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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

Characterization of an algal phosphomannose isomerase gene and its application as a selectable marker for genetic manipulation of tomato

Available online 15 June 2020
Yuanyuan Lin | Junchao Huang

Establishing a transgenic plant largely relies on a selectable marker gene that can confer antibiotic or herbicide resistance to plant cells. The existence of such selectable marker genes in genetically...

Genetic diversity and population structure of Camellia huana (Theaceae), a limestone species with narrow geographic range, based on chloroplast DNA sequence and microsatellite markers

Available online 15 June 2020
Shuang Li | Shang-Li Liu | Si-Yu Pei | Man-Man Ning | Shao-Qing Tang

Camellia huana is an endangered species with a narrow distribution in limestone hills of northern Guangxi and southern Guizhou provinces, China. We used one chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) fragment and 12 pairs...

Maintaining biodiversity will define our long-term success

Available online 13 June 2020
Peter Raven | Mathis Wackernagel

Human beings are not only a part of our planet’s ecosystems, but also, they are massively overusing them. This makes ecosystem protection, including biodiversity preservation, vital for humanity’s future....

Accession-specific flowering time variation in response to nitrate fluctuation in Arabidopsis thaliana

Available online 12 June 2020
Fei-Hong Yan | Li-Ping Zhang | Fang Cheng | Dong-Mei Yu | Jin-Yong Hu

Flowering time, a key transition point from vegetative to reproductive growth, is regulated by an intrinsic complex of endogenous and exogenous signals including nutrient status. For hundreds of years,...

New insights into the evolutionary history of Megacodon: Evidence from a newly discovered species

Available online 8 June 2020
Jun-Chu Peng | Xiang-Guang Ma | Yue-Hua Wang | Hang Sun

Megacodon is an ideal genus to study speciation and ecological adaptation in the Sino-Himalayan region. The genus contains two species distributed at different elevations and in two separate areas....

Preliminary study on Cd accumulation characteristics in Sansevieria trifasciata Prain

Available online 1 June 2020
Xiong Li | Yongping Yang

Phytoremediation techniques to clean heavy metal pollution soil depend on identifying plant species that can act as phytoremediators. One important approach to screening potential phytoremediators is...

Plastome phylogenomics of the East Asian endemic genus Dobinea

Available online 29 May 2020
Changkun Liu | Jin Yang | Lei Jin | Shuying Wang | Zhenyan Yang | Yunheng Ji

Dobinea is a dioecious genus endemic to East Asia that consists of two extant species: Dobinea delavayi and Dobinea vulgaris. Although the genus is morphologically distinct, its phylogenetic position...

Ethiopian vegetation types, climate and topography

Available online 25 May 2020
Mengesha Asefa | Min Cao | Yunyun He | Ewuketu Mekonnen | Xiaoyang Song | Yang Jie

Ethiopia is land of geographical contrasts with elevations that range from 125 m below sea level in the Danakil Depression to 4533 m above sea level in the Semien Mountains, a world heritage site. The...

The tropical-subtropical evergreen forest transition in East Asia: An exploration

Available online 25 May 2020
Peter Ashton | Hua Zhu

The transition from tropical to subtropical (warm temperate) evergreen forests is more clearly apparent in East Asia, from Nepal to the western Pacific coast, than elsewhere in the tropics. We review...

Allelochemicals of Panax notoginseng and their effects on various plants and rhizosphere microorganisms

Available online 23 May 2020
Yi-Jun Qiao | Cheng-Zhen Gu | Hong-Tao Zhu | Dong Wang | Meng-Yue Zhang | Yi-Xuan Zhang | Chong-Ren Yang | Ying-Jun Zhang

Panax notoginseng (Araliaceae) is an important ginseng herb with various health benefits and a history of cultivation in southwestern China over 400 years. In recent years P. notoginseng has faced serious...

