Chemically bonded Mn0.5Cd0.5S/BiOBr S-scheme photocatalyst with rich oxygen vacancies for improved photocatalytic decontamination performance

Published 02 April, 2024

A challenge in promoting the industrial application of photocatalysis technology for environment remediation lies in the design of high-performance photocatalysts. These photocatalysts should be endowed with efficient photo-carrier separation and intense redox potentials to boost photocatalytic pollutant removal.

In a study published in the KeAi journal Advanced Powder Materials, a group of researchers from Zhejiang Ocean University and University of Missouri revealed the modulation of interfacial chemical bond of Mn0.5Cd0.5S/BiOBr assisted by with rich oxygen vacancies. This in turn elucidated the underlying mechanism for boosted photocatalytic performance.

"BiOBr is a visible-light active photocatalyst with several advantages, including a favorable band configuration, exceptional photo-oxidative capacity, distinctive 2D architecture, ecological compatibility, abundant resources and robust durability," explained Shijie Li, co-lead author of the study. "However, constrained absorption of visible light and sluggish photo-carrier diffusion and segregation hamper its practical application.” 

The team developed an S-scheme photosystem of Mn0.5Cd0.5S/BiOBr with interfacial bond and oxygen defects, constructed by pinning Mn0.5Cd0.5S nanoparticles on BOB microflowers. This was devised for efficacious decontamination of antibiotic and Cr(VI).

“Physical contact without chemically bonding hetero-interface between the two components, which is insufficiently interactive, generally results in an unsatisfactory charge migration passage” added Bin Zhang, co-lead and co-corresponding author. “Besides, defect engineering is another effective strategy to upgrade the catalytic property. Thus, precise construction of chemically bonded S-scheme heterojunction with structural defects is essential for efficient photocatalytic water purification, but is rarely exploited in photocatalytic applications.” 

The team’s findings provide a feasible approach to develop outstanding catalysts for environmental protection via combining interfacial chemical bonds and defects modulated S-scheme junction.

Image: Schematic diagram of photocatalytic water decontamination mechanism. CREDIT: THE AUTHORS

Contact author details:

 Shijie Li ( and Bin Zhang (, National Engineering Research Center for Marine Aquaculture, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, 316022, P. R. China.


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1809214), the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LY20E080014 and LTGN23E080001), and the Science and Technology Project of Zhoushan (2022C41011).

Conflict of interest:

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

See the article: 

Shijie, Li et al., Chemically bonded Mn0.5Cd0.5S/BiOBr S-scheme photocatalyst with rich oxygen vacancies for improved photocatalytic decontamination performance, Advanced Powder Materials, 3 (2024): 100183,


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