Guide for Authors


Guidelines for Authors

Virtual Reality & Intelligent Hardware (VRIH) is a professional academic journal that is approved by the State Administration of Radio and Television, directed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, hosted by China Science Publishing & Media Ltd. (the Science Press), and the Beihang University, published by Beijing Zhongke Journal Publishing Co., Ltd., Cooperation of Goertek Inc.; Professor Wang Yongtian of the Beijing Institute of Technology serves as the chief editor.

VRIH personnel can promote and discuss topics related to virtual reality and intelligent hardware and their scientific research results. In addition, it aims to promote research results through a two-way transformation of laboratories and practical applications, with particular emphasis on the reporting of research results related to virtual reality/augmented reality technology, low-power lightweight hardware and software technology, high-performance intelligent sensing technology, high-precision motion and attitude control technology, low-power wide-area intelligent IOT technology, client-cloud integration collaboration technology, etc. VRIH has taken the initiative to establish a high-quality journal; it shows global researchers the characteristics and level of setting up of a high-level journal, helps to achieve the quick publication and exchange of academic achievements in the virtual reality and intelligent hardware research field on related international platforms.

Ethics in publishing

Please see our information pages on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication.
Submissions to KeAi journals are automatically screened using iThenticate's CrossCheck within the editorial system to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. When a plagiarism complaint is raised, we recommend following the actions here.

Types of article

Articles published in VRIH includes:

  • Reviews: A prospective thesis written by authors for a specific topic by compiling and organizing large amounts of data, material, and the leading viewpoints from original research papers.
  • Research papers: Scientific analysis and comprehensive research and elaboration of phenomena (or problems) in the research domain on the premise that researchers have a sufficient grasp of the academic, innovative, and scientific aspects of the field and on the foundation of scientific experiments (or trials) will be accepted for submission. In-depth research, summary and innovative results, and conclusions regarding these phenomena need to be included in such papers. Please refer to the template.
  • Rapid communications: Rapid communications papers report on the final or interim results of the cutting-edge, latest, unique, or significant scientific research topics in the field of virtual reality and smart devices. Papers should not exceed four pages, and priority will be given for publications.
  • Case reports: Reports of representative experiments, inventions, or results.
  • News: Publication of news and communications of reports on research findings, policies, people, etc., to become a window for the reader to understand industry information. Academic journals, academic conferences, press conferences, and results evaluation can be used as sources for science and technology news.
  • Commentary: Experts are invited to write a commentary according to the topic. These papers include commentaries, editorials, short reviews, brief comments, guest commentaries, letters, etc.
VRIH articles are published directly on line, together with complete publishing information concerning page, issue, volume and DOI.

Declaration of interests

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Authors should complete the declaration of competing interest statement using this template and upload to the submission system at the Attach/Upload Files step. Note: Please do not convert the .docx template to another file type. Author signatures are not required. If there are no interests to declare, please choose the first option in the template. This statement will be published within the article if accepted.More information.


Submission to this journal proceeds totally online. Use the following guidelines to prepare your article. Via the homepage of this journal ( you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. The system automatically converts source files to a single Adobe Acrobat PDF version of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail and via the author's homepage, removing the need for a hard-copy paper trail. If you are unable to provide an electronic version, please contact the editorial office prior to submission
ORCiD ID: Our journal supports the use of ORCiD ID. Authors are encouraged to provide ORCiD ID at submission

Preprint posting on SSRN

In support of Open Science, this journal offers its authors a free preprint posting service. Preprints provide early registration and dissemination of your research, which facilitates early citations and collaboration.

During submission to Editorial Manager, you can choose to release your manuscript publicly as a preprint on the preprint server SSRN once it enters peer-review with the journal. Your choice will have no effect on the editorial process or outcome with the journal. Please note that the corresponding author is expected to seek approval from all co-authors before agreeing to release the manuscript publicly on SSRN.

You will be notified via email when your preprint is posted online and a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is assigned. Your preprint will remain globally available free to read whether the journal accepts or rejects your manuscript.

For more information about posting to SSRN, please consult the SSRN Terms of Use and FAQs.

First Look

Please note: posted preprints for this journal will appear in a dedicated journal-branded First Look space on SSRN.


Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed substantially to the work. The order of the authors listed should be agreed by all the coauthors, and all the authors have responsibilities for the published content. Family names are written in upper case. An e-mail address of the corresponding author is required.

Author affiliations: The affiliations should be the institutions where the work was done. Complete addresses with post codes are required.

