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Recent Nano Materials Science Articles

Recently published articles from Nano Materials Science.

Advanced carbon materials with different spatial dimensions for supercapacitors

Available online 13 February 2021
Xiaoliang Wu | Ruonan Liu | Jing Zhao | Zhuangjun Fan

Supercapacitors (SCs) have attracted extensive attention due to their ultrahigh power density, fast charging/discharging rate, excellent electrochemical stability and environmental friendliness. Currently,...

Low-power emerging memristive designs towards secure hardware systems for applications in internet of things

Available online 28 January 2021
Nan Du | Heidemarie Schmidt | Ilia Polian

Emerging memristive devices offer enormous advantages for applications such as non-volatile memories and in-memory computing (IMC), but there is a rising interest in using memristive technologies for...

First principles study of field effect device through van der Waals and lateral heterostructures of graphene, phosphorene and graphane

Available online 5 January 2021
C. Rebolledo Espinoza | D.A. Ryndyk | A. Dianat | R. Gutierrez | G. Cuniberti

Chemical modification and vertical stacking of two-dimensional materials are promising techniques for new nanoelectronic devices. We present Density Functional Tight Binding (DFTB) calculations of a...

Nano-size carbide-reinforced Ni matrix composite prepared by selective laser melting

December 2020
Rui Wang | Guoliang Zhu | Chao Yang | Wei Wang | Donghong Wang | Anping Dong | Da Shu | Liang Zhang | Baode Sun

Thermally stable nano-size ceramic particles are the preferred reinforcements for superalloys as they improve the alloys' microstructural stability and high-temperature properties. In this work, very...

Investigation towards scalable processing of silicon/graphite nanocomposite anodes with good cycle stability and specific capacity

December 2020
Maziar Ashuri | Qianran He | Yuzi Liu | Leon L. Shaw

Silicon/graphite (Si/Gr) nanocomposites with controlled void spaces and encapsulated by a carbon shell (Si/Gr@void@C) are synthesized by utilizing high-energy ball milling to reduce micron-sized particles...

High-index faceted noble metal nanostructures drive renewable energy electrocatalysis

December 2020
Chunji Li | Mingchuan Luo | Zhonghong Xia | Shaojun Guo

Noble metallic nanocrystals are used in a wide variety of applications, such as catalysis, batteries, and bio- and chemical sensors. Most of the previous studies focus on the preparation of thermodynamically...

The BOLS-NEP theory reconciling the attributes of undercoordinated adatoms, defects, surfaces and nanostructures

December 2020
Changqing Sun

This article describes a theory unifying the unusual performance of the undercoordinated adatoms, point defects, terrace edges, surfaces, and nanostructures of various shapes. The ideas of bond order-length-strength...

Nonlinear vibration analysis of an embedded branched nanofluid-conveying carbon nanotube: Influence of downstream angle, temperature change and two dimensional external magnetic field

December 2020
A.A. Yinusa | M.G. Sobamowo | A.O. Adelaja

In this study, non-linear thermal-mechanical stability and vibration analyses of different end-shaped single-walled carbon nanotube conveying viscous nano-magnetic fluid embedded in non-linear visco-elastic...

Facile magnetoresistance adjustment of graphene foam for magnetic sensor applications through microstructure tailoring

December 2020
Rizwan Ur Rehman Sagar | Min Zhang | Xiaohao Wang | Babar Shabbir | Florian J. Stadler

Graphene foam is becoming a material of choice for magnetoelectronic devices due to its large, linear and unsaturated room temperature magnetoresistance. However, the magnetoresistance of graphene foam...

Effect of nickel oxide morphology on the nitrogen electrochemical reduction reaction

December 2020
Ping Zhang | Wei Xiong | Min Zhou

In order to study the effect of catalysts’ morphology on the electrochemical reduction of nitrogen gas, sample catalysts of NiO with four different morphologies (hollow spherical, sea urchin-shape,...

Room temperature synthesis of two-dimensional multilayer magnets based on α-CoII layered hydroxides

Available online 30 December 2020
Víctor Oestreicher | Christian Dolle | Diego Hunt | Michael Fickert | Gonzalo Abellán

Research on two-dimensional (2D) materials is one of the most active fields in materials science and nanotechnology. Among the members of the 2D family, layered hydroxides (LHs) represent an exceptional...

Corrosion inhibition of layered double hydroxides for metal-based systems

Available online 19 December 2020
Chuan Jing | Biqin Dong | Aikifa Raza | Tiejun Zhang | Yuxin Zhang

Layered double hydroxide (LDH), a kind of 2D layered materials, has been recognized as the promising anticorrosion materials for metal and its alloy. The microstructure, physical/chemical properties,...

