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ISSN: 2542-5048

End-of-life options of tyres. A review

The increasing motorisation rate worldwide is responsible for the demand of huge quantities of tyres that, after their useful service life, become waste and should be properly managed. Due to the relative...

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Modification of EPDM seals to prevent aroma carry-over during the bottling of wine

The absorption of aroma compounds in seals during the bottling of wine and the migration of these aroma compounds into the subsequent bottling process is a major problem in the German wine industry....

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Novel uses of recycled rubber in civil applications

Waste tyres and their accumulation is a global environmental concern, as 1.5 billion of waste tyres are generated annually in the world. The products are not biodegradable and, if disposed of in landfills...

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In vitro osteoconductivity of PMMA-Y2O3 composite resins

Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) bone cements are used as “glue” between orthopedic/orthodontic implants and bone, since they can be modeled and easily applied by the surgeon, while being chemically and...

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Recycling of fluoro-carbon-elastomers – a review

This review provides an overview of recycling methods for fluoro-elastomers (FKM) being a very expensive material with excellent properties. However, these properties are based on strong chemical bonds...

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Melt flow ratio: a way to identify the type of polyethylene

Melt flow ratio (MFR or I21/I2) was measured for dozens of polyethylene (PE) in the melt index (MI or I2) range of 1-10 for various types of PE. I21/I2 for samples of linear low density polyethylene...

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Bio-based flame retardants to polymers: A review

Due to environmental concerns, some of the conventional halogenated flame retardants have been banned. In this context, both the industrial and academics have made efforts to develop more eco-friendly...

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Mechanical response of silver/polyvinyl alcohol thin film: From one-step and cyclic nanoindentation

Polymer nanocomposite and its mechanical properties are the area of immense interest for material developers in academia and industry. Present study investigates mechanical behavior of novel hexagonal...

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Understanding the role and capabilities of Internet of Things-enabled Additive Manufacturing through its application areas

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of the effective utilisation of internet-based technologies in Additive Manufacturing (AM) through its practical implications in various areas....

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Fracture mechanism and scratch behaviour of MWNTs reinforced 70/30 (wt/wt) PC/ABS blends and their nanocomposites

In this work, multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) are dispersed in 70/30 (wt/wt) polycarbonate (PC)/acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (PC70ABS30) blends and their nanocomposites by the melt-processing...

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3D printed parts and mechanical properties: Influencing parameters, sustainability aspects, global market scenario, challenges and applications

3D printing has evolved as a disruptive technology for fabrication of industrial components, however due to the intrinsic nature of the process, the mechanical strength of the parts developed by 3D...

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Study of alkali metals and alkaline earth metals in chlorobutyl rubber-based model truck inner tube compound

This paper describes the effects of various alkali metal and alkaline earth metal compounds, as well as walnut shell ash (WNS ash), on the cure characteristics (ts2, tc90) of a chlorobutyl rubber (CIIR)-based...

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The design of a crown ether receptor for selective collagen binding

Collagen, crucial insoluble fibrous protein in connective tissue and extracellular matrix, plays an important role in the body structures of animals. It is most distinct for its triple helix structure....

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Analysis of volatile organic compounds emission in the rubber recycling products quality assessment

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emission affects the quality of GTR-based materials and might limits their potential applications....

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Detection and control of cyclic esters in biodegradable polyesters

The techniques for the detection and control of cyclic esterification (CE) in biodegradable polyesters are presented. It is pointed out that CE can be extracted by extraction or migration and then detected...

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Optimization of 3D printed polylactic acid structures with different infill patterns using Taguchi-grey relational analysis

In several engineering applications, the demand for robust yet lightweight materials have exponentially increased. Additive Manufacturing and 3D printing technology have the scope to make this possible...

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Waste tire rubber-based materials: Processing, performance properties and development strategies

In the many countries the main strategy for waste tires utilization is still energy recovery, which use waste tires as low-cost and high-calorific alternative fuel. Although, energy recovery is step...

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Modelling creep responses of plantain fibre reinforced HDPE (PFRHDPE) for elevated temperature applications

The growth in applications of Plantain Fibre Reinforced HDPE (PFRHDPE) has increased the importance of understanding the time-dependent viscoelastic properties such as creep resistance. This study focused...

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Chapter 7: Can high-performance fibers be(come) bio-based and also biocompostable?

High-performance polymer fibers are indispensable materials for human society and are used in the field of national defense, aerospace, automobile manufacturing and sports equipment, etc. At present,...

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Chapter 1: High-performance polyethylene fibers

In 1960, Treloar [1] published a seminal paper showing that the stiffness (E-Modulus) of an extended viz. fully stretched polyethylene and polyamide chain is close to 200 GPa, which is appr. the same...

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Chapter 6: High-performance polyimide fibers

The highly conjugated chemical structure of polyimide fibers has endowed polyimide with outstanding mechanical properties, high thermal stability, good solvent resistance, and excellent light stability,...

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Chapter 2: High-performance fibers and tapes based on PP and PE

In the previous chapter the development of high-performance PE fibers via solution(gel)-spinning was discussed. The success of the simple solution(gel)-spinning process was a big incentive to explore...

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Chapter 4: Rigid-chain polymers: Aromatic polyamides, heterocyclic rigid rod polymers, and polyesters

In the previous chapters the emphasis was on high-performance fibers/tapes based on flexible chain polymers and in terms of strength and stiffness, the primus inter pares is ultra-highmolecular-weight...

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Chapter 3: High-performance fibers based on flexible polar polymer molecules

Polyethylene (PE) fibers based on ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene, UHMW-PE, have been developed successfully with outstanding specific values for strength and stiffness, at least at ambient...

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Chapter 5: A critical review of carbon fiber and related products from an industrial perspective

Because of their exceptional mechanical properties, carbon fibers are being used in composite applications where weight saving is key such as in the aerospace and sports sector, with increasing demands...

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