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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

Defining the biosynthesis of ketocarotenoids in Chromochloris zofingiensis

Available online 4 December 2019
Ying Ye | Jun-Chao Huang

Carotenoids are important pigments in photosynthetic organisms where they play essential roles in photoreception and photoprotection. Chromochloris zofingiensis is a unicellular green alga that is able...

Phoenix phylogeny, and analysis of genetic variation in a diverse collection of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) and related species

October 2019
Srinivasa R. Chaluvadi | Porter Young | Kentrez Thompson | Bochra Amina Bahri | Bhavesh Gajera | Subhash Narayanan | Robert Krueger | Jeffrey L. Bennetzen

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), one of the most ancient crops, is grown commercially in >30 countries. Using whole plastome assemblies, phylogenetic analyses revealed that cultivated date palm accessions...

Crop wild relatives of Kazakhstani Tien Shan: Flora, vegetation, resources

Available online 31 October 2019
Gulnara T. Sitpayeva | Gulmira M. Kudabayevа | Liliya A. Dimeyeva | Nadezhda G. Gemejiyeva | Polina V. Vesselova

This paper presents the results of the field study on species composition, geographical distribution, phytocoenotic diversity and resources of crop wild relatives (CWR) in Kazakhstan's ranges of the...

Root hemiparasitism in Malania oleifera (Olacaceae), a neglected aspect in research of the highly valued tree species

October 2019
Ai-Rong Li | Ping Mao | Yun-Ju Li

Malania oleifera (Olacaceae) is a valued tree species, mostly because its seeds have high precious fatty acid content (particularly nervonic acid). However, seedling mortality rates are often high and...

Phytosociology of stratification in a lowland tropical rainforest occurring north of the Tropic of Cancer in Meghalaya, India

October 2019
Uma Shankar

Stratification in lowland rainforests of Meghalaya, India, which represent the westernmost limit of the rainforests north of the Tropic of Cancer, was studied in horizontal and vertical planes to elucidate...

The coexistence of hermaphroditic and dioecious plants is associated with polyploidy and gender dimorphism in Dasiphora fruticosa

October 2019
Lin-Lin Wang | Zhi-Qiang Zhang | Yong-Ping Yang | Yuan-Wen Duan

Dasiphora fruticosa comprises male, female and hermaphrodite plants, which are distributed sympatrically in some populations on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. To explore what governs the coexistence of...

Plastome sequencing of Myripnois dioica and comparison within Asteraceae

October 2019
Nan Lin | Xu Zhang | Tao Deng | Jianwen Zhang | Aiping Meng | Hengchang Wang | Hang Sun | Yanxia Sun

Myripnois is a monotypic shrub genus in the daisy family constricted to northern China. Although wild populations of Myripnois dioica are relatively rare, this plant may potentially be cultured as a...

Genetic diversity and population structure of Hibiscus aridicola, an endangered ornamental species in dry-hot valleys of Jinsha River

October 2019
Xin Zhang | Le Zhang | Johann Schinnerl | Wei-Bang Sun | Gao Chen

Hibiscus aridicola is an endangered ornamental shrub of the family Malvaceae that is endemic to the dry-hot valleys of Jinsha River in southwestern China. This species is a typical plant species with...

Effects of soil properties on accumulation characteristics of copper, manganese, zinc, and cadmium in Chinese turnip

October 2019
Boqun Li | Di Chen | Yongping Yang | Xiong Li

Clarifying the mechanisms of heavy metal (HM) accumulation and translocation from soil-root-leaf is crucial to coping with soil HM pollution. In this study, we analysed copper (Cu), manganese (Mn),...

Cell number explains the intraspecific spur-length variation in an Aquilegia species

October 2019
Zhi-Li Zhou | Yuan-Wen Duan | Yan Luo | Yong-Ping Yang | Zhi-Qiang Zhang

Variations of nectar spur length allow pollinators to utilize resources in novel ways, leading to the different selective pressures on spurs and allowing taxa to diversify. However, the mechanisms underlying...

Strong intraspecific trait variation in a tropical dominant tree species along an elevational gradient

Available online 29 October 2019
Wumei Xu | Kyle W. Tomlinson | Jie Li

Functional trait variation of plant species includes both inter- and intraspecific variation; however, trait-based plant ecology generally considers only interspecific variation while ignoring intraspecific...

ROS and oxidative burst: Roots in plant development

Available online 28 October 2019
Anuj Choudhary | Antul Kumar | Nirmaljit Kaur

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widely generated in various redox reactions in plants. In earlier studies, ROS were considered toxic byproducts of aerobic metabolism. In recent years, it has become...

Impacts of CO2 elevation on the physiology and seed quality of soybean

Available online 23 October 2019
Guowei Zheng | Jia Chen | Weiqi Li

Understanding the responses of crops to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations (E[CO2]) is very important in terms of global food supplies. The present study investigates the effects of...

