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ISSN: 2666-3376

Physical activity, exercise, and chronic diseases: A brief review

Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide with increasing prevalence in all age groups, genders, and ethnicities. Most chronic disease deaths occur in middle-to low-income countries...

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The COVID-19 pandemic and physical activity

The SARS-CoV-2-caused COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a devastating threat to human society in terms of health, economy, and lifestyle. Although the virus usually first invades and infects the lung...

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Physical exercise and COVID-19 pandemic in PubMed: Two months of dynamics and one year of original scientific production

Our aim was to conduct a narrative review about physical exercise and Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). A literature search was completed crossing the keywords “COVID-19” and “physical exercise”,...

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Effects of COVID-19 pandemic and quarantine period on physical activity and dietary habits of college-aged students

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic led to sudden extreme changes in lifestyle, potentially causing adverse changes in physical activity, sedentary behavior, and dietary habits. The objective...

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High intensity interval training and molecular adaptive response of skeletal muscle

Increased cardiovascular fitness, V˙O2max, is associated with enhanced endurance capacity and a decreased rate of mortality. High intensity interval training (HIIT) is one of the best methods to increase...

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Combined extracorporeal shockwave therapy and exercise for the treatment of tendinopathy: A narrative review

Tendinopathy is a chronic degenerative musculoskeletal disorder that is common in both athletes and the general population. Exercise and extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is among the most common...

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Exercise is mitochondrial medicine for muscle

Mitochondria are vital organelles that provide energy for muscle function. When these organelles become dysfunctional, they produce less energy as well as excessive levels of reactive oxygen species...

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Low back pain and golf: A review of biomechanical risk factors

Golf is an international sport played by a variety of age groups and fitness levels, and although golf has a low to moderate aerobic intensity level, injuries are common among professional and amateur...

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Harrogate consensus agreement: Cycling-specific sport-related concussion

Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a common and increasingly recognised sport-related injury and accounts for between 1% and 9% of all cycling-specific injuries. Attention has been drawn to the difficulty...

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Effect of classroom-based physical activity interventions on attention and on-task behavior in schoolchildren: A systematic review

Physical activity in children is associated with several cognitive benefits. Since children and adolescents spend an increasing amount of time engaged in sedentary behavior both at school and in their...

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The role of exercise in rehabilitation of discharged COVID-19 patients

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) mainly caused pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis through upper respiratory tract infection, which resulted in acute respiratory distress syndrome...

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Match and training injury incidence in rugby league: A systematic review, pooled analysis, and update on published studies

In studies reporting rugby league injuries, match injuries varied depending upon participation level. To review and update pooled data estimates for rugby league injury epidemiology and add information...

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The effect of two COVID-19 lockdowns on physical activity of school-age children

The introduction of strict quarantine restrictions in many countries initiated a direction in science to study the behavioral characteristics of children and adolescents during the social isolation...

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2020 WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behavior

The World Health Organization released new guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour in November 2020. This commentary summarises these guidelines, including the new elements. An evaluation...

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High-altitude illnesses: Old stories and new insights into the pathophysiology, treatment and prevention

Areas at high-altitude, annually attract millions of tourists, skiers, trekkers, and climbers. If not adequately prepared and not considering certain ascent rules, a considerable proportion of those...

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Inflammation, physical activity, and chronic disease: An evolutionary perspective

Low-grade inflammation is emerging as a common feature of contemporary metabolic, psychiatric, and neurodegenerative diseases. Both physical inactivity and abdominal adiposity are associated with persistent...

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Application of traditional Chinese therapy in sports medicine

Chinese herbs have been used as dietary supplements to improve exercise performance. However, evidence-based studies for the use of Chinese herbs in sports remain scarce. Traditional Chinese therapy...

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Glycemic variability: Importance, relationship with physical activity, and the influence of exercise

Glycemic variability is a more sensitive assessment of glycemic health as opposed to traditional clinical measurements. It considers all blood glucose concentrations over a given period to better account...

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Exercise training modulates adipokine dysregulations in metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors for various metabolic diseases, and it is characterized by central obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and insulin resistance. The core component...

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Effectiveness of modified constraint-induced movement therapy for upper limb function intervention following stroke: A brief review

Neglecting the use of the affected limb in stroke patients can result in learned non-use. Modified constraint-induced movement therapy (mCIMT) is a form of rehabilitation therapy that limits the less...

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Dual-task training to improve cognitive impairment and walking function in Parkinson's disease patients: A brief review

In daily functional activities, the body needs the ability to perform two or more tasks at the same time (such as talking while walking). However, the gait disorder of patients with Parkinson's disease...

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Vibration-Damping technology in tennis racquets: Effects on vibration transfer to the arm, muscle fatigue and tennis performance

High vibration transfer from a tennis racquet to the player may cause discomfort, and is hypothesized to influence performance and the onset of muscle fatigue. This study examined a racquet with a novel...

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Development and progression of cancer cachexia: Perspectives from bench to bedside

Cancer cachexia (CC) is a devastating syndrome characterized by weight loss, reduced fat mass and muscle mass that affects approximately 80% of cancer patients and is responsible for 22%–30% of cancer-associated...

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Eccentric exercise in the prevention of patellofemoral pain in high-volume runners: A rationale for integration

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common overuse condition seen in high-volume runners, such as military recruits. Exercise is commonly prescribed, with benefit, for the rehabilitation of individuals with...

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Prevalence of Achilles tendinopathy in physical exercise: A systematic review and meta-analysis

This comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the prevalence of Achilles tendinopathy (AT) in physical exercise (PE). Specifically, we estimate the overall risk of AT in physical exercise...

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