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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

Spatial phylogenetics of two topographic extremes of the Hengduan Mountains in southwestern China and its implications for biodiversity conservation

Available online 18 September 2020
Yazhou Zhang | Lishen Qian | Daniel Spalink | Lu Sun | Jianguo Chen | Hang Sun

Previous attempts to elucidate the drivers of speciation mechanisms and spatial distribution patterns of biodiversity in mountain regions have treated different floras within a single geological region...

Native Useful Vascular Plants of China: A Checklist and Use Patterns

Available online 12 September 2020
Huifu Zhuang | Chen Wang | Yanan Wang | Tao Jin | Rong Huang | Zihong Lin | Yuhua Wang

Of all types of interactions between humans and plants, the utilization of plants by people is the most direct and influential. China has a long history of using native plants and a large body of recorded...

Twenty years of Chinese vascular plant novelties, 2000 through 2019

Available online 10 September 2020
Cheng Du | Shuai Liao | David E. Boufford | Jinshuang Ma

From 2000 to 2019, 11,895 new names or new additions to the Chinese vascular flora were proposed by 4,226 individuals (4086 articles and 140 books), as documented in the Chinese Plant Names Index (CPNI)....

Phylogenetic relatedness of woody angiosperm assemblages and its environmental determinants along a subtropical elevational gradient in China

Available online 10 September 2020
Juan Yue | Rong Li

The species composition of plant communities is determined by a number of factors, including current environmental conditions as well as biogeographical and evolutionary history. Despite evidence that...

Similar mycorrhizal fungal communities associated with epiphytic and lithophytic orchids of Coelogyne corymbosa

Available online 22 August 2020
Jiao Qin | Wei Zhang | Shi-Bao Zhang | Ji-Hua Wang

Mycorrhizal fungi are essential for the growth and development of both epiphytic (growing on trees) and lithophytic (growing on rocks) orchids. Previous studies indicate that in lowland tropical areas,...

Sharing earth with all life

Available online 22 August 2020
Huang Hongwen | Sun Hang | Zhou Zhekun

Comparative population genetic analyses suggest hybrid origin of Rhododendronpubicostatum, an endangered plant species with extremely small populations endemic to Yunnan, China

Available online 19 August 2020
Xuemei Zhang | Hantao Qin | Weijia Xie | Yongpeng Ma | Weibang Sun

Gene flow between sympatric congeneric plants is thought to be very common and may pose serious threats to endangered species. In the present study, we evaluate the genetic diversity and divergence...

Flavonoid scutellarin positively regulates root length through NUTCRACKER

Available online 17 August 2020
Xing Huang | Weiqi Li | Xudong Zhang

Exploring approaches to regulate meristem is of special importance and broad interest. In this study, we found that the flavonoid scutellarin, which has a 6-hydroxyl and a 7-glucoside, increased root...

Genomic characterization and expression profiles of stress-associated proteins (SAPs) in castor bean (Ricinus communis)

Available online 14 August 2020
Zaiqing Wang | Jingge Kuang | Bing Han | Suiyun Chen | Aizhong Liu

Stress-associated proteins (SAPs) are known as response factors to multiple abiotic and biotic stresses in plants. However, the potential physiological and molecular functions of SAPs remain largely...

DNA barcoding and molecular phylogeny of Dumasia (Fabaceae: Phaseoleae) reveals a cryptic lineage

Available online 11 August 2020
Kai-Wen Jiang | Rong Zhang | Zhong-Fu Zhang | Bo Pan | Bin Tian

Dumasia taxonomy and classification have long been problematic. Species within this genus have few morphological differences and plants without flowers or fruits are difficult to accurately identify....

Ethnobotanical survey of plants traditionally used against hematophagous invertebrates by ethnic groups in the mountainous area of Xishuangbanna, Southwest China

Available online 11 August 2020
Yi Gou | Zhennan Li | Ruyan Fan | Zuchuan Qiu | Lu Wang | Chen Wang | Yuhua Wang

Hematophagous invertebrates such as mosquitoes, leeches, mites, ticks, lice and bugs cause various problems for humans. Considering reports on insecticide resistance and requirements for improved environmental...

Phylogenomics of Allium section Cepa (Amaryllidaceae) provides new insights on domestication of onion

Available online 11 August 2020
Ziyoviddin Yusupov | Tao Deng | Sergei Volis | Furkat Khassanov | Dilmurod Makhmudjanov | Komiljon Tojibaev | Hang Sun

Allium sect. Cepa (Amaryllidaceae) comprises economically important plants, yet resolving the phylogenetic relationships within the section has been difficult as nuclear and chloroplast-based phylogenetic...

