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ISSN: 2214-5141
CN: 10-1112/S
p-ISSN: 2095-5421

Magnesium deficiency in plants: An urgent problem

Although magnesium (Mg) is one of the most important nutrients, involved in many enzyme activities and the structural stabilization of tissues, its importance as a macronutrient ion has been overlooked...

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The impact of high-temperature stress on rice: Challenges and solutions

Heat stress (HS) caused by rapidly warming climate has become a serious threat to global food security. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a staple food crop for over half of the world’s population, and its...

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Synergistic and antagonistic interactions between potassium and magnesium in higher plants

Magnesium (Mg) affects various critical physiological and biochemical processes in higher plants, and its deficiency impedes plant growth and development. Although potassium (K)-induced Mg deficiency...

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History, current status, and prospects of soybean production and research in sub-Saharan Africa

Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is a non-native and non-staple crop in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with potential to be a commercial crop owing to its wide range of uses as food, feed, and industrial...

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Development of an Agrobacterium-mediated CRISPR/Cas9 system in pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Pea (Pisum sativum L.) is an annual cool-season legume crop. Owing to its role in sustainable agriculture as both a rotation and a cash crop, its global market is expanding and increased production...

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Recent advances in nano-enabled agriculture for improving plant performance

Nano-enabled agriculture is an emerging hot topic. To facilitate the development of nano-enabled agriculture, reviews addressing or discussing the applications, knowledge gap, future research needs,...

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QTL IciMapping: Integrated software for genetic linkage map construction and quantitative trait locus mapping in biparental populations

QTL IciMapping is freely available public software capable of building high-density linkage maps and mapping quantitative trait loci (QTL) in biparental populations. Eight functionalities are integrated...

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Molecular mechanisms of salinity tolerance in rice

Salinity is one of the major abiotic stresses which impose constraints to plant growth and production. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important staple food crops and a model monocot plant....

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Salt tolerance in rice: Physiological responses and molecular mechanisms

Crop yield loss due to soil salinization is an increasing threat to agriculture worldwide. Salt stress drastically affects the growth, development, and grain productivity of rice (Oryza sativa L.),...

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Far-red light: A regulator of plant morphology and photosynthetic capacity

Plant photosynthetic capacity directly determines crop yield. Light quality regulates photosynthetic capacity. This review discusses plant responses to far-red light from the phenotypic to the molecular...

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Phytohormones and their metabolic engineering for abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants

Abiotic stresses including drought, salinity, heat, cold, flooding, and ultraviolet radiation causes crop losses worldwide. In recent times, preventing these crop losses and producing more food and...

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Origin, evolution, and molecular function of DELLA proteins in plants

Gibberellic acid (GA), a ubiquitous phytohormone, has various effects on regulators of plant growth and development. GAs promote growth by overcoming growth restraint mediated by DELLA proteins (DELLAs)....

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Function, transport, and regulation of amino acids: What is missing in rice?

Amino acids are essential plant compounds serving as the building blocks of proteins, the predominant forms of nitrogen (N) distribution, and signaling molecules. Plant amino acids derive from root...

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The NADPH oxidase OsRbohA increases salt tolerance by modulating K+ homeostasis in rice

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a staple cereal for more than two thirds of the world’s population. Soil salinity severely limits rice growth, development, and grain yield. It is desirable to elucidate the...

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Revisiting the role of delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase in drought-tolerant crop breeding

The delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) gene exercises a protective function in stressed plants. However, the relationship between proline accumulation caused by P5CS and abiotic stress...

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Development of herbicide resistance genes and their application in rice

Rice is one of the most important food crops in the world. Weeds seriously affect the rice yield and grain quality. In recent years, there are tremendous progresses in the research and application of...

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META-R: A software to analyze data from multi-environment plant breeding trials

META-R (multi-environment trial analysis in R) is a suite of R scripts linked by a graphical user interface (GUI) designed in Java language. The objective of META-R is to accurately analyze multi-environment...

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Estimation of biomass in wheat using random forest regression algorithm and remote sensing data

Wheat biomass can be estimated using appropriate spectral vegetation indices. However, the accuracy of estimation should be further improved for on-farm crop management. Previous studies focused on...

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How rice organs are colored: The genetic basis of anthocyanin biosynthesis in rice

Anthocyanins are a major subclass of flavonoids that have diverse biological functions and benefit human health. In rice (Oryza sativa), the various colors shown by organs are due mainly to the accumulation...

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Rice transcription factors OsLBD37/38/39 regulate nitrate uptake by repressing OsNRT2.1/2.2/2.3 under high-nitrogen conditions

Nitrate (NO3−) uptake involves a finely regulated and complex multilevel response system. Elucidating the molecular mechanism of nitrate uptake may lead to improving the growth and productivity of plants...

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Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals the landscape of maize root tips and assists in identification of cell type-specific nitrate-response genes

The root system is fundamental for maize growth and yield. Characterizing its heterogeneity and cell type-specific response to nitrate at the single-cell level will shed light on root development and...

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De novo design of future rapeseed crops: Challenges and opportunities

To address the global demand for rapeseed while considering farmers’ profit, we face the challenges of making a quantum leap in seed yield and, at the same time, reducing yield loss due to biotic and...

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High-throughput phenotyping: Breaking through the bottleneck in future crop breeding

With the rapid development of genetic analysis techniques and crop population size, phenotyping has become the bottleneck restricting crop breeding. Breaking through this bottleneck will require phenomics,...

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Genomic selection methods for crop improvement: Current status and prospects

With marker and phenotype information from observed populations, genomic selection (GS) can be used to establish associations between markers and phenotypes. It aims to use genome-wide markers to estimate...

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From leaf to whole-plant water use efficiency (WUE) in complex canopies: Limitations of leaf WUE as a selection target

Plant water use efficiency (WUE) is becoming a key issue in semiarid areas, where crop production relies on the use of large volumes of water. Improving WUE is necessary for securing environmental sustainability...

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