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Recent Plant Diversity Articles

Recently published articles from Plant Diversity.

Interactive Influence Of Rainfall Manipulation And Livestock Grazing On Species Diversity Of The Herbaceous Layer Community In A Humid Savannah In Kenya

Available online 25 April 2019
Joseph O. Ondier | Daniel O. Okach | John C. Onyango | Dennis O. Otieno

Changes in rainfall regime and grazing pressure affect vegetation composition and diversity with ecological implications for savannahs. The savannah in East Africa has experienced increased livestock...

Plant Endemism in the Nepal Himalayas and Phytogeographical Implications

Available online 20 April 2019
Achyut Tiwari | Yadav Uprety | Santosh Kumar Rana

Evaluation of rapid molecular diagnostics for differentiating medicinal Kaempferia species from its adulterants

Available online 16 April 2019
Supriyo Basak | Ramesh Aadi Moolam | Ajay Parida | Sudip Mitra | Latha Rangan

Accurate detection of unique herbs is crucial for herbal medicine preparation. Zingiberaceae species, which are important in Ayurvedic medicine of India, are often misidentified in Northeast (NE) Indian...

Heterologous expression of HpBHY and CrBKT increases heat tolerance in Physcomitrella patens

Available online 5 April 2019
Jianfang He | Ping Li | Heqiang Huo | Lina Liu | Ting Tang | Mingxia He | Junchao Huang | Li Liu

Heat stress can restrict plant growth, development, and crop yield. As essential plant antioxidants, carotenoids play significant roles in plant stress resistance. β-carotene hydroxylase (BHY) and β-carotene...

Recovering threatened plant species and their habitats: The need for integrated action

Available online 22 March 2019
Vernon H. Heywood

As an introduction to the Special Issue on the restoration of threatened plant species and their habitats, this editorial shows how the various papers in the issue address the range of in situ interventions...

An early evaluation of translocation actions for endangered plant species on Mediterranean islands

Available online 21 March 2019
Giuseppe Fenu | Gianluigi Bacchetta | S. Christodoulou Charalambos | Christini Fournaraki | Gian Pietro Giusso del Galdo | Panagiota Gotsiou | Angelos Kyratzis | Carole Piazza | Magdalena Vicens | Maria Silvia Pinna | Bertrand de Montmollin

In situ conservation is widely considered a primary conservation strategy. Plant translocation, specifically, represents an important tool for reducing the extinction risk of threatened species. However,...

Comparative expression analysis of heavy metal ATPase subfamily genes between Cd-tolerant and Cd-sensitive turnip landraces

Available online 4 March 2019
Yuansheng Wu | Xiong Li | Di Chen | Xi Han | Boqun Li | Yonghong Yang | Yongping Yang

The heavy metal ATPase (HMA) subfamily is mainly involved in heavy metal (HM) tolerance and transport in plants, but an understanding of the definite roles and mechanisms of most HMA members are still...

Distributional responses to climate change for alpine species of Cyananthus and Primula endemic to the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains

February 2019
Xie He | Kevin S. Burgess | Lian-Ming Gao | De-Zhu Li

Global warming increases the vulnerability of plants, especially alpine herbaceous species, to local extinction. In this study, we collected species distribution information from herbarium specimens...

Prunus sunhangii: A new species of Prunus from central China

February 2019
Xiaoshuang Zhang | Zhilin Jiang | Ziyoviddin Yusupov | Menghua Zhang | Daigui Zhang | Komiljon Tojibaev | Ying Meng | Tao Deng

A new species of Rosaceae from Central China, Prunus sunhangii D. G. Zhang & T. Deng, sp. nov., is described and illustrated. The new species is placed in Prunus subgenus Cerasus by flower and fruit...

Transcriptome analysis of the endangered Notopterygium incisum: Cold-tolerance gene discovery and identification of EST-SSR and SNP markers

February 2019
Yun Jia | Ji-Qing Bai | Mi-Li Liu | Zhen-Fang Jiang | Yan Wu | Min-Feng Fang | Zhong-Hu Li

Notopterygium incisum C. C. Ting ex H. T. Chang (Apiaceae) is an endangered perennial herb in China. The lack of transcriptomic and genomic resources for N. incisum greatly hinders studies of its population...

A patatin-like protein synergistically regulated by jasmonate and ethylene signaling pathways plays a negative role in Nicotiana attenuata resistance to Alternaria alternata

February 2019
Junbin Cheng | Na Song | Jinsong Wu

Although patatin was initially identified as a major storage protein in potato tubers, patatin-like proteins (PLPs) have been recently reported to be widely present in many plant species and shown to...

