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Recent Animal Nutrition Articles

Recently published articles from Animal Nutrition.

Influence of dietary carbohydrases, individually or in combination with phytase or an acidifier, on performance, gut morphology and microbial population in broiler chickens fed a wheat-based diet

March 2019
Amin Roofchaei | Vahid Rezaeipour | Safieh Vatandour | Faegheh Zaefarian

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of dietary carbohydrases (xylanase and β-glucanase; XG), individually or in combination with phytase or acidifier on the growth performance, carcass...

Effects of Angelica sinensis extracts on lipid oxidation in fish feeds and growth performance of juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian)

March 2019
Huatao Li | Dandan Yang | Zhihao Li | Mingquan He | Fengyi Li | Jun Jiang | Siyi Tang | Peiyuan Peng | Wenhao Du | Yuting Ma | Ying Liu

The study was to explore the effect of the extracts of Angelica sinensis (EAs) on lipid oxidation in fish feeds compared with ethoxyquin (EQ) and the effect of dietary EAs on growth performance of carp...

On growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood T lymphocyte subsets, and cardiac antioxidant status of broilers

March 2019
Wenying Huo | Min Li | Jianping Wang | Zhixiang Wang | Yanqun Huang | Wen Chen

Different lipid sources differ in the fatty acid profiles and differently affect growth performance as well as immune function of broilers. The influences of different dietary lipid sources on growth...

Effect of arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides and arabinoxylans on net energy and nutrient utilization in broilers

March 2019
Natalie K. Morgan | Chake Keerqin | Andrew Wallace | Shu-Biao Wu | Mingan Choct

Arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides (AXOS) are hydrolytic degradation products of arabinoxylans (AX) that can be fermented by the gut microbiota, thus potentially displaying prebiotic properties. This study...

Growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and slaughter traits of male fattening lambs under different feeding standards

March 2019
Tao Ma | Fan Wan | Dong Yang | Kaidong Deng | Kailun Yang | Qiyu Diao

This study compared the growth performance, nutrient utilization, and slaughter traits of Dorper crossbred male lambs fed as per the established nutrition recommendations for sheep, with an aim to verify...

Feeding of processed vegetable wastes to bulls and its potential environmental benefit

March 2019
Nani G. Das | Khan S. Huque | Sardar M. Amanullah | Harinder P.S. Makkar

The study was conducted with the objectives to quantify year round availability of different vegetables waste (VW) in a wholesale market and to determine the inclusion level of a processed VW (VWP)...

Influence of drying technique on chemical composition and ruminal degradability of subtropical Cajanus cajan L.

March 2019
Lindokuhle S. Buthelezi | John F. Mupangwa | Voster Muchenje | Florence V. Nherera-Chokuda

The experiment investigated the influence of forage drying methods on the dry-matter digestibility of foliage from Cajanus cajan varieties (ICEAP 00557, ICEAP 01514 and CIMMYT100/01). These leaves were...

Productive performance, egg quality, hematological parameters and serum chemistry of laying hens fed diets supplemented with certain fat-soluble vitamins, individually or combined, during summer season

March 2019
Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack | Mahmoud Alagawany | Khalid M. Mahrose | Muhammad Arif | Muhammad Saeed | Muhammad A. Arain | Rab N. Soomro | Farman A. Siyal | Sarfraz A. Fazlani | Justin Fowler

This present study aimed to determine the efficacy of supplementing layer diets with vitamin A (0, 8,000 and 16,000 IU/kg diet) and vitamin E (0, 250 and 500 mg/kg diet) either individually or in combination...

Growth performance, gastrointestinal weight, microbial metabolites and apparent retention of components in broiler chickens fed up to 11% rice bran in a corn-soybean meal diet without or with a multi-enzyme supplement

March 2019
Juan Sanchez | Aizwarya Thanabalan | Tanka Khanal | Rob Patterson | Bogdan A. Slominski | Elijah Kiarie

We investigated the effects of adding up to 11% rice bran (RB) in corn-soybean meal diets fed to broiler chickens without or with a multi-enzyme supplement (MES). The MES supplied xylanase, β-glucanase,...

