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ISSN: 2214-5141
CN: 10-1112/S
p-ISSN: 2095-5421

The cotton mitochondrial chimeric gene orf610a causes male sterility by disturbing the dynamic balance of ATP synthesis and ROS burst

Plant cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is maternally inherited and often manifested as aborted pollen development, but the molecular basis of abortion remains to be identified. To facilitate an investigation...

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Manganese toxicity-induced chlorosis in sugarcane seedlings involves inhibition of chlorophyll biosynthesis

Manganese (Mn) toxicity-induced leaf chlorosis limits crop production in acidic soils, but its underlying mechanisms remain unknown. The effects of excessive Mn on chlorophyll (Chl) biosynthesis in...

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Identification of a stable major QTL for fresh-seed germination on chromosome Arahy.04 in cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Fresh-seed germination (FSG) impairs peanut production, especially in areas where the peanut harvest season coincides with rainy weather. Developing FSG-resistant cultivars by molecular breeding is...

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Delaying application time of slow-release fertilizer increases soil rhizosphere nitrogen content, root activity, and grain yield of spring maize

Application of slow-release fertilizer (SF) is a nutrient-management measure aimed at improving maize nutrient use and yield and saving labor cost. One-time application of SF at sowing usually results...

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The NADPH oxidase OsRbohA increases salt tolerance by modulating K+ homeostasis in rice

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a staple cereal for more than two thirds of the world’s population. Soil salinity severely limits rice growth, development, and grain yield. It is desirable to elucidate the...

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Effects of increasing panicle-stage N on yield and N use efficiency of indica rice and its relationship with soil fertility

Because of the higher nitrogen (N) recovery efficiency (NRE) of panicle-stage fertilization compared with basal and tillering fertilization, increasing the proportion of N topdressing at the booting...

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Rice sl-MH-1 mutant induces cell death and confers blast resistance via the synergistic roles of signaling systems

Serotonin is ubiquitous across all forms of life and functions in responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In rice, the conversion of tryptamine to serotonin is catalyzed by Sekiguchi lesion (SL)....

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Characterization of Rsg2.a3: A new greenbug resistance allele at the Rsg2 locus from wild barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum)

Greenbug (Schizaphis graminum Rondani) is a destructive insect pest that not only damages plants, but also serves as a vector for many viruses. Host plant resistance is the preferred strategy for managing...

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Ectopic expression of a male fertility gene, LOGL8, represses LOG and hinders panicle and ovule development

Grain number and seed-setting rate are components of crop yield. Cytokinin influences grain yield. However, emerging studies suggest that high cytokinin signals often lead to reduced branching or seed-setting...

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Development of a wheat material with improved bread-making quality by overexpressing HMW-GS 1Slx2.3* from Aegilops longissima

Wheat bread-making quality can be improved by use of high-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GSs) from wild relatives. Aegilops longissima is a close relative of wheat that contains a number of...

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Sequence analysis of Erianthus arundinaceus chromosome 1 isolated by flow sorting after genomic in situ hybridization in suspension

Erianthus arundinaceus is a wild relative of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) with many desirable agronomic traits for sugarcane genetic improvement. However, limited knowledge of the complex genome...

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Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals the landscape of maize root tips and assists in identification of cell type-specific nitrate-response genes

The root system is fundamental for maize growth and yield. Characterizing its heterogeneity and cell type-specific response to nitrate at the single-cell level will shed light on root development and...

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Rice transcription factors OsLBD37/38/39 regulate nitrate uptake by repressing OsNRT2.1/2.2/2.3 under high-nitrogen conditions

Nitrate (NO3−) uptake involves a finely regulated and complex multilevel response system. Elucidating the molecular mechanism of nitrate uptake may lead to improving the growth and productivity of plants...

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Amino acid permease 6 regulates grain protein content in maize

Grain protein content (GPC) is an indicator of cereal nutritional quality. Identification of genes involved in the regulation of GPC provides targets for molecular breeding for crop protein quality....

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Profiling seed soluble sugar compositions in 1164 Chinese soybean accessions from major growing ecoregions

Soluble sugar is a key quality trait of soybean seeds. We developed rapid and economic extraction and quantification methods for seed soluble sugars using an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography...

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Strigolactones interact with other phytohormones to modulate plant root growth and development

Strigolactones (SLs), which are biosynthesized mainly in roots, modulate various aspects of plant growth and development. Here, we review recent research on the role of SLs and their cross-regulation...

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Dynamic and adaptive membrane lipid remodeling in leaves of sorghum under salt stress

Salt stress limits plant growth and development. In this study, changes in membrane lipids were investigated in leaves of sorghum seedlings subjected to salt stress (150 mmol L−1 NaCl). Galactolipids...

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Clock component OsPRR59 delays heading date by repressing transcription of Ehd3 in rice

Heading date (or flowering time), an important agronomic trait in crop species, is closely associated with regional adaptation and yield. Members of the Pseudo-Response Regulator (PRR) family play key...

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Genetic mechanism of heterosis for rice milling and appearance quality in an elite rice hybrid

Development of hybrid rice with high yield and grain quality is a goal of rice breeding. To investigate the genetic mechanism of heterosis for rice milling and appearance quality in indica/xian rice,...

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Yield sustainability of winter wheat under three limited-irrigation schemes based on a 28-year field experiment

Sustainable intensification is an agricultural development direction internationally. However, little is known about the yield sustainability of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under limited irrigation...

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Heterologous expression of the Haynaldia villosa pattern-recognition receptor CERK1-V in wheat increases resistance to three fungal diseases

Wheat production is under continuous threat by various fungal pathogens. Identification of multiple-disease resistance genes may lead to effective disease control via the development of cultivars with...

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Rice OsIAA6 interacts with OsARF1 and regulates leaf inclination

Leaf inclination, a component of crop architecture, influences photosynthetic efficiency and planting density. Various factors, particularly the phytohormones auxin and brassinosteroids (BRs), function...

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A novel TIR-NBS-LRR gene regulates immune response to Phytophthora root rot in soybean

Phytophthora root rot (PRR), caused by Phytophthora sojae, is a devastating disease of soybean. The NBS-LRR gene family is a class of plant genes involved in disease resistance. miRNA mediates plant...

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CRISPR/Cas9-engineered mutation to identify the roles of phytochromes in regulating photomorphogenesis and flowering time in soybean

Soybean (Glycine max) responds to ambient light variation by undergoing multiform morphological alterations, influencing its yield potential and stability in the field. Phytochromes (PHYs) are plant-specific...

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Comparative genomic analyses reveal cis-regulatory divergence after polyploidization in cotton

Polyploidization has long been recognized as a driver for the evolutionary formation of superior plant traits coupled with gene expression novelty. However, knowledge of the effect of regulatory variation...

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