Conservation implications of population genetic structure in a threatened orchid Cypripedium tibeticum

February 2019
Jian-Ling Guo | Wen-Juan Cao | Zhi-Min Li | Yong-Hong Zhang | Sergei Volis

Cypripedium tibeticum is a threatened orchid which efficient conservation requires knowledge of its extent and structure of genetic variation. Using two chloroplast DNA fragments (rps16 and trnL-F),...

Translocation of Otostegia bucharica, a highly threatened narrowly distributed relict shrub

Available online 22 February 2019
Komiljon Tojibaev | Natalia Beshko | Sergei Volis

Translocation is a recognized means of rescuing imperiled species but the evidence for the long-term success of translocations is limited. We report the successful translocation of reproductive individuals...

Conservation-oriented restoration – a two for one method to restore both threatened species and their habitats

Available online 28 January 2019
Sergei Volis

There is an urgent need for a new conservation approach as mere designation of protected areas, the primary approach to conserving biodiversity, revealed its low conservation efficiency and inability...

Generation and classification of transcriptomes in two Croomia species and molecular evolution of CYC/TB1 genes in Stemonaceae

December 2018
Ruisen Lu | Wuqin Xu | Qixiang Lu | Pan Li | Jocelyn Losh | Faiza Hina | Enxiang Li | Yingxiong Qiu

The genus Croomia (Stemonaceae) is an excellent model for studying the evolution of the Eastern Asia (EA)–Eastern North America (ENA) floristic disjunction and the genetic mechanisms of floral zygomorphy...

Factors limiting the recruitment of Quercus schottkyana, a dominant evergreen oak in SW China

December 2018
Ke Xia | Roy Turkington | Hong-yu Tan | Lei Fan

Quercus schottkyana is a dominant species of oak in the Asian evergreen broad-leaved forests in southwestern China but seedlings are uncommon and recruitment is rare. Annual acorn production by Q. schottkyana...

Morphological plasticity and adaptation level of distylous Primula nivalis in a heterogeneous alpine environment

December 2018
Aysajan Abdusalam | Qingjun Li

Plant populations at high elevation face extreme climatic conditions and resource limitations. The existence of distylous species at different elevations can help us investigate their adaptation to...

Phospholipase D antagonist 1-butanol inhibited the mobilization of triacylglycerol during seed germination in Arabidopsis

December 2018
Yanxia Jia | Weiqi Li

Storage oil breakdown plays an important role in the life cycle of many plants by providing the carbon skeletons that support seedling growth immediately following germination. 1-Butanol, a specific...

The complete plastome of Panax stipuleanatus: Comparative and phylogenetic analyses of the genus Panax (Araliaceae)

December 2018
Changkun Liu | Zhenyan Yang | Lifang Yang | Junbo Yang | Yunheng Ji

Panax stipuleanatus (Araliaceae) is an endangered and medicinally important plant endemic to China. However, phylogenetic relationships within the genus Panax have remained unclear. In this study, we...

Phoenix phylogeny, and analysis of genetic variation in a diverse collection of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) and related species

Available online 18 December 2018
Srinivasa R. Chaluvadi | Porter Young | Kentrez Thompson | Bochra Amina Bahri | Bhavesh Gajera | Subhash Narayanan | Robert Krueger | Jeffrey L. Bennetzen

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), one of the most ancient crops, is grown commercially in >30 countries. Using whole plastome assemblies, phylogenetic analyses revealed that cultivated date palm accessions...

Seasonal comparison of bacterial communities in rhizosphere of alpine cushion plants in the Himalayan Hengduan Mountains

October 2018
Shuai Chang | Jianguo Chen | Jianqiang Su | Yang Yang | Hang Sun

Positive associations between alpine cushion plants and other species have been extensively studied. However, almost all studies have focused on the associations between macrofauna. Studies that have...

Generation and characterization of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from coralloid root cDNA library of Cycas debaoensis

October 2018
Yunhua Wang | Nan Li | Ting Chen | Yiqing Gong

A normalized full-length cDNA library was constructed from the coralloid roots of Cycas debaoensis by the DSN (duplex-specific nuclease) normalization method combined with the SMART (Switching Mechanism...

Mapping and breeding value evaluation of a semi-dominant semi-dwarf gene in upland rice

October 2018
Xiaoqian Chen | Peng Xu | Jiawu Zhou | Dayun Tao | Diqiu Yu

Plant height is an important trait related to yield potential and plant architecture. A suitable plant height plays a crucial role in improvement of rice yield and lodging resistance. In this study,...

