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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

Involvement of NAC transcription factor NaNAC29 in Alternaria alternata resistance and leaf senescence in Nicotiana attenuata

Available online 19 November 2020
Lan Ma | Rongping Li | Luoyan Ma | Na Song | Zhen Xu | Jinsong Wu

NAC-LIKE, ACTIVATED BY AP3/PI (NAP) is a NAC transcription factor regulating leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana. In wild tobacco Nicotiana attenuata, a nuclear localized NAC transcription factor...

Exon skipping is the main type of differential alternative splicing events in rice under drought memory stress

Available online 13 November 2020
Hong Yang | Ping Li | Guihua Jin | Daping Gui | Li Liu | Chengjun Zhang

Plant adaptation to drought stress is essential for plant survival and crop yield. Recently, harnessing drought memory, which is induced by repeated stress and recovery cycles, was suggested as a means...

Expansion and expression diversity of FAR1/FRS-like genes provides insights into flowering time regulation in roses

Available online 10 November 2020
Mi-Cai Zhong | Xiao-Dong Jiang | Wei-Hua Cui | Jin-Yong Hu

Roses are important horticultural plants with enormous diversity in flowers and flowering behavior. However, molecular regulation of flowering time variation in roses remains poorly characterized. Here,...

Phylogenetic estimation and morphological evolution of Alsineae (Caryophyllaceae) shed new insight into the taxonomic status of the genus Pseudocerastium

Available online 7 November 2020
Gang Yao | Bine Xue | Kun Liu | Yuling Li | Jiuxiang Huang | Junwen Zhai

Pseudocerastium is a monotypic genus in Caryophyllaceae endemic to China. The genus has been widely accepted since it was described in 1998, however its phylogenetic position within Caryophyllaceae...

AtWRKY75 positively regulates age-triggered leaf senescence through gibberellin pathway

Available online 1 November 2020
Haiyan Zhang | Liping Zhang | Songguo Wu | Yanli Chen | Diqiu Yu | Ligang Chen

WRKY transcription factors play essential roles during leaf senescence. However, the mechanisms by which they regulate this process remains largely unknown. Here, we identified the transcription factor...

The complete plastome sequences of five Aponogeton species (Aponogetonaceae): Insights into the structural organization and mutational hotspots

October 2020
Virginia M. Mwanzia | Ding-Xuan He | Andrew W. Gichira | Yan Li | Boniface K. Ngarega | Mwihaki J. Karichu | Peris W. Kamau | Zhi-Zhong Li

Members of the aquatic plant genus Aponogeton are widely used commercially in aquariums because of their variable leaf shape and unique inflorescences. However, due to extensive similarity between species...

Allelochemicals of Panax notoginseng and their effects on various plants and rhizosphere microorganisms

October 2020
Yi-Jun Qiao | Cheng-Zhen Gu | Hong-Tao Zhu | Dong Wang | Meng-Yue Zhang | Yi-Xuan Zhang | Chong-Ren Yang | Ying-Jun Zhang

Panax notoginseng (Araliaceae) is an important ginseng herb with various health benefits and a history of cultivation in southwestern China over 400 years. In recent years P. notoginseng has faced serious...

Preliminary study on Cd accumulation characteristics in Sansevieria trifasciata Prain

October 2020
Xiong Li | Yongping Yang

Phytoremediation techniques to clean heavy metal pollution soil depend on identifying plant species that can act as phytoremediators. One important approach to screening potential phytoremediators is...

Genetic diversity and population structure of Camellia huana (Theaceae), a limestone species with narrow geographic range, based on chloroplast DNA sequence and microsatellite markers

October 2020
Shuang Li | Shang-Li Liu | Si-Yu Pei | Man-Man Ning | Shao-Qing Tang

Camellia huana is an endangered species with a narrow distribution in limestone hills of northern Guangxi and southern Guizhou provinces, China. We used one chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) fragment and 12 pairs...

Extreme plastid RNA editing may confound phylogenetic reconstruction: A case study of Selaginella (lycophytes)

October 2020
Xin-Yu Du | Jin-Mei Lu | De-Zhu Li

Cytidine-to-uridine (C-to-U) RNA editing is common in coding regions of organellar genomes throughout land plants. In most cases RNA editing alters translated amino acids or creates new start codons,...

Distribution patterns of clonal plants in the subnival belt of the Hengduan Mountains, SW China

October 2020
Yongqian Gao | Jinxuan Zheng | Xiangqun Lin | Fan Du

Clonal reproduction (i.e., production of potentially independent offspring by vegetative growth) is thought to provide plants with reproductive assurance. Thus, studying the evolution of clonal reproduction...