Recent advances in electrocatalysts for seawater splitting

Available online 19 December 2020
Guangbo Liu | Yingshuang Xu | Teng Yang | Luhua Jiang

Water splitting is an effective strategy to produce renewable and sustainable hydrogen energy. Especially, seawater splitting, avoiding use of the limited freshwater resource, is more intriguing. Nowadays,...

RTV silicone rubber composites reinforced with carbon nanotubes, titanium-di-oxide and their hybrid: Mechanical and piezoelectric actuation performance

Available online 18 December 2020
Vineet Kumar | Anuj Kumar | Sung Soo Han | Sang-Shin Park

The use of nanofillers with high surface area and extreme purity in polymer composite is an effective strategy to obtain high performance polymeric nanocomposites. Therefore, the effect of nanofillers...

Hierarchically electrospun nanofibers and their applications: A review

Available online 28 November 2020
Muhammad Badmus | Jing Liu | Nü Wang | Norbert Radacsi | Yong Zhao

Electrospinning is a popular method for generating long and continuous nanofibers due to its simplicity and versatility. However, conventional electrospun products have weak strength and low availability,...

Towards the selectivity distinction of phenol hydrogenation on noble metal catalysts

Available online 19 November 2020
Shanjun Mao | Zhe Wang | Zhirong Chen | Kejun Wu | Kaichao Zhang | Qichuan Li | Huihuan Yan | Guofeng Lü | Guodong Huang | Yong Wang

Selective hydrogenation of phenol to cyclohexanone is intriguing in chemical industry. Though a few catalysts with promising performances have been developed in recent years, the basic principle for...

Semiconductor based photocatalysts for detoxification of emerging pharmaceutical pollutants from aquatic systems: A critical review

Available online 6 November 2020
Prasenjit Kar | Komal Shukla | Pratyush Jain | Govindasamy Sathiyan | Raju Kumar Gupta

The presence of emerging pharmaceutical pollutants at low concentration levels in the surface and ground water has caused a potential threat to the marine and human lives. The emerging pharmaceutical...

Low-cost fabrication of highly dispersed atomically-thin MoS2 nanosheets with abundant active Mo-terminated edges

Available online 2 November 2020
Fei Wang | Ming Hao | Wei Liu | Penji Yan | Baizeng Fang | Sijia Li | Jinsheng Liang | Maomao Zhu | Li Cui

In this work, highly dispersed atomically-thin MoS2 nanosheets were fabricated at one thousandth of the commercial cost using sepiolite (SEP) mineral nanofibers as carriers via a microwave hydrothermal...

An overview of the characteristics of advanced binders for high-performance Li–S batteries

Available online 2 November 2020
Jun Zhang | Mingnan Li | Hussein A. Younus | Binshen Wang | Qunhong Weng | Yan Zhang | Shiguo Zhang

The lithium-sulfur battery (Li–S) is a promising energy storage system with many advantages over the commercialized lithium-ion battery. It has a high theoretical capacity of 1675 mAh g−1, a high theoretical...

Recent developments of stamped planar micro-supercapacitors: Materials, fabrication and perspectives

Available online 17 October 2020
Fei Li | Yang Li | Jiang Qu | Jinhui Wang | Vineeth Kumar Bandari | Feng Zhu | Oliver G. Schmidt

The rapid development of wearable and portable electronics has dramatically increased the application for miniaturized energy storage components. Stamping micro-supercapacitors (MSCs) with planar interdigital...

Advanced architecture designs towards high-performance 3D microbatteries

Available online 17 October 2020
Yang Li | Jiang Qu | Fei Li | Zhe Qu | Hongmei Tang | Lixiang Liu | Minshen Zhu | Oliver G. Schmidt

Rechargeable microbatteries are important power supplies for microelectronic devices. Two essential targets for rechargeable microbatteries are high output energy and minimal footprint areas. In addition...

Recent development of n-type thermoelectric materials based on conjugated polymers

Available online 10 October 2020
Bin Meng | Jun Liu | Lixiang Wang

Thermoelectric (TE) materials based on conjugated polymers have received much attention due to their great advantages of solution processibility, light weight, flexibility, and low thermal conductivity....

Nano energy for miniaturized systems

Available online 4 October 2020
Minshen Zhu | Feng Zhu | Oliver G. Schmidt

Skin mountable electronic devices are in a high-speed development at the crossroads of materials science, electronics, and computer science. Sophisticated functions, such as sensing, actuating, and...

Durable easy-cleaning and antibacterial cotton fabrics using fluorine-free silane coupling agents and CuO nanoparticles

September 2020
Neha Agrawal | Pearlie Sijia Low | Jasmine Si Jia Tan | Eileen Wen Mei Fong | Yuekun Lai | Zhong Chen

Multifunctional fabrics of high durability through a scalable and eco-friendly technique remains a great challenge hindering their commercialization. In this work, we report a facile synthesis technique...