Genetic characterization of the entire range of Cycas panzhihuaensis (Cycadaceae)

Available online 16 October 2019
Siyue Xiao | Yunheng Ji | Jian Liu | Xun Gong

Cycas panzhihuaensis L. Zhou & S. Y. Yang (Cycadaceae) is an endangered gymnosperm species endemic to the dry-hot valley of the Jinsha River basin in southwest China. Although the wild C. panzhihuaensis...

Revision of Senegalia in China, and notes on introduced species of Acacia, Acaciella, Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae)

Available online 27 September 2019
Bruce R. Maslin | Boon Chuan Ho | Hang Sun | Lin Bai

The present work represents the first comprehensive taxonomic revision of Acacia sens. lat. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in China, focusing on the indigenous species. Critical reassessments of specimens...

The ubiquity and coexistence of two FBPases in chloroplasts of photosynthetic eukaryotes and its evolutionary and functional implications

Available online 26 September 2019
Yujin Li | Qingqing Ye | De He | Huixian Bai | Jianfan Wen

In photosynthetic eukaryotes, there are two well-characterized fructose-1,6-bisphosphatases (FBPases): the redox-insensitive cytosolic FBPase (cyFBPase), which participates in gluconeogenesis, and the...

Evaluating germinability of eight desert halophytes under long-term seed storage: Implications for conservation

August 2019
Sanjay Gairola | Hatem A. Shabana | Tamer Mahmoud | Ali El-Keblawy | Andrea Santo

Ex situ conservation in seed banks is a potential complementary conservation strategy for native plant species. It is well established that ex situ seed banking of native wild plants prolongs seed viability...

Forest characteristics and population structure of Glyptostrobus pensilis, a globally endangered relict species of southeastern China

August 2019
Cindy Q. Tang | Yongchuan Yang | Arata Momohara | Huan-Chong Wang | Hong Truong Luu | Shuaifeng Li | Kun Song | Shenhua Qian | Ben LePage | Yi-Fei Dong | Peng-Bin Han | Masahiko Ohsawa | Buu Thach Le | Huu Dang Tran | Minh Tri Dang | Ming-Chun Peng | Chong-Yun Wang

The Chinese water pine Glyptostrobus pensilis is the sole surviving species of the genus Glyptostrobus. It is endemic to southern China, central Vietnam, and eastern Laos, and today it is nearly extinct...

Elevation-related variation in the population characteristics of distylous Primula nivalis affects female fitness and inbreeding depression

August 2019
Aysajan Abdusalam | Qing Jun Li

The population characteristics of distylous species are highly sensitive to stochastic natural selection pressure. Therefore, populations growing under different environmental conditions may vary in...

Elevational changes in vascular plants richness, diversity, and distribution pattern in Abune Yosef mountain range, Northern Ethiopia

August 2019
Kflay Gebrehiwot | Sebsebe Demissew | Zerihun Woldu | Mekbib Fekadu | Temesgen Desalegn | Ermias Teferi

The aim of this research is to investigate the patterns of vascular plant species richness, diversity, and distribution along an elevation gradient in the Abune Yosef mountain range, Ethiopia. Preferential...

Stem and leaf traits as co-determinants of canopy water flux

August 2019
Jianguo Gao | Kai Tian

Transpiration through stomata in tree canopies plays an important role in terrestrial water cycles. However, the empirical relationship between leaf stomata anatomy and canopy stomatal conductance (Gs)...

Phylogenomic analyses reveal intractable evolutionary history of a temperate bamboo genus (Poaceae: Bambusoideae)

August 2019
Cen Guo | Zhen-Hua Guo | De-Zhu Li

Shibataea is a genus of temperate bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) endemic to China, but little is known about its phylogenetic position and interspecific relationships. To elucidate the phylogenetic...

Heterologous expression of HpBHY and CrBKT increases heat tolerance in Physcomitrella patens

August 2019
Jianfang He | Ping Li | Heqiang Huo | Lina Liu | Ting Tang | Mingxia He | Junchao Huang | Li Liu

Heat stress can restrict plant growth, development, and crop yield. As essential plant antioxidants, carotenoids play significant roles in plant stress resistance. β-carotene hydroxylase (BHY) and β-carotene...

Comparative expression analysis of heavy metal ATPase subfamily genes between Cd-tolerant and Cd-sensitive turnip landraces

August 2019
Yuansheng Wu | Xiong Li | Di Chen | Xi Han | Boqun Li | Yonghong Yang | Yongping Yang

The heavy metal ATPase (HMA) subfamily is mainly involved in heavy metal (HM) tolerance and transport in plants, but an understanding of the definite roles and mechanisms of most HMA members are still...

