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ISSN: 2214-5141
CN: 10-1112/S
p-ISSN: 2095-5421

Mapping upland crop–rice cropping systems for targeted sustainable intensification in South China

Upland crop-rice cropping systems (UCR) facilitate sustainable agricultural intensification. Accurate UCR cultivation mapping is needed to ensure food security, sustainable water management, and rural...

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Wheat kinase TaSnRK2.4 forms a functional module with phosphatase TaPP2C01 and transcription factor TaABF2 to regulate drought response

SNF1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) family members are essential components of the plant abscisic acid (ABA) signaling pathway initiated by osmotic stress and triggering a drought stress response....

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A telomere-to-telomere genome assembly of Hongyingzi, a sorghum cultivar used for Chinese Baijiu production

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a world cereal crop used in China for producing Baijiu, a distilled spirit. We report a telomere-to-telomere genome assembly of the Baijiu cultivar Hongyingzi,...

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Knock-out of BnHva22c reduces the susceptibility of Brassica napus to infection with the fungal pathogen Verticillium longisporum

Verticillium longisporum (Vl43) is a soilborne hemibiotrophic fungal pathogen causing stem striping on oilseed rape (OSR) and severe yield losses. Breeding for resistant varieties is the most promising...

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The occurrence, inheritance, and segregation of complex genomic structural variation in synthetic Brassica napus

“Synthetic” allopolyploids recreated by interspecific hybridization play an important role in providing novel genomic variation for crop improvement. Such synthetic allopolyploids often undergo rapid...

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Multi-environment BSA-seq using large F3 populations is able to achieve reliable QTL mapping with high power and resolution: An experimental demonstration in rice

Bulked-segregant analysis by deep sequencing (BSA-seq) is a widely used method for mapping QTL (quantitative trait loci) due to its simplicity, speed, cost-effectiveness, and efficiency. However, the...

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Suppressing a mitochondrial calcium uniporter activates the calcium signaling pathway and promotes cell elongation in cotton

Mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) is a conserved calcium ion (Ca2+) transporter in the mitochondrial inner membrane of eukaryotic cells. How MCU proteins regulate Ca2+ flow and modulate plant cell...

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OsMYB84, a transcriptional regulator of OsCOPT2 and OsHMA5, modulates copper uptake and transport and yield production in rice

Transcription factors regulating crop uptake and translocation of the micronutrient Cu have not been identified. We isolated a novel R2R3-MYB transcription factor, OsMYB84, and showed that it was a...

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A 48-bp deletion upstream of LIGULELESS 1 alters rice panicle architecture

Panicle architecture is an agronomic determinant of crop yield and a target for cereal crop improvement. To investigate its molecular mechanisms in rice, we performed map-based cloning and characterization...

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The CBL-interacting protein kinase OsCIPK1 phosphorylated by SAPK10 positively regulates responses to ABA and osmotic stress in rice

Subclass III sucrose nonfermenting1-related protein kinase 2s (SnRK2s) function in ABA and abiotic stress responses by unknown mechanisms. We found that osmotic stress/ABA-activated protein kinase 10...

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Physiology of medicinal and aromatic plants under drought stress

Drought poses a significant challenge, restricting the productivity of medicinal and aromatic plants. The strain induced by drought can impede vital processes like respiration and photosynthesis, affecting...

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Enemies at peace: Recent progress in Agrobacterium-mediated cereal transformation

Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated plant transformation is a versatile tool for plant genetic engineering following its discovery nearly half a century ago. Numerous modifications were made in its application...

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A growth-regulating factor 7 (GRF7)-mediated gene regulatory network promotes leaf growth and expansion in sugarcane

Knowledge of the function of growth-regulating factors (GRFs) in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum and S. spontaneum) growth and development could assist breeders in selecting desirable plant architectures....

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The Magnaporthe oryzae effector Avr-PikD suppresses rice immunity by inhibiting an LSD1-like transcriptional activator

Avirulence effectors (Avrs), encoded by plant pathogens, can be recognized by plants harboring the corresponding resistance proteins, thereby initiating effector-triggered immunity (ETI). In susceptible...

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A simple and efficient CRISPR/Cas9 system permits ultra-multiplex genome editing in plants

The development and maturation of the CRISPR/Cas genome editing system provides a valuable tool for plant functional genomics and genetic improvement. Currently available genome-editing tools have a...

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GmSTF accumulation mediated by DELLA protein GmRGAs contributes to coordinating light and gibberellin signaling to reduce plant height in soybean

Plant height influences plant architecture, lodging resistance, and yield performance. It is modulated by gibberellic acid (GA) metabolism and signaling. DELLA proteins, acting as central repressors...

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OsWRKY65 enhances immunity against fungal and bacterial pathogens in rice

Diverse bacterial and fungal pathogens attack plants, causing biotic stress and severe yield losses globally. These losses are expected to become more serious as climate change improves conditions for...

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LociScan, a tool for screening genetic marker combinations for plant variety discrimination

To reduce the cost and increase the efficiency of plant genetic marker fingerprinting for variety discrimination, it is desirable to identify the optimal marker combinations. We describe a marker combination...

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The effect of abiotic stresses on plant C:N:P homeostasis and their mitigation by silicon

In crop plants, various environmental stresses affect the balance of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus (C:N:P), leading to biochemical and physiological alterations and reductions in yield. Silicon (Si)...

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Optimization of inter-seasonal nitrogen allocation increases yield and resource-use efficiency in a water-limited wheat–maize cropping system in the North China Plain

Winter wheat–summer maize cropping system in the North China Plain often experiences drought-induced yield reduction in the wheat season and rainwater and nitrogen (N) fertilizer losses in the maize...

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Fine mapping and characterization of stripe rust resistance gene YrAYH in near-isogenic lines derived from a cross involving wheat landrace Anyuehong

Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is a devastating disease in wheat worldwide. Discovering and characterizing new resistance genes/QTL is crucial for wheat breeding programs....

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Magnesium fertilizer application increases peanut growth and pod yield under reduced nitrogen application in southern China

This study investigated the effect of magnesium application on peanut growth and yield under two nitrogen (N) application rates in acidic soil in southern China. The chlorophyll content, net photosynthetic...

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The gene encoding flavonol synthase contributes to lesion mimic in wheat

Lesion mimic often exhibits leaf disease-like symptoms even in the absence of pathogen infection, and is characterized by a hypersensitive-response (HR) that closely linked to plant disease resistance....

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Nanopriming with selenium doped carbon dots improved rapeseed germination and seedling salt tolerance

Soil salinity is a big environmental issue affecting crop production. Although seed nanopriming has been widely used to improve seed germination and seedling growth under salinity, our knowledge about...

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