This journal is a peer reviewed, fully open access journal owned by Xi'an Jiaotong University. Xi'an Jiaotong University retains copyright of the overall compiled journal and the compiled issues. The article is universally and freely accessible via the internet in perpetuity, in an easily readable format immediately after publication.
To provide open access, this journal has an open access fee (also known as an Article Processing Charge, APC) which needs to be paid by the authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution. The open access publication fee for this journal is USD 1000, plus taxes. For all papers submitted before the 31st of December 2025, the APC will be waived making it free to submit to the journal. The APC waiver period could be adjusted according to the development of the journal.
Peer review under the responsibility of Xi'an Jiaotong University.
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.
A CC user license manages the reuse of the article (see http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses). All Articles will be published under the following license:
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND):
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
For open access publishing, this journal uses a licensing agreement. For the single article, Authors will retain copyright alongside scholarly usage rights, and KeAi Communications Co., Ltd. and Xi?an Jiaotong University will be granted non-exclusive publishing and distribution rights. For more information about copyright please find the details on https://www.elsevier.com/copyright
This journal is published quarterly per year.
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