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ISSN: 2666-4453

Water reuse and recycling in Australia — history, current situation and future perspectives

Most of Australia has low rainfall. The population is small (25 ​M) but growing at 1.5%/yr. Water limitations are being exacerbated by climate change. By 1990, restraints placed on wastewater treatment...

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Water reuse and recycling in Japan — History, current situation, and future perspectives

Water reuse is an effective option all over the world for saving water resources, reducing environmental impacts, and reducing the costs and energy involved in water resource management. In Japan, non-potable...

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Long-term performance and economic evaluation of full-scale MF and RO process – A case study of the changi NEWater Project Phase 2 in Singapore

The Changi NEWater Project Phase 2 purifies the secondary effluent of an urban sewage treatment plant using a two-stage microfiltration membrane (MF) and reverse osmosis (RO) process to produce NEWater...

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Towards the new era of wastewater treatment of China: Development history, current status, and future directions

Water is essential for the sustainable development of human society. With the largest population and rapid economic development, water usage and treatment in China have grown tremendously in the past...

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Membrane technology for rainwater treatment and reuse: A mini review

Because of the current situation of global water shortage, finding strategies that can effectively guarantee water safety and sustainable use has become an urgent problem that needs to be solved at...

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Marine biodegradability review of plastics

Current test methods for estimating biodegradability and duration in the oceans, do not consider nitrogen as a limiting factor for bacterial growth and plastic biodegradation. Algae and cyanobacteria...

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Water reuse and recycling in Canada — history, current situation and future perspectives

Water reuse and recycling in Canada has been alive and viable where there is a need for water conservation or to reduce nutrients going to rivers and lakes. A study on response to reuse shows many people...

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Treatment of surfactants with concentrations below critical micelle concentration by ultrafiltration: A mini-review

Surfactants are widely distributed in wastewater at concentrations below the critical micelle concentration (CMC). Generally, surfactant monomers are smaller than the pore sizes of ultrafiltration (UF)...

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Climate change impacts on the water flow to the reservoir of the Dez Dam basin

This study has led to changes in the Dez Dam water basin area in recent decades. Non-parametric Mann-Kendal trend test and two shift change point detection tests of Pettit and Buishand were applied...

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Water reuse in Brazilian rice farming: Application of semiquantitative microbiological risk assessment

The current paper presented the Semiquantitative model for microbiological risk assessment for human health, in rice crop production in Brazil. For this purpose, initially, Microbiological Risk Assessment...

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Water reuse in Portugal: New legislation trends to support the definition of water quality standards based on risk characterization

The increasing demand for water for multiple purposes and the intensification of severe weather conditions due to climate change have put significant strain on freshwater supplies. Portugal can be very...

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Constructed treatment wetland: Glance of development and future perspectives

It has been well recognised that the representative activated sludge process as the principal wastewater treatment technology is not only expensive but requires supervision by technical staff. In line...

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The virus removal in UV irradiation, ozonation and chlorination

The COVID-19 pandemic draws much attention to virus inactivation since the SARS-CoV-2 was detected in miscellaneous environments and the wastewater can be a potential transmitting pathway. UV irradiation,...

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Impact of biological clogging and pretreatments on the operation of soil aquifer treatments for wastewater reclamation

Globally, sustainable water management is required to minimize water security, and soil aquifer treatments (SATs) are widely applied in wastewater reclamation. Clogging problems limit the sustainable...

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Water utilities’ improvement: The need for water and energy management techniques and skills

Water supply systems consume energy through individual treatment and pumping equipment and the level of consumption is dependent on many factors such as equipment age, operational control and maintenance...

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Water Eco-Nexus Cycle System (WaterEcoNet) as a key solution for water shortage and water environment problems in urban areas

With the rapid socio-economic development, urban cities are confronted with issues of accelerating water scarcity, water contamination and water environment degradation. Optimizing water cycle in urban...

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Removal of tetracycline hydrochloride using S–g-C3N4/PTFE membrane under visible light irradiation

As a type of medicine, tetracycline (TC) is widely used in the world, but it is not easy to degrade due to its poor biochemical properties and stable physicochemical properties. In this work, graphite...

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Adsorption of neutral and negatively charged low-molecular-weight carbonyls in reverse osmosis permeates by ion-exchange resins

Reverse osmosis (RO) has been increasing widely used in water and wastewater treatment to provide high-quality water, such as in industrial pure water production and municipal (non)potable water reuse....

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Impacts of hydraulic retention time and inflow water quality on algal growth in a shallow lake supplied with reclaimed water

Landscape lakes supplied with reclaimed water often face the threats of algal blooms. To guarantee the water quality in an artificial shallow lake (Lake M), algal growth and water quality changes were...

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Exploring the fish assemblage structure in the process of ecological stocking: A case study of Daye Lake

As human activities cause water eutrophication and overfishing, which had a serious impact on fish resources, fish diversity showed a downward trend. In order to understand the changes of fish assemblage...

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MoS2 nanoflowers-activated peroxydisulfate oxidation for rapid and efficient water disinfection

MoS2 nanoflowers were fabricated and deposited on porous graphite felt (MoS2-GF) via the hydrothermal treatment to activate peroxydisulfate (PDS) for water disinfection. The surface textural and chemical...

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Improvement of organic acid production with sulfate addition during syngas fermentation using mixed cultures

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of sulfate on conversion of CO2 into organics using syngas fermentation with mixed culture. Fermentation tests were operated under H2 concentrations...

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Status and challenges of water resources and supply in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (GBA) of China

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (GBA) is one of the most economically developed regions in China. To support the highly developed socioeconomical activities, the water demand in the GBA...

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Disinfection kinetics of peracetic acid inactivation of pathogenic bacteria in water

Peracetic acid (PAA) has broad application in disinfection, since it produces fewer disinfection by-products. In this study, PAA was used as a disinfectant to inactivate Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus...

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Effect of climate change on water availability in Bilate catchment, Southern Ethiopia

This study aims to evaluate the effect of climate change on water availability in the Bilate catchment, Southern Ethiopia. The bias-corrected outputs of five climate models and their ensemble mean were...

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