively weak....

Geometric structures, electronic characteristics, stabilities, catalytic activities, and descriptors of graphene-based single-atom catalysts

June 2020
Weijie Yang | Shaopeng Xu | Kai Ma | Chongchong Wu | Ian D. Gates | Xunlei Ding | Weihua Meng | Zhengyang Gao

Single-atom catalysts (SACs) have been a research hotspot due to their high catalytic activity, selectivity, and atomic utilization rates. However, the theoretical research of SACs is relatively fragmented,...

Surface-defective FeS2 for electrochemical NH3 production under ambient conditions

June 2020
Daming Feng | Xu Zhang | Ying Sun | Tianyi Ma

In the viewpoint of ammonia economy, electrochemical N2 reduction reaction (NRR) under mild condition is a very promising approach for sustainable development. By virtue of robust activity and low cost,...

Performance of plasma-sprayed CuNiIn coatings and Mo coatings subjected to fretting fatigue

June 2020
Shujuan Dong | Yihui Wang | Jinyan Zeng | Xiong Yang | Panpan Liang | Dezheng Wang | Huiqi Liao | Hanlin Liao

During atmospheric plasma spraying, a cooling process usually plays an important role in the coating quality, especially for the oxidation containment of metallic coatings. CuNiIn and Mo coatings were...

Fabrication of superhydrophobic reduced-graphene oxide/nickel coating with mechanical durability, self-cleaning and anticorrosion performance

June 2020
Zengguo Bai | Bin Zhang

There is a great challenge to fabricate superhydrophobic coating with excellent mechanical durability and corrosion resistance. Inspired by the pinecone-shaped structure, a novel reduced-graphene oxide...

Seasoning Chinese cooking pans: The nanoscience behind the Kitchen God's blessing

Available online 27 June 2020
Chenxi Gao | Na Yang | Cunpu Li | Xi Wang | Xun Yu | Ling Zhang | Zidong Wei

The Chinese iron pan can function as a nonstick pan even without a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coating after a “Kitchen God blessing” seasoning process. We simulate this process and disclose the...

The wrinkling and buckling of graphene induced by nanotwinned copper matrix: A molecular dynamics study

Available online 25 June 2020
Che Zhang | Cheng Lu | Linqing Pei | Jiaqing Li | Rui Wang

The three-dimensional (3D) graphene-based materials have raised significant interest due to excellent catalytic performance and unique electronic properties, while the preparation of uniform and stable...

Electrocatalytic and photocatalytic performance of noble metal doped monolayer MoS2 in the hydrogen evolution reaction: A first principles study

Available online 6 June 2020
Zheng Zhang | Kai Chen | Qiang Zhao | Mei Huang | Xiaoping Ouyang

To maximize the catalytic performance of MoS2 in the hydrogen evolution reaction, we investigate the electrocatalytic and photocatalytic performance of monolayer MoS2 doped with noble metal (Ag, Au,...

Challenges and opportunities for nanomaterials in spectral splitting for high-performance hybrid solar photovoltaic-thermal applications: A review

Available online 7 April 2020
Gan Huang | Sara Riera Curt | Kai Wang | Christos N. Markides

Hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collectors, which are capable of cogenerating useful thermal energy and electricity from the same aperture area, have a significantly higher overall efficiency and...

Literature review on the mechanical properties of materials after surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT)

March 2020
Temitope Olumide Olugbade | Jian Lu

Most of the challenges experienced by many engineering materials originate from the surface which later leads to total failure, hence affecting the resultant mechanical properties and service life....

Strain-dependence of deformation microstructures in ultra-low-C IF steel deformed to high strains by torsion at elevated temperatures

March 2020
Reza Gholizadeh | Daisuke Terada | Akinobu Shibata | Nobuhiro Tsuji

Single-phase bcc-ferrite in an interstitial free (IF) steel was deformed to different strains in a wide range from low to high strains (ε = 1–7) by torsion under different Zener-Hollomon (Z) conditions....

Interface-dominated mechanical behavior in advanced metal matrix composites

March 2020
Qiang Guo | Yifan Han | Di Zhang

Metal matrix composites (MMCs) incorporate a reinforcing or functional secondary phase into a metal matrix to achieve specific properties. Of the parameters which may affect the mechanical behavior...

