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ISSN: 2772-834X

Understanding melt pool characteristics in laser powder bed fusion: An overview of single- and multi-track melt pools for process optimization

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) has made significant progress in producing solid and porous metal parts with complex shapes and geometries. However, LPBF produced parts often have defects (e.g., porosity,...

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A review on additive/subtractive hybrid manufacturing of directed energy deposition (DED) process

Additive manufacturing (AM) processes are reliable techniques to build highly complex metallic parts. Direct energy deposition (DED) is one of the most common technologies to 3D print metal alloys....

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Synthesis and modification strategies of g-C3N4 nanosheets for photocatalytic applications

Graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets (CNNs) become the most promising member in the carbon nitride family benefitted from their two-dimensional structural features. Recently, great endeavors have been...

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Cu-based bimetallic electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction

The extensive consumption of fossil fuels has caused the rapid increase in the CO2 level in the atmosphere, forcing people to find a clean and efficient technology of CO2 conversion to alleviate CO2...

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A review of Ni based powder catalyst for urea oxidation in assisting water splitting reaction

Water splitting has been regarded as a sustainable and environmentally-friendly technique to realize green hydrogen generation, while more energy is consumed due to the high overpotentials required...

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Design of titanium alloys by additive manufacturing: A critical review

Additive manufacturing (AM) is an innovative technology that creates objects with a complex geometry layer-by-layer, and it has rapidly prospered in manufacturing metallic parts for structural and functional...

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Revealing the solid-state reaction process among multiphase multicomponent ceramic during ablation

Multiphase design is a promising approach to achieve superior ablation resistance of multicomponent ultra-high temperature ceramic, while understanding the ablation mechanism is the foundation. Here,...

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Interface issues and challenges for NASICON-based solid-state sodium-metal batteries

All-solid-state sodium (Na)-metal batteries (ASSSMBs) are considered promising candidates for large-scale energy storage systems due to their abundant sodium resources, unparalleled safety performance,...

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Chemically bonded Mn0.5Cd0.5S/BiOBr S-scheme photocatalyst with rich oxygen vacancies for improved photocatalytic decontamination performance

Devising exceptional S-scheme heterojunction photocatalysts utilized in annihilating pharmaceuticals and chromium contamination is significant for addressing the problem of global water pollution. In...

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Achieving broadband near-infrared luminescence in Cr3+-Activated Y2Mg2Al2Si2O12 phosphors via multi-site occupancy

Cr3+-activated near-infrared (NIR) phosphors are key for NIR phosphor-converted light emitting diodes (NIR pc-LED). While, the site occupancy of Cr3+ is one of the debates that have plagued researchers....

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Insight into the self-discharge suppression of electrochemical capacitors: Progress and challenges

The ever-growing demands for renewable energy sources motivate the development of energy storage systems. Among them, supercapacitors are received increasing attention due to their high power density,...

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Bound-state electrons synergy over photochromic high-crystalline C3N5 nanosheets in enhancing charge separation for photocatalytic H2 production

Solar-driven water splitting for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution is considered a highly promising and cost-effective solution to achieve a stable renewable energy supply. However, the sluggish kinetics...

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Investigating the failure mechanism of solid electrolyte interphase in silicon particles from an electrochemical-mechanical coupling perspective

Silicon is considered one of the most promising anode materials owing to its high theoretical energy density, however, the volume expansion/contraction during electrochemical lithiation/delithiation...

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Oxygen vacancy mediated bismuth-based photocatalysts

Sunlight-driven photocatalysis, which can produce clean fuels and mitigate environmental pollution, has received extensive research attention due to its potential for addressing both energy shortages...

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A CALPHAD thermodynamic model for multicomponent alloys under pressure and its application in pressurized solidified Al–Si–Mg alloys

High pressure technology has been utilized as an important means to regulate phase structure and improve the properties/performance of alloys. The CALPHAD approach based on accurate databases has great...

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Halogen modified organic porous semiconductors in photocatalysis: mechanism, synthesis, and application

Photocatalysis is considered as the promising energy conversion way to resolve the issues of energy crisis and environmental pollution. As the key point of the photocatalysis, the photocatalyst determines...

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Advanced strategies for solid electrolyte interface design with MOF materials

Emerging energy technologies, aimed at addressing the challenges of energy scarcity and environmental pollution, have become a focal point for society. However, these actualities present significant...

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Energy ceramic design for robust battery cathodes and solid electrolytes

Microstructural design and processing science of ceramics from materials to devices are critical to the present and future applications in various fields. They have profound effects on the mechanical...

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Plasma induced dynamic coupling of microscopic factors to collaboratively promote EM losses coupling of transition metal dichalcogenide absorbers

Plasma as the fourth state of matter has attracted great attention for material surface modification, which could induce changes in material microscopic factors, such as defects, phase transitions,...

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Novel high-entropy perovskite-type symmetrical electrode for efficient and durable carbon dioxide reduction reaction

Excessive emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) has posed an imminent threat to human's environment and global prosperity. To achieve a sustainable future, solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC), which can...

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Phase engineering of a donor-doped air electrode for reversible protonic ceramic electrochemical cells

Reversible protonic ceramic electrochemical cells (R-PCECs) demonstrate great feasibility for efficient energy storage and conversion. One critical challenge for the development of R-PCECs is the design...

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Theory-oriented screening and discovery of advanced energy transformation materials in electrocatalysis

Various metal-based electrocatalysts from nanocrystals, to clusters and single-atoms, have been well-discovered towards high-efficient power devices and electrocatalytic conversion. To accelerate energy...

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Nanozymes regulated by nitrogen element: Mechanism, design, and application

Nanozymes, a category of nanomaterials endowed with enzyme-mimicking capabilities, have exhibited considerable potential across diverse application domains. This comprehensive review delves into the...

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A powder-scale multiphysics framework for powder bed fusion of fiber-reinforced polymer composites

Additive manufacturing of fiber-reinforced polymer composites has garnered great interest due to its potential in fabricating functional products with lightweight characteristics and unique material...

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Constructing Cd0.5Zn0.5S/Bi2WO6 S-scheme heterojunction for boosted photocatalytic antibiotic oxidation and Cr(VI) reduction

The development of distinguished photocatalysts with high photo-carrier disassociation and photo-redox power for efficient elimination of pollutants in water is of great significance but still a grand...

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