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ISSN: 2589-238X

A case of spontaneous acute subdural hematoma in Plasmodium falciparum malaria: A systematic review

Malaria is one of the most common and lethal endemic disease in tropical countries. Severe malaria can be manifested as impaired consciousness, respiratory distress, convulsions, jaundice, pulmonary...

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Spontaneous subdural effusion in a hospitalized Covid-19 patient: Case report

Subdural effusions (SE) have already been associated with several viruses, but there are few associations with Covid-19 reported to date, and all of them had one thing in common: the presence of superimposed...

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Detection and successful endovascular treatment for a de novo intracranial pseudoaneurysm in early phase after traumatic brain injury

Traumatic intracranial pseudoaneurysm (TIP) after head trauma is rare, but it frequently ruptures in early phase. Although early detection and prompt treatment is important, the details are still unknown....

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Progress in the treatment of chronic intracranial large artery occlusion: Time for large, randomized trials?

Chronic cerebral artery occlusion is an important cause of ischemic stroke, resulting in up to 45% of all ischemic strokes. Therefore, treatment of chronic cerebral artery occlusion is critical to improve...

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Incidence and factors in delayed neurological deficits after subarachnoid hemorrhage in mice

Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is one of the most feared complications in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Animal models are crucial to studying the disease mechanisms and potential treatments....

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Chronic subdural hematoma: Epidemiological analysis and factors associated with hematoma size – A single center experience

This study aims to analyze the profile of patients with chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) and to verify the factors associated with hematoma size....

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Impact of strict fluid management on the treatment outcome of clazosentan for cerebral vasospasm

Clazosentan (CLA) reduces cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). However, adverse events including pulmonary edema were reported. We examined whether the strict management...

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Rare central neurocytoma in fourth ventricle: A case report with intratumoral hemorrhage and cerebellar mutism syndrome

Central neurocytoma (CN) is a rare benign tumor usually found in the lateral and third ventricles. This report highlights an exceptional case of CN in the fourth ventricle, leading to acute hydrocephalus...

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Evolving approaches in the management of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage from 2002 to 2022: The impact of clazosentan and treatment modalities on outcomes

This study aimed to assess the changes in patient demographics, aneurysm characteristics, and treatment modalities for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) over the past two decades....

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A high cardiothoracic ratio increases the risk of severe pulmonary complications after early initiation of clazosentan in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

Pulmonary complications, which are occasionally severe, are common adverse events following the administration of clazosentan. This study aimed to identify factors associated with severe pulmonary adverse...

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Anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistula presenting with left basal ganglia hemorrhage: A case report

Anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistulas (ACF-dAVFs) usually drain into the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) via the cortical veins. More rarely, the ACF-dAVF drains posteriorly into the olfactory...

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Beneficial effects of clazosentan add-on treatment on delayed cerebral microcirculatory disturbances after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

This retrospective study aimed to analyze the prospectively collected data of computed tomography (CT) perfusion imaging and to examine if clazosentan add-on administration prevented post-subarachnoid...

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Could clazosentan, first approved in Japan, improve neurological prognosis after subarachnoid hemorrhage in combination with modified water-electrolyte management?

An aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a devastating event associated with a high mortality and morbidity rate. Though numerous medications are used to prevent cerebral vasospasm and vasospasm-related...

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Fluid balance management with loop diuretics in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage treated with clazosentan: A case series

Pulmonary edema is a common complication in patients receiving clazonsentan. Here, we report our experience in managing fluid balance with loop diuretics in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage...

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Efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke in primary immune thrombocytopenia patient: Case report and literature review

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) paradoxically carries a high risk of developing thrombosis. However, the efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in ITP patients...

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Neurological complications and effects of COVID-19: Symptoms and conceivable mechanisms

A novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was declared a global...

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Immunotherapy as a treatment for Stroke: Utilizing regulatory T cells

Stroke, a cerebrovascular disease with a high mortality rate, is categorized as either ischemic or hemorrhagic. Current existing therapies have limitations, including a narrow time window for treatment....

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Hematological indices as predictors of intracerebral hematoma expansion detected on serial computed tomography

Hematoma expansion is associated with unfavourable neurological outcomes in intracranial haemorrhage. We aimed to study association of red blood cell (RBC) indices, platelet indices, and their ratios...

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Correlation does not mean causation: Proofs of COVID-19 associated strokes!

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Apropos of menstrual changes and abnormal uterine bleeding after COVID-19 vaccination

It is news of 28 October 2022 that the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee of the European Medicines Agency has recommended to add heavy menstrual bleeding among the side effects of unknown...

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Off-label use of Woven EndoBridge device in vertebro-basilar junction aneurysm and a review of the literature

An intrasaccular flow diverter, the Woven EndoBridge device has emerged as an alternate intervention for complex aneurysms of the ACA, MCA, ICA, and basilar artery. However, few studies report the use...

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Spot the adenoma after pituitary apoplexy following a SARS-CoV-2 vaccination

Pituitary apoplexy often manifests with a severe headache and is often caused by bleeding in a pituitary adenoma, which is common and often undiagnosed. The pituitary gland is damaged when the tumour...

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