Emerging rechargeable aqueous aluminum ion battery: Status, challenges, and outlooks

September 2020
Du Yuan | Jin Zhao | William Manalastas | Sonal Kumar | Madhavi Srinivasan

Aluminum ion battery (AIB) technology is an exciting alternative for post-lithium energy storage. AIBs based on ionic liquids have enabled advances in both cathode material development and fundamental...

Challenges and opportunities for nanomaterials in spectral splitting for high-performance hybrid solar photovoltaic-thermal applications: A review

September 2020
Gan Huang | Sara Riera Curt | Kai Wang | Christos N. Markides

Hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collectors, which are capable of cogenerating useful thermal energy and electricity from the same aperture area, have a significantly higher overall efficiency and...

Bio-inspired synthesis of nanomaterials and smart structures for electrochemical energy storage and conversion

September 2020
Mei Ding | Gen Chen | Weichuan Xu | Chuankun Jia | Hongmei Luo

Traditional synthetic methodologies are confronted with great challenges to fabricate complex nanomaterials with delicate design, high efficiency and excellent sustainability. During the past decade,...

Photoelectrochemical evaluation of SILAR-deposited nanoporous BiVO4 photoanodes for solar-driven water splitting

September 2020
Siti Nur'ain Haji Yassin | Adrian Soong Leong Sim | James Robert Jennings

We report a photoelectrochemical investigation of BiVO4 photoanodes prepared by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR), a facile method that yields uniform nanoporous films. After characterization...

Atomic layer deposition enabling higher efficiency solar cells: A review

September 2020
Md. Anower Hossain | Kean Thong Khoo | Xin Cui | Geedhika K Poduval | Tian Zhang | Xiang Li | Wei Min Li | Bram Hoex

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) can synthesise materials with atomic-scale precision. The ability to tune the material composition, film thickness with excellent conformality, allow low-temperature processing,...

Organometallic perovskite single crystals grown on lattice-matched substrate for photodetection

September 2020
Xin Wang | Yuwei Li | Yubing Xu | Yuzhu Pan | Yao Wu | Guanwen Li | Wei Zhang | Shuyi Ding | Jing Chen | Wei Lei | Dewei Zhao

In this work, we demonstrate that an organometallic perovskite (OP) single crystal for effective photodetection can be grown on a gold (Au)-decorated substrate using liquid phase epitaxy. The covered...

Recent advances in the utilization of copper sulfide compounds for electrochemical CO2 reduction

September 2020
Yingkang Chen | Kejun Chen | Junwei Fu | Akira Yamaguchi | Hongmei Li | Hao Pan | Junhua Hu | Masahiro Miyauchi | Min Liu

Converting carbon dioxide (CO2) into value-added chemicals by CO2 reduction has been considered as a potential way to solve the current energy crisis and environmental problem. Among the methods of...

Graphene film for thermal management: A review

Available online 23 September 2020
Pei Huang | Yao Li | Gang Yang | Zheng-Xin Li | Yuan-Qing Li | Ning Hu | Shao-Yun Fu | Kostya S. Novoselov

Thermal conductivity and thermal dissipation are of great importance for modern electronics due to the increased transistor density and operation frequency of contemporary integrated circuits. Due to...

Redox flow batteries based on insoluble redox-active materials. A review

Available online 9 July 2020
Xiao Wang | Jingchao Chai | Jianbing “Jimmy” Jiang

The ever-increasing demand for energy has stimulated the development of economical non-fossil fuels. As representative of clean energy, solar and wind have been identified as the most promising energy...

Geometric structures, electronic characteristics, stabilities, catalytic activities, and descriptors of graphene-based single-atom catalysts

June 2020
Weijie Yang | Shaopeng Xu | Kai Ma | Chongchong Wu | Ian D. Gates | Xunlei Ding | Weihua Meng | Zhengyang Gao

Single-atom catalysts (SACs) have been a research hotspot due to their high catalytic activity, selectivity, and atomic utilization rates. However, the theoretical research of SACs is relatively fragmented,...

LiBH4 for hydrogen storage - New perspectives

June 2020
Zhao Ding | Shaoyuan Li | Yang Zhou | Zhiqian Chen | Weijie Yang | Wenhui Ma | Leon Shaw

Hydrogen energy has been recognized as “Ultimate Power Source” in the 21st century. It is a boon in these days of energy crunches and concerns about climate change because of the characterized advantages,...

Highly antibacterial rGO/Cu2O nanocomposite from a biomass precursor: Synthesis, performance, and mechanism

June 2020
Mingguang Chen | Zhi Li | Long Chen

Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) has been widely used to fabricate electronics, sensors, photodetectors,and in other applications. However, the antibacterial performance of pristine rGO is relatively weak....

