Most Downloaded Articles

Open access

ISSN: 2405-6545
CN: 10-1360/S

NAD+ and its possible role in gut microbiota: Insights on the mechanisms by which gut microbes influence host metabolism

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is an enzyme cofactor, co-substrate, and redox factor in all living cells and is necessary for maintaining cell metabolism. It has been shown that appropriate...

Share article

Effects of fish meal replacement with Chlorella meal on growth performance, pigmentation, and liver health of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides)

Chlorella meal is a potential protein source for aquafeeds. However, the physiological response of carnivorous fish fed Chlorella meal remains elusive. This study evaluated the effects of replacing...

Share article

Probiotic effect of ferulic acid esterase-producing Lactobacillus plantarum inoculated alfalfa silage on digestion, antioxidant, and immunity status of lactating dairy goats

A feeding experiment was conducted to determine the effects of inoculating alfalfa silage with a ferulic acid esterase-producing inoculum on feed digestibility, rumen fermentation, antioxidant, and...

Share article

Dietary carbohydrate-to-protein ratio influences growth performance, hepatic health and dynamic of gut microbiota in atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fed a carbohydrate-rich diet exhibit suboptimal growth performance, along with other metabolic disturbances. It is well known that gut microbes play a pivotal role in influencing...

Share article

Maternal stevioside supplementation improves intestinal immune function of chicken offspring potentially via modulating gut microbiota and down-regulating the promoter methylation level of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1)

The intestinal immune function of chickens is limited during the early growing stage. Maternal nutritional intervention has been suggested to affect the innate immunity of offspring. The present study...

Share article

A new single-cell protein from Clostridium autoethanogenum as a functional protein for largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides)

Clostridium autoethanogenum protein (CAP) is a new single-cell protein source originating from inactivated bacteria. An in vitro digestion experiment and an 8-wk growth experiment were conducted to...

Share article

Vitamin A supplementation downregulates ADH1C and ALDH1A1 mRNA expression in weaned beef calves

Our previous studies demonstrated that oral vitamin A supplementation during late-stage pregnancy and the neonatal stage enhances birth weight, growth performance, and mRNA expression related to muscle...

Share article

New insights into the influence of myo-inositol on carbohydrate metabolism during osmoregulation in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

A two-factor (2 × 3) orthogonal test was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary myo-inositol (MI) on the osmoregulation and carbohydrate metabolism of euryhaline fish tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)...

Share article

An emerging role of vitamin D3 in amino acid absorption in different intestinal segments of on-growing grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)

Vitamin D3 (VD3), an essential nutrient for animals, has been demonstrated to stimulate the uptake of certain amino acids. However, the role of VD3 in the intestine, the primary site for digestion and...

Share article

Dietary supplementation of sulfur amino acids improves intestinal immunity to Eimeria in broilers treated with anti-interleukin-10 antibody

Oral antibody to interleukin-10 (anti-IL-10) enhances the intestinal immune defense against Eimeria. The sulfur amino acids methionine and cysteine (M+C) play essential roles in inducing and maintaining...

Share article

Dietary cholesterol promotes growth and ecdysone signalling pathway by modulating cholesterol transport in swimming crabs (Portunus trituberculatus)

Cholesterol, as an indispensable nutrient, regulates molting and growth in crustacean. As crustaceans are unable to biosynthesize cholesterol de novo, it is central to understand how dietary cholesterol...

Share article

The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 pathway involved in hepatic gluconeogenesis through peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α

Cattle can efficiently perform de novo generation of glucose through hepatic gluconeogenesis to meet post-weaning glucose demand. Substantial evidence points to cattle and non-ruminant animals being...

Share article

Use of antibiotics in broiler production: Global impacts and alternatives

Antibiotics are used to fight bacterial infections. However, a selective pressure gave rise to bacteria resistant to antibiotics. This leaves scientists worried about the danger to human and animal...

Share article

Melatonin shapes bacterial clearance function of porcine macrophages during enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli infection

Due to the immature gastrointestinal immune system, weaning piglets are highly susceptible to pathogens, e.g., enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). Generally, pathogens activate the immune cells...

Share article

Dietary N-carbamylglutamate and L-arginine supplementation improves redox status and suppresses apoptosis in the colon of intrauterine growth-retarded suckling lambs

Previous studies have revealed that dietary N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) or L-arginine (Arg) improves small intestinal integrity and immune function in suckling Hu lambs that have experienced intrauterine...

Share article

Soybean protein concentrate causes enteritis in juvenile pearl gentian groupers (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus ♀ × Epinephelus lanceolatus ♂)

Due to diminishing fish meal (FM) supplies, superb protein (PRO) sources are needed for aquaculture, such as soy-based PRO. However, these can cause enteritis and even intestinal injury in fish when...

Share article

Dietary isoleucine affects muscle fatty acid and amino acid profiles through regulating lipid metabolism and autophagy in hybrid catfish (Pelteobagrus vachelli ♀ × Leiocassis longirostris ♂)

The present study explored the impacts of Ile on muscle fatty acid and amino acid profiles, lipid metabolism, and autophagy in hybrid catfish. Seven isonitrogenous (387.8 g/kg protein) semi-purified...

Share article

Antioxidant mechanism of tea polyphenols and its impact on health benefits

Tea trees have a long history of cultivation and utilization. People in many countries have the habit of drinking tea and choosing green tea, oolong tea, or black tea according to different regions...

Share article

A comparison of average daily gain, apparent digestibilities, energy balance, rumen fermentation parameters, and serum metabolites between yaks (Bos grunniens) and Qaidam cattle (Bos taurus) consuming diets differing in energy level

Yaks (Bos grunniens), indigenous to the harsh Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, are well adapted to the severe conditions, and graze natural pasture without supplements all year round. Qaidam cattle (Bos taurus),...

Share article

Defatted black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) diets: Effects on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, fillet quality, economic and environmental sustainability

The use of insect meal in aquafeed formulations has recently gained attention. Detailed knowledge about the inclusion levels for pikeperch (Sander lucioperca), a promising candidate for intensive aquaculture...

Share article

Influence of yeast on rumen fermentation, growth performance and quality of products in ruminants: A review

This review aims to give an overview of the efficacy of yeast supplementation on growth performance, rumen pH, rumen microbiota, and their relationship to meat and milk quality in ruminants. The practice...

Share article

Specialized protein products in broiler chicken nutrition: A review

In poultry nutrition, most attention is given to protein products, due to the importance of protein as a major constituent of the biologically active compounds in the body. It also assists in the synthesis...

Share article

Cassava: Nutrient composition and nutritive value in poultry diets

Insufficient supply, high prices and competition with the human food and biofuel industries means there is a continuous demand for alternative energy sources for poultry. As a result, cassava is becoming...

Share article

Gut microbiome colonization and development in neonatal ruminants: Strategies, prospects, and opportunities

Colonization and development of the gut microbiome is a crucial consideration for optimizing the health and performance of livestock animals. This is mainly attributed to the fact that dietary and management...

Share article

The role of seaweed as a potential dietary supplementation for enteric methane mitigation in ruminants: Challenges and opportunities

Seaweeds are macroalgae, which can be of many different morphologies, sizes, colors, and chemical profiles. They include brown, red, and green seaweeds. Brown seaweeds have been more investigated and...

Share article

Stay Informed

Register your interest and receive email alerts tailored to your needs. Sign up below.