Safeguarding our future by protecting biodiversity

Available online 20 May 2020
Richard T. Corlett

The Anthropocene is marked by twin crises: climate change and biodiversity loss. Climate change has tended to dominate the headlines, reflecting, in part, the greater complexity of the biodiversity...

A new subtribal classification of Arundinarieae (Poaceae, Bambusoideae) with the description of a new genus

Available online 19 May 2020
Yu-Xiao Zhang | Cen Guo | De-Zhu Li

A new subtribal classification of the woody bamboo tribe Arundinarieae is proposed based on recent phylogenomic studies. Five subtribes, corresponding to the five major lineages of the ddRAD-seq based...

Crepis desertorum (Asteraceae, Cichorieae), a new species from northern Xinjiang (China) based on morphological and molecular data

April 2020
Juan Qiu | Jianwen Zhang | Tiangang Gao | Dunyan Tan

Crepis desertorum from the Junggar Basin of northern Xinjiang, northwestern China, is described as a new species. Molecular studies indicate that the species is closely related to Crepis frigida. Morphological...

Analysis of changes in the Panax notoginseng glycerolipidome in response to long-term chilling and heat

April 2020
Tao Liu | Jia Chen | Furong Xu | Xiahong He | Shengchao Yang | Youyong Zhu | Weiqi Li | Guowei Zheng

Long-term moderately high or low temperatures can damage economically important plants. In the present study, we treated Panax notoginseng, an important traditional Chinese medicine, with temperatures...

Silencing JA hydroxylases in Nicotiana attenuata enhances jasmonic acid-isoleucine-mediated defenses against Spodoptera litura

April 2020
Jinxiang Tang | Dahai Yang | Jianqiang Wu | Suiyun Chen | Lei Wang

Jasmonic acid (JA) plays important roles in plant resistance to insect herbivores. One important derivative of JA is 12-OH-JA, which is produced by two independent pathways: direct hydroxylation of...

Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Clues into leaf-like flower mutant in Chinese orchid Cymbidium ensifolium

April 2020
Yonglu Wei | Jianpeng Jin | Xiani Yao | Chuqiao Lu | Genfa Zhu | Fengxi Yang

The floral morphology of Cymbidium ensifolium, a well-known orchid in China, has increasingly attracted horticultural and commercial attention. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate flower...

Dramatic impact of metric choice on biogeographical regionalization

April 2020
Jian-Fei Ye | Yun Liu | Zhi-Duan Chen

For a quantitative biogeographical regionalization, the choice of an appropriate dissimilarity index to measure pairwise distances is crucial. Several different metrics have been used, but there is...

Spinescent patterns in the flora of Jiaozi Snow Mountain, Southwestern China

April 2020
Qi Xu | Simcha Lev-Yadun | Lu Sun | Zhe Chen | Bo Song | Hang Sun

Spinescence has been thought to have evolved mainly as a defense against herbivores. Thus, studying its evolution in a whole flora is an excellent approach for understanding long-term plant–herbivore...

The ubiquity and coexistence of two FBPases in chloroplasts of photosynthetic eukaryotes and its evolutionary and functional implications

April 2020
Yujin Li | Qingqing Ye | De He | Huixian Bai | Jianfan Wen

In photosynthetic eukaryotes, there are two well-characterized fructose-1,6-bisphosphatases (FBPases): the redox-insensitive cytosolic FBPase (cyFBPase), which participates in gluconeogenesis, and the...

The leaf extract of crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum) inhibits primary root growth by inducing cell death in maize root border cells

Available online 29 March 2020
Jinhu Ma | Xinxin Feng | Xiaohuan Yang | Yongheng Cao | Weifeng Zhao | Liangliang Sun

The extract of crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum) inhibits seed germination and weed growth; however, the physiological mechanisms underlying the effect of crofton weed extract on the modulation...

Karyomorphology of three endemic plants (Brassicaceae: Euclidieae and Arabideae) from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its significance

Available online 19 March 2020
Wenguang Sun | Haixia Wang | Rui Wu | Hang Sun | Zhimin Li

In the paper, chromosome number and karyotype of three endemic genera from China are reported for the first time. Our results show that Anzhengxia yechengnica has a karyotype formula 2n = 2x = 14 = 6 m +...

