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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

The leaf extract of crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum) inhibits primary root growth by inducing cell death in maize root border cells

Available online 29 March 2020
Jinhu Ma | Xinxin Feng | Xiaohuan Yang | Yongheng Cao | Weifeng Zhao | Liangliang Sun

The extract of crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum) inhibits seed germination and weed growth; however, the physiological mechanisms underlying the effect of crofton weed extract on the modulation...

Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Clues into Leaf-Like Flower Mutant in Chinese Orchid Cymbidium ensifolium

Available online 20 March 2020
Yonglu Wei | Jianpeng Jin | Xiani Yao | Chuqiao Lu | Genfa Zhu | Fengxi Yang

The floral morphology of Cymbidium ensifolium, a well-known orchid in China, has increasingly attracted horticultural and commercial attention. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate flower...

Asian monsoon shaped the pattern of woody dicotyledon richness in humid regions of China

Available online 19 March 2020
Wen-Yun Chen | Tao Su

Understanding how geographical patterns of plant richness are established is a key scientific question in ecology and biogeography. Climate factors, such as environmental energy, water availability,...

Genetic structure, gene flow pattern, and association analysis of superior germplasm resources in domesticated Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Available online 19 March 2020
Ting-Ting Zhang | Na-Yao Zhang | Wei Li | Xiao-Jian Zhou | Xiao-Yu Pei | Yan-Gai Liu | Zhong-Ying Ren | Kun-Lun He | Wen-Sheng Zhang | Ke-Hai Zhou | Fei Zhang | Xiong-Feng Ma | Dai-Gang Yang | Zhong-Hu Li

Gene flow patterns and the genetic structure of domesticated crops like cotton are not well understood. Furthermore, marker-assisted breeding of cotton has lagged far behind that of other major crops...

Involucre fossils of Carpinus, a northern temperate element, from the Miocene of China and the evolution of its species diversity in East Asia

Available online 19 March 2020
Li Xue | Linbo Jia | Gi-soo Nam | Yongjiang Huang | Shitao Zhang | Yuqing Wang | Zhuo Zhou | Yongsheng Chen

East Asia has long been recognized as a major center for temperate woody plants diversity. Although several theories have been proposed to explain how the diversity of these temperate elements accumulated...

Both small and large plants are likely to produce staminate (male) flowers in a hermaphrodite lily

Available online 19 March 2020
EiEi Shwe | Bo Wu | Shuang-Quan Huang

Resource allocation to female and male function may vary among individual plants in species with variable sex expression. Size-dependent sex allocation has been proposed in hermaphrodites, in which...

Karyomorphological of three endemic plants (Brassicaceae: Euclidieae and Arabideae) from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its significance

Available online 19 March 2020
Wenguang Sun | Haixia Wang | Rui Wu | Hang Sun | Zhimin Li

In the paper, chromosome number and karyotype of three endemic genera from China are reported for the first time. Our results show that Anzhengxia yechengnica has a karyotype formula 2n = 2x = 14 =...

Cold stratification, temperature, light, GA3, and KNO3 effects on seed germination of Primula beesiana from Yunnan, China

Available online 19 March 2020
Li-E Yang | De-Li Peng | Zhi-Min Li | Li Huang | Juan Yang | Hang Sun

Primula beesiana Forr. is an attractive wildflower endemically distributed in the wet habitats of subalpine/alpine regions of southwestern China. This study is an attempt to understand how this plant...

Differences in leaf physiological and morphological traits between Camellia japonica and Camellia reticulata

Available online 19 March 2020
Ji-Hua Wang | Yan-Fei Cai | Shi-Feng Li | Shi-Bao Zhang

Plants of the genus Camellia are widely cultivated throughout the world as ornamentals because of their bright and large flowers. The widely cultivated varieties are mainly derived from the mutant lines...

