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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

Phylogeny and biogeography of Maianthemum (Asparagaceae: Nolinoideae) revisited with emphasis on its divergence pattern in SW China

Available online 10 February 2021
Ran Meng | Ying Meng | Yong-Ping Yang | Ze-Long Nie

Maianthemum is a genus with more than 35 species from the tribe Polygonateae, widely distributed between North to Central Americas and eastern Asia with high diversity in the eastern Himalayas to the...

Phytochrome B regulates jasmonic acid-mediated defense response against Botrytis cinerea in Arabidopsis

Available online 6 February 2021
Shengyuan Xiang | Songguo Wu | Yifen Jing | Ligang Chen | Diqiu Yu

The phytochrome B mediated light signaling integrates with various phytohormone signalings to control plant immune response. However, it is still unclear whether phyB-mediated light signaling has an...

Neottia wuyishanensis (Orchidaceae: Neottieae), a new species from Fujian, China

Available online 4 February 2021
B.I.N.G.-H.U.A. CHEN | X.I.A.O.-H.U.A. JIN

A new species, Neottia wuyishanensis (Neottieae, Orchidaceae), is described and illustrated rom Wuyishan, Fujian, eastern China. Neottia wuyishanensis is similar to N. fugongensis and N. pseudonipponica,...

Three new species of Liparis s.l. (Orchidaceae: Malaxideae) from Southwest China based on morphological characters and phylogenetic evidence

Available online 3 February 2021
Ji-Dong Ya | Dong-Liang Lin | Zhou-Dong Han | Lei Cai | Zhi-Rong Zhang | De-Ming He | Xiao-Hua Jin | Wen-Bin Yu

Liparis aureolabella and L. mengziensis, two new species from Karst region of Southwest China, and L. bingzhongluoensis, a new species from montane region in Yunnan, were described and illustrated....

Taxonomy notes on Vandeae (Orchidaceae) from China: five new species and two new records

Available online 3 February 2021
Jian-Wu Li | Ji-Dong Ya | De-Ping Ye | Cheng Liu | Qiang Liu | Rui Pan | Zai-Xing He | Bo Pan | Jie Cai | Dongliang Lin | Xiao-Hua Jin

Five new species of Vandeae (Orchidaceae), Gastrochilus yei, G. minimus, Luisia simaoensis, Taeniophyllum xizangense, Tuberolabium subulatum, and two newly recorded species of China, Cleisostoma tricornutum,...

Selecting flagship species to solve a biodiversity conservation conundrum

Available online 29 January 2021
Jie Qian | Huifu Zhuang | Weikang Yang | Yifeng Chen | Shilong Chen | Yanhua Qu | Yuanming Zhang | Yongping Yang | Yuhua Wang

The difficulty of effectively monitoring and managing the environment to conserve biodiversity is as yet an unsolved conundrum. A project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has concluded that progress...

Plastid phylogenomics and biogeography of the medicinal plant lineage Hyoscyameae (Solanaceae)

Available online 29 January 2021
Feng-Wei Lei | Ling Tong | Yi-Xuan Zhu | Xian-Yun Mu | Tie-Yao Tu | Jun Wen

The cosmopolitan family Solanaceae, which originated and first diversified in South America, is economically important. The tribe Hyoscyameae is one of the three clades in Solanaceae that occurs outside...

Chloroplast genomic diversity in Bulbophyllum section Macrocaulia (Bl.) Aver. (Orchidaceae, Epidendroideae, Malaxideae): insights into species divergence and adaptive evolution

Available online 28 January 2021
Hanqing Tang | Lu Tang | Shicheng Shao | Yulan Peng | Lu Li | Yan Luo

Bulbophyllum Thouars is the largest genus in Orchidaceae with a Pantropical distribution. Due to highly significant diversifications, it is considered to be one of the most taxonomically and phylogenetically...

Morphological and Genomic Evidence for a New Species of Corallorhiza (Orchidaceae Epidendroideae) from SW China

Available online 23 January 2021
Jiaxin Yang | Shuai Peng | Junjie Wang | Shixiong Ding | Yan Wang | Jing Tian | Han Yang | Guangwan Hu | Qingfeng Wang

Corallorhiza sinensis G.W. Hu & Q.F. Wang, a new species of mycoheterotrophic orchid from western Sichuan, China is described and illustrated based on molecular and morphological evidence. It is morphologically...

Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants from the Dragon Boat Festival herbal markets of Qianxinan, southwestern Guizhou, China

Available online 22 January 2021
Wei Gu | Xiaojiang Hao | Zehuan Wang | Jiayu Zhang | Liejun Huang | Shengji Pei

Dragon Boat Festival herbal markets in the Qianxinan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of southwestern Guizhou have a long well-conserved history. These markets, which are a feature of Buyi and Miao...

TEMPORARY REMOVAL: The tropical deciduous forest in Yunnan, southwestern China: An unreported forest formation for China with implication to geological and climatic histories

Available online 16 January 2021
Hua Zhu | Peter Ashton | Bojian Gu | Shisun Zhou | Yinghong Tan

The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article...

Skincare plants of the Naxi of NW Yunnan, China

Available online 12 January 2021
Yanqiang Zhao | Zexing Yang | Bayi Lang | Manfred Shao Wu Meng | Dayuan Xue | Lu Gao | Lixin Yang

The Naxi of Northwest Yunnan, China use medicinal plants to treat skin conditions related to traditional lifestyles in extreme environments. However, modernization endangers both the medicinal plants...

Genetic diversity and structure of the endemic and endangered species Aristolochia delavayi growing along the Jinsha River

Available online 11 January 2021
Yu-Long Yu | Hui-Chun Wang | Zhi-Xiang Yu | Johann Schinnerl | Rong Tang | Yu-Peng Geng | Gao Chen

The traditional medicinal plant, and endangered species Aristolochia delavayi (Aristolochiaceae) is an endemic species in China and occurs in the warm and dry areas along the Jinsha river. It is also...

An ethnobotanical study of forage plants in Zhuxi County in the Qinba mountainous area of central China

Available online 4 January 2021
Jun Yang | Jifeng Luo | Qiliang Gan | Leiyu Ke | Fengming Zhang | Hairu Guo | Fuwei Zhao | Yuehu Wang

In the Qinba mountainous area of Central China, pig farming has a significant impact on the growth of the rural economy and has substantially increased farmer incomes. Traditional knowledge plays an...

Fossil fruits of Firmiana and Tilia from the middle Miocene of South Korea and the efficacy of the Bering land bridge for the migration of mesothermal plants

Available online 2 January 2021
Lin-Bo Jia | Gi-Soo Nam | Tao Su | Gregory W. Stull | Shu-Feng Li | Yong-Jiang Huang | Zhe-Kun Zhou

Determining whether the high-latitude Bering land bridge (BLB) was ecologically suitable for the migration of mesothermal plants is significant for Holarctic phytogeographic inferences. Paleobotanical...

Plant diversity in herbal tea and its traditional knowledge in Qingtian County, Zhejiang Province, China

Available online 2 January 2021
Yujing Liu | Renchuan Hu | Songsong Shen | Zheng Zhang | Jing Zhang | Xiaoling Song | Sheng Qiang

Herbal teas composed of locally occurring plant species have long been used as the primary form of health care in Qingtian County, Zhejiang Province, China. However, large-scale emigration overseas...

Quantitative classification of Camellia japonica and Camellia rusticana (Theaceae) based on leaf and flower morphology

Available online 30 December 2020
Harue Abe | Hiroki Miura | Yoshitaka Motonaga

In Japan, Camellia japonica and Camellia rusticana are naturally distributed. Despite differences in their habitats and morphologies, they have been classified by various researchers as either varieties,...

Traditional knowledge, use and conservation of plants by the communities of Tharaka-Nithi County, Kenya

Available online 30 December 2020
Vivian Kathambi | Fredrick Munyao Mutie | Peninah Cheptoo Rono | Neng Wei | Jacinta Ndunge Munyao | Peris Kamau | Robert Wahiti Gituru | Guang-Wan Hu | Qing-Feng Wang

Rural communities in Kenya largely depend on plant resources for their livelihood. The utilization of these resources depends on the availability of plant resources and the level of knowledge of the...

Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants traded in herbal markets of Kahramanmaraş

Available online 29 December 2020
Seyran Palabaş Uzun | Cennet Koca

Most people in the world still use medicinal plants to treat and prevent disease. In Anatolia, studies have shown that people have used plants for centuries to treat many diseases. Herbal markets play...

