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ISSN: 2214-5141
CN: 10-1112/S
p-ISSN: 2095-5421

Characterization of wavy root 1, an agravitropism allele, reveals the functions of OsPIN2 in fine regulation of auxin transport and distribution and in ABA biosynthesis and response in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Root system architecture is influenced by gravity. How the root senses gravity and directs its orientation, so-called gravitropism, is not only a fundamental question in plant biology but also theoretically...

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Down-regulation of GhADF1 in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) improves plant drought tolerance and increases fiber yield

Fiber productivity and quality of cotton are severely affected by abiotic stresses. In this study, we identified the role of GhADF1, an actin depolymerizing factor, in cotton response to drought stress....

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Comparative transcriptome analyses reveal that the MsNST1 gene affects lignin synthesis in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

As the second most abundant natural polymer, accounting for approximately 30% of the organic carbon in the biosphere, lignin plays an essential role in plant development. However, a high lignin content...

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Agronomic and physiological traits associated with genetic improvement of phosphorus use efficiency of wheat grown in a purple lithomorphic soil

Developing wheat that acquires and uses phosphorus (P) more efficiently is a promising and low-cost solution for increasing grain yield and reducing P-related environmental impacts. The present study...

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Influence of seven levels of chemical/biostimulator protection on amino acid profile and yield traits in wheat

Biostimulators combined with pesticides can reduce the need for chemical crop protection to yield healthy wheat with high grain quality and nutritional value. The goal of this four-year field study...

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Low N apparent surplus with higher rice yield under long-term fertilizer postponing in the rice–wheat cropping system

Nitrogen (N) fertilization increases rice yield, but inappropriate N fertilizer application increases N loss and the risk of environmental pollution. Short-term fertilizer postponing (FP) generally...

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The antioxidant protein ZmPrx5 contributes resistance to maize stalk rot

Maize (Zea mays L.) stalk rot is a devastating disease worldwide, causing severe yield losses. Although previous studies have focused on the genetic dissection of maize resistance to stalk rot, the...

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Genomic prediction using composite training sets is an effective method for exploiting germplasm conserved in rice gene banks

Germplasm conserved in gene banks is underutilized, owing mainly to the cost of characterization. Genomic prediction can be applied to predict the genetic merit of germplasm. Germplasm utilization could...

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Fine mapping and candidate gene analysis of qHD1b, a QTL that promotes flowering in common wild rice (Oryza rufipogon) by up-regulating Ehd1

Heading date (flowering time) determines the adaptability of cultivars to different environments. We report the fine mapping and candidate gene analysis of qHD1b, a quantitative trait locus (QTL) responsible...

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miR398b negatively regulates cotton immune responses to Verticillium dahliae via multiple targets

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in plant defense responses, although such roles have not been identified in cotton in response to the plant pathogenic fungus Verticillium dahliae. In this study,...

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Genome-wide association study and transcriptome analysis reveal new QTL and candidate genes for nitrogen‐deficiency tolerance in rice

The development of rice cultivars with improved nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) is desirable for sustainable agriculture. Achieving this goal depends in part on understanding how rice responds to low...

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Mapping a stable adult-plant stripe rust resistance QTL on chromosome 6AL in Chinese wheat landrace Yibinzhuermai

Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most important diseases threatening the yield and stability of wheat production in China and many other countries. Identification...

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The chloroplast-localized protein LTA1 regulates tiller angle and yield of rice

Plant architecture strongly influences rice grain yield. We report the cloning and characterization of the LTA1 gene, which simultaneously controls tiller angle and yield of rice. LTA1 encodes a chloroplast-localized...

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From model to alfalfa: Gene editing to obtain semidwarf and prostrate growth habits

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a nutritious forage crop with wide ecological adaptability. The molecular breeding of alfalfa is restricted by its heterozygous tetraploid genome and the difficult genetic...

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Foliar applications of various nitrogen (N) forms to winter wheat affect grain protein accumulation and quality via N metabolism and remobilization

Foliar nitrogen (N) application is an effective strategy to improve protein content and quality in wheat kernels, but the specific effects of N forms remain unclear. In a two-year field study, foliar...

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Genetic analysis and gene mapping of a dwarf and liguleless mutation in barley

Leaf development underlies crop growth and productivity and has been a major target of crop domestication and improvement. However, most genes controlling leaf development in barley remain unknown....

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Identification of microRNAs regulating grain filling of rice inferior spikelets in response to moderate soil drying post-anthesis

The grain filling of inferior spikelets is much less complete than that of superior spikelets in rice cultivars with large panicles and numerous spikelets and is promoted by moderate soil drying (MD)...

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TaGW2L, a GW2-like RING finger E3 ligase, positively regulates heading date in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

RING finger E3 ligases play an important role in regulating plant growth and development by mediating substrate degradation. In this study, we identified TaGW2L, encoding a Grain width and weight2 (GW2)-like...

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Improving the resistance of the rice PTGMS line Feng39S by pyramiding blast, bacterial blight, and brown planthopper resistance genes

Knowledge of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genes and various DNA markers can be used in genomic breeding programs aimed at developing improved elite rice cultivars. We used an efficient genomic breeding approach...

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Genetic dissection of the powdery mildew resistance in wheat breeding line LS5082 using BSR-Seq

Powdery mildew of wheat is a destructive disease seriously threatening yield and quality worldwide. Comprehensive dissection of new resistance-related loci/genes is necessary to control this disease....

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Construction of a high-density genetic linkage map and identification of flowering-related QTL in erect milkvetch (Astragalus adsurgens)

Erect milkvetch (Astragalus adsurgens) is a perennial legume forage crop with economic and ecological value in livestock grazing and soil-erosion control in arid and semiarid areas worldwide. Genomic...

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The soybean PLATZ transcription factor GmPLATZ17 suppresses drought tolerance by interfering with stress-associated gene regulation of GmDREB5

Plant AT-rich sequence and zinc binding (PLATZ) transcription factors are a class of plant specific zinc-dependent DNA-binding proteins that function in abiotic stress response and plant development....

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Revisiting the role of delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase in drought-tolerant crop breeding

The delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) gene exercises a protective function in stressed plants. However, the relationship between proline accumulation caused by P5CS and abiotic stress...

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