This journal is a peer reviewed, fully open access journal owned by China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd. and Tsinghua University. China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd. and Tsinghua University retains copyright of the overall compiled journal and the compiled issues. The article is universally and freely accessible via the internet in perpetuity, in an easily readable format immediately after publication.To provide open access, this journal has an open access fee (also known as an article publishing charge APC) which needs to be paid by the authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution. The APC for this journal is USD 1800, excluding taxes. For all papers submitted before the 31st of December 2023, the APC will be waived making it free to submit to the journal.
Peer review under the responsibility of China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd..
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Permitted third party reuse is defined by the following user license:
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Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
For open access publishing this journal uses a licensing agreement. Authors will transfer copyright to China Science Publishing & Media Group Ltd., but will have the right to share their article in the same way permitted to third parties under the relevant user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights.
This journal is published quarterly; March, June, September, December.
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