The complete plastome sequences of five Aponogeton species (Aponogetonaceae): insights into the structural organization and mutational hotspots

Available online 19 March 2020
Virginia M. Mwanzia | Ding-Xuan He | Andrew W. Gichira | Yan Li | Boniface K. Ngarega | Mwihaki J. Karichu | Peris W. Kamau | Zhi-Zhong Li

Members of the aquatic plant genus Aponogeton are widely used commercially in aquariums because of their variable leaf shape and unique inflorescences. However, due to extensive similarity between species...

Dramatic impact of metric choice on biogeographical regionalization

Available online 19 March 2020
Jian-Fei Ye | Yun Liu | Zhi-Duan Chen

For a quantitative biogeographical regionalization, the choice of an appropriate dissimilarity index to measure pairwise distances is crucial. Several different metrics have been used, but there is...

Spinescent patterns in the flora of Jiaozi Snow Mountain, Southwestern China

Available online 19 March 2020
Qi Xu | Simcha Lev-Yadun | Lu Sun | Zhe Chen | Bo Song | Hang Sun

Spinescence has been thought to have evolved mainly as a defense against herbivores. Thus, studying its evolution in a whole flora is an excellent approach for understanding long-term plant-herbivore...

Genome-wide identification and characterization of the lateral organ boundaries domain gene family in Brassica rapa var. rapa

February 2020
Qin Yu | Simin Hu | Jiancan Du | Yongping Yang | Xudong Sun

The Lateral Organ Boundaries Domain (LBD) genes encode highly conserved plant-specific LOB domain proteins which regulate growth and development in various species. However, members of the LBD gene...

Defining the biosynthesis of ketocarotenoids in Chromochloris zofingiensis

February 2020
Ying Ye | Jun-Chao Huang

Carotenoids are important pigments in photosynthetic organisms where they play essential roles in photoreception and photoprotection. Chromochloris zofingiensis is a unicellular green alga that is able...

Crop wild relatives of Kazakhstani Tien Shan: Flora, vegetation, resources

February 2020
Gulnara T. Sitpayeva | Gulmira M. Kudabayevа | Liliya A. Dimeyeva | Nadezhda G. Gemejiyeva | Polina V. Vesselova

This paper presents the results of the field study on species composition, geographical distribution, phytocoenotic diversity and resources of crop wild relatives (CWR) in Kazakhstan's ranges of the...

Strong intraspecific trait variation in a tropical dominant tree species along an elevational gradient

February 2020
Wumei Xu | Kyle W. Tomlinson | Jie Li

Functional trait variation of plant species includes both inter- and intraspecific variation; however, trait-based plant ecology generally considers only interspecific variation while ignoring intraspecific...

ROS and oxidative burst: Roots in plant development

February 2020
Anuj Choudhary | Antul Kumar | Nirmaljit Kaur

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widely generated in various redox reactions in plants. In earlier studies, ROS were considered toxic byproducts of aerobic metabolism. In recent years, it has become...

Impacts of CO2 elevation on the physiology and seed quality of soybean

February 2020
Guowei Zheng | Jia Chen | Weiqi Li

Understanding the responses of crops to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations (E[CO2]) is very important in terms of global food supplies. The present study investigates the effects of...

Genetic characterization of the entire range of Cycas panzhihuaensis (Cycadaceae)

February 2020
Siyue Xiao | Yunheng Ji | Jian Liu | Xun Gong

Cycas panzhihuaensis L. Zhou & S. Y. Yang (Cycadaceae) is an endangered gymnosperm species endemic to the dry-hot valley of the Jinsha River basin in southwest China. Although the wild C. panzhihuaensis...

Silencing JA hydroxylases in Nicotiana attenuata enhances jasmonic acid-isoleucine-mediated defenses against Spodoptera litura

Available online 3 January 2020
Jinxiang Tang | Dahai Yang | Jianqiang Wu | Suiyun Chen | Lei Wang

Jasmonic acid (JA) plays important roles in plant resistance to insect herbivores. One important derivative of JA is 12-OH-JA, which is produced by two independent pathways: direct hydroxylation of...

