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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

Studies on diversity of higher fungi in Yunnan, southwestern China: A review

Available online 21 July 2018
Bang Feng | Zhuliang Yang

Yunnan is exceedingly rich in higher fungi (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota). Given that the number of fungi (including lichens) occurring in a given area is, as Hawksworth suggested, roughly six times...

The first complete plastid genome of Burmannia disticha L. from the mycoheterotrophic monocot family Burmanniaceae

Available online 18 July 2018
Liuqing Ma | Pengfei Ma | Dezhu Li

Burmanniaceae is one major group within the monocot order Dioscoreales that has not had its plastome sequenced. Members of Burmanniaceae are mostly achlorophyllous, although the genus Burmannia also...

Current progress and future prospects in phylofloristics

Available online 17 July 2018
Rong Li | Lishen Qian | Hang Sun

The species composition of regional plant assemblages can in large part be explained by a long history of biogeographical and evolutionary events. Traditional attempts of floristic studies typically...

Current understanding of maize and rice defense against insect herbivores

Available online 10 July 2018
Jinfeng Qi | Saif ul Malook | Guojing Shen | Lei Gao | Cuiping Zhang | Jing Li | Jingxiong Zhang | Lei Wang | Jianqiang Wu

Plants have sophisticated defense systems to fend off insect herbivores. How plants defend against herbivores in dicotyledonous plants, such as Arabidopsis and tobacco, have been relatively well studied,...

Plant phylogenomics based on genome-partitioning strategies: Progress and prospects

Available online 30 June 2018
Xiangqin Yu | Dan Yang | Cen Guo | Lianming Gao

The rapid expansion of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has generated a powerful array of approaches to address fundamental questions in biology. Several genome-partitioning strategies to sequence selected...

Physiological diversity of orchids

Available online 25 June 2018
Shi-Bao Zhang | Yingjie Yang | Jiawei Li | Jiao Qin | Wei Zhang | Wei Huang | Hong Hu

The Orchidaceae is a diverse and wide spread family of flowering plants that are of great value in ornamental, medical, conservation, and evolutionary research. The broad diversity in morphology, growth...

Capturing, protecting and restoring plant diversity in the UK: RBG Kew and the Millennium Seed Bank

Available online 19 June 2018
Ted Chapman | Clare Trivedi | Stephanie Miles

Ex situ seed banking is a practical and cost-effective means of preserving wild plant diversity and a crucial complement to the in situ conservation and restoration of species and habitats. As pressures...

Securing a future for China's plant biodiversity through an integrated conservation approach

June 2018
Sergei Volis

The severely threatened Chinese flora urgently needs a new, well adapted to China and properly formulated conservation strategy. The present review provides a detailed conservation methodology that...

Diversity and conservation of Chinese wild begonias

June 2018
Daike Tian | Yan Xiao | Yi Tong | Naifeng Fu | Qingqing Liu | Chun Li

Begonia, one of the most diverse plant taxa and the fifth or sixth largest angiosperm genus, consists of over 1800 accepted species. The number of species recognized within this genus has greatly increased...

N-P fertilization did not reduce AMF abundance or diversity but alter AMF composition in an alpine grassland infested by a root hemiparasitic plant

June 2018
Xuezhao Wang | Xiaolin Sui | Yanyan Liu | Lei Xiang | Ting Zhang | Juanjuan Fu | Airong Li | Peizhi Yang

Fertilization has been shown to have suppressive effects on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and root hemiparasites separately in numerous investigations, but its effects on AMF in the presence of...

Plastome characteristics of Cannabaceae

June 2018
Huanlei Zhang | Jianjun Jin | Michael J. Moore | Tingshuang Yi | Dezhu Li

Cannabaceae is an economically important family that includes ten genera and ca. 117 accepted species. To explore the structure and size variation of their plastomes, we sequenced ten plastomes representing...

A comparison of different methods for preserving plant molecular materials and the effect of degraded DNA on ddRAD sequencing

June 2018
Ying Guo | GuoQian Yang | Yunmei Chen | Dezhu Li | Zhenhua Guo

Obtaining high-quality plant materials for experiments is challenging for many research projects. Therefore, it is of special importance to determine the best method for preserving biological macromolecules...

