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ISSN: 2666-6472

Stabilizer selection and formulation strategies for enhanced stability of single base nitrocellulose propellants: A review

Stabilizers play a crucial role in preventing undesirable decomposition and degradation reactions of propellants, thus ensuring their long-term performance and safe storage. This review highlights recent...

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Ageing studies on AP/HTPB based composites solid propellants

Components of solid rocket motor that are susceptible to ageing are propellant, insulator, inhibitor, interfaces, igniter system, and seals. Seals, insulator, ignition systems are replaceable but the...

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N-Acetonitrile functionalized 3-nitrotriazole: Precursor to nitrogen rich stable and insensitive energetic materials

In the field of energetic materials, prime attention has been given to the synthesis of environmentally compatible energetic materials having an adequate balance between energy and stability. For this...

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Three-dimensional printing of energetic materials: A review

Additive manufacturing technology or three-dimensional (3D) printing has been applied in many manufacture fields. The combination of 3D printing and conventional energetic material fields can create...

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Review of the phonon calculations for energetic crystals and their applications

The phonon is one of the most important elementary excitation in solid system, as a gene related to the thermal properties and chemical stability of energetic materials. This paper reviews the molecular...

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Machine learning-guided property prediction of energetic materials: Recent advances, challenges, and perspectives

Predicting chemical properties is one of the most important applications of machine learning. In recent years, the prediction of the properties of energetic materials using machine learning has been...

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CL-20 analogues: Structure - Thermal stability/decomposition mechanism relationships

The thermal decomposition of a number of analogues of hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitan (CL-20), in where one or more N-nitro groups have been replaced by another explosophoric unit (diverse N-alkylnitramine...

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Atomic force microscopy in energetic materials research: A review

Modern trends in the development of energetic materials include the various methods of particle surface modification and the widespread use of nanosized powders. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a useful,...

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3,7-Dinitroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-6,8-diamine: A promising building block for advanced heat-resistant and low-sensitivity energetic materials

Constructing heat-resistant fused heterocyclic compounds is increasingly fascinating in the field of energetic materials due to their excellent energy, high thermal stability, and low sensitivity, as...

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Successful development of HAN based green propellant

Research and development of Hydroxyl Ammonium Nitrate based liquid propellant; SHP-163 is reviewed. Starting from the composition selection of the propellant to the development of 1 ​N thruster of Green...

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Nitrogen-rich tetracyclic-based heterocyclic energetic materials

This review provides numerous studies on nitrogen-rich tetracyclic-based heterocyclic energetic materials including oxadiazole, tetrazole, triazole, pyrazole, imidazole and tetrazine. The article mainly...

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Review on the laser-induced performance of photothermal materials for ignition application

Laser ignition has been widely studied, and is regarded as a potential initiation technique in pyrotechnics owing to its simple ignition sequence, good safety, high ignition consistency, and strong...

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Machine learning-based prediction and interpretation of decomposition temperatures of energetic materials

Exploring the application of machine learning (ML) in energetic materials (EMs) has been a hot research topic. Accordingly, the prediction of the detonation properties of EMs using ML methods has attracted...

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A review of quantum chemical methods for treating energetic molecules

As a necessary tool for understanding, prediction, and design (especially on a microscopic scale), Quantum chemical (QC) methods have a profound impact on the field of energetic materials (EMs). This...

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Polymeric nitrogen: A review of experimental synthesis method, structure properties and lattice dynamic characterization from large scientific facilities and extreme spectroscopy perspectives

Single-bonded polymeric nitrogen (PN) synthesized under high pressure was highly delivered for its valuable application prospects on high-energy-density materials (HEDM) and profound effects for understanding...

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Azo-linked four-heterocyclic energetic molecule and its complexes: Exploring the important influence of conjugated planar structure on their crystal arrangement and stability

Using two routes, this study designed and synthesized a novel azo-linked four-heterocyclic compound, 1,2-bis(5-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl) diazene (3, H4BTTD), with high yields. It corroborated...

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Recent advances on the crystallization engineering of energetic materials

The safety properties and desirable detonation performance of energetic materials (EMs) are mutually exclusive, therefore, various strategies including the coating, doping, crystallization, and co-crystallization,...

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Auto-ignition of ionic liquid fuels with hydrogen peroxide triggered by copper-containing liquid promoter

Research into next-generation propellants with green fuel–oxidizer pairs to replace the currently used highly toxic hydrazine–N2O4 system has attracted widespread attention. Ionic liquids (ILs) and...

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Synthesis and characterization of 2-amino-4,5-bis(tetrazol-5-yl)-1,2,3-triazole: A high-nitrogen energetic material with low sensitivities and high thermal stability

In this study, a high-nitrogen insensitive energetic material, 2-amino-4,5-bis(tetrazole-5-yl)-1,2,3-triazole (H2ABTT), was successfully synthesized by introducing the N-amino group on the 1,2,3-triazole...

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Packing coefficient determining the packing density difference of CHON-containing isomers

Packing density is a basic property of substances and acts as one of important decisive factors of service performances. This work focuses upon the determining factors of packing density at the premise...

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Ferrocene-fullerene dyad as a novel burn rate modifier for propellants

The burn rate of composite rocket propellants serves as a critical ballistic parameter in the construction of a rocket engine. Due to their large surface areas, carbon-based materials such as carbon...

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Synthesis, characterization, and thermal decomposition performance of 1,2,3-triazolyl-substituted 1,3,5-triazines with carbonyl, ester, and azide functional groups

Based on the organocatalytic reaction of enamine azide addition of 2,4,6-triazido-1,3,5-triazine to acetylacetone acetoacetic ester, we synthesized a series of previously unknown mono-, di-, and tri(1,2,3-triazolyl)-substituted-1,3,5-triazines...

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Interactions between a neutral polymeric bonding agent and nitramine explosives and their influencing factors

Neutral polymer bonding agents (NPBAs) have proven highly effective in enhancing the interfacial bonding between the bonding matrix and nitramine explosives such as cyclic trimethylene trinitramine...

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Effects of the crystallinity of fluoropolymer binders components in polymer-bonded explosives on shock Hugoniots: A computational study

Fluoropolymers play a crucial role as binders in polymer-bonded explosive (PBX) formulations. However, there is a lack of clear understanding of the effects of increased fluoropolymer crystallinity...

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A review of small angle scattering, neutron reflection, and neutron diffraction techniques for microstructural characterization of polymer-bonded explosives

To better understand the structure-activity relationship and enhance the overall performance of polymer-bonded explosives (PBXs), the neutron and X-ray scattering techniques, which utilize neutron or...

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