This journal is a peer reviewed, subsidized open access journal where Xi'an Jiaotong University pays the OA fee. Authors do not have to pay any open access publication fee.Peer review under the responsibility of Xi'an Jiaotong University.
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.
Permitted third party reuse is defined by the following user license:
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND):
Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
For open access publishing this journal uses a licensing agreement. Authors will transfer copyright to Xi'an Jiaotong University, but will have the right to share their article in the same way permitted to third parties under the relevant user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights.