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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

A patatin-like protein synergistically regulated by jasmonate and ethylene signaling pathways plays a negative role in Nicotiana attenuata resistance to Alternaria alternata

Available online 31 December 2018
Junbin Cheng | Na Song | Jinsong Wu

Although patatin was initially identified as a major storage protein in potato tubers, patatin-like proteins (PLPs) have been recently reported to be widely present in many plant species and shown to...

Conservation implications of population genetic structure in a threatened orchid Cypripedium tibeticum

Available online 31 December 2018
Jian-Ling Guo | Wen-Juan Cao | Zhi-Min Li | Yongh-Hong Zhang | Sergei Volis

Cypripedium tibeticum is a threatened orchid which efficient conservation requires knowledge of its extent and structure of genetic variation. Using two chloroplast DNA fragments (rps16 and trnL-F),...

Generation and classification of transcriptomes in two Croomia species and molecular evolution of CYC/TB1 genes in Stemonaceae

December 2018
Ruisen Lu | Wuqin Xu | Qixiang Lu | Pan Li | Jocelyn Losh | Faiza Hina | Enxiang Li | Yingxiong Qiu

The genus Croomia (Stemonaceae) is an excellent model for studying the evolution of the Eastern Asia (EA)–Eastern North America (ENA) floristic disjunction and the genetic mechanisms of floral zygomorphy...

Factors limiting the recruitment of Quercus schottkyana, a dominant evergreen oak in SW China

December 2018
Ke Xia | Roy Turkington | Hong-yu Tan | Lei Fan

Quercus schottkyana is a dominant species of oak in the Asian evergreen broad-leaved forests in southwestern China but seedlings are uncommon and recruitment is rare. Annual acorn production by Q. schottkyana...

Morphological plasticity and adaptation level of distylous Primula nivalis in a heterogeneous alpine environment

December 2018
Aysajan Abdusalam | Qingjun Li

Plant populations at high elevation face extreme climatic conditions and resource limitations. The existence of distylous species at different elevations can help us investigate their adaptation to...

Phospholipase D antagonist 1-butanol inhibited the mobilization of triacylglycerol during seed germination in Arabidopsis

December 2018
Yanxia Jia | Weiqi Li

Storage oil breakdown plays an important role in the life cycle of many plants by providing the carbon skeletons that support seedling growth immediately following germination. 1-Butanol, a specific...

The complete plastome of Panax stipuleanatus: Comparative and phylogenetic analyses of the genus Panax (Araliaceae)

December 2018
Changkun Liu | Zhenyan Yang | Lifang Yang | Junbo Yang | Yunheng Ji

Panax stipuleanatus (Araliaceae) is an endangered and medicinally important plant endemic to China. However, phylogenetic relationships within the genus Panax have remained unclear. In this study, we...

Phoenix phylogeny, and analysis of genetic variation in a diverse collection of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) and related species

Available online 18 December 2018
Srinivasa R. Chaluvadi | Porter Young | Kentrez Thompson | Bochra Amina Bahri | Bhavesh Gajera | Subhash Narayanan | Robert Krueger | Jeffrey L. Bennetzen

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), one of the most ancient crops, is grown commercially in >30 countries. Using whole plastome assemblies, phylogenetic analyses revealed that cultivated date palm accessions...

Seasonal comparison of bacterial communities in rhizosphere of alpine cushion plants in the Himalayan Hengduan Mountains

October 2018
Shuai Chang | Jianguo Chen | Jianqiang Su | Yang Yang | Hang Sun

Positive associations between alpine cushion plants and other species have been extensively studied. However, almost all studies have focused on the associations between macrofauna. Studies that have...

Generation and characterization of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from coralloid root cDNA library of Cycas debaoensis

October 2018
Yunhua Wang | Nan Li | Ting Chen | Yiqing Gong

A normalized full-length cDNA library was constructed from the coralloid roots of Cycas debaoensis by the DSN (duplex-specific nuclease) normalization method combined with the SMART (Switching Mechanism...

Mapping and breeding value evaluation of a semi-dominant semi-dwarf gene in upland rice

October 2018
Xiaoqian Chen | Peng Xu | Jiawu Zhou | Dayun Tao | Diqiu Yu

Plant height is an important trait related to yield potential and plant architecture. A suitable plant height plays a crucial role in improvement of rice yield and lodging resistance. In this study,...