Revision of Senegalia in China, and notes on introduced species of Acacia, Acaciella, Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae)

December 2019
Bruce R. Maslin | Boon Chuan Ho | Hang Sun | Lin Bai

The present work represents the first comprehensive taxonomic revision of Acacia sens. lat. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in China, focusing on the indigenous species. Critical reassessments of specimens...

Analysis of changes in the Panax notoginseng glycerolipidome in response to long-term chilling and heat

Available online 28 December 2019
Tao Liu | Jia Chen | Furong Xu | Xiahong He | Shengchao Yang | Youyong Zhu | Weiqi Li | Guowei Zheng

Long-term moderately high or low temperatures can damage economically important plants. In the present study, we treated Panax notoginseng, an important traditional Chinese medicine, with temperatures...

Crepis desertorum (Asteraceae, Cichorieae), a new species from northern Xinjiang (China) based on morphological and molecular data

Available online 12 December 2019
Juan Qiu | Jianwen Zhang | Tiangang Gao | Dunyan Tan

Crepis desertorum from the Junggar Basin of northern Xinjiang, northwestern China, is described as a new species. Molecular studies indicate that the species is closely related to Crepis frigida. Morphological...

Phoenix phylogeny, and analysis of genetic variation in a diverse collection of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) and related species

October 2019
Srinivasa R. Chaluvadi | Porter Young | Kentrez Thompson | Bochra Amina Bahri | Bhavesh Gajera | Subhash Narayanan | Robert Krueger | Jeffrey L. Bennetzen

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), one of the most ancient crops, is grown commercially in >30 countries. Using whole plastome assemblies, phylogenetic analyses revealed that cultivated date palm accessions...

Root hemiparasitism in Malania oleifera (Olacaceae), a neglected aspect in research of the highly valued tree species

October 2019
Ai-Rong Li | Ping Mao | Yun-Ju Li

Malania oleifera (Olacaceae) is a valued tree species, mostly because its seeds have high precious fatty acid content (particularly nervonic acid). However, seedling mortality rates are often high and...

Phytosociology of stratification in a lowland tropical rainforest occurring north of the Tropic of Cancer in Meghalaya, India

October 2019
Uma Shankar

Stratification in lowland rainforests of Meghalaya, India, which represent the westernmost limit of the rainforests north of the Tropic of Cancer, was studied in horizontal and vertical planes to elucidate...

The coexistence of hermaphroditic and dioecious plants is associated with polyploidy and gender dimorphism in Dasiphora fruticosa

October 2019
Lin-Lin Wang | Zhi-Qiang Zhang | Yong-Ping Yang | Yuan-Wen Duan

Dasiphora fruticosa comprises male, female and hermaphrodite plants, which are distributed sympatrically in some populations on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. To explore what governs the coexistence of...

Plastome sequencing of Myripnois dioica and comparison within Asteraceae

October 2019
Nan Lin | Xu Zhang | Tao Deng | Jianwen Zhang | Aiping Meng | Hengchang Wang | Hang Sun | Yanxia Sun

Myripnois is a monotypic shrub genus in the daisy family constricted to northern China. Although wild populations of Myripnois dioica are relatively rare, this plant may potentially be cultured as a...

Genetic diversity and population structure of Hibiscus aridicola, an endangered ornamental species in dry-hot valleys of Jinsha River

October 2019
Xin Zhang | Le Zhang | Johann Schinnerl | Wei-Bang Sun | Gao Chen

Hibiscus aridicola is an endangered ornamental shrub of the family Malvaceae that is endemic to the dry-hot valleys of Jinsha River in southwestern China. This species is a typical plant species with...

Effects of soil properties on accumulation characteristics of copper, manganese, zinc, and cadmium in Chinese turnip

October 2019
Boqun Li | Di Chen | Yongping Yang | Xiong Li

Clarifying the mechanisms of heavy metal (HM) accumulation and translocation from soil-root-leaf is crucial to coping with soil HM pollution. In this study, we analysed copper (Cu), manganese (Mn),...