Deformation mechanisms, microstructural evolution and mechanical properties in small-scaled face-centered-cubic metallic thin films

March 2020
Jinyu Zhang | Gang Liu | Jun Sun

Metallic thin films have attracted much attention owing to their unique mechanical properties, which are widely used in micro-/nano-devices. In this review, several key topics about the thin films in...

Hardening after annealing in nanostructured 316L stainless steel

March 2020
Zhongchen Zhou | Shuaizhuo Wang | Jiansheng Li | Yusheng Li | Xiaolei Wu | Yuntian Zhu

In this work, coarse-grained 316L stainless steels were cold rolled with a thickness reduction of ~83% (CR 83%). After annealing, the behaviors of the nanostructured stainless steel samples were systematically...

A grain-size-dependent structure evolution in gradient-structured (GS) Ni under tension

March 2020
Yan Lin | Jie Pan | Zhaoping Luo | Yunli Lu | Ke Lu | Yi Li

This work outlines an experimental investigation of grain-size-dependent structure evolution under tension in nickel with a grain size gradient. Two opposite and competing processes, grain refinement...

70 nm: The most unstable grain size in Cu prepared by surface mechanical grinding treatment

March 2020
Xin Zhou | Xiuyan Li | Ke Lu

The stability of Cu with different average grain sizes prepared by surface mechanical grinding treatment were investigated under the conditions of isothermal annealing and uniaxial tension. In both...

Revisiting anisotropy in the tensile and fracture behavior of cold-rolled 316L stainless steel with heterogeneous nano-lamellar structures

March 2020
Zesheng You | Huangliu Fu | Shoudao Qu | Weikang Bao | Lei Lu

We produced a 316L stainless steel with heterogeneous nanometer-thick lamellar structures by severe cold-rolling at room temperature, and conducted micro-scale tensile tests in different orientations...

2D and 3D orientation mapping in nanostructured metals: A review

March 2020
Guilin Wu | Wanquan Zhu | Qiongyao He | Zongqiang Feng | Tianlin Huang | Ling Zhang | Søren Schmidt | Andrew Godfrey | Xiaoxu Huang

Nanostructured metals possess various excellent properties and offer the potential for a wide range of applications. Improvements in the properties and performance of nanostructured metal components...

In vitro and in vivo studies on pure Mg, Mg–1Ca and Mg–2Sr alloys processed by equal channel angular pressing

March 2020
Wenting Li | Yunong Shen | Jie Shen | Danni Shen | Xiao Liu | Yufeng Zheng | Kelvin W.K. Yeung | Shaokang Guan | Olga B. Kulyasova | R.Z. Valiev

In the present work, the biomedical as-cast pure Mg, Mg–1Ca and Mg–2Sr alloys were processed with equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) technique to develop ultrafine microstructure within the materials,...

Free-standing flexible graphene-based aerogel film with high energy density as an electrode for supercapacitors

Available online 26 March 2020
Shijia Yuan | Wei Fan | Yanan Jin | Dong Wang | Tianxi Liu

Two-dimensional graphene film exhibits sluggish ion diffusivity while three-dimensional (3D) graphene aerogel has low packing density and poor mechanical flexibility. Consequently, there is an urgent...

Effect of nickel oxide morphology on the nitrogen electrochemical reduction reaction

Available online 11 March 2020
Ping Zhang | Wei Xiong | Min Zhou

In order to study the effect of catalysts’ morphology on the electrochemical reduction of nitrogen gas, sample catalysts of NiO with four different morphologies (hollow spherical, sea urchin-shape,...

Facile magnetoresistance adjustment of graphene foam for magnetic sensor applications through microstructure tailoring

Available online 8 January 2020
Rizwan Ur Rehman Sagar | Min Zhang | Xiaohao Wang | Babar Shabbir | Florian J. Stadler

Graphene foam is becoming a material of choice for magnetoelectronic devices due to its large, linear and unsaturated room temperature magnetoresistance. However, the magnetoresistance of graphene foam...

Optical anisotropy of black phosphorus by total internal reflection

December 2019
Wei Xin | Hao Bo Jiang | Teng Qian Sun | Xiao Guang Gao | Shao Nan Chen | Bo Zhao | Jian Jun Yang | Zhi Bo Liu | Jian Guo Tian | Chun Lei Guo

Although abundant research on the anisotropy of van der Waals (vdW) materials has been published, we undertake an in-depth study of their optical properties as they have an important guiding role for...

