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ISSN: 2214-5141
CN: 10-1112/S
p-ISSN: 2095-5421

TATA-box binding protein-associated factor 2 regulates grain size in rice

Grain size, characterized by a combination of grain length, width, and thickness, is one of the major determinants of yield in rice. The present study identified TATA-box binding protein-associated...

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GhIQD10 interacts with GhCaM7 to control cotton fiber elongation via calcium signaling

IQ67-domain (IQD) proteins function in plant defense and in organ development. The mechanisms by which they influence cotton fiber development are unknown. In the present study, GhIQD10 was expressed...

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Comparison of sequencing-based and array-based genotyping platforms for genomic prediction of maize hybrid performance

Genomic selection (GS) is a powerful tool for improving genetic gain in maize breeding. However, its routine application in large-scale breeding pipelines is limited by the high cost of genotyping platforms....

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GhHSP24.7 mediates mitochondrial protein acetylation to regulate stomatal conductance in response to abiotic stress in cotton

During seed germination, the cotton chaperone protein HSP24.7 regulates the release, from the mitochondrial electron transport chain, of reactive oxygen species (ROS), a stimulative signal regulating...

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Phenotypical and gene co-expression network analyses of seed shattering in divergent sorghum (Sorghum spp.)

Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], a multipurpose C4 crop, is also a model species of the Poaceae family for plant research. During the process of domestication, the modification of seed dispersal...

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Integrated genomic and transcriptomic analysis reveals genes associated with plant height of foxtail millet

Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) is an important C4 model crop; however, due to its high-density planting and high stature, lodging at the filling stage resulted in a serious reduction in yield and...

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Identification of KASP markers and putative genes for pre-harvest sprouting resistance in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the most important crop in the world and a typical allopolyploid with a large and complex genome. Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) leads to a significant reduction...

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Identifying QTL and candidate genes for prolificacy in maize

In maize, prolificacy, the number of ears per plant, is a trait of interest to maize breeders for breeding high grain-yielding cultivars or specialty corn, as well as being a model trait for decoding...

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Development of a target capture sequencing SNP genotyping platform for genetic analysis and genomic breeding in rapeseed

Rapeseed (Brassica napus) is an oil crop grown worldwide, making it a key plant species in molecular breeding research. However, the complexity of its polyploid genome increases sequencing costs and...

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Genome sequencing reveals the evolution and pathogenic mechanisms of the wheat sharp eyespot pathogen Rhizoctonia cerealis

The necrotrophic fungus Rhizoctonia cerealis is the causal agent of devastating diseases of cereal crops including wheat (Triticum aestivum). We present a high-quality genome assembly of R. cerealis...

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Fertility, genome stability, and homozygosity in a diverse set of resynthesized rapeseed lines

Rapeseed (Brassica napus, AACC) was formed by hybridization between progenitor species Brassica rapa (AA) and Brassica oleracea (CC). As a result of a limited number of hybridization events between...

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Genetic variation in GmCRP contributes to nodulation in soybean (Glycine max Merr.)

Symbiosis between soybean and rhizobia contributes to soybean yield and quality. Although secreted rhizobial type III effectors are known to regulate infection and promote nitrogen fixation, much about...

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Exogenous SA or 6-BA maintains photosynthetic activity in maize leaves under high temperature stress

With global warming, high-temperature (HT) stress has become a major abiotic stress for crops, in particular summer maize in China. Photosynthesis is sensitive to HT. Salicylic acid (SA) and 6-benzyladenine...

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Wheat breeding for Hessian fly resistance at ICARDA

Hessian fly (HF), Mayetiola destructor (Say) is an important pest of wheat in North Africa, North America, Southern Europe, Northern Kazakhstan, Northwestern China, and New Zealand. It can cause up...

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Meta-QTL analysis for mining of candidate genes and constitutive gene network development for fungal disease resistance in maize (Zea mays L.)

The development of resistant maize cultivars is the most effective and sustainable approach to combat fungal diseases. Over the last three decades, many quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping studies...

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Combined effects of high temperature and waterlogging on yield and stem development of summer maize

The purpose of this study was to identify the physiological mechanism underlying the effects of high temperature and waterlogging on summer maize. The stem development and yield of the maize hybrid...

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Genetic analysis of GEFs and GDIs in rice reveals the roles of OsGEF5, OsGDI1, and OsGEF3 in the regulation of grain size and plant height

Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and guanine nucleotide-dissociation inhibitors (GDIs) regulate small GTPase proteins, which function as molecular switches in various signaling pathways, but...

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Molecular cytogenetic analyses of two new wheat-rye 6RL translocation lines with resistance to wheat powdery mildew

Rye (Secale cereale) is a valuable gene donor for wheat improvement, especially for its resistance to diseases. Developing rye-derived resistance sources is important for wheat breeding. In the present...

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Differing responses of root morphology and physiology to nitrogen application rates and their relationships with grain yield in rice

Root morphology and physiology influence aboveground growth and yield formation in rice. However, root morphological and physiological differences among rice varieties with differing nitrogen (N) sensitivities...

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The mitochondria-localized protein OsNDB2 negatively regulates grain size and weight in rice

Grain size is a determinant of rice grain yield. In plants, mitochondria supply energy for cellular metabolism via the mitochondrial electron transport chain. Here we report that OsNDB2, which encodes...

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Past and recent advances in sugarcane cytogenetics

The Saccharum genus comprises species with large and variable chromosome numbers, leading to challenges in genomic studies and breeding improvement. Cytogenetics, including classical and molecular approaches,...

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Advances in the functional study of glutamine synthetase in plant abiotic stress tolerance response

Plant glutamine synthetase (GS, EC6.3.1.2) catalyzes the synthesis of glutamine from glutamate and ammonium ions and acts as a key enzyme in the nitrogen metabolic pathway in organisms. Nitrogen is...

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A new gain-of-function OsGS2/GRF4 allele generated by CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing increases rice grain size and yield

Grain size is one of the most important factors affecting rice grain quality and yield, and attracts great attention from molecular biologists and breeders. In this study, we engineered a CRISPR/Cas9...

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Fine mapping of an adult-plant resistance gene to powdery mildew in soybean cultivar Zhonghuang 24

Powdery mildew (PM), caused by the fungus Microsphaera diffusa, causes severe yield losses in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] under suitable environmental conditions. Identifying resistance genes and...

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TaNRT2.1-6B is a dual-affinity nitrate transporter contributing to nitrogen uptake in bread wheat under both nitrogen deficiency and sufficiency

Multiple nitrate transporter (NRT) genes exist in the genome of bread wheat, and it is of great importance to identify the elite NRT genes for N-efficient wheat cultivar breeding. A candidate gene association...

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