Cold stratification, temperature, light, GA3, and KNO3 effects on seed germination of Primula beesiana from Yunnan, China

Available online 19 March 2020
Li-E Yang | De-Li Peng | Zhi-Min Li | Li Huang | Juan Yang | Hang Sun

Primula beesiana Forr. is an attractive wildflower endemically distributed in the wet habitats of subalpine/alpine regions of southwestern China. This study is an attempt to understand how this plant...

Differences in leaf physiological and morphological traits between Camellia japonica and Camellia reticulata

Available online 19 March 2020
Ji-Hua Wang | Yan-Fei Cai | Shi-Feng Li | Shi-Bao Zhang

Plants of the genus Camellia are widely cultivated throughout the world as ornamentals because of their bright and large flowers. The widely cultivated varieties are mainly derived from the mutant lines...

The complete plastome sequences of five Aponogeton species (Aponogetonaceae): Insights into the structural organization and mutational hotspots

Available online 19 March 2020
Virginia M. Mwanzia | Ding-Xuan He | Andrew W. Gichira | Yan Li | Boniface K. Ngarega | Mwihaki J. Karichu | Peris W. Kamau | Zhi-Zhong Li

Members of the aquatic plant genus Aponogeton are widely used commercially in aquariums because of their variable leaf shape and unique inflorescences. However, due to extensive similarity between species...

Asian monsoon shaped the pattern of woody dicotyledon richness in humid regions of China

Available online 19 March 2020
Wen-Yun Chen | Tao Su

Understanding how geographical patterns of plant richness are established is a key scientific question in ecology and biogeography. Climate factors, such as environmental energy, water availability,...

Genetic structure, gene flow pattern, and association analysis of superior germplasm resources in domesticated upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Available online 19 March 2020
Ting-Ting Zhang | Na-Yao Zhang | Wei Li | Xiao-Jian Zhou | Xiao-Yu Pei | Yan-Gai Liu | Zhong-Ying Ren | Kun-Lun He | Wen-Sheng Zhang | Ke-Hai Zhou | Fei Zhang | Xiong-Feng Ma | Dai-Gang Yang | Zhong-Hu Li

Gene flow patterns and the genetic structure of domesticated crops like cotton are not well understood. Furthermore, marker-assisted breeding of cotton has lagged far behind that of other major crops...

Involucre fossils of Carpinus, a northern temperate element, from the Miocene of China and the evolution of its species diversity in East Asia

Available online 19 March 2020
Li Xue | Linbo Jia | Gi-soo Nam | Yongjiang Huang | Shitao Zhang | Yuqing Wang | Zhuo Zhou | Yongsheng Chen

East Asia has long been recognized as a major center for temperate woody plants diversity. Although several theories have been proposed to explain how the diversity of these temperate elements accumulated...

Both small and large plants are likely to produce staminate (male) flowers in a hermaphrodite lily

Available online 19 March 2020
EiEi Shwe | Bo Wu | Shuang-Quan Huang

Resource allocation to female and male function may vary among individual plants in species with variable sex expression. Size-dependent sex allocation has been proposed in hermaphrodites, in which...

Defining the biosynthesis of ketocarotenoids in Chromochloris zofingiensis

February 2020
Ying Ye | Jun-Chao Huang

Carotenoids are important pigments in photosynthetic organisms where they play essential roles in photoreception and photoprotection. Chromochloris zofingiensis is a unicellular green alga that is able...

Genome-wide identification and characterization of the lateral organ boundaries domain gene family in Brassica rapa var. rapa

February 2020
Qin Yu | Simin Hu | Jiancan Du | Yongping Yang | Xudong Sun

The Lateral Organ Boundaries Domain (LBD) genes encode highly conserved plant-specific LOB domain proteins which regulate growth and development in various species. However, members of the LBD gene...

