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ISSN: 2666-3376

Physical activity, exercise, and chronic diseases: A brief review

Chronic diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide with increasing prevalence in all age groups, genders, and ethnicities. Most chronic disease deaths occur in middle-to low-income countries...

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Exercise snacks and physical fitness in sedentary populations

Physical inactivity remains a pressing global public health concern. Prolonged periods of sedentary behavior have been linked to heightened risks of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular...

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Post-operative protein supplementation following orthopaedic surgery: A systematic review

Decreased mechanical loading after orthopaedic surgery predisposes patients to develop muscle atrophy. The purpose of this review was to assess whether the evidence supports oral protein supplementation...

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Combined extracorporeal shockwave therapy and exercise for the treatment of tendinopathy: A narrative review

Tendinopathy is a chronic degenerative musculoskeletal disorder that is common in both athletes and the general population. Exercise and extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is among the most common...

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Sport and physical exercise in sustainable mental health care of common mental disorders: Lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic

The large-scale disruptions to physical activity during the coronavirus pandemic have been found to be a leading predictor of common mental disorders. In addition, regular physical exercise has been...

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The COVID-19 pandemic and physical activity

The SARS-CoV-2-caused COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a devastating threat to human society in terms of health, economy, and lifestyle. Although the virus usually first invades and infects the lung...

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Chrono-exercise: Time-of-day-dependent physiological responses to exercise

Exercise is an effective strategy to prevent and improve obesity and related metabolic diseases. Exercise increases the metabolic demand in the body. Although many of the metabolic health benefits of...

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Consensus statement of Chinese experts on exercise prescription (2023)

Exercise prescriptions play a vital role in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. A consensus regarding exercise prescription is important for physical health. The “Consensus statement of...

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High intensity interval training and molecular adaptive response of skeletal muscle

Increased cardiovascular fitness, V˙O2max, is associated with enhanced endurance capacity and a decreased rate of mortality. High intensity interval training (HIIT) is one of the best methods to increase...

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Skeletal muscle mechanisms contributing to improved glycemic control following intense interval exercise and training

High-intensity and sprint interval training (HIIT and SIT, respectively) enhance insulin sensitivity and glycemic control in both healthy adults and those with cardiometabolic diseases. The beneficial...

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Effect of strength training on knee proprioception in patients with knee osteoarthritis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Proprioception is significantly impaired in knee osteoarthritis (KOA), contributing to reduced functionality. Strength training (ST) is essential in KOA by improving muscle strength, although it may...

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Are flexibility and muscle-strengthening activities associated with functional limitation?

This retrospective cohort study examined the relationship between self-reported participation in flexibility and muscular strengthening activities and the development of functional limitation (i.e.,...

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Frailty: Past, present, and future?

The prevalence of frailty across the world in older adults is increasing dramatically and having frailty places a person at increased risk for many adverse health outcomes, including impaired mobility,...

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Comparison of blood flow restriction training and conventional resistance training for the improvement of sarcopenia in the older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Age-related sarcopenia places a tremendous burden on healthcare providers and patients' families. Blood flow restriction (BFR) training may be a promising treatment to bring sarcopenia down, and it...

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Inflammation, physical activity, and chronic disease: An evolutionary perspective

Low-grade inflammation is emerging as a common feature of contemporary metabolic, psychiatric, and neurodegenerative diseases. Both physical inactivity and abdominal adiposity are associated with persistent...

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Reasons and promotion strategies of physical activity constraints in obese/overweight children and adolescents

To explore the reasons for low levels of physical activity in obese/overweight children and adolescents and to propose appropriate strategies to promote their physical activity (PA). This review followed...

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Implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on athletes, sports events, and mass gathering events: Review and recommendations

Since the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19), which caused several respiratory diseases, was formally declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020, it affected...

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Advancing cancer cachexia diagnosis with -omics technology and exercise as molecular medicine

Muscle atrophy exacerbates disease outcomes and increases mortality, whereas the preservation of skeletal muscle mass and function play pivotal roles in ensuring long-term health and overall quality-of-life....

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Low back pain and golf: A review of biomechanical risk factors

Golf is an international sport played by a variety of age groups and fitness levels, and although golf has a low to moderate aerobic intensity level, injuries are common among professional and amateur...

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Exercise is mitochondrial medicine for muscle

Mitochondria are vital organelles that provide energy for muscle function. When these organelles become dysfunctional, they produce less energy as well as excessive levels of reactive oxygen species...

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High-altitude illnesses: Old stories and new insights into the pathophysiology, treatment and prevention

Areas at high-altitude, annually attract millions of tourists, skiers, trekkers, and climbers. If not adequately prepared and not considering certain ascent rules, a considerable proportion of those...

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Exercise and nutrition benefit skeletal muscle: From influence factor and intervention strategy to molecular mechanism

Sarcopenia is a progressive systemic skeletal muscle disease induced by various physiological and pathological factors, including aging, malnutrition, denervation, and cardiovascular diseases, manifesting...

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Nrf2 modulates the benefits of evening exercise in type 2 diabetes

Exercise has well-characterized therapeutic benefits in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Most of the beneficial effects of exercise arise from the impact of nuclear factor erythroid...

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Vibration-Damping technology in tennis racquets: Effects on vibration transfer to the arm, muscle fatigue and tennis performance

High vibration transfer from a tennis racquet to the player may cause discomfort, and is hypothesized to influence performance and the onset of muscle fatigue. This study examined a racquet with a novel...

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Potential neurophysiological and biomechanical risk factors for sport-related back problems: A scoping review

This scoping review aims (1) to map the literature dealing with neurophysiological and biomechanical aspects of back problems in athletes in order to identify valid risk-factors for their prevention,...

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