New contributions to the flora of Myanmar Ⅰ

June 2019
Hong-Bo Ding | Bin Yang | Shi-Shun Zhou | Mya Bhone Maw | Kyaw Win Maung | Yun-Hong Tan

In this study, we describe several new taxa belonging to the flora of Myanmar. One new family, Polyosmaceae (Polyosma wallichii Benn.) is recorded. Over ten new genera are recorded for the first time,...

Early Miocene flora of central Kazakhstan (Turgai Plateau) and its paleoenvironmental implications

June 2019
Popova Svetlana | Utescher Torsten | Averyanova Anna | Tarasevich Valentina | Tropina Polina | Xing Yaowu

The investigation of the fossil floras from the Turgai plateau (central Kazakhstan) contributes to a better understanding of the origin of the temperate Turgai type flora which spread to Kazakhstan...

Checklist of Wadi Hassan flora, Northeastern Badia, Jordan

June 2019
Feryal Kherissat | Dawud Al-Esawi

In this study, we survey the plant diversity of Wadi Hassan, which is located in the Northeastern Badia of Jordan, about 120 km east of Amman. All plant species were collected and herbarium specimens...

Plant diversity of the Kangchenjunga Landscape, Eastern Himalayas

June 2019
Pratikshya Kandel | Nakul Chettri | Ram P. Chaudhary | Hemant Kumar Badola | Kailash S. Gaira | Sonam Wangchuk | Namgay Bidha | Yadav Uprety | Eklabya Sharma

The Kangchenjunga Landscape (KL) in the Eastern Himalayas is a transboundary complex shared by Bhutan, India, and Nepal. It forms a part of the ‘Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot’ and is one of the biologically...

Interactive influence of rainfall manipulation and livestock grazing on species diversity of the herbaceous layer community in a humid savannah in Kenya

June 2019
Joseph O. Ondier | Daniel O. Okach | John C. Onyango | Dennis O. Otieno

Changes in rainfall regime and grazing pressure affect vegetation composition and diversity with ecological implications for savannahs. The savannah in East Africa has experienced increased livestock...

Plant endemism in the Nepal Himalayas and phytogeographical implications

June 2019
Achyut Tiwari | Yadav Uprety | Santosh Kumar Rana

Nepal is located in the central part of the greater Himalayan range with a unique series of mountain chains formed by recent mountain building geological events. As one of the youngest mountains in...

Evaluation of rapid molecular diagnostics for differentiating medicinal Kaempferia species from its adulterants

June 2019
Supriyo Basak | Ramesh Aadi Moolam | Ajay Parida | Sudip Mitra | Latha Rangan

Accurate detection of unique herbs is crucial for herbal medicine preparation. Zingiberaceae species, which are important in Ayurvedic medicine of India, are often misidentified in Northeast (NE) Indian...

Recovering threatened plant species and their habitats: The need for integrated action

April 2019
Vernon H. Heywood

As an introduction to the Special Issue on the restoration of threatened plant species and their habitats, this editorial shows how the various papers in the issue address the range of in situ interventions...

An early evaluation of translocation actions for endangered plant species on Mediterranean islands

April 2019
Giuseppe Fenu | Gianluigi Bacchetta | S. Christodoulou Charalambos | Christini Fournaraki | Gian Pietro Giusso del Galdo | Panagiota Gotsiou | Angelos Kyratzis | Carole Piazza | Magdalena Vicens | Maria Silvia Pinna | Bertrand de Montmollin

In situ conservation is widely considered a primary conservation strategy. Plant translocation, specifically, represents an important tool for reducing the extinction risk of threatened species. However,...

Translocation of Otostegia bucharica, a highly threatened narrowly distributed relict shrub

April 2019
Komiljon Tojibaev | Natalia Beshko | Sergei Volis

Translocation is a recognized means of rescuing imperiled species but the evidence for the long-term success of translocations is limited. We report the successful translocation of reproductive individuals...

Conservation-oriented restoration – a two for one method to restore both threatened species and their habitats

April 2019
Sergei Volis

There is an urgent need for a new conservation approach as mere designation of protected areas, the primary approach to conserving biodiversity, revealed its low conservation efficiency and inability...

Conserving plants within and beyond protected areas – still problematic and future uncertain

April 2019
Vernon H. Heywood

Against a background of continuing loss of biodiversity, it is argued that for the successful conservation of threatened plant species we need to ensure the more effective integration of the various...

Recovery of threatened plant species and their habitats in the biodiversity hotspot of the Southwest Australian Floristic Region

April 2019
Leonie Monks | Sarah Barrett | Brett Beecham | Margaret Byrne | Alanna Chant | David Coates | J. Anne Cochrane | Andrew Crawford | Rebecca Dillon | Colin Yates

The Southwest Australian Floristic Region (SWAFR) is a global biodiversity hotspot with high plant diversity and endemism and a broad range of threatening processes. An outcome of this is a high proportion...