Diversity of desert rangelands of Tunisia

October 2018
Mouldi Gamoun | Azaiez Ouled Belgacem | Mounir Louhaichi

Plants are important components of any rangeland. However, the importance of desert rangeland plant diversity has often been underestimated. It has been argued that desert rangelands of Tunisia in good...

Fast and abundant in vitro spontaneous haustorium formation in root hemiparasitic plant Pedicularis kansuensis Maxim. (Orobanchaceae)

October 2018
Lei Xiang | Yanmei Li | Xiaolin Sui | Airong Li

Haustorium formation is the characteristic feature of all parasitic plants and a vital process for successful parasitism. Previous investigations on haustorium initiation and development are constricted...

The first complete plastid genome of Burmannia disticha L. from the mycoheterotrophic monocot family Burmanniaceae

October 2018
Liuqing Ma | Pengfei Ma | Dezhu Li

Burmanniaceae is one major group within the monocot order Dioscoreales that has not had its plastome sequenced. Members of Burmanniaceae are mostly achlorophyllous, although the genus Burmannia also...

Conserving plants within and beyond protected areas – still problematic and future uncertain

Available online 23 October 2018
Vernon H. Heywood

Against a background of continuing loss of biodiversity, it is argued that for the successful conservation of threatened plant species we need to ensure the more effective integration of the various...

Recovery of threatened plant species and their habitats in the biodiversity hotspot of the Southwest Australian Floristic Region

Available online 23 October 2018
Leonie Monks | Sarah Barrett | Brett Beecham | Margaret Byrne | Alanna Chant | David Coates | J. Anne Cochrane | Andrew Crawford | Rebecca Dillon | Colin Yates

The Southwest Australian Floristic Region (SWAFR) is a global biodiversity hotspot with high plant diversity and endemism and a broad range of threatening processes. An outcome of this is a high proportion...

Species diversity in restoration plantings: Important factors for increasing the diversity of threatened tree species in the restoration of the Araucaria forest ecosystem

Available online 1 October 2018
Taylor E. Shaw

The Araucaria forest ecosystem in southern Brazil is highly threatened: less than one percent of the original forest remains, and what is left is a fragmented agro-mosaic of mostly early-to-late secondary...

Planting position and shade enhance native seedling performance in forest restoration for an endangered malagasy plant

Available online 27 September 2018
Cyprien Miandrimanana | J. Leighton Reid | Tahiry Rivoharison | Chris Birkinshaw

The critically endangered tree Schizolaena tampoketsana is confined to a few diminished and degraded forest fragments on the Malagasy highlands. This habitat is vulnerable to loss due to frequent fires...

Habitat suitability and herbivores determine reintroduction success of an endangered legume

Available online 20 September 2018
Matthew A. Albrecht | Quinn G. Long

Reintroductions of rare plants require detailed knowledge of habitat requirements, species interactions, and restoration techniques. Thus, incremental experimentation over many years may be required...

Taxonomy in the Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB): Progress during the past decade (2008–2018) and perspectives on future development

August 2018
Xiangqin Yu | Chunlei Xiang | Hua Peng

The development of new taxonomical theories and approaches, particularly molecular phylogenetics, has led to the expansion of traditional morphology-based taxonomy into the concept of “integrative taxonomy.”...

Pollination ecology in China from 1977 to 2017

August 2018
Zongxin Ren | Yanhui Zhao | Huan Liang | Zhibin Tao | Hui Tang | Haiping Zhang | Hong Wang

China is one of most biodiverse countries in the world, containing at least 10% of all angiosperm species. Therefore, we should anticipate a diverse, pollinator fauna. China also has a long history...

A few words on our commemoration of 80 years at KIB

August 2018
Hang Sun | Yongping Yang | Zhekun Zhou

The role of botanical gardens in scientific research, conservation, and citizen science

August 2018
Gao Chen | Weibang Sun

Plant diversity is currently being lost at an unprecedented rate, resulting in an associated decrease in ecosystem services. About a third of the world's vascular plant species face the threat of extinction...

Studies on diversity of higher fungi in Yunnan, southwestern China: A review

August 2018
Bang Feng | Zhuliang Yang

Yunnan is exceedingly rich in higher fungi (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota). Given that the number of fungi (including lichens) occurring in a given area is, as Hawksworth suggested, roughly six times...

Current progress and future prospects in phylofloristics

August 2018
Rong Li | Lishen Qian | Hang Sun

The species composition of regional plant assemblages can in large part be explained by a long history of biogeographical and evolutionary events. Traditional attempts of floristic studies typically...

