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Recent Tropical Cyclone Research and Review Articles

Recently published articles from Tropical Cyclone Research and Review.

Warnings on Tropical Cyclone for WMO Global Multi-Hazard Alert System

December 2018
Tong Yu-fai | Yuen-chung Armstrong Cheng

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is planning to implement a Global Multi-hazard Alert System (GMAS) to aggregate official warning11In this paper, “warning” means official alerts, warnings...

Analysis of the Cyclonic Vortex and Evaluation of the Performance of the Radar Integrated Nowcasting System (RaINS) During the Heavy Rainfall Episode which caused Flooding in Penang, Malaysia on 5 November 2017

December 2018
Diong Jeong Yik | Yip Weng Sang | Nursalleh K. Chang | Fadila Jasmin Fakaruddin | Ambun Dindang | Muhammad Helmi Abdullah

Even though Malaysia is relatively safe from the direct path of tropical cyclones nevertheless the passage of such systems over the neighbouring seas and their tail effect present a unique challenge...

Study on Typhoon Disaster Loss and Risk Prediction and Benefit Assessment of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation

December 2018
Lin Yang | Chunrong Cao | Dehui Wu | Honghua Qiu | Minghui Lu | Ling Liu

Based on the meteorological monitoring data of Typhoon Nesat and Haitang in Fujian Province in 2017, the data of the typhoon disaster situation and third-party evaluation of typhoon disaster prevention...

Sensitivity of Hurricane Intensity and Structure to Two Types of Planetary Boundary Layer Parameterization Schemes in Idealized HWRF Simulations

December 2018
Jie Tang | Jun A. Zhang | Chanh Kieu | Frank D. Marks

This paper investigates the sensitivity of simulated hurricane intensity and structure to two planetary boundary layer (PBL) schemes in the Hurricane Weather and Research Forecast model including 1)...

Study of Air-Sea Interaction Under Typhoon and its Application in STI

December 2018
Li Yongping | Yunxia Zheng | RunLing Yu | Ziqiang Duan

To improve the forecast of typhoon intensity and meet the requirements of operational services on marine meteorology in Shanghai Meteorological Service of CMA, a few of important scientific research...

Current Technology for Alerting and Warning Tropical Cyclones in Thailand

September 2018
Patchara Petvirojchai | SuraPong SaraPa

The main objective of this paper is to present the current status of the improvement technology for tropical cyclones alerting and warning in Thailand. In 2017, Thai Meteorological Department upgraded...

Applications of Numerical Modelling for the Study on Storm Surge in Typhoon Xangsane in the Central Coast of Vietnam

September 2018
Tho Dat Tran | Duc Truong Dinh | Quang Tri Doan | Quang Tien Tran

Understanding impacts of typhoons due to storm surge plays an important role in reducing damage in coastal areas. This study used the SWAN wave model to simulate the typhoon waves and the SuWAT model...

A Short Note on the Rapid Intensification of Hurricanes Harvey and Irma

September 2018
Jeff Callaghan

Hurricanes Harvey and Irma had a huge impact on the Southern United States and in the case of Irma, also parts of the Caribbean Islands. Here we focus on the impact of both hurricanes following a period...

An Introduction of Advanced Technology for Tropical Cyclone Observation, Analysis and Forecast in JMA

September 2018
Yoshiaki Takeuchi

Impact-based forecasts and risk-based warnings are the key approach to reduce disasters caused by tropical cyclones (TCs). This review paper highlights Japan Meteorological Agency’s and RSMC Tokyo –...

Tropical Cyclone Amos (2016) Forecasting Challenges: A Model’s Perspective

September 2018
Tracey Dorian | Bill Ward | Yi-Leng Chen

The tropical cyclone (TC) named Amos (2016) that impacted the Samoan Islands on 23 April 2016 was a particularly difficult storm to forecast. Both the intensity changes and the track of Amos represent...

