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Recent Animal Nutrition Articles

Recently published articles from Animal Nutrition.

Maternal chitosan oligosaccharide intervention optimizes the production performance and health status of gilts and their offspring

June 2020
Thi Ho | Marefa Jahan | Ziaul Haque | Susie Kracht | Peter C. Wynn | Yuguang Du | Allan Gunn | Bing Wang

Chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) are the hydrolyzed product of chitosan and have multifunctional health benefits. The objective of this study was to elucidate the effect of COS as a dietary supplement...

Effects of starch and gelatin encapsulated vitamin A on growth performance, immune status and antioxidant capacity in weaned piglets

June 2020
Yuhan Hu | Lin Zhang | Yu Zhang | Haitao Xiong | Fengqin Wang | Yizhen Wang | Zeqing Lu

To evaluate the effects of gelatin and starch encapsulated vitamin A on growth performance, immune status and antioxidant capacity in weaned piglets, a total of 96 weaned piglets (body weight = 9.11 ± 0.03 kg,...

Body weight and range usage affect net energy utilisation in commercial free-range laying hens when evaluated in net energy chambers

June 2020
Manisha Kolakshyapati | Shu-Biao Wu | Terence Z. Sibanda | Santiago Ramirez-Cuevas | Isabelle Ruhnke

Within a given free-range flock, some hens prefer to spend the majority of their time in the shed (stayers), while others frequently access the range (rangers). Laying performance has been associated...

Volatile basic nitrogen measurement in digesta using a Berthelot reaction in automated Skalar instrumentation

June 2020
Holy K. Zanu | Leanne Lisle | Michael R. Bedford | Robert A. Swick

The undigested nitrogenous fraction entering the hindgut of chickens is further metabolized by microbiota present producing volatile basic metabolites including amines and ammonia (NH3). Ammonia increases...

Antioxidant mechanism of tea polyphenols and its impact on health benefits

June 2020
Zhaoming Yan | Yinzhao Zhong | Yehui Duan | Qinghua Chen | Fengna Li

Tea trees have a long history of cultivation and utilization. People in many countries have the habit of drinking tea and choosing green tea, oolong tea, or black tea according to different regions...

Combined yeast culture and organic selenium supplementation during late gestation and lactation improve preweaning piglet performance by enhancing the antioxidant capacity and milk content in nutrient-restricted sows

June 2020
Shihai Zhang | Zhihui Wu | Jinghui Heng | Hanqing Song | Min Tian | Fang Chen | Wutai Guan

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with yeast culture (YC) and organic selenium (Se) during late gestation and lactation on reproductive performance, milk...

Dietary glutamine, glutamate, and aspartate supplementation improves hepatic lipid metabolism in post-weaning piglets

June 2020
Ming Qi | Jing Wang | Bi'e Tan | Jianjun Li | Simeng Liao | Yanhong Liu | Yulong Yin

A previous study has demonstrated that early weaning significantly suppressed hepatic glucose metabolism in piglets. Glutamate (Glu), aspartate (Asp) and glutamine (Gln) are major metabolic fuels for...

Capping dietary starch:protein ratios in moderately reduced crude protein, wheat-based diets showed promise but further reductions generated inferior growth performance in broiler chickens

June 2020
Shiva Greenhalgh | Bernard V. McInerney | Leon R. McQuade | Peter V. Chrystal | Ali Khoddami | Molly A.M. Zhuang | Sonia Y. Liu | Peter H. Selle

The hypothesis that capping dietary starch:protein ratios would enhance the performance of broiler chickens offered reduced-crude protein (CP) diets was tested in this experiment. A total of 432 off-sex,...

Dietary pectic oligosaccharide supplementation improves rat reproductive performance via regulating intestinal volatile fatty acids during middle gestation

June 2020
Minghui Liu | Xiangbing Mao | Daiwen Chen | Bing Yu | Jun He | Ping Zheng | Jie Yu | Junqiu Luo | Yuheng Luo | Jianping Wang | Quyuan Wang | Huifen Wang

As a kind of green additive, pectic oligosaccharide (POS) may regulate some physiological functions of animals, such as gut health, antioxidant capacity, immunity and lipid metabolism. This study aimed...

Effect of full-fat sunflower or flaxseed seeds dietary inclusion on performance, egg yolk fatty acid profile and egg quality in laying hens

June 2020
Yandy J. Aguillón-Páez | Laura A. Romero | Gonzalo J. Diaz

A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the dietary inclusion of full-fat flaxseed or full-fat sunflower seeds on performance parameters, egg quality parameters and egg yolk fatty acid profile...