Band structure engineering in metal halide perovskite nanostructures for optoelectronic applications

December 2019
Qingdong Ou | Xiaozhi Bao | Yinan Zhang | Huaiyu Shao | Guichuan Xing | Xiangping Li | Liyang Shao | Qiaoliang Bao

Metal halide perovskite nanostructures have emerged as low-dimensional semiconductors of great significance in many fields such as photovoltaics, photonics, and optoelectronics. Extensive efforts on...

2D organic semiconductors, the future of green nanotechnology

December 2019
Guru Prakash Neupane | Wendi Ma | Tanju Yildirim | Yilin Tang | Linglong Zhang | Yuerui Lu

The discovery of 2D organic semiconductors of atomically thin structures has attracted great attention due to their emerging optical, electronic, optoelectronic and mechatronic properties. Recent progress...

Recent advances in atomic imaging of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites

December 2019
Mykola Telychko | Jiong Lu

Three-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites (OHPs) hold a great prospect for photovoltaic applications due to their outstanding electronic and optical properties. These fascinating properties...

Solution processable transition metal dichalcogenides-based hybrids for photodetection

December 2019
Yingdong Han | Jie Wang | Haoran Wan | Shuang Wang | Haofeng Hu | Ting-Hui Xiao | Zhenzhou Cheng | Tiegen Liu

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), as one of the most promising two-dimensional (2D) materials, have attracted considerable attention for use in photodetection applications over the past few years...

First-principles study of ferromagnetic metal Fe5GeTe2

December 2019
Minwoong Joe | Unchun Yang | Changgu Lee

For next-generation flexible spin devices, it is crucial to discover and study novel high Tc two-dimensional (2D) magnetic materials considering their atomic-level thickness and flexural mechanical...

Enhancing the cycling stability of Na-ion batteries by bonding MoS2 on assembled carbon-based materials

December 2019
Pin Song | Jun Di | Lixing Kang | Manzhang Xu | Bijun Tang | Jun Xiong | Jiewu Cui | Qingsheng Zeng | Jiadong Zhou | Yongmin He | Qundong Fu | Juan Peng | Shasha Guo | Bo Lin | Jingyu Zhang | Peng Meng | Zheng Liu

Room temperature Na-ion batteries (SIBs) show great potential for use as renewable energy storage systems. However, the large-scale application of SIBs has been hindered by the lack of an ideal SIBs...

Strong interactions in molybdenum disulfide heterostructures boosting the catalytic performance of water splitting: A short review

December 2019
Bo Shang | Lin Jiao | Qiaoliang Bao | Changming Li | Xiaoqiang Cui

Two-dimensional materials (2DMs) have attracted substantial attention due to their abundant active sites and their ultrahigh surface area for different catalytic applications due to the high lateral-longitudinal...

Nonlinear vibration analysis of an embedded branched nanofluid-conveying carbon nanotube: Influence of downstream angle, temperature change and two dimensional external magnetic field

Available online 19 December 2019
A.A. Yinusa | M.G. Sobamowo | A.O. Adelaja

In this study, non-linear thermal-mechanical stability and vibration analyses of different end-shaped single-walled carbon nanotube conveying viscous nano-magnetic fluid embedded in non-linear visco-elastic...

The BOLS-NEP theory reconciling the attributes of undercoordinated adatoms, defects, surfaces and nanostructures

Available online 9 December 2019
Changqing Sun

This article describes a theory unifying the unusual performance of the undercoordinated adatoms, point defects, terrace edges, surfaces, and nanostructures of various shapes. The ideas of bond order-length-strength...

Thermal instability and dynamic response analysis of a tensioned carbon nanotube under moving uniformly distributed external pressure

Available online 28 November 2019
A.A. Yinusa | M.G. Sobamowo

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are receiving immense research attention due to their tremendous thermal, electrical, structural and mechanical properties. In this paper, an exact solution of...

Nano-size carbide-reinforced Ni matrix composite prepared by selective laser melting

Available online 19 November 2019
Rui Wang | Guoliang Zhu | Chao Yang | Wei Wang | Donghong Wang | Anping Dong | Da Shu | Liang Zhang | Baode Sun

Thermally stable nano-size ceramic particles are the preferred reinforcements for superalloys as they improve the alloys' microstructural stability and high-temperature properties. In this work, very...

High-index faceted noble metal nanostructures drive renewable energy electrocatalysis

Available online 19 November 2019
Chunji Li | Mingchuan Luo | Zhonghong Xia | Shaojun Guo

Noble metallic nanocrystals are used in a wide variety of applications, such as catalysis, batteries, and bio- and chemical sensors. Most of the previous studies focus on the preparation of thermodynamically...

