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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

Conserving plants within and beyond protected areas – still problematic and future uncertain

Available online 23 October 2018
Vernon H. Heywood

Against a background of continuing loss of biodiversity, it is argued that for the successful conservation of threatened plant species we need to ensure the more effective integration of the various...

Recovery of threatened plant species and their habitats in the biodiversity hotspot of the Southwest Australian Floristic Region

Available online 23 October 2018
Leonie Monks | Sarah Barrett | Brett Beecham | Margaret Byrne | Alanna Chant | David Coates | J. Anne Cochrane | Andrew Crawford | Rebecca Dillon | Colin Yates

The Southwest Australian Floristic Region (SWAFR) is a global biodiversity hotspot with high plant diversity and endemism and a broad range of threatening processes. An outcome of this is a high proportion...

Species diversity in restoration plantings: Important factors for increasing the diversity of threatened tree species in the restoration of the Araucaria forest ecosystem

Available online 1 October 2018
Taylor E. Shaw

The Araucaria forest ecosystem in southern Brazil is highly threatened: less than one percent of the original forest remains, and what is left is a fragmented agro-mosaic of mostly early-to-late secondary...

Seasonal comparison of bacterial communities in rhizosphere of alpine cushion plants in the Himalayan Hengduan Mountains

October 2018
Shuai Chang | Jianguo Chen | Jianqiang Su | Yang Yang | Hang Sun

Positive associations between alpine cushion plants and other species have been extensively studied. However, almost all studies have focused on the associations between macrofauna. Studies that have...

Generation and characterization of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from coralloid root cDNA library of Cycas debaoensis

October 2018
Yunhua Wang | Nan Li | Ting Chen | Yiqing Gong

A normalized full-length cDNA library was constructed from the coralloid roots of Cycas debaoensis by the DSN (duplex-specific nuclease) normalization method combined with the SMART (Switching Mechanism...

Mapping and breeding value evaluation of a semi-dominant semi-dwarf gene in upland rice

October 2018
Xiaoqian Chen | Peng Xu | Jiawu Zhou | Dayun Tao | Diqiu Yu

Plant height is an important trait related to yield potential and plant architecture. A suitable plant height plays a crucial role in improvement of rice yield and lodging resistance. In this study,...

Diversity of desert rangelands of Tunisia

October 2018
Mouldi Gamoun | Azaiez Ouled Belgacem | Mounir Louhaichi

Plants are important components of any rangeland. However, the importance of desert rangeland plant diversity has often been underestimated. It has been argued that desert rangelands of Tunisia in good...

Fast and abundant in vitro spontaneous haustorium formation in root hemiparasitic plant Pedicularis kansuensis Maxim. (Orobanchaceae)

October 2018
Lei Xiang | Yanmei Li | Xiaolin Sui | Airong Li

Haustorium formation is the characteristic feature of all parasitic plants and a vital process for successful parasitism. Previous investigations on haustorium initiation and development are constricted...

The first complete plastid genome of Burmannia disticha L. from the mycoheterotrophic monocot family Burmanniaceae

October 2018
Liuqing Ma | Pengfei Ma | Dezhu Li

Burmanniaceae is one major group within the monocot order Dioscoreales that has not had its plastome sequenced. Members of Burmanniaceae are mostly achlorophyllous, although the genus Burmannia also...

Planting position and shade enhance native seedling performance in forest restoration for an endangered malagasy plant

Available online 27 September 2018
Cyprien Miandrimanana | J. Leighton Reid | Tahiry Rivoharison | Chris Birkinshaw

The critically endangered tree Schizolaena tampoketsana is confined to a few diminished and degraded forest fragments on the Malagasy highlands. This habitat is vulnerable to loss due to frequent fires...

Habitat suitability and herbivores determine reintroduction success of an endangered legume

Available online 20 September 2018
Matthew A. Albrecht | Quinn G. Long

Reintroductions of rare plants require detailed knowledge of habitat requirements, species interactions, and restoration techniques. Thus, incremental experimentation over many years may be required...

