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ISSN: 2468-0540

RNA and liquid-liquid phase separation

Liquid-Liquid Phase Separation (LLPS) is a biological phenomenon that refers to the components of similar properties form droplets condensate in cells. These droplets play an important role in maintaining...

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Long non-coding RNAs: Mechanism of action and functional utility

Recent RNA sequencing studies have revealed that most of the human genome is transcribed, but very little of the total transcriptomes has the ability to encode proteins. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs)...

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Long non-coding RNAs in oncourology

For several decades, research in tumor biology has focused on the involvement of genes encoding a protein. Only recently has it been discovered that a whole class of molecules called non-coding RNAs...

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Exploring the mechanisms behind long noncoding RNAs and cancer

Over the past decade, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as significant players in gene regulation. They are often differentially expressed and widely-associated with a majority of cancer...

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Potential role of ACE2-related microRNAs in COVID-19-associated nephropathy

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is responsible for coronavirus disease (COVID-19), potentially have severe kidney adverse effects. This organ expressed angiotensin-converting...

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High affinity of host human microRNAs to SARS-CoV-2 genome: An in silico analysis

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by a novel betacoronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has attracted top health concerns worldwide within a few months...

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The nuclear functions of long noncoding RNAs come into focus

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), defined as untranslated and tightly-regulated transcripts with a length exceeding 200 nt, are common outputs of the eukaryotic genome. It is becoming increasingly apparent...

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Involvement of noncoding RNA in blood-brain barrier integrity in central nervous system disease

Given the important role of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in the central nervous system (CNS), increasing studies have been carried out to determine how the structural and functional integrity of the...

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Characteristics of miRNA-SNPs in healthy Japanese subjects and non-small cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and soft tissue sarcoma patients

Single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes encoding microRNAs (miRNA-SNPs) may affect the maturation steps of miRNAs or target mRNA recognition, leading to changes in the expression of target mRNAs to...

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NEAT1 and paraspeckles in neurodegenerative diseases: A missing lnc found?

Neurodegenerative diseases are among the most common causes of disability worldwide. Although neurodegenerative diseases are heterogeneous in both their clinical features and the underlying physiology,...

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Modifying inter-cistronic sequence significantly enhances IRES dependent second gene expression in bicistronic vector: Construction of optimised cassette for gene therapy of familial hypercholesterolemia

Internal ribosome entry site (IRES) sequences have become a valuable tool in the construction of gene transfer and therapeutic vectors for multi-cistronic gene expression from a single mRNA transcript....

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In silico identification and validation of miRNA and their DIR specific targets in Oryza sativa Indica under abiotic stress

Several biotic (bacterial and viral pathogenesis) and abiotic stress factors like salt, drought, cold, and extreme temperatures significantly reduce crop productivity and grain quality throughout the...

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MicroRNA-486-5p and microRNA-486-3p: Multifaceted pleiotropic mediators in oncological and non-oncological conditions

Despite historically known as “junk” DNA, nowadays non-coding RNA transcripts (ncRNAs) are considered as fundamental players in various physiological and pathological conditions. Nonetheless, any alteration...

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Differential non-coding RNAs expression profiles of invasive and non-invasive pituitary adenomas

Pituitary adenoma (PA) accounts for 10–15% of all intracranial neoplasms. Despite their benign nature, PA often shows invasive growth. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class...

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Role of let-7 family microRNA in breast cancer

Metastasis and resistance to therapy significantly contribute to cancer-related deaths. Growing body of evidence suggest that altered expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is one of the root cause of adverse...

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Long non-coding RNAs in breast cancer metastasis

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women. Recurrence of primary tumor and metastasis to distant body parts are major causes of breast cancer-associated mortality. The 5-year...

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Nuclear paraspeckles function in mediating gene regulatory and apoptotic pathways

The nucleus is an essential hub for the regulation of gene expression in both spatial and temporal contexts. The complexity required to manage such a feat has resulted in the evolution of multiple sub-structures...

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Green pesticide: Tapping to the promising roles of plant secreted small RNAs and responses towards extracellular DNA

The diverse roles of non-coding RNA and DNA in cross-species communication is yet to be revealed. Once thought to only involve intra-specifically in regulating gene expression, the evidence that these...

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miR-155–5p predictive role to decelerate foam cell atherosclerosis through CD36, VAV3, and SOCS1 pathway

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNA molecules that play a significant role in atherosclerosis pathogenesis through post-transcriptional regulation. In the present work, a bioinformatic analysis using...

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Oocyte specific lncRNA variant Rose influences oocyte and embryo development

Fully grown mammalian oocytes store a large amount of RNA synthesized during the transcriptionally active growth stage. A large part of the stored RNA belongs to the long non-coding class which contain...

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Role of miRNAs and lncRNAs in hematopoietic stem cell differentiation

Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have diverse roles in the differentiation of hematopoietic cells. Among these transcripts, long ncRNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have especial contribution in this regard...

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Non-coding RNAs in exosomes and adipocytes cause fat loss during cancer cachexia

Cancer Cachexia (CC) is a disease that changes various metabolisms in human body. Fat metabolism is significantly affected in CC, leading to fat loss. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in adipocytes and exosomes...

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The physiological function of long-noncoding RNAs

The physiological processes of cells and organisms are regulated by various biological macromolecules, including long-noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which cannot be translated into protein and are different...

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Genome-wide analysis of PHD finger gene family and identification of potential miRNA and their PHD finger gene specific targets in Oryza sativa indica

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important cereal crops for one third of the world population. However, the grain quality as well as yield of rice is severely affected by various abiotic stresses....

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A bioinformatics approach to identify novel long, non-coding RNAs in breast cancer cell lines from an existing RNA-sequencing dataset

Breast cancer research has traditionally centred on genomic alterations, hormone receptor status and changes in cancer-related proteins to provide new avenues for targeted therapies. Due to advances...

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