Conserving and restoring the Caicos pine forests: The first decade

Available online 23 May 2018
Michele Dani Sanchez | Bryan Naqqi Manco | Junel Blaise | Marcella Corcoran | Martin Allen Hamilton

The severe and rapid attack on the Caicos pine Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis (Pinaceae) by the non-native invasive pine tortoise scale, Toumeyella parvicornis, has resulted in the death of most of...

Genome-wide analysis indicates diverse physiological roles of the turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) oligopeptide transporters gene family

April 2018
Yanan Pu | Danni Yang | Xin Yin | Qiuli Wang | Qian Chen | Yunqiang Yang | Yongping Yang

Oligopeptide transporters (OPTs) encode integral membrane-localized proteins and have a broad range of substrate transport capabilities. Here, 28 BrrOPT genes were identified in the turnip. Phylogenetic...

NaPDR1 and NaPDR1-like are essential for the resistance of Nicotiana attenuata against fungal pathogen Alternaria alternata

April 2018
Zhen Xu | Na Song | Lan Ma | Dunhuang Fang | Jinsong Wu

Pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) transporters are widely distributed membrane proteins catalyzing the export or import of a diverse array of molecules, and are involved in many plant responses to biotic...

Effect of vernalization on tuberization and flowering in the Tibetan turnip is associated with changes in the expression of FLC homologues

April 2018
Yan Zheng | Landi Luo | Yuanyuan Liu | Yunqiang Yang | Chuntao Wang | Xiangxiang Kong | Yongping Yang

The turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) is a biennial crop that is planted in late summer/early fall and forms fleshy tubers for food in temperate regions. The harvested tubers then overwinter and are...

Multi-scale analysis on species diversity within a 40-ha old-growth temperate forest

April 2018
Jie Gao | Peng Zhang | Xing Zhang | Yanhong Liu

In order to better explore the maintenance mechanisms of biodiversity, data collected from a 40-ha undisturbed Pinus forest were applied to the Individual Species–Area Relationship model (ISAR) to determine...

Morphological study of floral nectaries in Euonymus and the probable origin of the echinate fruit surface

February 2018
Chiyuan Yao | Yunjuan Zuo | Cheng Du | Jinshuang Ma

A conspicuous nectary disk is common but has a distinguishing morphology in the cosmopolitan genus Euonymus. Our study focuses on the morphology of floral nectaries in 21 representatives of Euonymus...

Physiological and biochemical analysis of mechanisms underlying cadmium tolerance and accumulation in turnip

February 2018
Xiong Li | Xiaoming Zhang | Yuansheng Wu | Boqun Li | Yongping Yang

The capacity of plants to accumulate cadmium (Cd) is significant for phytoremediation of Cd-polluted soils. Turnips cultivated in China include species featuring high Cd accumulation and some of these...

Determining bioclimatic space of Himalayan alder for agroforestry systems in Nepal

February 2018
Santosh Kumar Rana | Hum Kala Rana | Krishna Kumar Shrestha | Suresh Sujakhu | Sailesh Ranjitkar

Himalayan alder species are proven to be very useful in traditional as well as contemporary agroforestry practice. These nitrogen-fixing trees are also useful in the land restoration. Therefore, understanding...

Light induces petal color change in Quisqualis indica (Combretaceae)

February 2018
Juan Yan | Menglin Wang | Ling Zhang

Petal color change, a common phenomenon in angiosperms, is induced by various environmental and endogenous factors. Interestingly, this phenomenon is important for attracting pollinators and further...

Development and characterization of 43 microsatellite markers for the critically endangered primrose Primula reinii using MiSeq sequencing

February 2018
Masaya Yamamoto | Yoshihiro Handa | Hiroki Aihara | Hiroaki Setoguchi

Primula reinii (Primulaceae), a perennial herb belonging to the Primula section Reinii, occurs on wet, shaded rocky cliffs in the mountains of Japan. This threatened species comprises four varieties;...

Plant conservation in the Anthropocene – Challenges and future prospects

December 2017
Vernon H. Heywood

Despite the massive efforts that have been made to conserve plant diversity across the world during the past few decades, it is becoming increasingly evident that our current strategies are not sufficiently...

Botanic gardens should lead the way to create a “Garden Earth” in the Anthropocene

December 2017
Charles H. Cannon | Chai-Shian Kua

The strength and expertise that botanic gardens bring to conservation are based on their detailed knowledge and understanding of the care, management, and biology of a diversity of plant species. This...