Author contributions

For transparency, for manuscripts submitted after August 2023, we require corresponding authors to provide co-author contributions to the manuscript using the relevant CRediT roles. The CRediT taxonomy includes 14 different roles describing each contributor’s specific contribution to the scholarly output. The roles are: Conceptualization; Data curation; Formal analysis; Funding acquisition; Investigation; Methodology; Project administration; Resources; Software; Supervision; Validation; Visualization; Roles/Writing - original draft; and Writing - review & editing. Note that not all roles may apply to every manuscript, and authors may have contributed through multiple roles. More details and an example.


Authors should guarantee that their submitted manuscript has not been published before and has not been submitted elsewhere for print or electronic publication consideration. Submission of a manuscript is taken to imply that all the named authors are aware that they are listed as coauthors, and they have agreed on the submitted version of the article. No change in the order of listed authors can be made without an agreement signed by all the authors.


A completed form assigning copyright to Beijing zhongke Journal Publishing Co.Ltd. must be returned to the VRIH when the article is accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute the article (in various languages), including offprints and reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline, online) or other reproductions of similar nature. The Copyright Transfer Statement is available at Beijing Zhongke Journal Publishing Co.Ltd.

Open Access

Every peer-reviewed research article appearing in this journal will be published open access. This means that the article is universally and freely accessible via the internet in perpetuity, in an easily readable format immediately after publication. To provide open access, this journal has an open access fee (also known as an article publishing charge APC) which needs to be paid by the authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution. The APC for this journal is USD 1000, excluding taxes. For all papers submitted before the 31st of December 2024, the APC will be waived making it free to submit to the journal.

A CC user license manages the reuse of the article. Articles will be published under one of the following licenses according to author's choice:

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY):Allows users to copy, to create extracts, abstracts and new works from the Article, to alter and revise the Article and to make commercial use of the Article (including reuse and/or resale of the Article by commercial entities), provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, indicates if changes were made and the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.


Virtual Reality & Intelligent Hardware Editorial Office
Science China Press16 Donghuangchenggen North Street
Beijing 100717, China
Tel: +86-10-64010640

Peer review

This journal operates a single-blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final. More information on types of peer review. The referees' comments usually will be returned to the principal/corresponding author(s) in forty days. The peer review process is as follow:

  • All manuscripts would be first reviewed by editorial office. Any papers fail to meet the basic standard of the journal would be desk rejected for reasons like out of scope, ethic issues, high similarities, etc. Then, editorial office would reassign selected papers to editor-in-chief.
  • Editor-in-chief would invite multiple reviewers to review this paper.
  • After at least 2 reviewers give their reviews and comments, editor-in-chief would provide feedbacks based on review comments to the authors including his own review.
  • When author submits the revised manuscript, editor-in-chief or associate editors-in-chief would make final decision.
  • For submissions to Special Issues, if there are conflicts of interest between the GE(s) and authors, the submissions will be handled by another Editor from Editorial Board who will manage the peer review process and make the decision whether to accept or reject the paper after peer review.
  • For submissions from Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editors, Guest Editor(s), and other journal Board members, and authors who have conflicts of interest with them, we ensure that the paper is handled confidentially by a different team member.

Manuscript format

Contributions are required of a concise, focused account of the findings and reliable essential data. They should be well organized and clearly presented, avoiding exhaustive tables and figures. Authors are advised to use internationally agreed nomenclature, express all measurements in SI units, and quote all the relevant references.

Text: A article should begin with a brief introduction to the problem and the significance of the research. Nomenclature, symbols, and abbreviations should be defined at their initial appearance. All the figures and tables should be numbered in numerical order.

Introduction: Being the most important part of an article, the introduction should provide relevant information on research background and recent progress, with references cited in numerical order, present the problem to be solved in the article, and describe briefly the method adopted to solve the problem. The aim of the research should also be mentioned. Subtitle is forbidden in this part and introduction of the article structure is considered unnecessary.

Equations: Equations should be numerically numbered, with Arabic numbers put on the right-hand side.

Please click here to download the manuscript template.

Materials and method

This part should describe clearly the materials used, the method adopted or developed, the experimental procedure followed, and the results obtained by the authors in their work, so as to allow others to repeat the experiments and to make use of the work published.

Discussion and conclusion

Conclusion should be derived from the observations and experimental results, and comparison with other relevant results is considered helpful to further proving the results. Repeated data should be avoided, and conclusions and suggestions are required to be clearly expressed. New hypotheses and recommendations may be proposed when warranted.


Titles must be limited to 20 words, and should be concise, indexable, and informative for a broad VRIH. Authors should avoid using colons, questions, nonstandard abbreviations, etc., in titles.