Effect of dietary L-glutamate levels on growth, digestive and absorptive capability, and intestinal physical barrier function in Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian)

June 2020
Ye Zhao | Tian-Ran Zhang | Qian Li | Lin Feng | Yang Liu | Wei-Dan Jiang | Pei Wu | Juan Zhao | Xiao-Qiu Zhou | Jun Jiang

The present study explored effects of L-glutamate (Glu) levels on growth, digestive and absorptive capability, and intestinal physical barrier functions of Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio). A total of 600...

Effects of benzoic acid, Bacillus coagulans and oregano oil combined supplementation on growth performance, immune status and intestinal barrier integrity of weaned piglets

June 2020
Junning Pu | Daiwen Chen | Gang Tian | Jun He | Ping Zheng | Xiangbing Mao | Jie Yu | Zhiqing Huang | Junqiu Luo | Yuheng Luo | Bing Yu

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of benzoic acid, Bacillus coagulans and oregano oil combined supplementation on growth performance, immune status and intestinal barrier integrity...

Dietary protein levels and amino acid supplementation patterns alter the composition and functions of colonic microbiota in pigs

June 2020
Yumei Zhao | Gang Tian | Daiwen Chen | Ping Zheng | Jie Yu | Jun He | Xiangbing Mao | Zhiqing Huang | Yuheng Luo | Junqiu Luo | Bing Yu

Different dietary nitrogen (N) patterns may have different effects on gut microbiota. To investigate the effects of different crude protein (CP) levels or essential amino acids (EAA) supplementation...

An alternative model for fetal loss disorders associated with mare reproductive loss syndrome

June 2020
Thomas W. Swerczek

Fertile chicken eggs were used as an alternative model for large animals to evaluate suspect toxic dietary ingredients for fetal loss disorders associated with mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS)...

Use of nanoscale metals in poultry diet as a mineral feed additive

June 2020
Еlena Sizova | Sergey Miroshnikov | Svyatoslav Lebedev | Boris Usha | Sergey Shabunin

The research was aimed at studying the efficiency of a nanoscale alloy of copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) to be used as a mineral additive for feeding broiler chickens, compared to inorganic and organic forms...

Priming of intestinal cytoprotective genes and antioxidant capacity by dietary phytogenic inclusion in broilers

Available online 26 June 2020
Konstantinos C. Mountzouris | Vasileios V. Paraskeuas | Konstantinos Fegeros

The potential of a phytogenic premix (PP) based on ginger, lemon balm, oregano and thyme to stimulate the expression of cytoprotective genes at the broiler gut level was evaluated in this study. In...

A selectively suppressing amino acid transporter: Sodium-coupled neutral amino acid transporter 2 inhibits cell growth and mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 pathway in skeletal muscle cells

Available online 26 June 2020
Lingyu Zhang | Yehui Duan | Qiuping Guo | Wenlong Wang | Fengna Li

Sodium-coupled neutral amino acid transporter 2 (SNAT2), also known as solute carrier family 38 member 2 (SLC38A2), is expressed in the skeletal muscle. Our research previously indicated that SNAT2...

Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) silage in dairy cow rations reduces ruminal biohydrogenation and increases transfer efficiencies of unsaturated fatty acids from feed to milk

Available online 25 June 2020
Nguyen Thi Huyen | Martin W.A. Verstegen | Wouter H. Hendriks | Wilbert F. Pellikaan

The effects of replacing grass silage by sainfoin silage in a total mixed ration (TMR) based diet on fatty acid (FA) reticular inflow and milk FA profile of dairy cows was investigated. The experiment...

Dietary supplementation of Bacillus subtilis PB6 improves sow reproductive performance and reduces piglet birth intervals

Available online 24 June 2020
Qianqian Zhang | Jian Li | Meng Cao | Yan Li | Yong Zhuo | Zhengfeng Fang | Lianqiang Che | Shengyu Xu | Bin Feng | Yan Lin | Xuemei Jiang | Xilun Zhao | De Wu

We investigated the effects of dietary supplementation with Bacillus subtilis PB6 (B. subtilis PB6) during late gestation and lactation on sow reproductive performance, antioxidant indices, and gut...

Effects of stocking density on growth performance, blood parameters and immunity of growing pigs

Available online 19 June 2020
Xue Li | Xia Xiong | Xin Wu | Gang Liu | Kai Zhou | Yulong Yin

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different stocking densities on growth performance, blood parameters, intestinal morphology and intestinal immunity of growing pigs. A total of 288...

Imbalanced dietary methionine-to-sulfur amino acid ratio can affect amino acid profiles, antioxidant capacity, and intestinal morphology of piglets

Available online 26 May 2020
Miaomiao Bai | Lei Wang | Hongnan Liu | Kang Xu | Jinping Deng | Ruilin Huang | Yulong Yin

Animal protein sources such as fishmeal and plasma powder are excellent and indispensable sources of energy, amino acids, and minerals in animal production. Amino acid imbalance, especially methionine-to-sulfur...

Role of dietary gamma-aminobutyric acid in broiler chickens raised under high stocking density

Available online 4 May 2020
Su Been Jeong | Yoo Bhin Kim | Jeong Woo Lee | Da Hye Kim | Byung Hern Moon | Hong Hee Chang | Yang Ho Choi | Kyung Woo Lee

The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in broiler chickens raised in high stocking density (HSD) on performance and physiological responses....

Effect of toasting grain silages from field peas (Pisum sativum) and field beans (Vicia faba) on in vitro gas production, methane production, and post-ruminal crude protein content

Available online 1 May 2020
Martin Bachmann | Christian Kuhnitzsch | Sebastian Michel | Annabel Thierbach | Mandy Bochnia | Jörg M. Greef | Siriwan D. Martens | Olaf Steinhöfel | Annette Zeyner

Legume grains such as field peas and field beans can be produced on a local level, and may be reliable sources of dietary protein and energy apart from common soybean and rapeseed meals. In ruminants,...

Over-processed meat and bone meal and phytase effects on broilers challenged with subclinical necrotic enteritis: Part 2. Inositol phosphate esters hydrolysis, intestinal permeability, hematology, jejunal gene expression and intestinal morphology

Available online 30 April 2020
Holy K. Zanu | Sarbast K. Kheravii | Natalie K. Morgan | Michael R. Bedford | Robert A. Swick

This study investigated the hypothesis that feeding broilers over-processed meat and bone meal (MBM) would impair gut health in the absence of phytase and in turn, affect inositol phosphate (inositol...

Chromium propionate improves performance and carcass traits in broilers

Available online 24 April 2020
Veerle Van Hoeck | Mahendra Sonawane | Antonio L. Gonzalez Sanchez | Iris Van Dosselaer | Chris Buyens | Dany Morisset

There is evidence to suggest that poultry may have a dietary requirement for metabolically available chromium (Cr) that exceeds the amount provided through wheat soybean meal diets. The objective of...

Over-processed meat and bone meal and phytase effects on broilers challenged with subclinical necrotic enteritis: Part 1. Performance, intestinal lesions and pH, bacterial counts and apparent ileal digestibility

Available online 20 April 2020
Holy K. Zanu | Sarbast K. Kheravii | Natalie K. Morgan | Michael R. Bedford | Robert A. Swick

A feeding study investigated the hypothesis that over-processing of meat and bone meal (MBM) would impair the performance, gut health and ileal digestibility of nutrients in birds challenged with necrotic...

Effect of different starch sources in a raw meat-based diet on fecal microbiome in dogs housed in a shelter

Available online 11 April 2020
Misa Sandri | Sandy Sgorlon | Elisa Scarsella | Bruno Stefanon

A dietary intervention study was assessed to determine if different sources of starch in homemade diets could significantly modify fecal microbiome of dogs. Twenty-seven adult dogs were enrolled and...

Dietary synbiotic supplementation improves the growth performance, body antioxidant pool, serum biochemistry, meat quality, and lipid oxidative stability in broiler chickens

Available online 7 April 2020
Kapil Dev | Nasir Akbar Mir | Avishek Biswas | Jyoti Kannoujia | Jubeda Begum | Rajiv Kant | Asitbaran Mandal

The present study investigated the effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus (LBA) and mannan-oligosaccharides (MOS) supplementation on the production performance, serum biochemistry, antioxidant profile,...

Effects of dietary probiotic supplementation on the growth, gut health and disease resistance of juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

March 2020
Yun Xia | Miao Wang | Fengying Gao | Maixin Lu | Gang Chen

This study investigated the effects of the Streptococcus agalactiae antagonizing probiotics Bacillus cereus NY5 and Bacillus subtilis as feed additives for Nile tilapia in terms of growth performance,...