Broiler gut microbiota and expressions of gut barrier genes affected by cereal type and phytogenic inclusion

March 2019
Vasileios Paraskeuas | Konstantinos C. Mountzouris

The present study assessed the effects of cereal type and the inclusion level of a phytogenic feed additive (PFA) on broiler ileal and cecal gut microbiota composition, volatile fatty acids (VFA) and...

Recent advances in fermented feeds towards improved broiler chicken performance, gastrointestinal tract microecology and immune responses: A review

March 2019
Sugiharto Sugiharto | Samir Ranjitkar

Previously, fermentation has been associated with methods that improve the nutritional value of unconventional feed ingredients for broilers. In recent decades, the fermentation process has been employed...

Involvement of Quebracho tannins in diet alters productive and reproductive efficiency of postpartum buffalo cows

March 2019
Sobhy M.A. Sallam | Marwa F.A. Attia | Adel N.M. Nour El-Din | Samir Z. El-Zarkouny | Adel M. Saber | Hani M. El-Zaiat | Moustafa M. Zeitoun

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of 10 weeks supplementation of Quebracho tannins (QT; 0 [control], 100 [QT100] or 200 g/[cow·d] [QT200]) to 30 multiparous postpartum buffalo cows...

Performance effects of feed-borne Fusarium mycotoxins on broiler chickens: Influences of timing and duration of exposure

March 2019
Anhao Wang | Natacha S. Hogan

In commercial practice, broiler chickens may be exposed to Fusarium mycotoxins either during specific growth stages or throughout the entire production cycle. A 34-day feeding trial was conducted to...

A β-glucosidase-producing M-2 strain: Isolation from cow dung and fermentation parameter optimization for flaxseed cake

March 2019
Chenhui Li | Junshu Wei | Yaping Jing | Baoxia Teng | Pingrong Yang | Xinjun Chen | Haiying Huang | Tang Zhao | Tuanjie Che | Chunjiang Zhang

Flaxseed cake contains cyanogenic glucosides, which can be metabolized into hydrocyanic acid in an animal's body, leading to asphyxia poisoning in cells. Beta-glucosidase is highly efficient in degrading...

Review on docosahexaenoic acid in poultry and swine nutrition: Consequence of enriched animal products on performance and health characteristics

March 2019
Sophie A. Lee | Natasha Whenham | Michael R. Bedford

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) are linked to a variety of health benefits against human disorders and disease. However, the typical western diet is generally low in n-3 PUFA and high...

Basal diet and indigestible marker influence apparent digestibility of nitrogen and amino acids of cottonseed meal and soybean meal in pigs

Available online 5 March 2019
Susanto Prawirodigdo | Neil J. Gannon | Brian J. Leury | Frank R. Dunshea

The aim of this study was to determine the apparent ileal nitrogen and amino acid digestibility of cottonseed meal (CSM) and soybean meal (SBM) in simple carbohydrate and a more complex wheat-based...

Is the kafirin profile capable of modulating the ileal digestibility of amino acids in a soybean meal-sorghum diet fed to pigs?

Available online 25 February 2019
Víctor Alfonso Balderrama-Pérez | José Guadalupe Gómez-Soto | Tércia Cesária Reis de Souza | Ericka Ramírez Rodríguez | Gerardo Mariscal-Landín

The effects of kafirins on protein and amino acid ileal digestibility have not been evaluated in vivo in pigs. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of protein profile on apparent ileal...

Reduced dietary nitrogen with a high Lys:CP ratio restricted dietary N excretion without negatively affecting weaned piglets

Available online 2 February 2019
Hongnan Liu | Li Wu | Hui Han | Yuying Li | Lijian Wang | Jie Yin | Wenjun Fan | Miaomiao Bai | Jiming Yao | Xingguo Huang | Tiejun Li

We hypothesized that balancing the content of exogenous amino acids, especially lysine, to reduce protein content in swine diets could reduce nitrogen (N) pollution associated with animal husbandry....