Investigation towards scalable processing of silicon/graphite nanocomposite anodes with good cycle stability and specific capacity

Available online 16 November 2019
Maziar Ashuri | Qianran He | Yuzi Liu | Leon L. Shaw

Silicon/graphite (Si/Gr) nanocomposites with controlled void spaces and encapsulated by a carbon shell (Si/Gr@void@C) are synthesized by utilizing high-energy ball milling to reduce micron-sized particles...

Emerging rechargeable aqueous aluminum ion battery: Status, challenges, and outlooks

Available online 14 November 2019
Du Yuan | Jin Zhao | William Manalastas | Sonal Kumar | Madhavi Srinivasan

Aluminum ion battery (AIB) technology is an exciting alternative for post-lithium energy storage. AIBs based on ionic liquids have enabled advances in both cathode material development and fundamental...

Recent advances in the utilization of copper sulfide compounds for electrochemical CO2 reduction

Available online 25 October 2019
Yingkang Chen | Kejun Chen | Junwei Fu | Akira Yamaguchi | Hongmei Li | Hao Pan | Junhua Hu | Masahiro Miyauchi | Min Liu

Converting carbon dioxide (CO2) into value-added chemicals by CO2 reduction has been considered as a potential way to solve the current energy crisis and environmental problem. Among the methods of...

Organometallic perovskite single crystals grown on lattice-matched substrate for photodetection

Available online 24 October 2019
Xin Wang | Yuwei Li | Yubing Xu | Yuzhu Pan | Yao Wu | Guanwen Li | Wei Zhang | Shuyi Ding | Jing Chen | Wei Lei | Dewei Zhao

In this work, we demonstrate that an organometallic perovskite (OP) single crystal for effective photodetection can be grown on a gold (Au)-decorated substrate using liquid phase epitaxy. The covered...

Atomic layer deposition enabling higher efficiency solar cells: A review

Available online 14 October 2019
Md. Anower Hossain | Kean Thong Khoo | Xin Cui | Geedhika K Poduval | Tian Zhang | Xiang Li | Wei Min Li | Bram Hoex

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) can synthesise materials with atomic-scale precision. The ability to tune the material composition, film thickness with excellent conformality, allow low-temperature processing,...

Photoelectrochemical evaluation of SILAR-deposited nanoporous BiVO4 photoanodes for solar-driven water splitting

Available online 12 October 2019
Siti Nur'ain Haji Yassin | Adrian Soong Leong Sim | James Robert Jennings

We report a photoelectrochemical investigation of BiVO4 photoanodes prepared by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR), a facile method that yields uniform nanoporous films. After characterization...

Bio-inspired synthesis of nanomaterials and smart structures for electrochemical energy storage and conversion

Available online 11 October 2019
Mei Ding | Gen Chen | Weichuan Xu | Chuankun Jia | Hongmei Luo

Traditional synthetic methodologies are confronted with great challenges to fabricate complex nanomaterials with delicate design, high efficiency and excellent sustainability. During the past decade,...

Microstructure and properties of Ag/SnO2 functional material manufactured by selective laser melting

September 2019
Yuanjie Zhang | Bo Song | Xiao Zhao | Yusheng Shi

Ag/SnO2, as a promising and environment-friendly electrical contact material, is widely applied in low-voltage apparatus. But the properties of Ag/SnO2 composites is difficult to improve due to the...

A perspective of chalcogenide semiconductor-noble metal nanocomposites through structural transformations

September 2019
Danye Liu | Linlin Xu | Jianping Xie | Jun Yang

Intense efforts have been devoted to the synthesis of heterogeneous nanocomposites consisting of chalcogenide semiconductors and noble metals, which usually exhibit enhanced properties owing to the...

The role of electrolyte acid concentration in the electrochemical exfoliation of graphite: Mechanism and synthesis of electrochemical graphene oxide

September 2019
Sean E. Lowe | Ge Shi | Yubai Zhang | Jiadong Qin | Lixue Jiang | Shuaiyu Jiang | Mohammad Al-Mamun | Porun Liu | Yu Lin Zhong | Huijun Zhao

Electrochemistry has emerged as a major route for graphene and graphene oxide synthesis from graphite. Anodic graphite oxidation is commonly used with dilute mineral acid or aqueous salt electrolytes....

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