Genetic characterization of the entire range of Cycas panzhihuaensis (Cycadaceae)

February 2020
Siyue Xiao | Yunheng Ji | Jian Liu | Xun Gong

Cycas panzhihuaensis L. Zhou & S. Y. Yang (Cycadaceae) is an endangered gymnosperm species endemic to the dry-hot valley of the Jinsha River basin in southwest China. Although the wild C. panzhihuaensis...

Impacts of CO2 elevation on the physiology and seed quality of soybean

February 2020
Guowei Zheng | Jia Chen | Weiqi Li

Understanding the responses of crops to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations (E[CO2]) is very important in terms of global food supplies. The present study investigates the effects of...

ROS and oxidative burst: Roots in plant development

February 2020
Anuj Choudhary | Antul Kumar | Nirmaljit Kaur

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widely generated in various redox reactions in plants. In earlier studies, ROS were considered toxic byproducts of aerobic metabolism. In recent years, it has become...

Strong intraspecific trait variation in a tropical dominant tree species along an elevational gradient

February 2020
Wumei Xu | Kyle W. Tomlinson | Jie Li

Functional trait variation of plant species includes both inter- and intraspecific variation; however, trait-based plant ecology generally considers only interspecific variation while ignoring intraspecific...

Crop wild relatives of Kazakhstani Tien Shan: Flora, vegetation, resources

February 2020
Gulnara T. Sitpayeva | Gulmira M. Kudabayevа | Liliya A. Dimeyeva | Nadezhda G. Gemejiyeva | Polina V. Vesselova

This paper presents the results of the field study on species composition, geographical distribution, phytocoenotic diversity and resources of crop wild relatives (CWR) in Kazakhstan's ranges of the...

Revision of Senegalia in China, and notes on introduced species of Acacia, Acaciella, Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae)

December 2019
Bruce R. Maslin | Boon Chuan Ho | Hang Sun | Lin Bai

The present work represents the first comprehensive taxonomic revision of Acacia sens. lat. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in China, focusing on the indigenous species. Critical reassessments of specimens...

Phoenix phylogeny, and analysis of genetic variation in a diverse collection of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) and related species

October 2019
Srinivasa R. Chaluvadi | Porter Young | Kentrez Thompson | Bochra Amina Bahri | Bhavesh Gajera | Subhash Narayanan | Robert Krueger | Jeffrey L. Bennetzen

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), one of the most ancient crops, is grown commercially in >30 countries. Using whole plastome assemblies, phylogenetic analyses revealed that cultivated date palm accessions...

Cell number explains the intraspecific spur-length variation in an Aquilegia species

October 2019
Zhi-Li Zhou | Yuan-Wen Duan | Yan Luo | Yong-Ping Yang | Zhi-Qiang Zhang

Variations of nectar spur length allow pollinators to utilize resources in novel ways, leading to the different selective pressures on spurs and allowing taxa to diversify. However, the mechanisms underlying...

Effects of soil properties on accumulation characteristics of copper, manganese, zinc, and cadmium in Chinese turnip

October 2019
Boqun Li | Di Chen | Yongping Yang | Xiong Li

Clarifying the mechanisms of heavy metal (HM) accumulation and translocation from soil-root-leaf is crucial to coping with soil HM pollution. In this study, we analysed copper (Cu), manganese (Mn),...

Genetic diversity and population structure of Hibiscus aridicola, an endangered ornamental species in dry-hot valleys of Jinsha River

October 2019
Xin Zhang | Le Zhang | Johann Schinnerl | Wei-Bang Sun | Gao Chen

Hibiscus aridicola is an endangered ornamental shrub of the family Malvaceae that is endemic to the dry-hot valleys of Jinsha River in southwestern China. This species is a typical plant species with...