Plant diversity of Yunnan: Current situation and future

Available online 5 August 2020
Li-Shen Qian | Jia-Hui Chen | Tao Deng | Hang Sun

Yunnan, located in southwestern China, harbors more than 19,000 higher plants, which represents the highest plant diversity in the country. However, plant diversity in Yunnan faces enormous threats...

Contributions to the flora of Myanmar from 2000 to 2019

Available online 28 July 2020
Bin Yang | Min Deng | Ming-Xia Zhang | Aung Zaw Moe | Hong-Bo Ding | Mya Bhone Maw | Pyae Pyae Win | Richard T. Corlett | Yun-Hong Tan

Myanmar is botanically rich and floristically diverse: one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. However, Myanmar is still very unevenly explored, and until a plant checklist was published in 2003,...

Comparative plastomic analysis and insights into the phylogeny of Salvia (Lamiaceae)

Available online 25 July 2020
Hong Wu | Peng-Fei Ma | Hong-Tao Li | Guo-Xiong Hu | De-Zhu Li

Salvia is the largest genus of Lamiaceae, with almost 1000 species, and has been divided into 11 subgenera. Salvia subg. Glutinaria, native to East Asia, is particularly important because of its potential...

A hybrid sterile locus leads to the linkage drag of interspecific hybrid progenies

Available online 25 July 2020
Mianmian Wang | Jun Yang | Jinpeng Wan | Dayun Tao | Jiawu Zhou | Diqiu Yu | Peng Xu

Interspecific hybridization plays an important role in rice breeding by broadening access to desirable traits such as disease resistance and improving yields. However, interspecific hybridization is...

Characterisation of manganese toxicity tolerance in Arabis paniculata

Available online 25 July 2020
Ting Tang | Faqing Tao | Weiqi Li

Manganese (Mn) contamination limits the production and quality of crops, and affects human health by disrupting the food chain. Arabis paniculata is a pioneer species of Brassicaceae found in mining...

Modeling impacts of climate change on the potential distribution of six endemic baobab species in Madagascar

Available online 18 July 2020
Jun-Nan Wan | Ndungu J. Mbari | Sheng-Wei Wang | Bing Liu | Brian N. Mwangi | Jean R.E. Rasoarahona | Hai-Ping Xin | Ya-Dong Zhou | Qing-Feng Wang

Madagascar, a globally renowned biodiversity hotspot characterized by high rates of endemism, is one of the few remaining refugia for many plants and animal species. However, global climate change has...

Distribution patterns of clonal plants in the subnival belt of the Hengduan Mountains, SW China

Available online 18 July 2020
Yongqian Gao | Jinxuan Zheng | Xiangqun Lin | Fan Du

Clonal reproduction (i.e., production of potentially independent offspring by vegetative growth) is thought to provide plants with reproductive assurance. Thus, studying the evolution of clonal reproduction...

Cenozoic topography, monsoons and biodiversity conservation within the Tibetan Region: An evolving story

Available online 17 July 2020
Robert A. Spicer | Alexander Farnsworth | Tao Su

The biodiversity of the Himalaya, Hengduan Mountains and Tibet, here collectively termed the Tibetan Region, is exceptional in a global context. To contextualize and understand the origins of this biotic...

Extreme plastid RNA editing may confound phylogenetic reconstruction: A case study of Selaginella (lycophytes)

Available online 16 July 2020
Xin-Yu Du | Jin-Mei Lu | De-Zhu Li

Cytidine-to-uridine (C-to-U) RNA editing is common in coding regions of organellar genomes throughout land plants. In most cases RNA editing alters translated amino acids or creates new start codons,...

Plastid phylogenomic insights into the evolution of subfamily Dialioideae (Leguminosae)

Available online 15 July 2020
Han-Rui Bai | Oyetola Oyebanji | Rong Zhang | Ting-Shuang Yi

The subfamily Dialioideae (Leguminosae) consists of 17 genera andca. 85 species. Previous studies have detected significant plastid genome (plastome) structure variations in legumes, particularly in...

Molecular and morphological evidence for a new species of Isodon (Lamiaceae) from southern China

Available online 14 July 2020
Ya-Ping Chen | Cun-Zhong Huang | Yue Zhao | Chun-Lei Xiang

Isodon brevipedunculatus, a new species from southern China, is described and illustrated. The phylogenetic position of the new species within the genus was analyzed based on two nuclear ribosomal DNA...

Functional characterization of the Arabidopsis SERRATE under salt stress

Available online 14 July 2020
Minghui Mou | Qijuan Wang | Yanli Chen | Diqiu Yu | Ligang Chen

SERRATE (SE) plays critical roles in RNA metabolism and plant growth regulation. However, its function in stress–response processes remains largely unknown. Here, we examined the regulatory role of...