Current understanding of maize and rice defense against insect herbivores

August 2018
Jinfeng Qi | Saif ul Malook | Guojing Shen | Lei Gao | Cuiping Zhang | Jing Li | Jingxiong Zhang | Lei Wang | Jianqiang Wu

Plants have sophisticated defense systems to fend off insect herbivores. How plants defend against herbivores in dicotyledonous plants, such as Arabidopsis and tobacco, have been relatively well studied,...

Plant phylogenomics based on genome-partitioning strategies: Progress and prospects

August 2018
Xiangqin Yu | Dan Yang | Cen Guo | Lianming Gao

The rapid expansion of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has generated a powerful array of approaches to address fundamental questions in biology. Several genome-partitioning strategies to sequence selected...

Physiological diversity of orchids

August 2018
Shibao Zhang | Yingjie Yang | Jiawei Li | Jiao Qin | Wei Zhang | Wei Huang | Hong Hu

The Orchidaceae is a diverse and wide spread family of flowering plants that are of great value in ornamental, medical, conservation, and evolutionary research. The broad diversity in morphology, growth...

Securing a future for China's plant biodiversity through an integrated conservation approach

June 2018
Sergei Volis

The severely threatened Chinese flora urgently needs a new, well adapted to China and properly formulated conservation strategy. The present review provides a detailed conservation methodology that...

Diversity and conservation of Chinese wild begonias

June 2018
Daike Tian | Yan Xiao | Yi Tong | Naifeng Fu | Qingqing Liu | Chun Li

Begonia, one of the most diverse plant taxa and the fifth or sixth largest angiosperm genus, consists of over 1800 accepted species. The number of species recognized within this genus has greatly increased...

N-P fertilization did not reduce AMF abundance or diversity but alter AMF composition in an alpine grassland infested by a root hemiparasitic plant

June 2018
Xuezhao Wang | Xiaolin Sui | Yanyan Liu | Lei Xiang | Ting Zhang | Juanjuan Fu | Airong Li | Peizhi Yang

Fertilization has been shown to have suppressive effects on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and root hemiparasites separately in numerous investigations, but its effects on AMF in the presence of...

Plastome characteristics of Cannabaceae

June 2018
Huanlei Zhang | Jianjun Jin | Michael J. Moore | Tingshuang Yi | Dezhu Li

Cannabaceae is an economically important family that includes ten genera and ca. 117 accepted species. To explore the structure and size variation of their plastomes, we sequenced ten plastomes representing...

A comparison of different methods for preserving plant molecular materials and the effect of degraded DNA on ddRAD sequencing

June 2018
Ying Guo | GuoQian Yang | Yunmei Chen | Dezhu Li | Zhenhua Guo

Obtaining high-quality plant materials for experiments is challenging for many research projects. Therefore, it is of special importance to determine the best method for preserving biological macromolecules...

Capturing, protecting and restoring plant diversity in the UK: RBG Kew and the Millennium Seed Bank

Available online 19 June 2018
Ted Chapman | Stephanie Miles | Clare Trivedi

Ex situ seed banking is a practical and cost-effective means of preserving wild plant diversity and a crucial complement to the in situ conservation and restoration of species and habitats. As pressures...

Conserving and restoring the Caicos pine forests: The first decade

Available online 23 May 2018
Michele Dani Sanchez | Bryan Naqqi Manco | Junel Blaise | Marcella Corcoran | Martin Allen Hamilton

The severe and rapid attack on the Caicos pine Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis (Pinaceae) by the non-native invasive pine tortoise scale, Toumeyella parvicornis, has resulted in the death of most of...

Genome-wide analysis indicates diverse physiological roles of the turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) oligopeptide transporters gene family

April 2018
Yanan Pu | Danni Yang | Xin Yin | Qiuli Wang | Qian Chen | Yunqiang Yang | Yongping Yang

Oligopeptide transporters (OPTs) encode integral membrane-localized proteins and have a broad range of substrate transport capabilities. Here, 28 BrrOPT genes were identified in the turnip. Phylogenetic...

NaPDR1 and NaPDR1-like are essential for the resistance of Nicotiana attenuata against fungal pathogen Alternaria alternata

April 2018
Zhen Xu | Na Song | Lan Ma | Dunhuang Fang | Jinsong Wu

Pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) transporters are widely distributed membrane proteins catalyzing the export or import of a diverse array of molecules, and are involved in many plant responses to biotic...