High-efficiency extraction synthesis for high-purity copper nanowires and their applications in flexible transparent electrodes

June 2020
He Zhang | Shang Wang | Yanhong Tian | Jiayue Wen | Chunjin Hang | Zhen Zheng | Yilong Huang | Su Ding | Chenxi Wang

Copper nanowires (Cu NWs) are considered an excellent alternative to indium tin oxide (ITO) in flexible transparency electrodes (FTEs). However, the mixed particles and surface oxidation of Cu NWs degrade...

Metal Organic framework derived carbon for ultrahigh power and long cyclic life aqueous Zn ion capacitor

June 2020
Ting Xiong | Yirui Shen | Wee Siang Vincent Lee | Junmin Xue

In order to develop functional energy storage device, it is necessary to improve the energy and power density. As a potential candidate that can synergistically harmonize energy and power density, lithium...

Surface-defective FeS2 for electrochemical NH3 production under ambient conditions

June 2020
Daming Feng | Xu Zhang | Ying Sun | Tianyi Ma

In the viewpoint of ammonia economy, electrochemical N2 reduction reaction (NRR) under mild condition is a very promising approach for sustainable development. By virtue of robust activity and low cost,...

Performance of plasma-sprayed CuNiIn coatings and Mo coatings subjected to fretting fatigue

June 2020
Shujuan Dong | Yihui Wang | Jinyan Zeng | Xiong Yang | Panpan Liang | Dezheng Wang | Huiqi Liao | Hanlin Liao

During atmospheric plasma spraying, a cooling process usually plays an important role in the coating quality, especially for the oxidation containment of metallic coatings. CuNiIn and Mo coatings were...

Fabrication of superhydrophobic reduced-graphene oxide/nickel coating with mechanical durability, self-cleaning and anticorrosion performance

June 2020
Zengguo Bai | Bin Zhang

There is a great challenge to fabricate superhydrophobic coating with excellent mechanical durability and corrosion resistance. Inspired by the pinecone-shaped structure, a novel reduced-graphene oxide...

Seasoning Chinese cooking pans: The nanoscience behind the Kitchen God's blessing

Available online 27 June 2020
Chenxi Gao | Na Yang | Cunpu Li | Xi Wang | Xun Yu | Ling Zhang | Zidong Wei

The Chinese iron pan can function as a nonstick pan even without a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coating after a “Kitchen God blessing” seasoning process. We simulate this process and disclose the...

The wrinkling and buckling of graphene induced by nanotwinned copper matrix: A molecular dynamics study

Available online 25 June 2020
Che Zhang | Cheng Lu | Linqing Pei | Jiaqing Li | Rui Wang

The three-dimensional (3D) graphene-based materials have raised significant interest due to excellent catalytic performance and unique electronic properties, while the preparation of uniform and stable...

Electrocatalytic and photocatalytic performance of noble metal doped monolayer MoS2 in the hydrogen evolution reaction: A first principles study

Available online 6 June 2020
Zheng Zhang | Kai Chen | Qiang Zhao | Mei Huang | Xiaoping Ouyang

To maximize the catalytic performance of MoS2 in the hydrogen evolution reaction, we investigate the electrocatalytic and photocatalytic performance of monolayer MoS2 doped with noble metal (Ag, Au,...

2D and 3D orientation mapping in nanostructured metals: A review

March 2020
Guilin Wu | Wanquan Zhu | Qiongyao He | Zongqiang Feng | Tianlin Huang | Ling Zhang | Søren Schmidt | Andrew Godfrey | Xiaoxu Huang

Nanostructured metals possess various excellent properties and offer the potential for a wide range of applications. Improvements in the properties and performance of nanostructured metal components...

In vitro and in vivo studies on pure Mg, Mg–1Ca and Mg–2Sr alloys processed by equal channel angular pressing

March 2020
Wenting Li | Yunong Shen | Jie Shen | Danni Shen | Xiao Liu | Yufeng Zheng | Kelvin W.K. Yeung | Shaokang Guan | Olga B. Kulyasova | R.Z. Valiev

In the present work, the biomedical as-cast pure Mg, Mg–1Ca and Mg–2Sr alloys were processed with equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) technique to develop ultrafine microstructure within the materials,...

Deformation mechanisms, microstructural evolution and mechanical properties in small-scaled face-centered-cubic metallic thin films

March 2020
Jinyu Zhang | Gang Liu | Jun Sun

Metallic thin films have attracted much attention owing to their unique mechanical properties, which are widely used in micro-/nano-devices. In this review, several key topics about the thin films in...

A grain-size-dependent structure evolution in gradient-structured (GS) Ni under tension

March 2020
Yan Lin | Jie Pan | Zhaoping Luo | Yunli Lu | Ke Lu | Yi Li

This work outlines an experimental investigation of grain-size-dependent structure evolution under tension in nickel with a grain size gradient. Two opposite and competing processes, grain refinement...

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