New insights into the evolutionary history of Megacodon: Evidence from a newly discovered species

June 2020
Jun-Chu Peng | Xiang-Guang Ma | Yue-Hua Wang | Hang Sun

Megacodon is an ideal genus to study speciation and ecological adaptation in the Sino-Himalayan region. The genus contains two species distributed at different elevations and in two separate areas....

Karyomorphology of three endemic plants (Brassicaceae: Euclidieae and Arabideae) from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its significance

June 2020
Wenguang Sun | Haixia Wang | Rui Wu | Hang Sun | Zhimin Li

In the paper, chromosome number and karyotype of three endemic genera from China are reported for the first time. Our results show that Anzhengxia yechengnica has a karyotype formula 2n = 2x = 14 = 6 m +...

Cold stratification, temperature, light, GA3, and KNO3 effects on seed germination of Primula beesiana from Yunnan, China

June 2020
Li-E Yang | De-Li Peng | Zhi-Min Li | Li Huang | Juan Yang | Hang Sun

Primula beesiana Forr. is an attractive wildflower endemically distributed in the wet habitats of subalpine/alpine regions of southwestern China. This study is an attempt to understand how this plant...

Differences in leaf physiological and morphological traits between Camellia japonica and Camellia reticulata

June 2020
Ji-Hua Wang | Yan-Fei Cai | Shi-Feng Li | Shi-Bao Zhang

Plants of the genus Camellia are widely cultivated throughout the world as ornamentals because of their bright and large flowers. The widely cultivated varieties are mainly derived from the mutant lines...

Asian monsoon shaped the pattern of woody dicotyledon richness in humid regions of China

June 2020
Wen-Yun Chen | Tao Su

Understanding how geographical patterns of plant richness are established is a key scientific question in ecology and biogeography. Climate factors, such as environmental energy, water availability,...

Genetic structure, gene flow pattern, and association analysis of superior germplasm resources in domesticated upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

June 2020
Ting-Ting Zhang | Na-Yao Zhang | Wei Li | Xiao-Jian Zhou | Xiao-Yu Pei | Yan-Gai Liu | Zhong-Ying Ren | Kun-Lun He | Wen-Sheng Zhang | Ke-Hai Zhou | Fei Zhang | Xiong-Feng Ma | Dai-Gang Yang | Zhong-Hu Li

Gene flow patterns and the genetic structure of domesticated crops like cotton are not well understood. Furthermore, marker-assisted breeding of cotton has lagged far behind that of other major crops...

Involucre fossils of Carpinus, a northern temperate element, from the Miocene of China and the evolution of its species diversity in East Asia

June 2020
Li Xue | Linbo Jia | Gi-soo Nam | Yongjiang Huang | Shitao Zhang | Yuqing Wang | Zhuo Zhou | Yongsheng Chen

East Asia has long been recognized as a major center for temperate woody plants diversity. Although several theories have been proposed to explain how the diversity of these temperate elements accumulated...

Both small and large plants are likely to produce staminate (male) flowers in a hermaphrodite lily

June 2020
EiEi Shwe | Bo Wu | Shuang-Quan Huang

Resource allocation to female and male function may vary among individual plants in species with variable sex expression. Size-dependent sex allocation has been proposed in hermaphrodites, in which...

The leaf extract of crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum) inhibits primary root growth by inducing cell death in maize root border cells

June 2020
Jinhu Ma | Xinxin Feng | Xiaohuan Yang | Yongheng Cao | Weifeng Zhao | Liangliang Sun

The extract of crofton weed (Eupatorium adenophorum) inhibits seed germination and weed growth; however, the physiological mechanisms underlying the effect of crofton weed extract on the modulation...

A new subtribal classification of Arundinarieae (Poaceae, Bambusoideae) with the description of a new genus

June 2020
Yu-Xiao Zhang | Cen Guo | De-Zhu Li

A new subtribal classification of the woody bamboo tribe Arundinarieae is proposed based on recent phylogenomic studies. Five subtribes, corresponding to the five major lineages of the ddRAD-seq based...

Characterization of an algal phosphomannose isomerase gene and its application as a selectable marker for genetic manipulation of tomato

Available online 15 June 2020
Yuanyuan Lin | Junchao Huang

Establishing a transgenic plant largely relies on a selectable marker gene that can confer antibiotic or herbicide resistance to plant cells. The existence of such selectable marker genes in genetically...

Genetic diversity and population structure of Camellia huana (Theaceae), a limestone species with narrow geographic range, based on chloroplast DNA sequence and microsatellite markers

Available online 15 June 2020
Shuang Li | Shang-Li Liu | Si-Yu Pei | Man-Man Ning | Shao-Qing Tang

Camellia huana is an endangered species with a narrow distribution in limestone hills of northern Guangxi and southern Guizhou provinces, China. We used one chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) fragment and 12 pairs...

