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ISSN: 2772-834X

Theoretical design and experimental verification of high-entropy carbide ablative resistant coating

Composition design of high-entropy carbides is a topic of great scientific interest for the hot-end parts in the aerospace field. A novel theoretical method through an inverse composition design route,...

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Ultrahigh energy density in dielectric nanocomposites by modulating nanofiller orientation and polymer crystallization behavior

High-energy density dielectrics for electrostatic capacitors are in urgent demand for advanced electronics and electrical power systems. Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) based nanocomposites have attracted...

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Revealing the solid-state reaction process among multiphase multicomponent ceramic during ablation

Multiphase design is a promising approach to achieve superior ablation resistance of multicomponent ultra-high temperature ceramic, while understanding the ablation mechanism is the foundation. Here,...

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Nanozymes regulated by nitrogen element: Mechanism, design, and application

Nanozymes, a category of nanomaterials endowed with enzyme-mimicking capabilities, have exhibited considerable potential across diverse application domains. This comprehensive review delves into the...

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Investigating the failure mechanism of solid electrolyte interphase in silicon particles from an electrochemical-mechanical coupling perspective

Silicon is considered one of the most promising anode materials owing to its high theoretical energy density, however, the volume expansion/contraction during electrochemical lithiation/delithiation...

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A powder-scale multiphysics framework for powder bed fusion of fiber-reinforced polymer composites

Additive manufacturing of fiber-reinforced polymer composites has garnered great interest due to its potential in fabricating functional products with lightweight characteristics and unique material...

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Sepiolite: A new component suitable for 380 ​km/h high-speed rail brake pads

To enhance the high-temperature adaptability of copper-based composite materials and C–C/SiC discs, this article innovatively introduces a method of replacing graphite with sepiolite, resulting in the...

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Oxygen vacancy mediated bismuth-based photocatalysts

Sunlight-driven photocatalysis, which can produce clean fuels and mitigate environmental pollution, has received extensive research attention due to its potential for addressing both energy shortages...

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Bound-state electrons synergy over photochromic high-crystalline C3N5 nanosheets in enhancing charge separation for photocatalytic H2 production

Solar-driven water splitting for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution is considered a highly promising and cost-effective solution to achieve a stable renewable energy supply. However, the sluggish kinetics...

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Enhancing proton exchange membrane water electrolysis by building electron/proton pathways

Proton exchange membrane water electrolysis (PEMWE) plays a critical role in practical hydrogen production. Except for the electrode activities, the widespread deployment of PEMWE is severely obstructed...

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Recent developments in synthesis, properties, and applications of 2D Janus MoSSe and MoSexS(1-x) alloys

The Janus MoSSe and alloy MoSxSe(1-x), belonging to the family of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), have gained significant attention for their potential applications in...

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Plasma induced dynamic coupling of microscopic factors to collaboratively promote EM losses coupling of transition metal dichalcogenide absorbers

Plasma as the fourth state of matter has attracted great attention for material surface modification, which could induce changes in material microscopic factors, such as defects, phase transitions,...

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Chemically bonded Mn0.5Cd0.5S/BiOBr S-scheme photocatalyst with rich oxygen vacancies for improved photocatalytic decontamination performance

Devising exceptional S-scheme heterojunction photocatalysts utilized in annihilating pharmaceuticals and chromium contamination is significant for addressing the problem of global water pollution. In...

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Unraveling the evolution of Cathode–Solid electrolyte interface using operando X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy

Understanding the evolution of the solid electrolyte-electrode interface is currently one of the most challenging obstacles in the development of solid-state batteries (SSBs). Here, we develop an X-ray...

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A CALPHAD thermodynamic model for multicomponent alloys under pressure and its application in pressurized solidified Al–Si–Mg alloys

High pressure technology has been utilized as an important means to regulate phase structure and improve the properties/performance of alloys. The CALPHAD approach based on accurate databases has great...

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Interface issues and challenges for NASICON-based solid-state sodium-metal batteries

All-solid-state sodium (Na)-metal batteries (ASSSMBs) are considered promising candidates for large-scale energy storage systems due to their abundant sodium resources, unparalleled safety performance,...

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Energy ceramic design for robust battery cathodes and solid electrolytes

Microstructural design and processing science of ceramics from materials to devices are critical to the present and future applications in various fields. They have profound effects on the mechanical...

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Achieving broadband near-infrared luminescence in Cr3+-Activated Y2Mg2Al2Si2O12 phosphors via multi-site occupancy

Cr3+-activated near-infrared (NIR) phosphors are key for NIR phosphor-converted light emitting diodes (NIR pc-LED). While, the site occupancy of Cr3+ is one of the debates that have plagued researchers....

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Phase engineering of a donor-doped air electrode for reversible protonic ceramic electrochemical cells

Reversible protonic ceramic electrochemical cells (R-PCECs) demonstrate great feasibility for efficient energy storage and conversion. One critical challenge for the development of R-PCECs is the design...

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In-situ exsolved ultrafine Ni nanoparticles from CeZrNiO2 solid solution for efficient photothermal catalytic CO2 reduction by CH4

CO2 reduction by CH4 (CRM) to produce fuel is of great significance for solar energy storage and eliminating greenhouse gas. Herein, the catalyst of ultrafine Ni nanoparticles supported on CeZrNiO2...

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The hybrid Pt nanoclusters / Ru nanowire catalysts accelerating alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction

Water electrolysis via alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is a promising approach for large-scale production of high-purity hydrogen at a low cost, utilizing renewable and clean energy. However,...

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Facet-engineered growth of non-layered 2D manganese chalcogenides

Non-layered two-dimensional (2D) materials have sparked much interest recently due to their atomic thickness, large surface area, thickness- and facet-dependent properties. Currently, these materials...

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Self-recoverable NIR mechanoluminescence from Cr3+ doped perovskite type aluminate

Mechanoluminescent (ML) materials, which have the ability to convert mechanical energy to optical energy, have found huge promising applications such as in stress imaging and anti-counterfeiting. However,...

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Construction interlayer structure of hydrated vanadium oxides with tunable P-band center of oxygen towards enhanced aqueous Zn-ion batteries

Layered materials with adjustable framework, as the most potential cathode materials for aqueous rechargeable zinc ion batterie, have high capacity, permit of rapid ion diffusion, and charge transfer...

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Interlayer engineering and electronic regulation of MoSe2 nanosheets rolled hollow nanospheres for high-performance sodium-ion half/full batteries

Layered transition metal dichalcogenides are promising candidates for sodium storage but suffering from low intrinsic electronic conductivity and limited interlayer spacing for fast electron/ion transport,...

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