A hybrid sterile locus leads to the linkage drag of interspecific hybrid progenies

October 2020
Mianmian Wang | Jun Yang | Jinpeng Wan | Dayun Tao | Jiawu Zhou | Diqiu Yu | Peng Xu

Interspecific hybridization plays an important role in rice breeding by broadening access to desirable traits such as disease resistance and improving yields. However, interspecific hybridization is...

DNA barcoding and molecular phylogeny of Dumasia (Fabaceae: Phaseoleae) reveals a cryptic lineage

October 2020
Kai-Wen Jiang | Rong Zhang | Zhong-Fu Zhang | Bo Pan | Bin Tian

Dumasia taxonomy and classification have long been problematic. Species within this genus have few morphological differences and plants without flowers or fruits are difficult to accurately identify....

Similar mycorrhizal fungal communities associated with epiphytic and lithophytic orchids of Coelogyne corymbosa

October 2020
Jiao Qin | Wei Zhang | Shi-Bao Zhang | Ji-Hua Wang

Mycorrhizal fungi are essential for the growth and development of both epiphytic (growing on trees) and lithophytic (growing on rocks) orchids. Previous studies indicate that in lowland tropical areas,...

Twenty years of Chinese vascular plant novelties, 2000 through 2019

October 2020
Cheng Du | Shuai Liao | David E. Boufford | Jinshuang Ma

From 2000 to 2019, 11,895 new names or new additions to the Chinese vascular flora were proposed by 4226 individuals (4086 articles and 140 books), as documented in the Chinese Plant Names Index (CPNI)....

Diversity in seed oil content and fatty acid composition in Acer species with potential as sources of nervonic acid

Available online 31 October 2020
Xing He | De-Zhu Li | Bo Tian

Nervonic acid (NA, cis-15-tetracosenoic acid) is a very long-chain monounsaturated fatty acid that has been shown to be a core component of nerve fibers and nerve cells. It can be used to treat and...

Plastome and phylogenetic relationship of the woody buckwheat Fagopyrum tibeticum in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Available online 24 October 2020
Bibo Yang | Liangda Li | Jianquan Liu | Lushui Zhang

The phylogenetic position of the monotypic woody Parapteropyrum (Polygonaceae) remains controversial. Parapteropyrum has been thought to be closely related to the woody genera of the tribe Atraphaxideae,...

Hidden in plain sight: Morphological and phylogenetic evidence for Bouteloua arizonica, a new species distinct from Bouteloua aristidoides (Poaceae, Chloridoideae)

Available online 10 October 2020
Luis Fernando Cuellar-Garrido | María Elena Siqueiros-Delgado

Two varieties of Bouteloua aristidoides have been recognized, the widespread var. aristidoides and the more narrowly distributed var. arizonica. The two varieties differ in inflorescence form even more...

Ethnobotany and diversity of medicinal plants used by the Buyi in eastern Yunnan, China

Available online 7 October 2020
Yong Xiong | Xueyi Sui | Selena Ahmed | Zhi Wang | Chunlin Long

The Buyi are a socio-linguistic group in Yunnan Province of southwest China that have a long history of using medicinal plants as part of their indigenous medical system. Given the limited written documentation...

Folk nomenclature of plants in Cistanche deserticola-associated community in South Gobi, Mongolia

Available online 6 October 2020
Urtnasan Mandakh | Munkhjargal Battseren | Danzanchadav Ganbat | Turuutuvshin Ayanga | Zolzaya Adiya | Almaz Borjigidai | Chunlin Long

Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma is an important medicinal plant in Mongolia. Despite its significant role in local healing systems, little traditional knowledge had been reported. The present study investigated...

Development of genomic resources for the genus Celtis (Cannabaceae) based on genome skimming data

Available online 5 October 2020
Luxian Liu | Yonghua Zhang | Pan Li

Celtis is a Cannabaceae genus of 60–70 species of trees, or rarely shrubs, commonly known as hackberries. This woody genus consists of very valuable forest plants that provide important wildlife habitat...

Early Oligocene Itea (Iteaceae) leaves from East Asia and their biogeographic implications

Available online 3 October 2020
Yi-Min Tian | Jian Huang | Tao Su | Shi-Tao Zhang

Compressed materials of fossil foliage described here as Itea polyneura sp. nov. (Iteaceae) were collected from the Oligocene of Wenshan, Yunnan Province, southwestern China. The identification is based...

Nutrient value of wild fodder species and the implications for improving the diet of mithun (Bos frontalis) in Dulongjiang area, Yunnan Province, China

Available online 2 October 2020
Yanfei Geng | Sailesh Ranjitkar | Qiaoshun Yan | Zhijun He | Baqi Su | Shengtao Gao | Junli Niu | Dengpan Bu | Jianchu Xu

Wild fodder plants are valuable because they provide an important livestock feed resource globally, especially for smallholder farmers, and have important roles in natural resource management. In-depth...