Recent Advances in Research and Forecasting of Tropical Cyclone Rainfall

May 2018
Kevin Cheung | Zifeng Yu | Russell L. Elsberry | Michael Bell | Haiyan Jiang | Tsz Cheung Lee | Kuo-Chen Lu | Yoshinori Oikawa | Liangbo Qi | Robert F. Rogers | Kazuhisa Tsuboki

In preparation for the Fourth International Workshop on Tropical Cyclone Landfall Processes (IWTCLP-IV), a summary of recent research studies and the forecasting challenges of tropical cyclone (TC)...

The World Meteorological Organization Fourth International Workshop on Tropical Cyclone Landfall Processes (IWTCLP-IV): A Summary

May 2018
Robert F. Rogers | Kevin Cheung | Russell L. Elsberry | Nadao Kohno | Marie-Dominique Leroux | Peter Otto

The Fourth International Workshop on Tropical Cyclone Landfall Processes (IWTCLP-4) was held in Macao, China from 5-7 December 2017. The workshop was organized by the World Meteorological Organization...

Recent Advances in Research and Forecasting of Tropical Cyclone Track, Intensity, and Structure at Landfall

May 2018
Marie-Dominique Leroux | Kimberly Wood | Russell L. Elsberry | Esperanza O. Cayanan | Eric Hendricks | Matthew Kucas | Peter Otto | Robert Rogers | Buck Sampson | Zifeng Yu

This review prepared for the fourth International Workshop on Tropical Cyclone Landfall Processes (IWTCLP-4) summarizes the most recent (2015-2017) theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of...

Mind The Gap: Towards and Beyond Impact Messaging to Enhance Tropical Cyclone Risk Communication

May 2018
Peter Otto | Amisha Mehta | Brooke Liu

Traditionally, meteorological agencies collect, analyse, and share technical information about natural hazards with emergency services organisations and community members; often sending different warning...

Recent Progress in Storm Surge Forecasting

May 2018
Nadao Kohno | Shishir K. Dube | Mikhail Entel | S.H.M. Fakhruddin | Diana Greenslade | Marie-Dominique Leroux | Jamie Rhome | Nguyen Ba Thuy

This report briefly summarizes recent progress in storm surge forecasts, one of topics discussed during the fourth International Workshop on Tropical Cyclone Landfall Process (IWTCLP 4) held during...

Progress in Hong Kong’s Tropical Cyclone Forecasting and Warning Services in Recent Decades

February 2018
Wai-Kin Wong | Chun-Wing Choy

With modern infrastructures and effective warning systems, casualties, damages and losses due to tropical cyclones (TCs) have been significantly reduced over the years in Hong Kong. Nevertheless, densely...

Review and Prospects of Hydrological Component Development of ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee

February 2018
Jinping Liu | Yoshio Tokunaga | Hyoseob Cho | Jinxing Wang

Hydrological Component has been one of three essential parts of ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. The Working Group on Hydrology (WGH) established at TC 33rd Session in 2000 is the first working group among...

Experiments on Impact-Based Forecasting and Risk-Based Warning of Typhoon in China

February 2018
Li Wei | Jiaying Li | Xuan Yang

Typhoon is one of the disastrous weather systems that usually occur in summer and autumn in China’s coastal regions. Gales and rainstorms brought by typhoon can directly cause serious loss in economy...

Advancing the State of the Art in Operational Tropical Cyclone Forecasting at Ncep

February 2018
Avichal Mehra | Vijay Tallapragada | Zhan Zhang | Bin Liu | Lin Zhu | Weiguo Wang | Hyun-Sook Kim

Regional Hurricane modeling systems developed and implemented into operations at National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National...

Review of ESACP/WMO Typhoon Committee Development in Past 50 Years

February 2018
Jixin Yu | Jinping Liu

The ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee (TC) is an intergovernmental regional organization, established by Governments of ESCAP Member Countries (or Member Territory) under the joint auspices of ESCAP and WMO...

Brief History and Recent Activities of RSMC Tokyo - Typhoon Centre

February 2018
Chiashi Muroi

The RSMC Tokyo - Typhoon Centre was designated by the WMO and established in 1989. The Centre provides tropical cyclone information via GTS, Typhoon Centre Website, and/or other means. The Centre also...

