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ISSN: 1674-9278
CN: 11-5918/P

Contributions of natural systems and human activity to greenhouse gas emissions

In this study, we conducted a literature review of relevant research and then statistically analyzed global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from natural systems, including forest fires, oceans, wetlands,...

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An overview of climate change impacts on the society in China

Society could sustain the impact of climate change by adapting to the change and mitigating risks from adverse effects of increasing changes, so that it can continue maintaining its prospect and improving...

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U.S. withdrawal from the Paris Agreement: Reasons, impacts, and China's response

Applying qualitative and quantitative methods, this article explains the driving forces behind U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, assesses the impacts of this...

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Achieving Paris Agreement temperature goals requires carbon neutrality by middle century with far-reaching transitions in the whole society

The concept of carbon neutrality is much emphasized in IPCC Spatial Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C in order to achieve the long-term temperature goals as reflected in Paris Agreement. To keep these...

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Impacts of climate-induced permafrost degradation on vegetation: A review

Under a warming climate, degrading permafrost profoundly and extensively affects arctic and alpine ecology. However, most existing relevant studies are more focused on the hydrothermal impacts of vegetation...

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The withdrawal of the U.S. from the Paris Agreement and its impact on global climate change governance

The global community has prepared for the withdrawal of the U.S. from the Paris Agreement since Donald Trump was elected as the president of the U.S. However, Trump's formal declaration of withdrawal...

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Understanding systemic risk induced by climate change

The systemic risk induced by climate change represents one of the most prominent threats facing humanity and has attracted increasing attention since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic at the end...

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Advancing early warning and surveillance for zoonotic diseases under climate change: Interdisciplinary systematic perspectives

Zoonoses account for the majority of emerging infectious diseases and pose a serious threat to human and animal health. Under global warming and climate change, zoonoses are significantly affected by...

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Debates on the Causes of Global Warming

The controversy between the IPCC and Non-governmental IPCC (NIPCC) on the attribution of global warming are reviewed. IPCC holds that today’s global warming is mainly due to anthropogenic activities...

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Will China achieve its 2060 carbon neutral commitment from the provincial perspective?

China has pledged to peak carbon emissions before 2030 and strive to achieve carbon neutrality before 2060. However, the significant variations of provincial carbon emissions make it unclear whether...

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Which sectors should be covered by the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism?

The European Union (EU) is developing the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) to address carbon leakage in international trade. However, the EU has paid inadequate attention to input‒output linkages,...

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Machine learning-based predictions of current and future susceptibility to retrogressive thaw slumps across the Northern Hemisphere

Retrogressive thaw slumps (RTSs) caused by the thawing of ground ice on permafrost slopes have dramatically increased and become a common permafrost hazard across the Northern Hemisphere during previous...

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Extraordinary hot extreme in summer 2022 over the Yangtze River basin modulated by the La Niña condition under global warming

A widespread and prolonged hot extreme hit the Yangtze River basin in summer 2022, with 300 sites established new temperature records and nearly 96% stations endured more than 40 hot days. From the...

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Earth observation big data for climate change research

Earth observation technology has provided highly useful information in global climate change research over the past few decades and greatly promoted its development, especially through providing biological,...

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Challenges and countermeasures for developing countries in addressing loss and damage caused by climate change

Loss and damage caused by extreme climate events have attracted increasing attention. The 28th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (hereinafter referred...

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Multiscale spatiotemporal meteorological drought prediction: A deep learning approach

Reliable monitoring and thorough spatiotemporal prediction of meteorological drought are crucial for early warning and decision-making regarding drought-related disasters. The utilisation of multiscale...

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Glacier geoengineering to address sea-level rise: A geotechnical approach

It is remarkable that the high-end sea level rise threat over the next few hundred years comes almost entirely from only a handful of ice streams and large glaciers. These occupy a few percent of ice...

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Amplification effect of intra-seasonal variability of soil moisture on heat extremes over Eurasia

Drying soil has been conducive to a high frequency of extreme high-temperature events over many regions worldwide in recent decades. However, changes in the intraseasonal variability of soil moisture...

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Evaluating modified effects of family factors on intervention to protect primary school students from the impact of heatwave

Identifying the factors that may impact intervention effectiveness of primary students is crucial for developing targeted intervention strategies on heatwave adaption. The purpose of the study was to...

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Evaluating the performance of CMIP6 Earth system models in simulating global vegetation structure and distribution

Evaluation of vegetation structure and distribution simulations in Earth system models (ESMs) is the basis for understanding historical reconstruction and future projection of changes in terrestrial...

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Evaluation of CMIP6 HighResMIP models in simulating precipitation over Central Asia

The High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP) experiment within the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6), for the first time, has provided an opportunity to evaluate...

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Analysis of environmental impacts of drone delivery on an online shopping system

In rural areas, drones are designed to replace road deliveries so as to overcome infrastructure challenges; though drones notably consume less fuel and consequently have a smaller impact on the environment,...

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Status and trends of carbon emissions research at the county level in China

This study provides a comprehensive overview of the challenges to achieving carbon neutrality at the county level in China and offers targeted recommendations, laying the groundwork for future specialized...

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A representative CO2 emissions pathway for China toward carbon neutrality under the Paris Agreement's 2 °C target

In 2021, China updated its nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement, which prompts a more accurate measurement of its emissions inventory and a reasonable pathway toward...

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Carbon footprint and carbon neutrality pathway of green tea in China

With the rising popularity of the concept of “carbon neutralization”, low-carbon products are likely to gain more advantages. Related to this, green tea— an important beverage that is widely consumed...

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