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ISSN: 2666-6472

Machine learning-guided property prediction of energetic materials: Recent advances, challenges, and perspectives

Predicting chemical properties is one of the most important applications of machine learning. In recent years, the prediction of the properties of energetic materials using machine learning has been...

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Ageing studies on AP/HTPB based composites solid propellants

Components of solid rocket motor that are susceptible to ageing are propellant, insulator, inhibitor, interfaces, igniter system, and seals. Seals, insulator, ignition systems are replaceable but the...

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Three-dimensional printing of energetic materials: A review

Additive manufacturing technology or three-dimensional (3D) printing has been applied in many manufacture fields. The combination of 3D printing and conventional energetic material fields can create...

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Simple and energetic: Novel combination of furoxan and 1,2,4-triazole rings in the synthesis of energetic materials

Two novel representatives of energetic (1,2,4-triazolyl)furoxans were prepared from the readily available (furoxanyl)amidrazones. Synthesized compounds were thoroughly characterized with IR and multinuclear...

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1,5-Dimethyltetrazole as a ligand in energetic 3d5 to 3d10-metal coordination compounds

During the last decade, energetic coordination compounds gained considerable attention due to the simple adjustments in their physicochemical properties. By combining different metal cations, energetic...

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High-density and low-sensitivity energetic materials based on conjugated fused rings

This study effectively synthesized N,N'-(diazene-1,2-diylbis(5-amino-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a][1,3,5]triazine-2,7-diyl)) dinitramide (3) by using 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole as a starting material combining...

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1-Nitramino-5-aminotetrazole – A simple accessible highly energetic building block

The highly energetic 1-nitrimino-5-aminotetrazole moiety can be obtained by direct nitration of 1,5-diaminotetrazole. The hydroxylammonium, 3,6,7-triamino-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-b][1,2,4]triazolium (HTATOT)...

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A new nitrate-based energetic molecular perovskite as a modern edition of black powder

In recent years, energetic molecular perovskites, which serve as an energetic material design platform, have shown potential for designing primary and secondary explosives. To explore their potential...

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Successful development of HAN based green propellant

Research and development of Hydroxyl Ammonium Nitrate based liquid propellant; SHP-163 is reviewed. Starting from the composition selection of the propellant to the development of 1 ​N thruster of Green...

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Atomic force microscopy in energetic materials research: A review

Modern trends in the development of energetic materials include the various methods of particle surface modification and the widespread use of nanosized powders. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a useful,...

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Recent advances on the crystallization engineering of energetic materials

The safety properties and desirable detonation performance of energetic materials (EMs) are mutually exclusive, therefore, various strategies including the coating, doping, crystallization, and co-crystallization,...

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Review of the phonon calculations for energetic crystals and their applications

The phonon is one of the most important elementary excitation in solid system, as a gene related to the thermal properties and chemical stability of energetic materials. This paper reviews the molecular...

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Energetic triazinium salts from N-amination of 3,5-diamino-6-nitro-1,2,4-triazine

The N-amination of 3,5-diamino-6-nitro-1,2,4-triazine via treatment with O-tosylhydroxylamine (THA) resulted in the formation of the 2,3,5-triamino-6-nitro-1,2,4-triazinium cation as the tosylate salt....

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Synthesis and characterization of oxygen-containing imidazo[1,2-d][1,2,4]oxadiazole fused-ring energetic compounds

Oxygen plays an important role in improving the oxygen balances and densities of energetic compounds. In this study, a series of oxygen-containing imidazo[1,2-d][1,2,4]oxadiazole building block-based...

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Tetrazolo[1,5-b]pyridazine as a versatile scaffold for construction of multipurpose energetic materials

In this work, a fused-ring tetrazolo[1,5-b]pyridazine framework with catenated nitrogen chain was applied to develop new energetic materials with task-specific applications for different purposes. Their...

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Review on the laser-induced performance of photothermal materials for ignition application

Laser ignition has been widely studied, and is regarded as a potential initiation technique in pyrotechnics owing to its simple ignition sequence, good safety, high ignition consistency, and strong...

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Decreasing the hygroscopicity of ammonium dinitramide (ADN) through cocrystallization

To decrease the hygroscopicity of ADN—a energetic oxidizer, this study developed a new cocrystal composed of ADN and 18C6 (18-crown-6) at a 1:1 ​M ratio through cocrystallization using the solvent evaporation...

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A review of quantum chemical methods for treating energetic molecules

As a necessary tool for understanding, prediction, and design (especially on a microscopic scale), Quantum chemical (QC) methods have a profound impact on the field of energetic materials (EMs). This...

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N-amination of nitrogen-rich scaffolds: From single N–N bond formation to diverse energetic functionalization strategies

The bond-formation strategy associated with carbon and nitrogen atoms is one of the most vital fundamental techniques in the construction of organic molecules. In comparison to well-established methodologies...

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One-step synthesis of polynitropyridine-based thermostable and low sensitive energetic materials

In this study, two energetic compounds based on a 3,5-dinitropyridine backbone linked by hydrazine and imine bridges were synthesized and fully characterized using elemental analysis, NMR (1H, 13C),...

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Nitrogen heterocycle-based energetic materials: New opportunities and state-of-the-art

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Strategies for constructing melt-castable energetic materials: A critical review

Melt-castable energetic materials are utilized in a wide variety of civilian and military applications, such as construction, demolition, underwater blasting, mining, oil well perforation, and military...

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Determination of nucleation kinetics from the induction time of 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene (FOX-7) in DMSO/Water

Elucidation of the crystal nucleation process can provide guidance for controlling crystal size and quality. To understand the nucleation process of 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene (FOX-7), the induction...

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Numerical simulations of trajectories of shock wave triple points in near-ground explosions of TNT charges

To accurately predict the locations and trajectories of shock wave triple points in near-ground explosions, this study determined the propagation law of shock waves after the initiation of a detonator...

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Advancements in mechanical Raman spectroscopy for applications in energetic materials

This paper aims to provide a detailed review of the fundamentals and applications of mechanical Raman spectroscopy in the field of energetic materials. Firstly, the principle behind mechanical Raman...

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