Cell number explains the intraspecific spur-length variation in an Aquilegia species

October 2019
Zhi-Li Zhou | Yuan-Wen Duan | Yan Luo | Yong-Ping Yang | Zhi-Qiang Zhang

Variations of nectar spur length allow pollinators to utilize resources in novel ways, leading to the different selective pressures on spurs and allowing taxa to diversify. However, the mechanisms underlying...

The ubiquity and coexistence of two FBPases in chloroplasts of photosynthetic eukaryotes and its evolutionary and functional implications

Available online 26 September 2019
Yujin Li | Qingqing Ye | De He | Huixian Bai | Jianfan Wen

In photosynthetic eukaryotes, there are two well-characterized fructose-1,6-bisphosphatases (FBPases): the redox-insensitive cytosolic FBPase (cyFBPase), which participates in gluconeogenesis, and the...

Evaluating germinability of eight desert halophytes under long-term seed storage: Implications for conservation

August 2019
Sanjay Gairola | Hatem A. Shabana | Tamer Mahmoud | Ali El-Keblawy | Andrea Santo

Ex situ conservation in seed banks is a potential complementary conservation strategy for native plant species. It is well established that ex situ seed banking of native wild plants prolongs seed viability...

Forest characteristics and population structure of Glyptostrobus pensilis, a globally endangered relict species of southeastern China

August 2019
Cindy Q. Tang | Yongchuan Yang | Arata Momohara | Huan-Chong Wang | Hong Truong Luu | Shuaifeng Li | Kun Song | Shenhua Qian | Ben LePage | Yi-Fei Dong | Peng-Bin Han | Masahiko Ohsawa | Buu Thach Le | Huu Dang Tran | Minh Tri Dang | Ming-Chun Peng | Chong-Yun Wang

The Chinese water pine Glyptostrobus pensilis is the sole surviving species of the genus Glyptostrobus. It is endemic to southern China, central Vietnam, and eastern Laos, and today it is nearly extinct...

Elevation-related variation in the population characteristics of distylous Primula nivalis affects female fitness and inbreeding depression

August 2019
Aysajan Abdusalam | Qing Jun Li

The population characteristics of distylous species are highly sensitive to stochastic natural selection pressure. Therefore, populations growing under different environmental conditions may vary in...

Elevational changes in vascular plants richness, diversity, and distribution pattern in Abune Yosef mountain range, Northern Ethiopia

August 2019
Kflay Gebrehiwot | Sebsebe Demissew | Zerihun Woldu | Mekbib Fekadu | Temesgen Desalegn | Ermias Teferi

The aim of this research is to investigate the patterns of vascular plant species richness, diversity, and distribution along an elevation gradient in the Abune Yosef mountain range, Ethiopia. Preferential...

Stem and leaf traits as co-determinants of canopy water flux

August 2019
Jianguo Gao | Kai Tian

Transpiration through stomata in tree canopies plays an important role in terrestrial water cycles. However, the empirical relationship between leaf stomata anatomy and canopy stomatal conductance (Gs)...

Phylogenomic analyses reveal intractable evolutionary history of a temperate bamboo genus (Poaceae: Bambusoideae)

August 2019
Cen Guo | Zhen-Hua Guo | De-Zhu Li

Shibataea is a genus of temperate bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) endemic to China, but little is known about its phylogenetic position and interspecific relationships. To elucidate the phylogenetic...

Heterologous expression of HpBHY and CrBKT increases heat tolerance in Physcomitrella patens

August 2019
Jianfang He | Ping Li | Heqiang Huo | Lina Liu | Ting Tang | Mingxia He | Junchao Huang | Li Liu

Heat stress can restrict plant growth, development, and crop yield. As essential plant antioxidants, carotenoids play significant roles in plant stress resistance. β-carotene hydroxylase (BHY) and β-carotene...