Plastome sequencing of Myripnois dioica and comparison within Asteraceae

October 2019
Nan Lin | Xu Zhang | Tao Deng | Jianwen Zhang | Aiping Meng | Hengchang Wang | Hang Sun | Yanxia Sun

Myripnois is a monotypic shrub genus in the daisy family constricted to northern China. Although wild populations of Myripnois dioica are relatively rare, this plant may potentially be cultured as a...

The coexistence of hermaphroditic and dioecious plants is associated with polyploidy and gender dimorphism in Dasiphora fruticosa

October 2019
Lin-Lin Wang | Zhi-Qiang Zhang | Yong-Ping Yang | Yuan-Wen Duan

Dasiphora fruticosa comprises male, female and hermaphrodite plants, which are distributed sympatrically in some populations on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. To explore what governs the coexistence of...

Phytosociology of stratification in a lowland tropical rainforest occurring north of the Tropic of Cancer in Meghalaya, India

October 2019
Uma Shankar

Stratification in lowland rainforests of Meghalaya, India, which represent the westernmost limit of the rainforests north of the Tropic of Cancer, was studied in horizontal and vertical planes to elucidate...

Root hemiparasitism in Malania oleifera (Olacaceae), a neglected aspect in research of the highly valued tree species

October 2019
Ai-Rong Li | Ping Mao | Yun-Ju Li

Malania oleifera (Olacaceae) is a valued tree species, mostly because its seeds have high precious fatty acid content (particularly nervonic acid). However, seedling mortality rates are often high and...

Stem and leaf traits as co-determinants of canopy water flux

August 2019
Jianguo Gao | Kai Tian

Transpiration through stomata in tree canopies plays an important role in terrestrial water cycles. However, the empirical relationship between leaf stomata anatomy and canopy stomatal conductance (Gs)...

Elevation-related variation in the population characteristics of distylous Primula nivalis affects female fitness and inbreeding depression

August 2019
Aysajan Abdusalam | Qing Jun Li

The population characteristics of distylous species are highly sensitive to stochastic natural selection pressure. Therefore, populations growing under different environmental conditions may vary in...

Elevational changes in vascular plants richness, diversity, and distribution pattern in Abune Yosef mountain range, Northern Ethiopia

August 2019
Kflay Gebrehiwot | Sebsebe Demissew | Zerihun Woldu | Mekbib Fekadu | Temesgen Desalegn | Ermias Teferi

The aim of this research is to investigate the patterns of vascular plant species richness, diversity, and distribution along an elevation gradient in the Abune Yosef mountain range, Ethiopia. Preferential...

Forest characteristics and population structure of Glyptostrobus pensilis, a globally endangered relict species of southeastern China

August 2019
Cindy Q. Tang | Yongchuan Yang | Arata Momohara | Huan-Chong Wang | Hong Truong Luu | Shuaifeng Li | Kun Song | Shenhua Qian | Ben LePage | Yi-Fei Dong | Peng-Bin Han | Masahiko Ohsawa | Buu Thach Le | Huu Dang Tran | Minh Tri Dang | Ming-Chun Peng | Chong-Yun Wang

The Chinese water pine Glyptostrobus pensilis is the sole surviving species of the genus Glyptostrobus. It is endemic to southern China, central Vietnam, and eastern Laos, and today it is nearly extinct...

Comparative expression analysis of heavy metal ATPase subfamily genes between Cd-tolerant and Cd-sensitive turnip landraces

August 2019
Yuansheng Wu | Xiong Li | Di Chen | Xi Han | Boqun Li | Yonghong Yang | Yongping Yang

The heavy metal ATPase (HMA) subfamily is mainly involved in heavy metal (HM) tolerance and transport in plants, but an understanding of the definite roles and mechanisms of most HMA members are still...

Phylogenomic analyses reveal intractable evolutionary history of a temperate bamboo genus (Poaceae: Bambusoideae)

August 2019
Cen Guo | Zhen-Hua Guo | De-Zhu Li

Shibataea is a genus of temperate bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) endemic to China, but little is known about its phylogenetic position and interspecific relationships. To elucidate the phylogenetic...

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