Open Access

This journal is a peer reviewed, subsidized open access journal where The First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University will pay the OA fee. Authors do not have to pay any open access publication fee.

Peer review under the responsibility of The First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University.

Access Rights
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.

User Rights
Permitted third party reuse is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND):
Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at

Author Rights
For open access publishing, this journal uses a licensing agreement. Authors will retain copyright alongside scholarly usage rights, Editorial Office of Intelligent Surgery and KeAi Communications Co., Ltd. granted non-exclusive publishing and distribution rights. For more information on author rights please see

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