Comparative expression analysis of heavy metal ATPase subfamily genes between Cd-tolerant and Cd-sensitive turnip landraces

August 2019
Yuansheng Wu | Xiong Li | Di Chen | Xi Han | Boqun Li | Yonghong Yang | Yongping Yang

The heavy metal ATPase (HMA) subfamily is mainly involved in heavy metal (HM) tolerance and transport in plants, but an understanding of the definite roles and mechanisms of most HMA members are still...

New contributions to the flora of Myanmar Ⅰ

June 2019
Hong-Bo Ding | Bin Yang | Shi-Shun Zhou | Mya Bhone Maw | Kyaw Win Maung | Yun-Hong Tan

In this study, we describe several new taxa belonging to the flora of Myanmar. One new family, Polyosmaceae (Polyosma wallichii Benn.) is recorded. Over ten new genera are recorded for the first time,...

Early Miocene flora of central Kazakhstan (Turgai Plateau) and its paleoenvironmental implications

June 2019
Popova Svetlana | Utescher Torsten | Averyanova Anna | Tarasevich Valentina | Tropina Polina | Xing Yaowu

The investigation of the fossil floras from the Turgai plateau (central Kazakhstan) contributes to a better understanding of the origin of the temperate Turgai type flora which spread to Kazakhstan...

Checklist of Wadi Hassan flora, Northeastern Badia, Jordan

June 2019
Feryal Kherissat | Dawud Al-Esawi

In this study, we survey the plant diversity of Wadi Hassan, which is located in the Northeastern Badia of Jordan, about 120 km east of Amman. All plant species were collected and herbarium specimens...

Plant diversity of the Kangchenjunga Landscape, Eastern Himalayas

June 2019
Pratikshya Kandel | Nakul Chettri | Ram P. Chaudhary | Hemant Kumar Badola | Kailash S. Gaira | Sonam Wangchuk | Namgay Bidha | Yadav Uprety | Eklabya Sharma

The Kangchenjunga Landscape (KL) in the Eastern Himalayas is a transboundary complex shared by Bhutan, India, and Nepal. It forms a part of the ‘Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot’ and is one of the biologically...

Interactive influence of rainfall manipulation and livestock grazing on species diversity of the herbaceous layer community in a humid savannah in Kenya

June 2019
Joseph O. Ondier | Daniel O. Okach | John C. Onyango | Dennis O. Otieno

Changes in rainfall regime and grazing pressure affect vegetation composition and diversity with ecological implications for savannahs. The savannah in East Africa has experienced increased livestock...

Plant endemism in the Nepal Himalayas and phytogeographical implications

June 2019
Achyut Tiwari | Yadav Uprety | Santosh Kumar Rana

Nepal is located in the central part of the greater Himalayan range with a unique series of mountain chains formed by recent mountain building geological events. As one of the youngest mountains in...

Evaluation of rapid molecular diagnostics for differentiating medicinal Kaempferia species from its adulterants

June 2019
Supriyo Basak | Ramesh Aadi Moolam | Ajay Parida | Sudip Mitra | Latha Rangan

Accurate detection of unique herbs is crucial for herbal medicine preparation. Zingiberaceae species, which are important in Ayurvedic medicine of India, are often misidentified in Northeast (NE) Indian...

An early evaluation of translocation actions for endangered plant species on Mediterranean islands

April 2019
Giuseppe Fenu | Gianluigi Bacchetta | S. Christodoulou Charalambos | Christini Fournaraki | Gian Pietro Giusso del Galdo | Panagiota Gotsiou | Angelos Kyratzis | Carole Piazza | Magdalena Vicens | Maria Silvia Pinna | Bertrand de Montmollin

In situ conservation is widely considered a primary conservation strategy. Plant translocation, specifically, represents an important tool for reducing the extinction risk of threatened species. However,...

Conserving and restoring the Caicos pine forests: The first decade

April 2019
Michele Dani Sanchez | Bryan Naqqi Manco | Junel Blaise | Marcella Corcoran | Martin Allen Hamilton

The severe and rapid attack on the Caicos pine Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis (Pinaceae) by the non-native invasive pine tortoise scale, Toumeyella parvicornis, has resulted in the death of most of...

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