Storage time and condensed tannin content of high-moisture sorghum grains: Effects on in vitro fermentation and mold populations

March 2020
Carmen García y Santos | Lina Bettucci | Sebastián Brambillasca | Cecilia Cajarville

Silage of high moisture sorghum grains is a highly relevant source of energy in cattle production systems in South America. There is little information related to the chemical characteristics, the kinetics...

Influence of tannin-rich pine bark supplementation in the grain mixes for meat goats: Growth performance, blood metabolites, and carcass characteristics

March 2020
Desnatie Reynolds | Byeng Ryel Min | Nar Gurung | Wendell McElhenney | Jung Hoon Lee | Sandra Solaiman | Olga Bolden-Tiller

The objective was to evaluate the use of condensed tannin (CT)-rich ground pine bark (PB) in grain mixed diets on meat goat growth performance, blood metabolites, and carcass characteristics. Twenty...

Colostrum and milk performance, and blood immunity indices and minerals of Holstein cows receiving organic Mn, Zn and Cu sources

March 2020
Habiballah Roshanzamir | Javad Rezaei | Hassan Fazaeli

Effects of supplementing the basal diets with Mn, Zn and Cu, as sulphate, glycine or methionine salts, on colostrum and milk performance, some blood immunity indices and blood minerals of pre- and post-partum...

Molecular cloning, tissue distribution and the expression of cystine/glutamate exchanger (xCT, SLC7A11) in different tissues during development in broiler chickens

March 2020
Janghan Choi | Weiqi Li | Brayden Schindell | Liju Ni | Shangxi Liu | Xiaoya Zhao | Joshua Gong | Martin Nyachoti | Chengbo Yang

The cystine/glutamate exchanger (xCT, SLC7A11) is a component of the system Xc amino-acid antiporter that is able to export glutamate and import cysteine into cells. The xCT amino acid exchanger has...

Hepatic lipid metabolism is affected by a daily 3-meal pattern with varying dietary crude protein with a pig model

March 2020
Chunyan Xie | Xinyi Duan | Cimin Long | Xin Wu

The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of 3 meals administered daily with varying dietary crude protein (CP) contents on hepatic lipid metabolism with a pig model. Pigs were divided...

Effect of phytase on phosphorous balance in 20-kg barrows fed low or adequate phosphorous diets

March 2020
Tsung Cheng Tsai | Robert Dove | Michael R. Bedford | Michael J. Azain

The effects of phytase on phosphorus (P) digestibility are well established. However, there are few studies that report P balance, particularly when phytase is used in diets that have adequate or deficient...

Functionality of a next generation biosynthetic bacterial 6-phytase in enhancing phosphorus availability to weaned piglets fed a corn-soybean meal-based diet without added inorganic phosphate

March 2020
Yueming Dersjant-Li | Boris Villca | Vincent Sewalt | Arno de Kreij | Leon Marchal | Deepak E. Velayudhan | Robin A. Sorg | Trine Christensen | Rie Mejldal | Igor Nikolaev | Sina Pricelius | Hye-Sook Kim | Svend Haaning | Jens F. Sørensen | Rosil Lizardo

The utility of a next generation biosynthetic bacterial 6-phytase (PhyG) in restoring bone ash, bone phosphorus (P) content and performance in piglets depleted in P was evaluated. A total of 9 treatments...

Dietary fiber and chicken microbiome interaction: Where will it lead to?

March 2020
Tahir Mahmood | Yuming Guo

The last few decades have been marked by a rapid genetic improvement in chicken growth rates. The modern-day chicken is more efficient in converting feed into muscle mass than their predecessors. This...

Effects of sporoderm-broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum on growth performance, antioxidant function and immune response of broilers

March 2020
Tao Liu | Jianchuan Zhou | Wenxiang Li | Xiaoping Rong | Yan Gao | Lihong Zhao | Yu Fan | Jianyun Zhang | Cheng Ji | Qiugang Ma

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of sporoderm-broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum (SSGL), a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, on growth performance, antioxidant ability, and immunity...