Adapting the botanical landscape of Melbourne Gardens (Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria) in response to climate change

December 2017
Timothy J. Entwisle | Chris Cole | Peter Symes

Botanic gardens around the world maintain collections of living plants for science, conservation, education, beauty and more. These collections change over time – in scope and content – but the predicted...

Plant conservation in Australia: Current directions and future challenges

December 2017
Linda Broadhurst | David Coates

Australia is a large, old and flat island continent that became isolated following the breakup of the Gondwanan super continent. After more than 40–50 M years of independent evolution, approx. 600,000–700,000...

Ex situ Flora of China

December 2017
Hongwen Huang | Jingping Liao | Zheng Zhang | Qingqing Zhan

The role of living collections-based research and discovery has been a prominent feature throughout the history of evolution and advance of botanical science: such research is the core and soul of the...

Conservation utility of botanic garden living collections: Setting a strategy and appropriate methodology

December 2017
Sergei Volis

In the realities of the modern world, when the natural habitat is rapidly disappearing and the number of imperiled plants is constantly growing, ex situ conservation is gaining importance. To meet this...

The contribution of botanic gardens to ex situ conservation through seed banking

December 2017
Katherine O'Donnell | Suzanne Sharrock

Target 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation calls for ‘at least 75 per cent of threatened plant species in ex situ collections, preferably in the country of origin, and at least 20 per cent...

Complementarities of two existing intermediate conservation approaches

December 2017
Sergei Volis

The need for integration of ex situ and in situ approaches in conservation of plants has long been recognized. However, ex situ collections have numerous limitations that reduce their utility for conservation,...

Plant micro-reserves in Valencia (E. Spain): A model to preserve threatened flora in China?

December 2017
Simón Fos | Emilio Laguna | Juan Jiménez | Miguel Ángel Gómez-Serrano

The Valencian Community (eastern Spain) was the pioneer territory establishing plant micro-reserves (PMRs). Its model to protect small sites for endemic and endangered plants has been exported to several...

Center for Plant Conservation's Best Practice Guidelines for the reintroduction of rare plants

December 2017
Joyce Maschinski | Matthew A. Albrecht

Recent estimates indicate that one-fifth of botanical species worldwide are considered at risk of becoming extinct in the wild. One available strategy for conserving many rare plant species is reintroduction,...

Biological and cultural diversity in the context of botanic garden conservation strategies

December 2017
Christopher P. Dunn

Impacts of global climate change, habitat loss, and other environmental changes on the world's biota and peoples continue to increase, especially on islands and in high elevation areas. Just as floristic...

Soil seed banks along elevational gradients in tropical, subtropical and subalpine forests in Yunnan Province, southwest China

October 2017
Xiaqin Luo | Min Cao | Min Zhang | Xiaoyang Song | Jieqiong Li | Akihiro Nakamura | Roger Kitching

Soil seed banks are a vital part of ecosystems and influence community dynamics and regeneration. Although soil seed banks in different habitats have been reported, how soil seed banks vary with elevational...

Using MiddRAD-seq data to develop polymorphic microsatellite markers for an endangered yew species

October 2017
Hantao Qin | Guoqian Yang | Jim Provan | Jie Liu | Lianming Gao

Microsatellites are highly polymorphic markers which have been used in a wide range of genetic studies. In recent years, various sources of next-generation sequencing data have been used to develop...

Assigning conservation value and identifying hotspots of endemic rattan diversity in the Western Ghats, India

October 2017
Mukta Joshi | Bipin Charles | G. Ravikanth | N.A. Aravind

Rattans, or canes, are one of the most important non-timber forest products supporting the livelihood of many forest-dwelling communities in South and North-eastern India. Due to increased demand for...

Iran supports a great share of biodiversity and floristic endemism for Fritillaria spp. (Liliaceae): A review

October 2017
Mahmoud Kiani | Shirin Mohammadi | Alireza Babaei | Fatemeh Sefidkon | Mohamad Reza Naghavi | Mojtaba Ranjbar | Seyed Ali Razavi | Keramatollah Saeidi | Hadi Jafari | Davoud Asgari | Daniel Potter

Iran supports a great share of exotic and/or endemic plant genera and species. The genus Fritillaria (Liliaceae) is a precious part of this botanical richness with 19 species, of which 10 are endemic...

Tibet, the Himalaya, Asian monsoons and biodiversity – In what ways are they related?