Vital roles for ethnobotany in conservation and sustainable development

Available online 25 December 2020
Shengji Pei | Hamilton Alan | Yuhua Wang

Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of NtbHLH gene family in Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and the role of NtbHLH86 in drought adaptation

Available online 19 December 2020
Ge Bai | Da-Hai Yang | Peijian Chao | Heng Yao | MingLiang Fei | Yihan Zhang | Xuejun Chen | Bingguang Xiao | Feng Li | Zhen-Yu Wang | Jun Yang | He Xie

The bHLH transcription factors play pivotal roles in plant growth and development, production of secondary metabolites and responses to various environmental stresses. Although the bHLH genes have been...

Repellent, larvicidal and adulticidal activities of essential oil from Dai medicinal plant Zingiber cassumunar against Aedes albopictus

Available online 3 December 2020
Ming-Xiang Li | Yong-Peng Ma | Hong-Xia Zhang | Hong-Zheng Sun | Hong-Hai Su | Sheng-Ji Pei | Zhi-Zhi Du

Zingiber cassumunar is an important plant used in traditional medicine and as a natural mosquito repellent. However, the compounds responsible for the repellent activity of the plant are still unknown....

Are phylogenies resolved at the genus level appropriate for studies on phylogenetic structure of species assemblages?

Available online 28 November 2020
Hong Qian | Yi Jin

Phylogenies are essential to studies investigating the effect of evolutionary history on assembly of species in ecological communities and geographical and ecological patterns of phylogenetic structure...

Cavitation resistance of peduncle, petiole and stem is correlated with bordered pit dimensions in Magnolia grandiflora

Available online 26 November 2020
Feng-Ping Zhang | Jiao-Lin Zhang | Timothy J. Brodribb | Hong Hu

Variation in resistance of xylem to embolism among flowers, leaves, and stems strongly influences the survival and reproduction of plants. However, little is known about the vulnerability to xylem embolism...

Dispersal and germination of winged seeds of Brandisia hancei, a shrub in karst regions of China

Available online 26 November 2020
Yongquan Ren | Chengling Huang | Jiaming Zhang | Yongpeng Ma | Xiaoling Tian

Brandisia hancei (Paulowniaceae) is a widely distributed shrub in karst regions in southwestern China. Its seeds have a membranous wing, and they mature just before the rainy season begins. To assess...

Involvement of NAC transcription factor NaNAC29 in Alternaria alternata resistance and leaf senescence in Nicotiana attenuata

Available online 19 November 2020
Lan Ma | Rongping Li | Luoyan Ma | Na Song | Zhen Xu | Jinsong Wu

NAC-LIKE, ACTIVATED BY AP3/PI (NAP) is a NAC transcription factor regulating leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana. In wild tobacco Nicotiana attenuata, a nuclear localized NAC transcription factor...

Temporal regulation of alternative splicing events in rice memory under drought stress

Available online 13 November 2020
Hong Yang | Ping Li | Guihua Jin | Daping Gui | Li Liu | Chengjun Zhang

Plant adaptation to drought stress is essential for plant survival and crop yield. Recently, harnessing drought memory, which is induced by repeated stress and recovery cycles, was suggested as a means...

Expansion and expression diversity of FAR1/FRS-like genes provides insights into flowering time regulation in roses

Available online 10 November 2020
Mi-Cai Zhong | Xiao-Dong Jiang | Wei-Hua Cui | Jin-Yong Hu

Roses are important horticultural plants with enormous diversity in flowers and flowering behavior. However, molecular regulation of flowering time variation in roses remains poorly characterized. Here,...

Phylogenetic estimation and morphological evolution of Alsineae (Caryophyllaceae) shed new insight into the taxonomic status of the genus Pseudocerastium

Available online 7 November 2020
Gang Yao | Bine Xue | Kun Liu | Yuling Li | Jiuxiang Huang | Junwen Zhai

Pseudocerastium is a monotypic genus in Caryophyllaceae endemic to China. The genus has been widely accepted since it was described in 1998, however its phylogenetic position within Caryophyllaceae...