A Saccharomyces cerevisiae RC016-based feed additive reduces liver toxicity, residual aflatoxin B1 levels and positively influences intestinal morphology in broiler chickens fed chronic aflatoxin B1-contaminated diets

March 2020
Valeria Poloni | Alejandra Magnoli | Analía Fochesato | Andrea Cristofolini | Matías Caverzan | Cecilia Merkis | Mariana Montenegro | Lilia Cavaglieri

The present study was conducted to investigate the ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae RC016 (Sc)-based feed additive to reduce liver toxicity, residual aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) levels and influence intestinal...

Comparison between linseed expeller and canola expeller on concentrate intake, and circulating inflammatory mediators in Holstein calves

March 2020
Pedro Melendez | Romina Ramirez | María P. Marin | Mario Duchens | Pablo Pinedo

The objective of this study was to compare the effect of linseed and canola expeller on average daily weight gain (ADG), concentrate intakes, incidence of diarrhea, serum haptoglobin, interleukin (IL)-1,...

Effects of dietary lipid-to-carbohydrate ratio on growth and carbohydrate metabolism in juvenile cobia (Rachycentron canadum)

March 2020
Hongxia Zhao | Junming Cao | Xiaoying Chen | Guoxia Wang | Junru Hu | Bing Chen

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary lipid-to-carbohydrate ratio on growth and carbohydrate metabolism in juvenile cobia (Rachycentron canadum). Six isonitrogenous diets...

In vitro rumen fermentation of feed substrates added with chestnut tannins or an extract from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni

March 2020
Chiara Sarnataro | Mauro Spanghero

Rumen fermentation parameters and microbiota were evaluated in 3 in vitro rumen fermentation experiments after addition of chestnut tannins (CWT) or an extract from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni (SB) to...

Amino acids regulate energy utilization through mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 and adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase pathway in porcine enterocytes

March 2020
Hao Xiao | Cuifang Zha | Fangyuan Shao | Li Wang | Bi'e Tan

As major fuels for the small intestinal mucosa, dietary amino acids (AA) are catabolized in the mitochondria and serve as sources of energy production. The present study was conducted to investigate...

Live yeast supplementation during late gestation and lactation affects reproductive performance, colostrum and milk composition, blood biochemical and immunological parameters of sows

Available online 30 March 2020
Xie Peng | Chuan Yan | Liang Hu | Yingyan Huang | Zhengfeng Fang | Yan Lin | Shengyu Xu | Bin Feng | Jian Li | Yong Zhuo | De Wu | Lianqiang Che

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary live yeast (LY) supplementation during late gestation and lactation on reproductive performance, colostrum and milk composition, blood biochemical...

Effect of protein sources on performance characteristics of turkeys in the first three weeks of life

December 2019
Megan L. Ross | Dervan D.S.L. Bryan | Dawn A. Abbott | Henry L. Classen

The effect of nutrition during the early life of turkey poults has a long-lasting impact on bird performance. This study assessed the digestibility of 5 high protein feed ingredients (soybean meal [SBM],...

A fermented rapeseed meal additive: Effects on production performance, nutrient digestibility, colostrum immunoglobulin content and microbial flora in sows

December 2019
Eugeniusz R. Grela | Anna Czech | Martyna Kiesz | Łukasz Wlazło | Bożena Nowakowicz-Dębek

This study was to assess the effect of fermented rapeseed meal (FRSM) in the diet of sows, taking into account the physiological period (pregnancy or lactation) and reproductive cycle (primiparous or...

Effect of dietary supplementation of Bacillus coagulans or yeast hydrolysates on growth performance, antioxidant activity, cytokines and intestinal microflora of growing-finishing pigs

December 2019
Runqi Fu | Daiwen Chen | Gang Tian | Ping Zheng | Xiangbing Mao | Jie Yu | Jun He | Zhiqing Huang | Yuheng Luo | Bing Yu

This study was to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of Bacillus coagulans (BC) and yeast hydrolysates (YH) on growth performance, antioxidant activity, cytokines and intestinal microflora...

Comparative standardized ileal amino acid digestibility and metabolizable energy contents of main feed ingredients for growing pigs when adding dietary β-mannanase

December 2019
Se Min Jeon | Abdolreza Hosseindoust | Yo Han Choi | Min Ju Kim | Kwang Yeol Kim | Jun Hyung Lee | Dong Yong Kil | Beob Gyun Kim | Byung Jo Chae

The present study was conducted to test whether the dietary supplementation of β-mannanase affects amino acids (AA) digestibility, metabolizable energy (ME) contents of corn, wheat, soybean meal, distillers...

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