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ISSN: 2214-5141
CN: 10-1112/S
p-ISSN: 2095-5421

Trehalose: A sugar molecule involved in temperature stress management in plants

Trehalose (Tre) is a non-reducing disaccharide found in many species, including bacteria, fungi, invertebrates, yeast, and even plants, where it acts as an osmoprotectant, energy source, or protein/membrane...

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Salt tolerance in rice: Physiological responses and molecular mechanisms

Crop yield loss due to soil salinization is an increasing threat to agriculture worldwide. Salt stress drastically affects the growth, development, and grain productivity of rice (Oryza sativa L.),...

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The impact of high-temperature stress on rice: Challenges and solutions

Heat stress (HS) caused by rapidly warming climate has become a serious threat to global food security. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a staple food crop for over half of the world’s population, and its...

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Magnesium deficiency in plants: An urgent problem

Although magnesium (Mg) is one of the most important nutrients, involved in many enzyme activities and the structural stabilization of tissues, its importance as a macronutrient ion has been overlooked...

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Function, transport, and regulation of amino acids: What is missing in rice?

Amino acids are essential plant compounds serving as the building blocks of proteins, the predominant forms of nitrogen (N) distribution, and signaling molecules. Plant amino acids derive from root...

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Synergistic and antagonistic interactions between potassium and magnesium in higher plants

Magnesium (Mg) affects various critical physiological and biochemical processes in higher plants, and its deficiency impedes plant growth and development. Although potassium (K)-induced Mg deficiency...

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Development of herbicide resistance genes and their application in rice

Rice is one of the most important food crops in the world. Weeds seriously affect the rice yield and grain quality. In recent years, there are tremendous progresses in the research and application of...

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Physiology of medicinal and aromatic plants under drought stress

Drought poses a significant challenge, restricting the productivity of medicinal and aromatic plants. The strain induced by drought can impede vital processes like respiration and photosynthesis, affecting...

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Far-red light: A regulator of plant morphology and photosynthetic capacity

Plant photosynthetic capacity directly determines crop yield. Light quality regulates photosynthetic capacity. This review discusses plant responses to far-red light from the phenotypic to the molecular...

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A simple and efficient CRISPR/Cas9 system permits ultra-multiplex genome editing in plants

The development and maturation of the CRISPR/Cas genome editing system provides a valuable tool for plant functional genomics and genetic improvement. Currently available genome-editing tools have a...

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Flowering-time regulation by the circadian clock: From Arabidopsis to crops

Precise timing of flowering in plants is critical for their growth and reproductive processes. One factor controlling flowering time is the cycle of light and darkness within a day, known as the photoperiod....

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Molecular mechanisms of salinity tolerance in rice

Salinity is one of the major abiotic stresses which impose constraints to plant growth and production. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important staple food crops and a model monocot plant....

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Enemies at peace: Recent progress in Agrobacterium-mediated cereal transformation

Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated plant transformation is a versatile tool for plant genetic engineering following its discovery nearly half a century ago. Numerous modifications were made in its application...

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Development of an Agrobacterium-mediated CRISPR/Cas9 system in pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Pea (Pisum sativum L.) is an annual cool-season legume crop. Owing to its role in sustainable agriculture as both a rotation and a cash crop, its global market is expanding and increased production...

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The CBL-interacting protein kinase OsCIPK1 phosphorylated by SAPK10 positively regulates responses to ABA and osmotic stress in rice

Subclass III sucrose nonfermenting1-related protein kinase 2s (SnRK2s) function in ABA and abiotic stress responses by unknown mechanisms. We found that osmotic stress/ABA-activated protein kinase 10...

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QTL IciMapping: Integrated software for genetic linkage map construction and quantitative trait locus mapping in biparental populations

QTL IciMapping is freely available public software capable of building high-density linkage maps and mapping quantitative trait loci (QTL) in biparental populations. Eight functionalities are integrated...

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GmSTF accumulation mediated by DELLA protein GmRGAs contributes to coordinating light and gibberellin signaling to reduce plant height in soybean

Plant height influences plant architecture, lodging resistance, and yield performance. It is modulated by gibberellic acid (GA) metabolism and signaling. DELLA proteins, acting as central repressors...

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High-throughput phenotyping of plant leaf morphological, physiological, and biochemical traits on multiple scales using optical sensing

Acquisition of plant phenotypic information facilitates plant breeding, sheds light on gene action, and can be applied to optimize the quality of agricultural and forestry products. Because leaves often...

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History, current status, and prospects of soybean production and research in sub-Saharan Africa

Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is a non-native and non-staple crop in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with potential to be a commercial crop owing to its wide range of uses as food, feed, and industrial...

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Origin, evolution, and molecular function of DELLA proteins in plants

Gibberellic acid (GA), a ubiquitous phytohormone, has various effects on regulators of plant growth and development. GAs promote growth by overcoming growth restraint mediated by DELLA proteins (DELLAs)....

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A telomere-to-telomere genome assembly of Hongyingzi, a sorghum cultivar used for Chinese Baijiu production

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a world cereal crop used in China for producing Baijiu, a distilled spirit. We report a telomere-to-telomere genome assembly of the Baijiu cultivar Hongyingzi,...

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Recent advances in nano-enabled agriculture for improving plant performance

Nano-enabled agriculture is an emerging hot topic. To facilitate the development of nano-enabled agriculture, reviews addressing or discussing the applications, knowledge gap, future research needs,...

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Evolution of wheat architecture, physiology, and metabolism during domestication and further cultivation: Lessons for crop improvement

In recent decades, genetic advances in yield improvement in the major cereal crops, including wheat, has stagnated or proceeded at a slower rate than is required to meet future global food demand, particularly...

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Synergistic effects of planting density and nitrogen fertilization on chlorophyll degradation and leaf senescence after silking in maize

Regulating planting density and nitrogen (N) fertilization could delay chlorophyll (Chl) degradation and leaf senescence in maize cultivars. This study measured changes in ear leaf green area (GLAear),...

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Evaluation of a deep-learning model for multispectral remote sensing of land use and crop classification

High-resolution deep-learning-based remote-sensing imagery analysis has been widely used in land-use and crop-classification mapping. However, the influence of composite feature bands, including complex...

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