Taxonomy in the Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB): Progress during the past decade (2008–2018) and perspectives on future development

August 2018
Xiangqin Yu | Chunlei Xiang | Hua Peng

The development of new taxonomical theories and approaches, particularly molecular phylogenetics, has led to the expansion of traditional morphology-based taxonomy into the concept of “integrative taxonomy.”...

Pollination ecology in China from 1977 to 2017

August 2018
Zongxin Ren | Yanhui Zhao | Huan Liang | Zhibin Tao | Hui Tang | Haiping Zhang | Hong Wang

China is one of most biodiverse countries in the world, containing at least 10% of all angiosperm species. Therefore, we should anticipate a diverse, pollinator fauna. China also has a long history...

A few words on our commemoration of 80 years at KIB

August 2018
Hang Sun | Yongping Yang | Zhekun Zhou

The role of botanical gardens in scientific research, conservation, and citizen science

August 2018
Gao Chen | Weibang Sun

Plant diversity is currently being lost at an unprecedented rate, resulting in an associated decrease in ecosystem services. About a third of the world's vascular plant species face the threat of extinction...

Studies on diversity of higher fungi in Yunnan, southwestern China: A review

August 2018
Bang Feng | Zhuliang Yang

Yunnan is exceedingly rich in higher fungi (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota). Given that the number of fungi (including lichens) occurring in a given area is, as Hawksworth suggested, roughly six times...

Current progress and future prospects in phylofloristics

August 2018
Rong Li | Lishen Qian | Hang Sun

The species composition of regional plant assemblages can in large part be explained by a long history of biogeographical and evolutionary events. Traditional attempts of floristic studies typically...

Current understanding of maize and rice defense against insect herbivores

August 2018
Jinfeng Qi | Saif ul Malook | Guojing Shen | Lei Gao | Cuiping Zhang | Jing Li | Jingxiong Zhang | Lei Wang | Jianqiang Wu

Plants have sophisticated defense systems to fend off insect herbivores. How plants defend against herbivores in dicotyledonous plants, such as Arabidopsis and tobacco, have been relatively well studied,...

Plant phylogenomics based on genome-partitioning strategies: Progress and prospects

August 2018
Xiangqin Yu | Dan Yang | Cen Guo | Lianming Gao

The rapid expansion of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has generated a powerful array of approaches to address fundamental questions in biology. Several genome-partitioning strategies to sequence selected...

Physiological diversity of orchids

August 2018
Shibao Zhang | Yingjie Yang | Jiawei Li | Jiao Qin | Wei Zhang | Wei Huang | Hong Hu

The Orchidaceae is a diverse and wide spread family of flowering plants that are of great value in ornamental, medical, conservation, and evolutionary research. The broad diversity in morphology, growth...

Capturing, protecting and restoring plant diversity in the UK: RBG Kew and the Millennium Seed Bank

Available online 19 June 2018
Ted Chapman | Stephanie Miles | Clare Trivedi

Ex situ seed banking is a practical and cost-effective means of preserving wild plant diversity and a crucial complement to the in situ conservation and restoration of species and habitats. As pressures...

Securing a future for China's plant biodiversity through an integrated conservation approach

June 2018
Sergei Volis

The severely threatened Chinese flora urgently needs a new, well adapted to China and properly formulated conservation strategy. The present review provides a detailed conservation methodology that...

Diversity and conservation of Chinese wild begonias

June 2018
Daike Tian | Yan Xiao | Yi Tong | Naifeng Fu | Qingqing Liu | Chun Li

Begonia, one of the most diverse plant taxa and the fifth or sixth largest angiosperm genus, consists of over 1800 accepted species. The number of species recognized within this genus has greatly increased...

N-P fertilization did not reduce AMF abundance or diversity but alter AMF composition in an alpine grassland infested by a root hemiparasitic plant

June 2018
Xuezhao Wang | Xiaolin Sui | Yanyan Liu | Lei Xiang | Ting Zhang | Juanjuan Fu | Airong Li | Peizhi Yang

Fertilization has been shown to have suppressive effects on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and root hemiparasites separately in numerous investigations, but its effects on AMF in the presence of...