AtWRKY75 positively regulates age-triggered leaf senescence through gibberellin pathway

Available online 1 November 2020
Haiyan Zhang | Liping Zhang | Songguo Wu | Yanli Chen | Diqiu Yu | Ligang Chen

WRKY transcription factors play essential roles during leaf senescence. However, the mechanisms by which they regulate this process remains largely unknown. Here, we identified the transcription factor...

Preliminary study on Cd accumulation characteristics in Sansevieria trifasciata Prain

October 2020
Xiong Li | Yongping Yang

Phytoremediation techniques to clean heavy metal pollution soil depend on identifying plant species that can act as phytoremediators. One important approach to screening potential phytoremediators is...

Genetic diversity and population structure of Camellia huana (Theaceae), a limestone species with narrow geographic range, based on chloroplast DNA sequence and microsatellite markers

October 2020
Shuang Li | Shang-Li Liu | Si-Yu Pei | Man-Man Ning | Shao-Qing Tang

Camellia huana is an endangered species with a narrow distribution in limestone hills of northern Guangxi and southern Guizhou provinces, China. We used one chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) fragment and 12 pairs...

Extreme plastid RNA editing may confound phylogenetic reconstruction: A case study of Selaginella (lycophytes)

October 2020
Xin-Yu Du | Jin-Mei Lu | De-Zhu Li

Cytidine-to-uridine (C-to-U) RNA editing is common in coding regions of organellar genomes throughout land plants. In most cases RNA editing alters translated amino acids or creates new start codons,...

Distribution patterns of clonal plants in the subnival belt of the Hengduan Mountains, SW China

October 2020
Yongqian Gao | Jinxuan Zheng | Xiangqun Lin | Fan Du

Clonal reproduction (i.e., production of potentially independent offspring by vegetative growth) is thought to provide plants with reproductive assurance. Thus, studying the evolution of clonal reproduction...

A hybrid sterile locus leads to the linkage drag of interspecific hybrid progenies

October 2020
Mianmian Wang | Jun Yang | Jinpeng Wan | Dayun Tao | Jiawu Zhou | Diqiu Yu | Peng Xu

Interspecific hybridization plays an important role in rice breeding by broadening access to desirable traits such as disease resistance and improving yields. However, interspecific hybridization is...

DNA barcoding and molecular phylogeny of Dumasia (Fabaceae: Phaseoleae) reveals a cryptic lineage

October 2020
Kai-Wen Jiang | Rong Zhang | Zhong-Fu Zhang | Bo Pan | Bin Tian

Dumasia taxonomy and classification have long been problematic. Species within this genus have few morphological differences and plants without flowers or fruits are difficult to accurately identify....

Similar mycorrhizal fungal communities associated with epiphytic and lithophytic orchids of Coelogyne corymbosa

October 2020
Jiao Qin | Wei Zhang | Shi-Bao Zhang | Ji-Hua Wang

Mycorrhizal fungi are essential for the growth and development of both epiphytic (growing on trees) and lithophytic (growing on rocks) orchids. Previous studies indicate that in lowland tropical areas,...

Twenty years of Chinese vascular plant novelties, 2000 through 2019

October 2020
Cheng Du | Shuai Liao | David E. Boufford | Jinshuang Ma

From 2000 to 2019, 11,895 new names or new additions to the Chinese vascular flora were proposed by 4226 individuals (4086 articles and 140 books), as documented in the Chinese Plant Names Index (CPNI)....

The complete plastome sequences of five Aponogeton species (Aponogetonaceae): Insights into the structural organization and mutational hotspots

October 2020
Virginia M. Mwanzia | Ding-Xuan He | Andrew W. Gichira | Yan Li | Boniface K. Ngarega | Mwihaki J. Karichu | Peris W. Kamau | Zhi-Zhong Li

Members of the aquatic plant genus Aponogeton are widely used commercially in aquariums because of their variable leaf shape and unique inflorescences. However, due to extensive similarity between species...

Allelochemicals of Panax notoginseng and their effects on various plants and rhizosphere microorganisms

October 2020
Yi-Jun Qiao | Cheng-Zhen Gu | Hong-Tao Zhu | Dong Wang | Meng-Yue Zhang | Yi-Xuan Zhang | Chong-Ren Yang | Ying-Jun Zhang

Panax notoginseng (Araliaceae) is an important ginseng herb with various health benefits and a history of cultivation in southwestern China over 400 years. In recent years P. notoginseng has faced serious...

