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ISSN: 2589-9651
CN: 50-1217/TB
p-ISSN: 2096-6482

Synthesis, properties, and applications of graphene oxide/reduced graphene oxide and their nanocomposites

Thanks to their remarkable mechanical, electrical, thermal, and barrier properties, graphene-based nanocomposites have been a hot area of research in the past decade. Because of their simple top-down...

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Some basic aspects of polymer nanocomposites: A critical review

Polymer nanocomposites have been investigated for about three decades. To get deep insights into the modifying effects of various nanofillers on mechanical and physical properties of polymer nanocomposites,...

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Development of solid-state electrolytes for sodium-ion battery–A short review

All-solid-state sodium-ion battery is regarded as the next generation battery to replace the current commercial lithium-ion battery, with the advantages of abundant sodium resources, low price and high-level...

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Recent advances on 3D printing graphene-based composites

3D printing or additive manufacturing (AM) has revolutionized the way of manufacturing by designing complex structures in a customized feature which cannot be realized by traditional processing methods....

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Emerging rechargeable aqueous aluminum ion battery: Status, challenges, and outlooks

Aluminum ion battery (AIB) technology is an exciting alternative for post-lithium energy storage. AIBs based on ionic liquids have enabled advances in both cathode material development and fundamental...

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Band structure engineering in metal halide perovskite nanostructures for optoelectronic applications

Metal halide perovskite nanostructures have emerged as low-dimensional semiconductors of great significance in many fields such as photovoltaics, photonics, and optoelectronics. Extensive efforts on...

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Recent advances in graphene and other 2D materials

The isolation of the first two-dimensional material, graphene – a monolayer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice - opened new exciting opportunities in the field of condensed matter physics...

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Recent advances in electrocatalysts for seawater splitting

Water splitting is an effective strategy to produce renewable and sustainable hydrogen energy. Especially, seawater splitting, avoiding use of the limited freshwater resource, is more intriguing. Nowadays,...

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Synthesis of hexagonal boron nitrides by chemical vapor deposition and their use as single photon emitters

Two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), due to its extraordinary thermal, chemical, and optical properties, has arisen as an enticing material for the research community to explore for various...

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Graphene film for thermal management: A review

Thermal conductivity and thermal dissipation are of great importance for modern electronics due to the increased transistor density and operation frequency of contemporary integrated circuits. Due to...

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Applications of carbon nanomaterials in perovskite solar cells for solar energy conversion

The energy issues and environmental concern have led to intense research activities in renewable energy conversion, such as photovoltaic (PV) to convert solar energy into electricity. Perovskite solar...

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Photoelectrocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction: Fundamental, advances and challenges

With the rising global population, increasing energy demand and rapid climate change, great concerns have been raised for environment and energy security in future. Solar-driven CO2 reduction provides...

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Gas sensors based on TiO2 nanostructured materials for the detection of hazardous gases: A review

Hazardous gases have been strongly associated with being a detriment to human life within the environment. The development of a reliable gas sensor with high response and selectivity is of great significance...

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A comprehensive review of miniatured wind energy harvesters

Following the current rapid development of the Internet of Things (IoT) and wireless condition monitoring systems, energy harvesters which use ambient energy have become a key part of achieving an energy-autonomous...

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Atomic layer deposition enabling higher efficiency solar cells: A review

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) can synthesise materials with atomic-scale precision. The ability to tune the material composition, film thickness with excellent conformality, allow low-temperature processing,...

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Quantitative kinetic analysis on oxygen reduction reaction: A perspective

Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) constitutes the core process of many energy storage and conversion devices including metal–air batteries and fuel cells. However, the kinetics of ORR is very sluggish...

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On mechanical properties of nanocomposite hydrogels: Searching for superior properties

Nanocomposite hydrogels are the combination of known components that are a hydrogel and nanometre-sized fillers, typically leading to improved mechanical properties or new functionalities. With simplicity...

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Redox flow batteries based on insoluble redox-active materials. A review

The ever-increasing demand for energy has stimulated the development of economical non-fossil fuels. As representative of clean energy, solar and wind have been identified as the most promising energy...

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Literature review on the mechanical properties of materials after surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT)

Most of the challenges experienced by many engineering materials originate from the surface which later leads to total failure, hence affecting the resultant mechanical properties and service life....

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Recent advances in the utilization of copper sulfide compounds for electrochemical CO2 reduction

Converting carbon dioxide (CO2) into value-added chemicals by CO2 reduction has been considered as a potential way to solve the current energy crisis and environmental problem. Among the methods of...

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Core-shell structured silk Fibroin/PVDF piezoelectric nanofibers for energy harvesting and self-powered sensing

The development of wearable and portable electronics calls for flexible piezoelectric materials to fabricate self-powered devices. However, a big challenge in piezoelectric material design is to boost...

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Challenges and opportunities for nanomaterials in spectral splitting for high-performance hybrid solar photovoltaic-thermal applications: A review

Hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collectors, which are capable of cogenerating useful thermal energy and electricity from the same aperture area, have a significantly higher overall efficiency and...

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2D organic semiconductors, the future of green nanotechnology

The discovery of 2D organic semiconductors of atomically thin structures has attracted great attention due to their emerging optical, electronic, optoelectronic and mechatronic properties. Recent progress...

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Recent development of n-type thermoelectric materials based on conjugated polymers

Thermoelectric (TE) materials based on conjugated polymers have received much attention due to their great advantages of solution processibility, light weight, flexibility, and low thermal conductivity....

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Seasoning Chinese cooking pans: The nanoscience behind the Kitchen God's blessing

The Chinese iron pan can function as a nonstick pan even without a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coating after a “Kitchen God blessing” seasoning process. We simulate this process and disclose the...

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