Plastome characteristics of Cannabaceae

June 2018
Huanlei Zhang | Jianjun Jin | Michael J. Moore | Tingshuang Yi | Dezhu Li

Cannabaceae is an economically important family that includes ten genera and ca. 117 accepted species. To explore the structure and size variation of their plastomes, we sequenced ten plastomes representing...

A comparison of different methods for preserving plant molecular materials and the effect of degraded DNA on ddRAD sequencing

June 2018
Ying Guo | GuoQian Yang | Yunmei Chen | Dezhu Li | Zhenhua Guo

Obtaining high-quality plant materials for experiments is challenging for many research projects. Therefore, it is of special importance to determine the best method for preserving biological macromolecules...

Conserving and restoring the Caicos pine forests: The first decade

Available online 23 May 2018
Michele Dani Sanchez | Bryan Naqqi Manco | Junel Blaise | Marcella Corcoran | Martin Allen Hamilton

The severe and rapid attack on the Caicos pine Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis (Pinaceae) by the non-native invasive pine tortoise scale, Toumeyella parvicornis, has resulted in the death of most of...

Genome-wide analysis indicates diverse physiological roles of the turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) oligopeptide transporters gene family

April 2018
Yanan Pu | Danni Yang | Xin Yin | Qiuli Wang | Qian Chen | Yunqiang Yang | Yongping Yang

Oligopeptide transporters (OPTs) encode integral membrane-localized proteins and have a broad range of substrate transport capabilities. Here, 28 BrrOPT genes were identified in the turnip. Phylogenetic...

NaPDR1 and NaPDR1-like are essential for the resistance of Nicotiana attenuata against fungal pathogen Alternaria alternata

April 2018
Zhen Xu | Na Song | Lan Ma | Dunhuang Fang | Jinsong Wu

Pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) transporters are widely distributed membrane proteins catalyzing the export or import of a diverse array of molecules, and are involved in many plant responses to biotic...

Effect of vernalization on tuberization and flowering in the Tibetan turnip is associated with changes in the expression of FLC homologues

April 2018
Yan Zheng | Landi Luo | Yuanyuan Liu | Yunqiang Yang | Chuntao Wang | Xiangxiang Kong | Yongping Yang

The turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) is a biennial crop that is planted in late summer/early fall and forms fleshy tubers for food in temperate regions. The harvested tubers then overwinter and are...

Multi-scale analysis on species diversity within a 40-ha old-growth temperate forest

April 2018
Jie Gao | Peng Zhang | Xing Zhang | Yanhong Liu

In order to better explore the maintenance mechanisms of biodiversity, data collected from a 40-ha undisturbed Pinus forest were applied to the Individual Species–Area Relationship model (ISAR) to determine...

Morphological study of floral nectaries in Euonymus and the probable origin of the echinate fruit surface

February 2018
Chiyuan Yao | Yunjuan Zuo | Cheng Du | Jinshuang Ma

A conspicuous nectary disk is common but has a distinguishing morphology in the cosmopolitan genus Euonymus. Our study focuses on the morphology of floral nectaries in 21 representatives of Euonymus...

Physiological and biochemical analysis of mechanisms underlying cadmium tolerance and accumulation in turnip

February 2018
Xiong Li | Xiaoming Zhang | Yuansheng Wu | Boqun Li | Yongping Yang

The capacity of plants to accumulate cadmium (Cd) is significant for phytoremediation of Cd-polluted soils. Turnips cultivated in China include species featuring high Cd accumulation and some of these...

Determining bioclimatic space of Himalayan alder for agroforestry systems in Nepal

February 2018
Santosh Kumar Rana | Hum Kala Rana | Krishna Kumar Shrestha | Suresh Sujakhu | Sailesh Ranjitkar

Himalayan alder species are proven to be very useful in traditional as well as contemporary agroforestry practice. These nitrogen-fixing trees are also useful in the land restoration. Therefore, understanding...

Light induces petal color change in Quisqualis indica (Combretaceae)

February 2018
Juan Yan | Menglin Wang | Ling Zhang

Petal color change, a common phenomenon in angiosperms, is induced by various environmental and endogenous factors. Interestingly, this phenomenon is important for attracting pollinators and further...