Sampling duration and freezing temperature influence the analysed gastric inositol phosphate composition of pigs fed diets with different levels of phytase

Available online 22 January 2019
Steven Laird | Imke Kühn | Michael R. Bedford | Hayley Whitfield | Helen M. Miller

This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of time and freezing temperature during sampling on gastric phytate (myo-inositol [MYO] hexakisphosphate [InsP6]), lower inositol phosphates (InsP2–5)...

Effect of Saccharomyces boulardii and Bacillus subtilis B10 on gut microbiota modulation in broilers

December 2018
Chubin Qin | Li Gong | Xiaoping Zhang | Yuanyuan Wang | Yibin Wang | Baikui Wang | Yali Li | Weifen Li

The gut microbiota plays important roles in animal overall health and productiveness. Balancing host gut microbiota by probiotics has been documented. Our previous study showed that Saccharomyces boulardii...

Productive performance of commercial growing and finishing pigs supplemented with a Buttiauxella phytase as a total replacement of inorganic phosphate

December 2018
Yueming Dersjant-Li | Peter Plumstead | Ajay Awati | Janet Remus

The objective of this study was to test if a novel phytase from Buttiauxella sp. can replace all added inorganic phosphate in a diet with reduced Ca and metabolizable energy (ME) fed to commercial pigs...

Impact of essential oils and organic acids on the growth performance, digestive functions and immunity of broiler chickens

December 2018
Xin Yang | Hongliang Xin | Chengbo Yang | Xiaojun Yang

The aim of the experiment was to study the effects of feeding blends of sorbic acid, fumaric acid, and thymol (EOA) on growth performance, digestive functions, and immunity of broiler chickens. A total...

Diet supplementation with an organic acids-based formulation affects gut microbiota and expression of gut barrier genes in broilers

December 2018
Irida Palamidi | Konstantinos C. Mountzouris

This study was designed to study the effect of diet supplementation with an organic acids-based formulation (OABF) on luminal- and mucosa-associated bacteria, concentration of volatile fatty acids (VFA),...

Thyme oil inclusion levels in a rabbit ration: Evaluation of productive performance, carcass criteria and meat quality under hot environmental conditions

December 2018
Ahmed A.A. Abdel-Wareth | Eman M.M. Taha | Karl-Heinz Südekum | Jayant Lohakare

The aim of this study was to determine the impact of thyme essential oil supplementation in rabbit rations on performance, carcass criteria, and meat quality under hot environmental conditions. A total...

Development of an in vitro protein digestibility assay mimicking the chicken digestive tract

December 2018
Dervan D.S.L. Bryan | Dawn A. Abbott | Henry L. Classen

It is difficult to obtain in vivo digestion kinetics data of high protein ingredients using chickens. Collecting kinetics data requires repeated sampling of digesta from the small intestine during the...

Nutritional value of detoxified Jatropha curcas seed cake protein isolates using rats as an animal model

December 2018
Yinuo Zhao | Yubao Wang | Haifeng Wang | Yueming Wu | Harinder P. Makkar | Jianxin Liu

A bioassay study was conducted to investigate the effects of substituting casein with graded levels of detoxified Jatropha curcas seed cake protein isolates (JPI) as a protein source on the growth performance,...

Increased dietary intake of tyrosine upregulates melanin deposition in the hair of adult black-coated dogs

December 2018
Adrian Watson | Jamie Wayman | Russell Kelley | Alexandre Feugier | Vincent Biourge

The principle determinant of melanin derived hair colour and patterning in mammals is genetic, but environmental factors are now thought to play a role. It has been shown that the concentration of melanins...

Lentil straw (Lens culinaris): An alternative and nutritious feed resource for kids

December 2018
Vishal Mudgal | Mukesh K. Mehta | Ashok S. Rane

The scarcity of feed resources with the continuously increasing cost of usual animal feeds urgently demands searching some alternate feeds for ruminants. In this study, Barberi male kids were divided...

Impact of on-range choice feeding with black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens) on flock performance, egg quality, and range use of free-range laying hens

December 2018
Isabelle Ruhnke | Camille Normant | Dana L.M. Campbell | Zafar Iqbal | Caroline Lee | Geoff N. Hinch | Julie Roberts

Semi-intensive free-range farm systems are common in Australia, and these systems frequently practise on-range feeding. The objective of this study was to investigate the benefit of on-range choice...

Antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content of 16 sources of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS)

December 2018
Eui-Cheol Shin | Gerald C. Shurson | Daniel D. Gallaher

Corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) is a co-product of the fuel ethanol industry that is an excellent source of energy, digestible amino acids, and digestible phosphorus. However, the...

Impact of xylanases on gut microbiota of growing pigs fed corn- or wheat-based diets

December 2018
Zhengxiao Zhang | Hein M. Tun | Ru Li | Beatriz J.M. Gonzalez | Hannah C. Keenes | Charles M. Nyachoti | Elijah Kiarie | Ehsan Khafipour

This study investigated the effects of xylanase supplementations with cereal-based diets on nutrient digestibility and gut microbiota of growing pigs. A total of 96 individually penned pigs (initial...

Effect of supplementing layer hen diet with phytogenic feed additives on laying performance, egg quality, egg lipid peroxidation and blood biochemical constituents

December 2018
Reham Abou-Elkhair | Shaimaa Selim | Eman Hussein

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplementing laying hen diet with phytogenic additives on laying performance, egg quality, blood constituents and egg lipid peroxidation. Two hundred...

Ultrastructure of the gastro intestinal tract of healthy Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) using light and scanning electron microscopy

December 2018
Ngare Wilkinson | Ivan Dinev | William J. Aspden | Robert J. Hughes | Ingrid Christiansen | James Chapman | Sheeana Gangadoo | Robert J. Moore | Dragana Stanley

The Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) are popular both as an alternative protein source and as a model of choice for scientific research in several disciplines. There is limited published information...

Processing techniques of selected oilseed by-products of potential use in animal feed: Effects on proximate nutrient composition, amino acid profile and antinutrients

December 2018
Collins P. Duodu | Daniel Adjei-Boateng | Regina E. Edziyie | Nelson W. Agbo | Godfred Owusu-Boateng | Bodil K. Larsen | Peter V. Skov

The effects of processing by autoclaving (AC), soaking (SK), short-term fermentation (S-TF, 4 d) and long-term fermentation (L-TF, 14 d) on the nutritional composition, amino acid profile and some antinutrients...

Feed intake pattern of broiler chickens under intermittent lighting: do birds eat in the dark?

Available online 27 December 2018
Inês Rodrigues | Mingan Choct

This paper reflects the results of a short experiment conducted in parallel with a larger trial which aimed to test the assumption that ‘consumption of feed by broiler chickens during periods of darkness...

Growth performance, meat quality, and bone-breaking strength in broilers fed dietary rice hull silicon∗

Available online 24 December 2018
Sarawoot Nakhon | Sonthaya Numthuam | Rangsun Charoensook | Wandee Tartrakoon | Papichaya Incharoen | Tossaporn Incharoen

Bone problems have been a key issue that perilously affects broilers' health and welfare, resulting in severe economic loss. The present study was aimed at investigating the influence of dietary rice...

Pre-cecal phosphorus digestibility for corn, wheat, soybean meal, and corn gluten meal in growing Japanese quails from 28 to 32 d of age

Available online 25 October 2018
Mahmoud Ghazaghi | Ahmad Hassanabadi | Mehran Mehri

The optimization of dietary phosphorus (P) depends on precise details of the P availability in feed ingredients to avoid excess or deficient P in a mixed diet. This study was carried out to measure...

Effect of traditional Chinese medicine compounds on rumen fermentation, methanogenesis and microbial flora in vitro

Available online 25 October 2018
Shui Ping Wang | Wen Juan Wang | Zhi Liang Tan | Guo Wei Liu | Cheng Fu Zhou | Meng Jie Yin

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of traditional Chinese medicine compounds (TCMC) on rumen fermentation, methane emission and populations of ruminal microbes using an in vitro gas...