Diversity of desert rangelands of Tunisia

October 2018
Mouldi Gamoun | Azaiez Ouled Belgacem | Mounir Louhaichi

Plants are important components of any rangeland. However, the importance of desert rangeland plant diversity has often been underestimated. It has been argued that desert rangelands of Tunisia in good...

Fast and abundant in vitro spontaneous haustorium formation in root hemiparasitic plant Pedicularis kansuensis Maxim. (Orobanchaceae)

October 2018
Lei Xiang | Yanmei Li | Xiaolin Sui | Airong Li

Haustorium formation is the characteristic feature of all parasitic plants and a vital process for successful parasitism. Previous investigations on haustorium initiation and development are constricted...

The first complete plastid genome of Burmannia disticha L. from the mycoheterotrophic monocot family Burmanniaceae

October 2018
Liuqing Ma | Pengfei Ma | Dezhu Li

Burmanniaceae is one major group within the monocot order Dioscoreales that has not had its plastome sequenced. Members of Burmanniaceae are mostly achlorophyllous, although the genus Burmannia also...

Conserving plants within and beyond protected areas – still problematic and future uncertain

Available online 23 October 2018
Vernon H. Heywood

Against a background of continuing loss of biodiversity, it is argued that for the successful conservation of threatened plant species we need to ensure the more effective integration of the various...

Recovery of threatened plant species and their habitats in the biodiversity hotspot of the Southwest Australian Floristic Region

Available online 23 October 2018
Leonie Monks | Sarah Barrett | Brett Beecham | Margaret Byrne | Alanna Chant | David Coates | J. Anne Cochrane | Andrew Crawford | Rebecca Dillon | Colin Yates

The Southwest Australian Floristic Region (SWAFR) is a global biodiversity hotspot with high plant diversity and endemism and a broad range of threatening processes. An outcome of this is a high proportion...

Species diversity in restoration plantings: Important factors for increasing the diversity of threatened tree species in the restoration of the Araucaria forest ecosystem

Available online 1 October 2018
Taylor E. Shaw

The Araucaria forest ecosystem in southern Brazil is highly threatened: less than one percent of the original forest remains, and what is left is a fragmented agro-mosaic of mostly early-to-late secondary...

Planting position and shade enhance native seedling performance in forest restoration for an endangered malagasy plant

Available online 27 September 2018
Cyprien Miandrimanana | J. Leighton Reid | Tahiry Rivoharison | Chris Birkinshaw

The critically endangered tree Schizolaena tampoketsana is confined to a few diminished and degraded forest fragments on the Malagasy highlands. This habitat is vulnerable to loss due to frequent fires...

Habitat suitability and herbivores determine reintroduction success of an endangered legume

Available online 20 September 2018
Matthew A. Albrecht | Quinn G. Long

Reintroductions of rare plants require detailed knowledge of habitat requirements, species interactions, and restoration techniques. Thus, incremental experimentation over many years may be required...

Taxonomy in the Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB): Progress during the past decade (2008–2018) and perspectives on future development

August 2018
Xiangqin Yu | Chunlei Xiang | Hua Peng

The development of new taxonomical theories and approaches, particularly molecular phylogenetics, has led to the expansion of traditional morphology-based taxonomy into the concept of “integrative taxonomy.”...

Pollination ecology in China from 1977 to 2017

August 2018
Zongxin Ren | Yanhui Zhao | Huan Liang | Zhibin Tao | Hui Tang | Haiping Zhang | Hong Wang

China is one of most biodiverse countries in the world, containing at least 10% of all angiosperm species. Therefore, we should anticipate a diverse, pollinator fauna. China also has a long history...

A few words on our commemoration of 80 years at KIB

August 2018
Hang Sun | Yongping Yang | Zhekun Zhou

The role of botanical gardens in scientific research, conservation, and citizen science

August 2018
Gao Chen | Weibang Sun

Plant diversity is currently being lost at an unprecedented rate, resulting in an associated decrease in ecosystem services. About a third of the world's vascular plant species face the threat of extinction...

Studies on diversity of higher fungi in Yunnan, southwestern China: A review

August 2018
Bang Feng | Zhuliang Yang

Yunnan is exceedingly rich in higher fungi (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota). Given that the number of fungi (including lichens) occurring in a given area is, as Hawksworth suggested, roughly six times...

Current progress and future prospects in phylofloristics

August 2018
Rong Li | Lishen Qian | Hang Sun

The species composition of regional plant assemblages can in large part be explained by a long history of biogeographical and evolutionary events. Traditional attempts of floristic studies typically...