Maintaining biodiversity will define our long-term success

Available online 13 June 2020
Peter Raven | Mathis Wackernagel

Human beings are not only a part of our planet's ecosystems, but also, they are massively overusing them. This makes ecosystem protection, including biodiversity preservation, vital for humanity's future....

Accession-specific flowering time variation in response to nitrate fluctuation in Arabidopsis thaliana

Available online 12 June 2020
Fei-Hong Yan | Li-Ping Zhang | Fang Cheng | Dong-Mei Yu | Jin-Yong Hu

Flowering time, a key transition point from vegetative to reproductive growth, is regulated by an intrinsic complex of endogenous and exogenous signals including nutrient status. For hundreds of years,...

Preliminary study on Cd accumulation characteristics in Sansevieria trifasciata Prain

Available online 1 June 2020
Xiong Li | Yongping Yang

Phytoremediation techniques to clean heavy metal pollution soil depend on identifying plant species that can act as phytoremediators. One important approach to screening potential phytoremediators is...

Plastome phylogenomics of the East Asian endemic genus Dobinea

Available online 29 May 2020
Changkun Liu | Jin Yang | Lei Jin | Shuying Wang | Zhenyan Yang | Yunheng Ji

Dobinea is a dioecious genus endemic to East Asia that consists of two extant species: Dobinea delavayi and Dobinea vulgaris. Although the genus is morphologically distinct, its phylogenetic position...

Ethiopian vegetation types, climate and topography

Available online 25 May 2020
Mengesha Asefa | Min Cao | Yunyun He | Ewuketu Mekonnen | Xiaoyang Song | Yang Jie

Ethiopia is land of geographical contrasts with elevations that range from 125 m below sea level in the Danakil Depression to 4533 m above sea level in the Semien Mountains, a world heritage site. The...

The tropical-subtropical evergreen forest transition in East Asia: An exploration

Available online 25 May 2020
Peter Ashton | Hua Zhu

The transition from tropical to subtropical (warm temperate) evergreen forests is more clearly apparent in East Asia, from Nepal to the western Pacific coast, than elsewhere in the tropics. We review...

Allelochemicals of Panax notoginseng and their effects on various plants and rhizosphere microorganisms

Available online 23 May 2020
Yi-Jun Qiao | Cheng-Zhen Gu | Hong-Tao Zhu | Dong Wang | Meng-Yue Zhang | Yi-Xuan Zhang | Chong-Ren Yang | Ying-Jun Zhang

Panax notoginseng (Araliaceae) is an important ginseng herb with various health benefits and a history of cultivation in southwestern China over 400 years. In recent years P. notoginseng has faced serious...

Safeguarding our future by protecting biodiversity

Available online 20 May 2020
Richard T. Corlett

The Anthropocene is marked by twin crises: climate change and biodiversity loss. Climate change has tended to dominate the headlines, reflecting, in part, the greater complexity of the biodiversity...

The ubiquity and coexistence of two FBPases in chloroplasts of photosynthetic eukaryotes and its evolutionary and functional implications

April 2020
Yujin Li | Qingqing Ye | De He | Huixian Bai | Jianfan Wen

In photosynthetic eukaryotes, there are two well-characterized fructose-1,6-bisphosphatases (FBPases): the redox-insensitive cytosolic FBPase (cyFBPase), which participates in gluconeogenesis, and the...

Crepis desertorum (Asteraceae, Cichorieae), a new species from northern Xinjiang (China) based on morphological and molecular data

April 2020
Juan Qiu | Jianwen Zhang | Tiangang Gao | Dunyan Tan

Crepis desertorum from the Junggar Basin of northern Xinjiang, northwestern China, is described as a new species. Molecular studies indicate that the species is closely related to Crepis frigida. Morphological...

Silencing JA hydroxylases in Nicotiana attenuata enhances jasmonic acid-isoleucine-mediated defenses against Spodoptera litura

April 2020
Jinxiang Tang | Dahai Yang | Jianqiang Wu | Suiyun Chen | Lei Wang

Jasmonic acid (JA) plays important roles in plant resistance to insect herbivores. One important derivative of JA is 12-OH-JA, which is produced by two independent pathways: direct hydroxylation of...

Dramatic impact of metric choice on biogeographical regionalization

April 2020
Jian-Fei Ye | Yun Liu | Zhi-Duan Chen

For a quantitative biogeographical regionalization, the choice of an appropriate dissimilarity index to measure pairwise distances is crucial. Several different metrics have been used, but there is...

Spinescent patterns in the flora of Jiaozi Snow Mountain, Southwestern China

April 2020
Qi Xu | Simcha Lev-Yadun | Lu Sun | Zhe Chen | Bo Song | Hang Sun

Spinescence has been thought to have evolved mainly as a defense against herbivores. Thus, studying its evolution in a whole flora is an excellent approach for understanding long-term plant–herbivore...

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