Training and Research Under the Typhoon Committee

February 2018
Tsz-Cheung Lee | Edwin S.T. Lai

The ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee Training and Research Coordination Group (TRCG), formerly known as the Typhoon Research Coordination Group, has served Members of the Typhoon Committee for more than...

Evolution of Thermodynamic Structures During Rapid Growth and Decay of Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Chapala (2015)

September–December 2017
S.D. Kotal | S.K. Bhattacharya

The structure and evolution of inner-core convective bursts and their differences associated with rapid intensification (RI) and rapid decay (RD) of tropical cyclone CHAPALA are examined. The inception...

Some Special Characteristics of Track and Intensity of Typhoons Over the Western North Pacific

September–December 2017
Tarasha Khurana | S.K. Bhattacharya | S.D. Kotal

Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) Best Track data from 1995 to 2014 are processed to examine some specific patterns and trends shown by Typhoons over the Western North Pacific. With a multivariate...

A Challenge of the Experiment on Typhoon Intensity Change in Coastal Area

September–December 2017
Xiaotu Lei | Waikin Wong | Clarence Fong

The Experiment on Typhoon Intensity Change in Coastal Area (EXOTICCA) was proposed by the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and Hong Kong Observatory (HKO) and endorsed by the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon...

A Diagnostic from Vertical Wind Profiles for Detecting Extreme Rainfall

September–December 2017
Jeff Callaghan

The damage and loss of life from fresh water flooding as Tropical Cyclones move inland and towards higher latitudes rivals the losses at the point of landfall. This makes it extremely important to understand...

Asymmetric Inner Core Convection Leading to Tropical Cyclone Intensification

September–December 2017
Jeff Callaghan

One of the predictors used to forecast the rapid intensification of Tropical Cyclones (RI) is the symmetry of inner core convection which used infrared (IR) satellite imagery in the determination of...

Editor-in-chief

February–May 2017

Typhoon Positioning Method Using Dual-Radar Zero Radial Velocity Lines and Preliminary Test

February–May 2017
Hongya Liu | Hui Wang | Liangbo Qi | Jing Zhang

Timely and relatively accurate detection of the center position of a near-landfalling typhoon is essential for weather forecasts, warning, disaster preparedness and data assimilation. Due to the vortex...

Post-Disaster Survey of Typhoon Megi in Wenzhou City

February–May 2017
Yi Lu | Hui Yu | Qiuzhen Yang | Ming Xu | Feng Zheng | Jing Zhu

This paper reports the post-disaster results due to Typhoon Megi. The survey was conducted by a joint survey team of Shanghai Typhoon Institute in 14 December 2016, with the support of Wenzhou Meteorological...

Performance of Tropical Cyclone Forecast in Western North Pacific in 2016

February–May 2017
Guomin Chen | Xiping Zhang | Peiyan Chen | Hui Yu | Ruin Wan

The forecasts of tropical cyclones (TC) in 2016 from 5 official guidances, 5 global models, 3 regional models and 6 ensemble systems were assessed to study the current capabilities of track and intensity...

The Impact of Tropical Cyclones on China in 2016

February–May 2017
Hua Gu | Chuanhai Qian | Shuanzhu Gao | Chunyi Xiang

In 2016, the Northwest Pacific and the South China Sea registered the genesis of 26 tropical cyclones. 8 of them, including NEPARTAK (1601), MIRINAE (1603), NIDA (1604), DIANMU (1608), MERANTI (1614),...

Analysis on Abnormal Tropical Cyclone Track Forecast Error of Ecmwf-Ifs in the Western North Pacific

February–May 2016
Wei Xu | Liangbo Qi | Yugang Du | Li Xia

By considering distance error and direction error, Tropical Cyclone (TC) track forecasts with abnormal forecast error (AFE) at lead time of 48 h by ECMWF-IFS are selected out from 2010 to 2013. Factors...

Tropical Cyclone Occurrence Probability Forecasting Model in the Western North Pacific

February–May 2016
Jae-Won Choi | Yumi Cha

A seasonal probability prediction model for tropical cyclone (TC) genesis in the western North Pacific (5°-25°N, 110°-180°E) was developed using a simple logistic regression method. The predictors used...