Current understanding of maize and rice defense against insect herbivores

August 2018
Jinfeng Qi | Saif ul Malook | Guojing Shen | Lei Gao | Cuiping Zhang | Jing Li | Jingxiong Zhang | Lei Wang | Jianqiang Wu

Plants have sophisticated defense systems to fend off insect herbivores. How plants defend against herbivores in dicotyledonous plants, such as Arabidopsis and tobacco, have been relatively well studied,...

Plant phylogenomics based on genome-partitioning strategies: Progress and prospects

August 2018
Xiangqin Yu | Dan Yang | Cen Guo | Lianming Gao

The rapid expansion of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has generated a powerful array of approaches to address fundamental questions in biology. Several genome-partitioning strategies to sequence selected...

Physiological diversity of orchids

August 2018
Shibao Zhang | Yingjie Yang | Jiawei Li | Jiao Qin | Wei Zhang | Wei Huang | Hong Hu

The Orchidaceae is a diverse and wide spread family of flowering plants that are of great value in ornamental, medical, conservation, and evolutionary research. The broad diversity in morphology, growth...

Securing a future for China's plant biodiversity through an integrated conservation approach

June 2018
Sergei Volis

The severely threatened Chinese flora urgently needs a new, well adapted to China and properly formulated conservation strategy. The present review provides a detailed conservation methodology that...

Diversity and conservation of Chinese wild begonias

June 2018
Daike Tian | Yan Xiao | Yi Tong | Naifeng Fu | Qingqing Liu | Chun Li

Begonia, one of the most diverse plant taxa and the fifth or sixth largest angiosperm genus, consists of over 1800 accepted species. The number of species recognized within this genus has greatly increased...

N-P fertilization did not reduce AMF abundance or diversity but alter AMF composition in an alpine grassland infested by a root hemiparasitic plant

June 2018
Xuezhao Wang | Xiaolin Sui | Yanyan Liu | Lei Xiang | Ting Zhang | Juanjuan Fu | Airong Li | Peizhi Yang

Fertilization has been shown to have suppressive effects on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and root hemiparasites separately in numerous investigations, but its effects on AMF in the presence of...

Plastome characteristics of Cannabaceae

June 2018
Huanlei Zhang | Jianjun Jin | Michael J. Moore | Tingshuang Yi | Dezhu Li

Cannabaceae is an economically important family that includes ten genera and ca. 117 accepted species. To explore the structure and size variation of their plastomes, we sequenced ten plastomes representing...

A comparison of different methods for preserving plant molecular materials and the effect of degraded DNA on ddRAD sequencing

June 2018
Ying Guo | GuoQian Yang | Yunmei Chen | Dezhu Li | Zhenhua Guo

Obtaining high-quality plant materials for experiments is challenging for many research projects. Therefore, it is of special importance to determine the best method for preserving biological macromolecules...

Capturing, protecting and restoring plant diversity in the UK: RBG Kew and the Millennium Seed Bank

Available online 19 June 2018
Ted Chapman | Stephanie Miles | Clare Trivedi

Ex situ seed banking is a practical and cost-effective means of preserving wild plant diversity and a crucial complement to the in situ conservation and restoration of species and habitats. As pressures...

Conserving and restoring the Caicos pine forests: The first decade

Available online 23 May 2018
Michele Dani Sanchez | Bryan Naqqi Manco | Junel Blaise | Marcella Corcoran | Martin Allen Hamilton

The severe and rapid attack on the Caicos pine Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis (Pinaceae) by the non-native invasive pine tortoise scale, Toumeyella parvicornis, has resulted in the death of most of...

Genome-wide analysis indicates diverse physiological roles of the turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) oligopeptide transporters gene family

April 2018
Yanan Pu | Danni Yang | Xin Yin | Qiuli Wang | Qian Chen | Yunqiang Yang | Yongping Yang

Oligopeptide transporters (OPTs) encode integral membrane-localized proteins and have a broad range of substrate transport capabilities. Here, 28 BrrOPT genes were identified in the turnip. Phylogenetic...

Effect of vernalization on tuberization and flowering in the Tibetan turnip is associated with changes in the expression of FLC homologues

April 2018
Yan Zheng | Landi Luo | Yuanyuan Liu | Yunqiang Yang | Chuntao Wang | Xiangxiang Kong | Yongping Yang

The turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) is a biennial crop that is planted in late summer/early fall and forms fleshy tubers for food in temperate regions. The harvested tubers then overwinter and are...

Multi-scale analysis on species diversity within a 40-ha old-growth temperate forest

April 2018
Jie Gao | Peng Zhang | Xing Zhang | Yanhong Liu

In order to better explore the maintenance mechanisms of biodiversity, data collected from a 40-ha undisturbed Pinus forest were applied to the Individual Species–Area Relationship model (ISAR) to determine...

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