October 2017
Robert A. Spicer

Prevailing dogma asserts that the uplift of Tibet, the onset of the Asian monsoon system and high biodiversity in southern Asia are linked, and that all occurred after 23 million years ago in the Neogene....

Identification of massive molecular markers in Echinochloa phyllopogon using a restriction-site associated DNA approach

October 2017
Guoqi Chen | Wei Zhang | Jiapeng Fang | Liyao Dong

Echinochloa phyllopogon proliferation seriously threatens rice production worldwide. We combined a restriction-site associated DNA (RAD) approach with Illumina DNA sequencing for rapid and mass discovery...

Intraspecific DNA methylation polymorphism in the non-edible oilseed plant castor bean

October 2017
Shan He | Wei Xu | Fei Li | Yue Wang | Aizhong Liu

Investigation of the relationships of phenotypic and epigenetic variations might be a good way to dissect the genetic or molecular basis of phenotypic variation and plasticity in plants. Castor bean...

Karyotypes of nineteen species of Asteraceae in the Hengduan Mountains and adjacent regions

August 2017
Wenguang Sun | Xiangguang Ma | Jianwen Zhang | Fuming Su | Yonghong Zhang | Zhimin Li

The Hengduan Mountains region is a biodiversity hotspot. In this study, we report the karyotypes of 19 species (21 populations) of Asteraceae from this region, 14 of which are reported for the first...

Natural selection on floral traits of Caltha scaposa (Ranunculaceae), an alpine perennial with generalized pollination system from Northwest Yunnan

August 2017
Guopeng Zhang | Lihua Meng | Zhikun Wu | Zhiqiang Zhang | Lingjuan Yin | Yongping Yang | Yuanwen Duan

Floral traits, including those invisible to humans but visible to pollinators, that increase pollination efficiency may be selected by pollinators in plant species with pollen limitation of seed production,...

Seed dormancy and germination characteristics of two Rheum species in the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains

August 2017
Deli Peng | Zhe Chen | Xiaojian Hu | Zhimin Li | Bo Song | Hang Sun

Seed dormancy and germination characteristics are important factors determining plant reproductive success, and may be expected to have a major influence on plant distribution. In this study, we aimed...

Spatio-temporal evolution of Allium L. in the Qinghai–Tibet-Plateau region: Immigration and in situ radiation

August 2017
Frank Hauenschild | Adrien Favre | Jan Schnitzler | Ingo Michalak | Martin Freiberg | Alexandra N. Muellner-Riehl

A plethora of studies investigating the origin and evolution of diverse mountain taxa has assumed a causal link between geological processes (orogenesis) and a biological response (diversification)....

Heavy collecting induces smaller and deeper Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus in the wild

August 2017
Xinhui Li | Lin Liu | Xu Gu | Jianying Xiang

Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus is a well-known traditional Chine medicinal herb. However, the demand for this herb is leading to over-collection and its decline in the wild. This study aims to investigate...

How cushion communities are maintained in alpine ecosystems: A review and case study on alpine cushion plant reproduction

August 2017
Jianguo Chen | Yanbo Li | Yang Yang | Hang Sun

Cushion species occur in nearly all alpine environments worldwide. In past decades, the adaptive and ecosystem-engineering roles of such highly specialized life forms have been well studied. However,...

Primula pengzhouensis (Primulaceae), a new species from Sichuan, southwestern China

August 2017
Yuan Xu | Gehan Huang | Chiming Hu | Gang Hao

A new species, Primula pengzhouensis (Primulaceae), from central Sichuan, China, is described and illustrated. It is assigned to Primula sect. Aleuritia subsect. Yunnanensis, and is most similar to...

Bidirectional natural hybridization between sympatric Ligularia vellerea and L. subspicata

August 2017
Huai Ning | Jiaojun Yu | Xun Gong

Natural hybridization has been regarded as a crucial pathway of speciation and provides the raw materials for the evolution of biodiversity. The interspecific natural hybridization of the genus Ligularia...

Function of male and hermaphroditic flowers and size-dependent gender diphasy of Lloydia oxycarpa (Liliaceae) from Hengduan Mountains

August 2017
Yang Niu | Qiangbang Gong | Deli Peng | Hang Sun | Zhimin Li

Although hermaphroditism is common in flowering plants, unisexual flowers occur in many plant taxa, forming various sexual systems. However, the sexual system of some plants is difficult to determine...

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