Species diversity in restoration plantings: Important factors for increasing the diversity of threatened tree species in the restoration of the Araucaria forest ecosystem

April 2019
Taylor E. Shaw

The Araucaria forest ecosystem in southern Brazil is highly threatened: less than one percent of the original forest remains, and what is left is a fragmented agro-mosaic of mostly early-to-late secondary...

Planting position and shade enhance native seedling performance in forest restoration for an endangered malagasy plant

April 2019
Cyprien Miandrimanana | J. Leighton Reid | Tahiry Rivoharison | Chris Birkinshaw

The critically endangered tree Schizolaena tampoketsana is confined to a few diminished and degraded forest fragments on the Malagasy highlands. This habitat is vulnerable to loss due to frequent fires...

Habitat suitability and herbivores determine reintroduction success of an endangered legume

April 2019
Matthew A. Albrecht | Quinn G. Long

Reintroductions of rare plants require detailed knowledge of habitat requirements, species interactions, and restoration techniques. Thus, incremental experimentation over many years may be required...

Capturing, protecting and restoring plant diversity in the UK: RBG Kew and the Millennium Seed Bank

April 2019
Ted Chapman | Stephanie Miles | Clare Trivedi

Ex situ seed banking is a practical and cost-effective means of preserving wild plant diversity and a crucial complement to the in situ conservation and restoration of species and habitats. As pressures...

Conserving and restoring the Caicos pine forests: The first decade

April 2019
Michele Dani Sanchez | Bryan Naqqi Manco | Junel Blaise | Marcella Corcoran | Martin Allen Hamilton

The severe and rapid attack on the Caicos pine Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis (Pinaceae) by the non-native invasive pine tortoise scale, Toumeyella parvicornis, has resulted in the death of most of...

Distributional responses to climate change for alpine species of Cyananthus and Primula endemic to the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains

February 2019
Xie He | Kevin S. Burgess | Lian-Ming Gao | De-Zhu Li

Global warming increases the vulnerability of plants, especially alpine herbaceous species, to local extinction. In this study, we collected species distribution information from herbarium specimens...

Prunus sunhangii: A new species of Prunus from central China

February 2019
Xiaoshuang Zhang | Zhilin Jiang | Ziyoviddin Yusupov | Menghua Zhang | Daigui Zhang | Komiljon Tojibaev | Ying Meng | Tao Deng

A new species of Rosaceae from Central China, Prunus sunhangii D. G. Zhang & T. Deng, sp. nov., is described and illustrated. The new species is placed in Prunus subgenus Cerasus by flower and fruit...

Transcriptome analysis of the endangered Notopterygium incisum: Cold-tolerance gene discovery and identification of EST-SSR and SNP markers

February 2019
Yun Jia | Ji-Qing Bai | Mi-Li Liu | Zhen-Fang Jiang | Yan Wu | Min-Feng Fang | Zhong-Hu Li

Notopterygium incisum C. C. Ting ex H. T. Chang (Apiaceae) is an endangered perennial herb in China. The lack of transcriptomic and genomic resources for N. incisum greatly hinders studies of its population...

A patatin-like protein synergistically regulated by jasmonate and ethylene signaling pathways plays a negative role in Nicotiana attenuata resistance to Alternaria alternata

February 2019
Junbin Cheng | Na Song | Jinsong Wu

Although patatin was initially identified as a major storage protein in potato tubers, patatin-like proteins (PLPs) have been recently reported to be widely present in many plant species and shown to...

Conservation implications of population genetic structure in a threatened orchid Cypripedium tibeticum

February 2019
Jian-Ling Guo | Wen-Juan Cao | Zhi-Min Li | Yong-Hong Zhang | Sergei Volis

Cypripedium tibeticum is a threatened orchid which efficient conservation requires knowledge of its extent and structure of genetic variation. Using two chloroplast DNA fragments (rps16 and trnL-F),...

Generation and classification of transcriptomes in two Croomia species and molecular evolution of CYC/TB1 genes in Stemonaceae

December 2018
Ruisen Lu | Wuqin Xu | Qixiang Lu | Pan Li | Jocelyn Losh | Faiza Hina | Enxiang Li | Yingxiong Qiu

The genus Croomia (Stemonaceae) is an excellent model for studying the evolution of the Eastern Asia (EA)–Eastern North America (ENA) floristic disjunction and the genetic mechanisms of floral zygomorphy...

Morphological plasticity and adaptation level of distylous Primula nivalis in a heterogeneous alpine environment

December 2018
Aysajan Abdusalam | Qingjun Li

Plant populations at high elevation face extreme climatic conditions and resource limitations. The existence of distylous species at different elevations can help us investigate their adaptation to...

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