Development and characterization of 43 microsatellite markers for the critically endangered primrose Primula reinii using MiSeq sequencing

February 2018
Masaya Yamamoto | Yoshihiro Handa | Hiroki Aihara | Hiroaki Setoguchi

Primula reinii (Primulaceae), a perennial herb belonging to the Primula section Reinii, occurs on wet, shaded rocky cliffs in the mountains of Japan. This threatened species comprises four varieties;...

Plant conservation in the Anthropocene – Challenges and future prospects

December 2017
Vernon H. Heywood

Despite the massive efforts that have been made to conserve plant diversity across the world during the past few decades, it is becoming increasingly evident that our current strategies are not sufficiently...

Botanic gardens should lead the way to create a “Garden Earth” in the Anthropocene

December 2017
Charles H. Cannon | Chai-Shian Kua

The strength and expertise that botanic gardens bring to conservation are based on their detailed knowledge and understanding of the care, management, and biology of a diversity of plant species. This...

Adapting the botanical landscape of Melbourne Gardens (Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria) in response to climate change

December 2017
Timothy J. Entwisle | Chris Cole | Peter Symes

Botanic gardens around the world maintain collections of living plants for science, conservation, education, beauty and more. These collections change over time – in scope and content – but the predicted...

Plant conservation in Australia: Current directions and future challenges

December 2017
Linda Broadhurst | David Coates

Australia is a large, old and flat island continent that became isolated following the breakup of the Gondwanan super continent. After more than 40–50 M years of independent evolution, approx. 600,000–700,000...

Ex situ Flora of China

December 2017
Hongwen Huang | Jingping Liao | Zheng Zhang | Qingqing Zhan

The role of living collections-based research and discovery has been a prominent feature throughout the history of evolution and advance of botanical science: such research is the core and soul of the...

Conservation utility of botanic garden living collections: Setting a strategy and appropriate methodology

December 2017
Sergei Volis

In the realities of the modern world, when the natural habitat is rapidly disappearing and the number of imperiled plants is constantly growing, ex situ conservation is gaining importance. To meet this...

The contribution of botanic gardens to ex situ conservation through seed banking

December 2017
Katherine O'Donnell | Suzanne Sharrock

Target 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation calls for ‘at least 75 per cent of threatened plant species in ex situ collections, preferably in the country of origin, and at least 20 per cent...

Complementarities of two existing intermediate conservation approaches

December 2017
Sergei Volis

The need for integration of ex situ and in situ approaches in conservation of plants has long been recognized. However, ex situ collections have numerous limitations that reduce their utility for conservation,...

Plant micro-reserves in Valencia (E. Spain): A model to preserve threatened flora in China?

December 2017
Simón Fos | Emilio Laguna | Juan Jiménez | Miguel Ángel Gómez-Serrano

The Valencian Community (eastern Spain) was the pioneer territory establishing plant micro-reserves (PMRs). Its model to protect small sites for endemic and endangered plants has been exported to several...

Center for Plant Conservation's Best Practice Guidelines for the reintroduction of rare plants

December 2017
Joyce Maschinski | Matthew A. Albrecht

Recent estimates indicate that one-fifth of botanical species worldwide are considered at risk of becoming extinct in the wild. One available strategy for conserving many rare plant species is reintroduction,...

Biological and cultural diversity in the context of botanic garden conservation strategies

December 2017
Christopher P. Dunn

Impacts of global climate change, habitat loss, and other environmental changes on the world's biota and peoples continue to increase, especially on islands and in high elevation areas. Just as floristic...

Using MiddRAD-seq data to develop polymorphic microsatellite markers for an endangered yew species

October 2017
Hantao Qin | Guoqian Yang | Jim Provan | Jie Liu | Lianming Gao

Microsatellites are highly polymorphic markers which have been used in a wide range of genetic studies. In recent years, various sources of next-generation sequencing data have been used to develop...

Intraspecific DNA methylation polymorphism in the non-edible oilseed plant castor bean

October 2017
Shan He | Wei Xu | Fei Li | Yue Wang | Aizhong Liu

Investigation of the relationships of phenotypic and epigenetic variations might be a good way to dissect the genetic or molecular basis of phenotypic variation and plasticity in plants. Castor bean...

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