Molecular phylogeny, biogeography and character evolution of the montane genus Incarvillea Juss. (Bignoniaceae)

Available online 22 September 2020
Santosh Kumar Rana | Dong Luo | Hum Kala Rana | Shaotian Chen | Hang Sun

The complex orogeny of the Himalaya and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) fosters habitat fragmentation that drives morphological differentiation of mountain plant species. Consequently, determining phylogenetic...

Spatial phylogenetics of two topographic extremes of the Hengduan Mountains in southwestern China and its implications for biodiversity conservation

Available online 18 September 2020
Yazhou Zhang | Lishen Qian | Daniel Spalink | Lu Sun | Jianguo Chen | Hang Sun

Previous attempts to elucidate the drivers of speciation mechanisms and spatial distribution patterns of biodiversity in mountain regions have treated different floras within a single geological region...

Native useful vascular plants of China: A checklist and use patterns

Available online 12 September 2020
Huifu Zhuang | Chen Wang | Yanan Wang | Tao Jin | Rong Huang | Zihong Lin | Yuhua Wang

Of all types of interactions between humans and plants, the utilization of plants by people is the most direct and influential. China has a long history of using native plants and a large body of recorded...

Phylogenetic relatedness of woody angiosperm assemblages and its environmental determinants along a subtropical elevational gradient in China

Available online 10 September 2020
Juan Yue | Rong Li

The species composition of plant communities is determined by a number of factors, including current environmental conditions as well as biogeographical and evolutionary history. Despite evidence that...

Comparative population genetic analyses suggest hybrid origin of Rhododendronpubicostatum, an endangered plant species with extremely small populations endemic to Yunnan, China

August 2020
Xuemei Zhang | Hantao Qin | Weijia Xie | Yongpeng Ma | Weibang Sun

Gene flow between sympatric congeneric plants is thought to be very common and may pose serious threats to endangered species. In the present study, we evaluate the genetic diversity and divergence...

Sharing earth with all life

August 2020
Hongwen Huang | Hang Sun | Zhekun Zhou

Contributions to the flora of Myanmar from 2000 to 2019

August 2020
Bin Yang | Min Deng | Ming-Xia Zhang | Aung Zaw Moe | Hong-Bo Ding | Mya Bhone Maw | Pyae Pyae Win | Richard T. Corlett | Yun-Hong Tan

Myanmar is botanically rich and floristically diverse: one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. However, Myanmar is still very unevenly explored, and until a plant checklist was published in 2003,...

Plant diversity in Yunnan: Current status and future directions

August 2020
Li-Shen Qian | Jia-Hui Chen | Tao Deng | Hang Sun

Yunnan, located in southwestern China, harbors more than 19,000 higher plants, which represents the highest plant diversity in the country. However, plant diversity in Yunnan faces enormous threats...

Cenozoic topography, monsoons and biodiversity conservation within the Tibetan Region: An evolving story

August 2020
Robert A. Spicer | Alexander Farnsworth | Tao Su

The biodiversity of the Himalaya, Hengduan Mountains and Tibet, here collectively termed the Tibetan Region, is exceptional in a global context. To contextualize and understand the origins of this biotic...

Maintaining biodiversity will define our long-term success

August 2020
Peter Raven | Mathis Wackernagel

Human beings are not only a part of our planet's ecosystems, but also, they are massively overusing them. This makes ecosystem protection, including biodiversity preservation, vital for humanity's future....

Ethiopian vegetation types, climate and topography

August 2020
Mengesha Asefa | Min Cao | Yunyun He | Ewuketu Mekonnen | Xiaoyang Song | Jie Yang

Ethiopia is land of geographical contrasts with elevations that range from 125 m below sea level in the Danakil Depression to 4533 m above sea level in the Semien Mountains, a world heritage site. The...

The tropical-subtropical evergreen forest transition in East Asia: An exploration

August 2020
Peter Ashton | Hua Zhu

The transition from tropical to subtropical (warm temperate) evergreen forests is more clearly apparent in East Asia, from Nepal to the western Pacific coast, than elsewhere in the tropics. We review...

Safeguarding our future by protecting biodiversity

August 2020
Richard T. Corlett

The Anthropocene is marked by twin crises: climate change and biodiversity loss. Climate change has tended to dominate the headlines, reflecting, in part, the greater complexity of the biodiversity...

Flavonoid scutellarin positively regulates root length through NUTCRACKER

Available online 17 August 2020
Xing Huang | Weiqi Li | Xudong Zhang

Exploring approaches to regulate meristem is of special importance and broad interest. In this study, we found that the flavonoid scutellarin, which has a 6-hydroxyl and a 7-glucoside, increased root...

Genomic characterization and expression profiles of stress-associated proteins (SAPs) in castor bean (Ricinus communis)

Available online 14 August 2020
Zaiqing Wang | Jingge Kuang | Bing Han | Suiyun Chen | Aizhong Liu

Stress-associated proteins (SAPs) are known as response factors to multiple abiotic and biotic stresses in plants. However, the potential physiological and molecular functions of SAPs remain largely...

