This journal is a peer reviewed, fully open access journal owned by Jilin University. Jilin University retains copyright of the overall compiled journal and the compiled issues. The article is universally and freely accessible via the internet in perpetuity, in an easily readable format immediately after publication.
To provide open access, this journal has an open access fee (also known as an Article Processing Charge, APC) which needs to be paid by the authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution. The open access publication fee for this journal is USD 1000, plus taxes. All APCs for articles submitted to the journal before 31 December 2026 will be fully waived.
Peer review under the responsibility of Jilin University.
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.
A CC user license manages the reuse of the article. Articles will be published under CC-BY license:
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY):
Let others to copy, to create extracts, abstracts and new works from the Article, to alter and revise the Article, and to make commercial use of the Article (including reuse and/or resale of the Article by commercial entities), provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, indicates if changes were made and the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
For open access publishing, this journal uses a licensing agreement. For the single article, Authors will retain copyright alongside scholarly usage rights and KeAi Communications Co., Ltd. and Jilin University will be granted non-exclusive publishing and distribution rights.
This journal is published quarterly per year.
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