Diabatic Heating and Convective Asymmetries During Rapid Intensity Changes of Tropical Cyclones Over North Indian Ocean

February–May 2016
B. Geetha | S. Balachandran

Rapid changes in Tropical Cyclone (TC) structure and intensity are the most difficult aspects of TC forecasting. The intensity and structural changes associated with rapid intensification (RI) and rapid...

The Impact of Tropical Cyclones on China in 2015

February–May 2016
Hang Su | Chuanhai Qian | Hua Gu | Qian Wang

During 2015 typhoon season (1 January to 15 October), the Northwest Pacific and the South China Sea had registered 25 tropical cyclone genesis. 6 of them, including KUJIRA (1508), CHAN-HOM (1509), LINFA...

An Introduction to the Nasa East Pacific Origins and Characteristics of Hurricanes (Epoch) Field Campaign

September–December 2015
Amber E. Emory | Matthew McLinden | Mathias Schreier | Gary A. Wick

Over the past five years, tropical activity in the East Pacific has increased, while declining in the Atlantic Basin. In addition, during El Niño years, warmer than average sea surface temperatures...

An Observational Study of the Changes in the Intensity and Motion of Tropical Cyclones Crossing Luzon

September–December 2015
Wu Man-chi | Choy Chun-wing

Tropical cyclones (TCs) moving across Luzon from east to west are likely to affect Hong Kong. As such, it is important for forecasters take into account the likely changes in intensity and movement...

Application of Fuzzy Clustering Technique for Analysis of North Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclone Tracks

September–December 2015
Sankar Nath | S.D. Kotal | P.K. Kundu

A fuzzy, c-means (FCM) clustering technique is explored to investigate the track of tropical cyclones over the North Indian Ocean (NIO) for the period (1976-2014). A total of five clusters is objectively...

A Multi-Model Consensus Forecast Technique for Tropical Cyclone Intensity Based on Model Output Calibration

September–December 2015
Hui Yu | Guomin Chen | Rijin Wan

We analyzed the errors associated with forecasts of tropical cyclone (TC) intensity from 2010-2012 in the western North Pacific region made by seven operational numerical weather prediction models....

Further Exploring the Potential for Assimilation of Unmanned Aircraft Observations to Benefit Hurricane Analyses and Forecasts

May 2015
Jason A. Sippel | Fuqing Zhang | Yonghui Weng | Scott A. Braun | Daniel J. Cecil

This study explores the potential of assimilating data from multiple instruments onboard high-altitude, long-endurance unmanned aircraft to improve hurricane analyses and forecasts. A recent study found...

Interannual Anomaly in Tropical Cyclone Frequency Around Korea by Western North Pacific Monsoon

May 2015
Jae-Won Choi | Seung-Wook Lee | Jeoung-Yun Kim

In this study, the correlation between the frequency of summer tropical cyclones (TC) affecting areas around Korea over the last 37 years and the western North Pacific monsoon index (WNPMI) was analyzed....

Selective Ensemble Mean Technique for Tropical Cyclone Track Forecasts Using Multi-Model Ensembles

May 2015
Masato Nishimura | Munehiko Yamaguchi

A selective ensemble mean technique for tropical cyclone (TC) track forecasts, which excludes from the ensemble those models that have large position errors at short lead times, was applied to a set...

Interdecadal Variation in the Activity of Tropical Cyclones Affecting Korea

May 2015
Jae-Won Choi | Yumi Cha

By performing a statistical change-point analysis of activities of the tropical cyclones (TCs) that have affected Korea (K-TCs), it was found that there was a significant change between 1983 and 1984....

Verification of Ensemble Track Forecasts of Tropical Cyclones During 2014

May 2015
Xiping Zhang | Guomin Chen | Hui Yu | Zhihua Zeng

The track forecasts of five ensemble prediction systems (JMA-WEPS, CMA-GEFS, ECMWF-EPS, NCEP-GEFS and MSC-CENS, respectively) in 2014 are evaluated in this paper. First, on the assumption of bivariate...

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