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ISSN: 1674-2834
e-ISSN: 2376-6123

The ocean response to climate change guides both adaptation and mitigation efforts

The ocean's thermal inertia is a major contributor to irreversible ocean changes exceeding time scales that matter to human society. This fact is a challenge to societies as they prepare for the consequences...

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State of China's climate in 2021

This report is a summary of China's climate, as well as major weather and climate events, during 2021. In 2021, the mean temperature in China was 10.5°C, which was 1.0°C above normal (1981–2010 average)...

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Impacts of ENSO on wintertime PM2.5 pollution over China during 2014–2021

China has implemented a series of emission reduction policies since 2013, and the concentration of air pollutants has consequently decreased significantly. However, PM2.5 (particulate matter with an...

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Assessment of global meteorological, hydrological and agricultural drought under future warming based on CMIP6

Quantifying the changes and propagation of drought is of great importance for regional eco-environmental safety and water-related disaster management under global warming. In this study, phase 6 of...

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State of China's Climate in 2020

This report is a summary of China's climate, as well as major weather and climate events, during 2020. In 2020, the mean air temperature in China was 10.25°C, which was 0.7°C above normal (1981–2010...

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Interannual variability of the sea surface salinity and its related freshwater flux in the tropical Pacific: A comparison of CMIP5 and CMIP6

This paper assesses the interannual variabilities of simulated sea surface salinity (SSS) and freshwater flux (FWF) in the tropical Pacific from phases 5 and 6 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project...

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Impacts of strong El Niño on summertime near-surface ozone over China

The influences of strong El Niño events (1997/98 and 2015/16) on summertime near-surface ozone (O3) concentrations over China are investigated using the GEOS-Chem model. The results show that near-surface...

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Strengthening the three-dimensional comprehensive observation system of multi-layer interaction on the Tibetan Plateau to cope with the warming and wetting trend

Changes in the water cycle on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) have a significant impact on local agricultural production and livelihoods and its downstream regions. Against the background of widely reported...

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Impacts of changes in land cover and topography on a heavy precipitation event in Central Asia

Future variations in precipitation due to the effects of topography and possible trends in land-use change in Central Asia are evaluated by utilizing numerical experiments based on a case study. Considering...

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Distinct patterns of monthly Southern Annular Mode events

The Southern Annular Mode (SAM) is the leading mode of atmospheric variability in the mid–high latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere, representing large-scale variations in pressure and the polar front...

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Predicting climate anomalies: A real challenge

In recent decades, the damage and economic losses caused by climate change and extreme climate events have been increasing rapidly. Although scientists all over the world have made great efforts to...

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On the relationship between tropical cyclone size and environmental helicity in the South China Sea

In this study, the impact of environmental factors on tropical cyclone (TC) outer-core size was investigated for both migrating and local TCs in the South China Sea during the period 2001–2019. Among...

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Strong heatwaves with widespread urban-related hotspots over Africa in 2019

2019 was one of the hottest years in recent decades, with widespread heatwaves over many parts of the world, including Africa. However, as a developing and vulnerable region, the understanding of recent...

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Distinct intensity of 10–30-day intraseasonal waves over the North Pacific between early and late summers

The authors’ previous study identified the wave trains of intraseasonal oscillations, which are mainly in the band of 10–30 days, over the North Pacific during summer. The wave trains are zonally oriented...

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Evaluation of the Madden–Julian oscillation in HiRAM

The aim of this study was to understand the cause of Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) bias in the High Resolution Atmospheric Model (HiRAM) driven by observed SST through process-oriented diagnosis....

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Analysis of lower-boundary climate factors contributing to the summer heatwave frequency over eastern Europe using a machine-learning model

A machine-learning (ML) model, the light gradient boosting machine (LightGBM), was constructed to simulate the variation in the summer (June–July–August) heatwave frequency (HWF) over eastern Europe...

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The development of a powerful Mongolian cyclone on 14–15 March 2021: Eddy energy analysis

Intense and extensive dust, caused by a strong Mongolian cyclone, hit Mongolia and northern China on 14–15 March 2021. In this study, the development process of this cyclone is analysed from the perspective...

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Effects of solar radiation modification on the ocean carbon cycle: An earth system modeling study

Solar radiation modification (SRM, also termed as geoengineering) has been proposed as a potential option to counteract anthropogenic warming. The underlying idea of SRM is to reduce the amount of sunlight...

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The anthropogenic acceleration and intensification of flash drought over the southeastern coastal region of China will continue into the future

The frequent and rapid onset of flash drought poses a serious threat to agriculture and ecosystems. Detecting human influences on flash droughts and estimating their future risks under climate change...

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Assessment of CMIP6 model performance for temperature and precipitation in Xinjiang, China

In this study, the authors evaluate the skill of 42 climate models from phase 6 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6) in reproducing the climatological temperature and precipitation in...

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The extreme Arctic warm anomaly in November 2020

In November 2020, the eastern Arctic experienced an extensive extreme warm anomaly (i.e., the second strongest case since 1979), which was followed by extreme cold conditions over East Asia in early...

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Enhanced atmospheric phosphorus deposition in Asia and Europe in the past two decades

Image, graphical abstract...

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Seasonal to interannual prediction of air pollution in China: Review and insight

Complex air pollution problems have resulted in considerable adverse impacts on the environment, human health, and economy in China. However, owing to strict regulations since 2013, the air quality...

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The increasing predominance of extreme precipitation in Southwest China since the late 1970s

Extreme precipitation events cause severe environmental and societal damage worldwide. Southwest China (SWC) is sensitive to such effects because of its overpopulation, underdevelopment, and fragile...

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Analysis of climatic features and major meteorological disasters over the Three Gorges Region of the Yangtze River Basin in 2021

Based on daily observation data in the Three Gorges Region (TGR) of the Yangtze River Basin and global reanalysis data, the authors analyzed the climate characteristics and associated temporal variations...

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