Diversity in seed oil content and fatty acid composition in Acer species with potential as sources of nervonic acid

Available online 31 October 2020
Xing He | De-Zhu Li | Bo Tian

Nervonic acid (NA, cis-15-tetracosenoic acid) is a very long-chain monounsaturated fatty acid that has been shown to be a core component of nerve fibers and nerve cells. It can be used to treat and...

Plastome and phylogenetic relationship of the woody buckwheat Fagopyrum tibeticum in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Available online 24 October 2020
Bibo Yang | Liangda Li | Jianquan Liu | Lushui Zhang

The phylogenetic position of the monotypic woody Parapteropyrum (Polygonaceae) remains controversial. Parapteropyrum has been thought to be closely related to the woody genera of the tribe Atraphaxideae,...

Hidden in plain sight: Morphological and phylogenetic evidence for Bouteloua arizonica, a new species distinct from Bouteloua aristidoides (Poaceae, Chloridoideae)

Available online 10 October 2020
Luis Fernando Cuellar-Garrido | María Elena Siqueiros-Delgado

Two varieties of Bouteloua aristidoides have been recognized, the widespread var. aristidoides and the more narrowly distributed var. arizonica. The two varieties differ in inflorescence form even more...

Ethnobotany and diversity of medicinal plants used by the Buyi in eastern Yunnan, China

Available online 7 October 2020
Yong Xiong | Xueyi Sui | Selena Ahmed | Zhi Wang | Chunlin Long

The Buyi are a socio-linguistic group in Yunnan Province of southwest China that have a long history of using medicinal plants as part of their indigenous medical system. Given the limited written documentation...

Folk nomenclature of plants in Cistanche deserticola-associated community in South Gobi, Mongolia

Available online 6 October 2020
Urtnasan Mandakh | Munkhjargal Battseren | Danzanchadav Ganbat | Turuutuvshin Ayanga | Zolzaya Adiya | Almaz Borjigidai | Chunlin Long

Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma is an important medicinal plant in Mongolia. Despite its significant role in local healing systems, little traditional knowledge had been reported. The present study investigated...

Development of genomic resources for the genus Celtis (Cannabaceae) based on genome skimming data

Available online 5 October 2020
Luxian Liu | Yonghua Zhang | Pan Li

Celtis is a Cannabaceae genus of 60–70 species of trees, or rarely shrubs, commonly known as hackberries. This woody genus consists of very valuable forest plants that provide important wildlife habitat...

Early Oligocene Itea (Iteaceae) leaves from East Asia and their biogeographic implications

Available online 3 October 2020
Yi-Min Tian | Jian Huang | Tao Su | Shi-Tao Zhang

Compressed materials of fossil foliage described here as Itea polyneura sp. nov. (Iteaceae) were collected from the Oligocene of Wenshan, Yunnan Province, southwestern China. The identification is based...

Nutrient value of wild fodder species and the implications for improving the diet of mithun (Bos frontalis) in Dulongjiang area, Yunnan Province, China

Available online 2 October 2020
Yanfei Geng | Sailesh Ranjitkar | Qiaoshun Yan | Zhijun He | Baqi Su | Shengtao Gao | Junli Niu | Dengpan Bu | Jianchu Xu

Wild fodder plants are valuable because they provide an important livestock feed resource globally, especially for smallholder farmers, and have important roles in natural resource management. In-depth...

Molecular phylogeny, biogeography and character evolution of the montane genus Incarvillea Juss. (Bignoniaceae)

Available online 22 September 2020
Santosh Kumar Rana | Dong Luo | Hum Kala Rana | Shaotian Chen | Hang Sun

The complex orogeny of the Himalaya and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) fosters habitat fragmentation that drives morphological differentiation of mountain plant species. Consequently, determining phylogenetic...

Spatial phylogenetics of two topographic extremes of the Hengduan Mountains in southwestern China and its implications for biodiversity conservation

Available online 18 September 2020
Yazhou Zhang | Lishen Qian | Daniel Spalink | Lu Sun | Jianguo Chen | Hang Sun

Previous attempts to elucidate the drivers of speciation mechanisms and spatial distribution patterns of biodiversity in mountain regions have treated different floras within a single geological region...

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