The abstract is a summary of the content of the manuscript. It should briefly describe the research purpose, methods developed or used, main results, and conclusion. Extremely technical terms, special symbols, figures, tables, chemical structural formula, and equations should be avoided there and citation of references is not allowed.


A list of five to eight keywords should follow the abstract. The chosen keywords are required to reflect the theme of the manuscript.


Financial support appears here, with grant number(s) following. Full titles of the funding agencies or programs (for example, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National High-Tech Research & Development Program of China, and National Basic Research Program of China) should be given. The authors may express their thanks to the people who helped for the work, and acknowledge valuable suggestions from the reviewers.

Figures and tables

Figures and tables should be numerically numbered, inserted in the text, and cited in order within the text. The figures should have resolution not lower than 600 dpi and clear lines of 5 px, with symbols and letters in Times New Roman at 8 pt. A space should always be maintained between the variable and the unit.

Reference format

  1. For an author's name, full spelling of family name appears before abbreviation of given name, with a spacing in the middle.
  2. If there are more than 3 authors, the first 3 names are followed by et al.
  3. The article title should be identified by an initial capital letter with the remainder of the title in lower case.
  4. For books and proceedings, the initial letter is capitalized for all the notional words and for function words with more than 4 letters.
  5. Do not forget to list the editor names of the proceedings, the publisher, the publishing address, and the beginning and terminating pages.
  6. Accepted but unpublished articles should be followed by "in press".
  7. Websites or homepages cannot be cited as references.


Reference citation is regarded as an important indicator of the article quality. If relevant references,in particular results published within 3 years, are not cited in the article, or most citations are for the authors?own publications, the editor may consider the article unattractive. References should be numerically numbered and cited in order within the text, with the numbers given in square brackets. The authors should carefully check the author names, article title, journal title, year, volume, and issue number of each reference, and create the listing according to the format of VRIH.

Reference examples are given as follows:

1. Journal
Wang Q, Linton O, Hardle W. Semiparametric regression analysis with missing response at random. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2004, 99(466): 334-345

2. Monograph
Rordam M, Larsen F, Lausten N. An introduction to K-theory for C*-algebras. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. 30-35

3. Proceedings
Qin H R. The subgroups of a finite order in K(Q). In: Bass H, Kuku A O, Pedrini C, eds. Algebraic K-theory and Its Application. Singapore: World Scientific, 1999. 600-607

4. Conference proceedings
Minor HE. Spillways for high velocities. In: Zurich VE, Minor HE, Hager WH, eds. Proceedings of International Workshop on Hydraulics of Stepped Spillways, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, 2000. 3?10

5. Dissertation
Liu GX. Classification of finite dimensional basic Hopf algebras and related topics. Dissertation for the Doctoral Degree. Hangzhou: Hangzhou University, 2005. 24?28

6. Technical report
Phillips N A. The Nested Grid Model. NOAA Technical Report NWS22. 1979

7. Patent
Zhang WP. Experiment Apparatus of Diffraction Imaging. China Patent, 02290557.X, 2003-12-03

8. User manual
Wang DL, Zhu J, Li ZK, et al. User Manual for QTKMapper Version 1.6, 1999

9. Software
Hemodynamics III: The ups and downs of hemodynamics.Version 2.2. Orlando: Computerized Educational Systems. 1993

10. CD
Anderson S C, Poulsen K B. Anderson's Electronic Atlas of Hematology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Wilkins, 2002

11. Electronic version of a journal
Christine M. Plant physiology: plant biology in the Genome Era. Science, 2003, 281: 331?332 [cited Sep. 23, 2003]. Available from: http://www.


For questions about the editorial process (including the status of manuscripts under review) or for technical support on submissions, please visit our Support Center.


For articles with great breakthrough results, quick publication will be arranged. After typesetting, page proofs are usually sent electronically as e-mail attachments to the corresponding authors. The proofs plus minor corrections must be returned to the managing editor within 3 days. Failure to do this will result in delays in publication. Corrections can be noticed in different ways: (1) highlight the corrections and send back the printed proof pages; (2) fax the corrections to the managing editor; (3) highlight the corrections and send back the corrected page proofs as e-mail attachments.


Authors will be presented one sample copy of the issue in which their article is published. If offprints and more sample copies are required, the authors should contact the managing editor and pay the extra fee.

Post-publication amendments

Errata and Corrigenda

We will publish a correction of your article if a significant error is discovered after publication. An Erratum will be published if we introduced the error; a Corrigendum if the author introduced the error.


Articles may be withdrawn, retracted, removed or replaced after publication if they contain substantial errors that cannot be corrected by publishing an Erratum or a Corrigendum, or if ethical violations come to light after publication.

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