Effects of saccharicterpenin on antioxidant status and urinary metabolic profile of rats

Available online 25 October 2018
Guangmang Liu | Jie Zheng | Xianjian Wu | Gang Jia | Hua Zhao | Xiaoling Chen | Caimei Wu | Jing Wang

Saccharicterpenin is a new green additive agent that is derived from the extract of Theaceae plants and has the ability to improve immunity and meat quality, increase the digestive enzyme activity,...

A multi-strain probiotic administered via drinking water enhances feed conversion efficiency and meat quality traits in indigenous chickens

Available online 21 October 2018
Judith A. Atela | Victor Mlambo | Caven M. Mnisi

Whereas the use of probiotics is commonplace in commercial production of improved chicken strains, little is known about the impact of these live microbial feed additives in indigenous chickens in South...

L-leucine stimulates glutamate dehydrogenase activity and glutamate synthesis by regulating mTORC1/SIRT4 pathway in pig liver

September 2018
Tongxin Wang | Weilei Yao | Qiongyu He | Yafei Shao | Ruilong Zheng | Feiruo Huang

The liver is the most essential organ for the metabolism of ammonia, in where most of ammonia is removed by urea and glutamine synthesis. Regulated by leucine, glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) catalyzes...

Analysis of oral microorganism diversity in healthy individuals before and after chewing areca nuts using PCR-denatured gradient gel electrophoresis

September 2018
Xiong Xiong | Aixiang Hou | Shuhan Yi | Yichen Guo | Ziwei Zhao | Zhongkun Wu | Huan Cheng | Ke Li | Zongjun Li | Youhua Ren | Yuanliang Wang

To analyze oral microbial diversity in the saliva of 8 healthy individuals before and after chewing areca nuts. Saliva samples were collected before chewing areca nuts, after chewing areca nuts for...

Comparison of fatty acid profile of three adipose tissues in Ningxiang pigs

September 2018
Qianming Jiang | Chenyan Li | Yuannian Yu | Yueteng Xing | Dingfu Xiao | Bin Zhang

The present study is conducted to determinate fatty acids (FA) composition in 3 adipose tissues. Subcutaneous and perirenal adipose tissues were prepared from 24 Ningxiang castrated boars and 24 castrated...

Inhibitory effect of blue honeysuckle extract on high-fat-diet-induced fatty liver in mice

September 2018
Ming Liu | Jijun Tan | Ziyu He | Xi He | De-Xing Hou | Jianhua He | Shusong Wu

Blue honeysuckle is rich in polyphenols, and recently receiving attention because of its potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the leading...

Potential antioxidant bioactive peptides from camel milk proteins

September 2018
Hisham R. Ibrahim | Hiroki Isono | Takeshi Miyata

Camel milk is traditionally considered to have medicinal characteristics that it has potential health benefits and could help to treat several illnesses. Particularly, it is closest to human breast...

Dietary L-theanine alleviated lipopolysaccharide-induced immunological stress in yellow-feathered broilers

September 2018
Rui Li | Zehe Song | Jianfei Zhao | Dongxiao Huo | Zhiyong Fan | De-Xing Hou | Xi He

L-theanine, a natural nonprotein amino acid with a high biological activity, is reported to exert anti-stress properties. An experiment with a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement was conducted to investigate...

Use of probiotics and botanical extracts to improve ruminant production in the tropics: A review

September 2018
Muhammed A. Arowolo | Jianhua He

Ruminant production, especially in the tropics and developing countries suffers a setback when compared with the temperate and developed countries, which is attributable to the kinds of available feed...

Application of resistant starch in swine and poultry diets with particular reference to gut health and function

September 2018
Alemu Regassa | Charles M. Nyachoti

The immediate post-weaning period poses a major challenge on the survival of piglets. Similarly, newly hatched chicks face life threatening challenges due to enteric infections. In the past several...

Leucine modulates the IPEC-J2 cell proteome associated with cell proliferation, metabolism and phagocytosis

September 2018
Xiangbing Mao | Man Ren | Daiwen Chen | Bing Yu | Lianqiang Che | Jun He | Junqiu Luo | Yuheng Luo | Jianping Wang | Hui Sun

Leucine can affect intestinal protein expressions, and improve mucosal immune function. However, little study has been conducted to determine the change of protein component by leucine treatment in...

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