Effect of vernalization on tuberization and flowering in the Tibetan turnip is associated with changes in the expression of FLC homologues

April 2018
Yan Zheng | Landi Luo | Yuanyuan Liu | Yunqiang Yang | Chuntao Wang | Xiangxiang Kong | Yongping Yang

The turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) is a biennial crop that is planted in late summer/early fall and forms fleshy tubers for food in temperate regions. The harvested tubers then overwinter and are...

Multi-scale analysis on species diversity within a 40-ha old-growth temperate forest

April 2018
Jie Gao | Peng Zhang | Xing Zhang | Yanhong Liu

In order to better explore the maintenance mechanisms of biodiversity, data collected from a 40-ha undisturbed Pinus forest were applied to the Individual Species–Area Relationship model (ISAR) to determine...

Morphological study of floral nectaries in Euonymus and the probable origin of the echinate fruit surface

February 2018
Chiyuan Yao | Yunjuan Zuo | Cheng Du | Jinshuang Ma

A conspicuous nectary disk is common but has a distinguishing morphology in the cosmopolitan genus Euonymus. Our study focuses on the morphology of floral nectaries in 21 representatives of Euonymus...

Physiological and biochemical analysis of mechanisms underlying cadmium tolerance and accumulation in turnip

February 2018
Xiong Li | Xiaoming Zhang | Yuansheng Wu | Boqun Li | Yongping Yang

The capacity of plants to accumulate cadmium (Cd) is significant for phytoremediation of Cd-polluted soils. Turnips cultivated in China include species featuring high Cd accumulation and some of these...

Determining bioclimatic space of Himalayan alder for agroforestry systems in Nepal

February 2018
Santosh Kumar Rana | Hum Kala Rana | Krishna Kumar Shrestha | Suresh Sujakhu | Sailesh Ranjitkar

Himalayan alder species are proven to be very useful in traditional as well as contemporary agroforestry practice. These nitrogen-fixing trees are also useful in the land restoration. Therefore, understanding...

Light induces petal color change in Quisqualis indica (Combretaceae)

February 2018
Juan Yan | Menglin Wang | Ling Zhang

Petal color change, a common phenomenon in angiosperms, is induced by various environmental and endogenous factors. Interestingly, this phenomenon is important for attracting pollinators and further...

Development and characterization of 43 microsatellite markers for the critically endangered primrose Primula reinii using MiSeq sequencing

February 2018
Masaya Yamamoto | Yoshihiro Handa | Hiroki Aihara | Hiroaki Setoguchi

Primula reinii (Primulaceae), a perennial herb belonging to the Primula section Reinii, occurs on wet, shaded rocky cliffs in the mountains of Japan. This threatened species comprises four varieties;...

Ex situ Flora of China

December 2017
Hongwen Huang | Jingping Liao | Zheng Zhang | Qingqing Zhan

The role of living collections-based research and discovery has been a prominent feature throughout the history of evolution and advance of botanical science: such research is the core and soul of the...

Adapting the botanical landscape of Melbourne Gardens (Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria) in response to climate change

December 2017
Timothy J. Entwisle | Chris Cole | Peter Symes

Botanic gardens around the world maintain collections of living plants for science, conservation, education, beauty and more. These collections change over time – in scope and content – but the predicted...

Plant conservation in the Anthropocene – Challenges and future prospects

December 2017
Vernon H. Heywood

Despite the massive efforts that have been made to conserve plant diversity across the world during the past few decades, it is becoming increasingly evident that our current strategies are not sufficiently...

Plant conservation in Australia: Current directions and future challenges

December 2017
Linda Broadhurst | David Coates

Australia is a large, old and flat island continent that became isolated following the breakup of the Gondwanan super continent. After more than 40–50 M years of independent evolution, approx. 600,000–700,000...

Conservation utility of botanic garden living collections: Setting a strategy and appropriate methodology

December 2017
Sergei Volis

In the realities of the modern world, when the natural habitat is rapidly disappearing and the number of imperiled plants is constantly growing, ex situ conservation is gaining importance. To meet this...

Plant micro-reserves in Valencia (E. Spain): A model to preserve threatened flora in China?

December 2017
Simón Fos | Emilio Laguna | Juan Jiménez | Miguel Ángel Gómez-Serrano

The Valencian Community (eastern Spain) was the pioneer territory establishing plant micro-reserves (PMRs). Its model to protect small sites for endemic and endangered plants has been exported to several...

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