Ethnobotanical survey of plants traditionally used against hematophagous invertebrates by ethnic groups in the mountainous area of Xishuangbanna, Southwest China

Available online 11 August 2020
Yi Gou | Zhennan Li | Ruyan Fan | Zuchuan Qiu | Lu Wang | Chen Wang | Yuhua Wang

Hematophagous invertebrates such as mosquitoes, leeches, mites, ticks, lice and bugs cause various problems for humans. Considering reports on insecticide resistance and requirements for improved environmental...

Phylogenomics of Allium section Cepa (Amaryllidaceae) provides new insights on domestication of onion

Available online 11 August 2020
Ziyoviddin Yusupov | Tao Deng | Sergei Volis | Furkat Khassanov | Dilmurod Makhmudjanov | Komiljon Tojibaev | Hang Sun

Allium sect. Cepa (Amaryllidaceae) comprises economically important plants, yet resolving the phylogenetic relationships within the section has been difficult as nuclear and chloroplast-based phylogenetic...

Characterisation of manganese toxicity tolerance in Arabis paniculata

Available online 25 July 2020
Ting Tang | Faqing Tao | Weiqi Li

Manganese (Mn) contamination limits the production and quality of crops, and affects human health by disrupting the food chain. Arabis paniculata is a pioneer species of Brassicaceae found in mining...

Comparative plastomic analysis and insights into the phylogeny of Salvia (Lamiaceae)

Available online 25 July 2020
Hong Wu | Peng-Fei Ma | Hong-Tao Li | Guo-Xiong Hu | De-Zhu Li

Salvia is the largest genus of Lamiaceae, with almost 1000 species, and has been divided into 11 subgenera. Salvia subg. Glutinaria, native to East Asia, is particularly important because of its potential...

Modeling impacts of climate change on the potential distribution of six endemic baobab species in Madagascar

Available online 18 July 2020
Jun-Nan Wan | Ndungu J. Mbari | Sheng-Wei Wang | Bing Liu | Brian N. Mwangi | Jean R.E. Rasoarahona | Hai-Ping Xin | Ya-Dong Zhou | Qing-Feng Wang

Madagascar, a globally renowned biodiversity hotspot characterized by high rates of endemism, is one of the few remaining refugia for many plants and animal species. However, global climate change has...

Plastid phylogenomic insights into the evolution of subfamily Dialioideae (Leguminosae)

Available online 15 July 2020
Han-Rui Bai | Oyetola Oyebanji | Rong Zhang | Ting-Shuang Yi

The subfamily Dialioideae (Leguminosae) consists of 17 genera andca. 85 species. Previous studies have detected significant plastid genome (plastome) structure variations in legumes, particularly in...

Molecular and morphological evidence for a new species of Isodon (Lamiaceae) from southern China

Available online 14 July 2020
Ya-Ping Chen | Cun-Zhong Huang | Yue Zhao | Chun-Lei Xiang

Isodon brevipedunculatus, a new species from southern China, is described and illustrated. The phylogenetic position of the new species within the genus was analyzed based on two nuclear ribosomal DNA...

Functional characterization of the Arabidopsis SERRATE under salt stress

Available online 14 July 2020
Minghui Mou | Qijuan Wang | Yanli Chen | Diqiu Yu | Ligang Chen

SERRATE (SE) plays critical roles in RNA metabolism and plant growth regulation. However, its function in stress–response processes remains largely unknown. Here, we examined the regulatory role of...

Karyomorphology of three endemic plants (Brassicaceae: Euclidieae and Arabideae) from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its significance

June 2020
Wenguang Sun | Haixia Wang | Rui Wu | Hang Sun | Zhimin Li

In the paper, chromosome number and karyotype of three endemic genera from China are reported for the first time. Our results show that Anzhengxia yechengnica has a karyotype formula 2n = 2x = 14 = 6 m +...

The leaf extract of crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum) inhibits primary root growth by inducing cell death in maize root border cells

June 2020
Jinhu Ma | Xinxin Feng | Xiaohuan Yang | Yongheng Cao | Weifeng Zhao | Liangliang Sun

The extract of crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum) inhibits seed germination and weed growth; however, the physiological mechanisms underlying the effect of crofton weed extract on the modulation...

Cold stratification, temperature, light, GA3, and KNO3 effects on seed germination of Primula beesiana from Yunnan, China

June 2020
Li-E Yang | De-Li Peng | Zhi-Min Li | Li Huang | Juan Yang | Hang Sun

Primula beesiana Forr. is an attractive wildflower endemically distributed in the wet habitats of subalpine/alpine regions of southwestern China. This study is an attempt to understand how this plant...

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