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ISSN: 2666-3376

Consensus statement of Chinese experts on exercise prescription (2023)

Exercise prescriptions play a vital role in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. A consensus regarding exercise prescription is important for physical health. The “Consensus statement of...

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Increases in the incremental exercise mean response time across the steady state domain: Implications for exercise testing & prescription

We hypothesized that slowed oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics for exercise transitions to higher power outputs (PO) within the steady state (SS) domain would increase the mean response time (MRT) with increasing...

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Identification of key genes and signaling pathways based on transcriptomic studies of aerobic and resistance training interventions in sarcopenia in SAMP8 mice

We examined the effects of resistance and aerobic exercise on the gene expression and biometabolic processes of aging skeletal muscle in senescence-accelerated mouse/prone 8 mice, a model of sarcopenia,...

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Characterizing objective and self-report habitual physical activity and sedentary time in outpatients with an acquired brain injury

Outpatients with an acquired brain injury (ABI) experience physical, mental, and social deficits. ABI can be classified into two subgroups based on mechanism of injury: mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI;...

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Physiological and perceptual responses to sprint interval exercise using arm versus leg cycling ergometry

Increases in power output and maximal oxygen consumption (V̇˙O2max) occur in response to sprint interval exercise (SIE), but common use of “all-out” intensities presents a barrier for many adults. Furthermore,...

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The association of physical activity duration and intensity on emotional intelligence in 10–13 year-old Children

Previous studies have shown that Physical Activity (PA) has a positive association with emotional health and intelligence in adolescents but none have focused on the relationship of PA duration and...

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Aerobic interval training preconditioning protocols inhibit isoproterenol-induced pathological cardiac remodeling in rats: Implications on oxidative balance, autophagy, and apoptosis

This study aimed to investigate the potential cardioprotective effects of moderate and high-intensity aerobic interval training (MIIT and HIIT) preconditioning. The focus was on histological changes,...

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Music alters heart rate and psychological responses but not muscle activation during light-intensity isometric exercise

Listening to music manipulates attention to be more externally focused, which has the potential to improve muscular efficiency. This study aimed to determine the effect of listening to music on muscle...

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Advancing cancer cachexia diagnosis with -omics technology and exercise as molecular medicine

Muscle atrophy exacerbates disease outcomes and increases mortality, whereas the preservation of skeletal muscle mass and function play pivotal roles in ensuring long-term health and overall quality-of-life....

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Demystifying roles of exercise in immune response regulation against acute respiratory infections: A narrative review

The benefits of physical activity and exercise, especially those classified as moderate-to-vigorous activity (MVPA), have been well-established in preventing non-communicable diseases and mental health...

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Injuries and illness of athletes at the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic summer games visiting outside facilities

This study aimed to identify the reasons for transferring athletes to local medical facilities during the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Data on 567 injuries and other illnesses of athletes treated at...

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The missing hydrogen ion, part-2: Where the evidence leads to

The purpose of this manuscript was to present the evidence for why cells do not produce metabolic acids. In addition, evidence that opposes common viewpoints and arguments used to support the cellular...

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Oxygen uptake during the last bouts of exercise incorporated into high-intensity intermittent cross-exercise exceeds the V˙ O2max of the same exercise mode

Oxygen uptake (V˙ O2) was measured during a non-exhaustive high-intensity intermittent cross-exercise (HIICE) protocol consisting of four alternating bouts of 20 ​s running (R) and three bouts of bicycle...

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Characterizing motor impulsivity of individuals classified as overweight to obese

Deficits in the impulse control system are an important predictor of energy intake and body weight. Adults classified as overweight to obese may possess these deficits as a general behavioral trait...

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Nrf2 modulates the benefits of evening exercise in type 2 diabetes

Exercise has well-characterized therapeutic benefits in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Most of the beneficial effects of exercise arise from the impact of nuclear factor erythroid...

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Are there differences in anaerobic relative muscle power between upper and lower limbs in adolescent swimmers: A blinded study

Success in speed swimming depends on the efficiency of the anaerobic system for the production of cellular energy, especially during muscle power production. In the adolescent athletes much is unknown...

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A novel non-invasive method for predicting bone mineral density and fracture risk using demographic and anthropometric measures

Fractures are costly to treat and can significantly increase morbidity. Although dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is used to screen at risk people with low bone mineral density (BMD), not all...

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Sex differences in muscle health in simulated micro- and partial-gravity environments in rats

Skeletal muscle size and strength are important for overall health for astronauts. However, how male and female muscle may respond differently to micro- and partial-gravity environments is not fully...

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Chronic hemodynamic adaptations induced by resistance training with and without blood flow restriction in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

The purposes of this systematic review and meta-analysis of peer-reviewed literature were to examine the chronic effects of resistance training with blood flow restriction (RT-BFR) on hemodynamics,...

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Long-term exercise training inhibits inflammation by suppressing hippocampal NLRP3 in APP/PS1 mice

Behavioral experiments have demonstrated that long-term physical exercise can be beneficial for learning and memory dysfunction caused by neuroinflammation in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the...

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Examination of the effect of fascial therapy on some physical fitness parameters in taekwondo athletes

One of the objectives of this study is to determine the effect of the eight-week fascial therapy program on flexibility, vertical jump, standing long jump, speed and anaerobic strength parameters in...

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Post-exercise heart rate variability recovery after 800-m endurance run load among Cameroonian adolescent's males

The 800-m (m) run is part of Physical Education classes in Cameroon, after which arrhythmias may occur during recovery. Hence, this study aimed at determining relationship between 800-m run loads on...

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The missing hydrogen ion, part-1: Historical precedents vs. fundamental concepts

The purpose of this review and commentary was to provide an historical and evidence-based account of organic acids and the biochemical and organic chemistry evidence for why cells do not produce metabolites...

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An analysis of the São Silvestre race between 2007–2021: An increase in participation but a decrease in performance

This study aimed to investigate the trends of finishers in the São Silvestre race in Brazil, taking into account sex, age, and performance levels. A total of 31 ​775 runners (women, n ​= ​13 ​847; men,...

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Comparison of blood flow restriction training and conventional resistance training for the improvement of sarcopenia in the older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Age-related sarcopenia places a tremendous burden on healthcare providers and patients' families. Blood flow restriction (BFR) training may be a promising treatment to bring sarcopenia down, and it...

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