Open Access



This journal is a peer reviewed, subsidized open access journal where University of Science and Technology Beijing pays the OA fee. Authors do not have to pay any open access publication fee.
Peer review under the responsibility of University of Science and Technology Beijing.

Access Rights
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.

User Rights
Permitted third party reuse is defined by the following user license:

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY)
Let others to copy, to create extracts, abstracts and new works from the Article, to alter and revise the Article, and to make commercial use of the Article (including reuse and/or resale of the Article by commercial entities), provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, indicates if changes were made and the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work.

Author Rights
For open access publishing, this journal uses a licensing agreement. Authors will transfer copyright to University of Science and Technology Beijing, but will have the right to reuse the article on the terms of their selected end user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights. For more information about copyright please find the details on https://www.elsevier.com/copyright.

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