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ISSN: 2468-0427
CN: 10-1766/R
p-ISSN: 2468-2152

Evaluation of TB elimination strategies in Canadian Inuit populations: Nunavut as a case study

Tuberculosis (TB) continues to disproportionately affect Inuit populations in Canada with some communities having over 300 times higher rate of active TB than Canadian-born, non-Indigenous people. Inuit...

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The impact of age structure and vaccine prioritization on COVID-19 in West Africa

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has been a major global health challenge since its emergence in 2019. Contrary to early predictions that sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) would bear a disproportionate share of...

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Mathematical modeling of the dynamics of COVID-19 variants of concern: Asymptotic and finite-time perspectives

The COVID-19 pandemic has seen multiple waves, in part due to the implementation and relaxation of social distancing measures by the public health authorities around the world, and also caused by the...

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Assessing the effectiveness of quarantine measures during the COVID-19 pandemic in Chile using Bayesian structural time series models

With the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, all existing health protocols were tested under the worst health crisis humanity has experienced since the Black Death in the 14th century. Countries in...

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The impact factors of the risk index and diffusive dynamics of a SIS free boundary model

To discuss the impact factors on the spread of infectious diseases, we study a free boundary problem describing a SIS (susceptible-infected-susceptible) model in a heterogeneous environment. Firstly,...

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Effectivity and efficacy probiotics for Bacterial Vaginosis treatments: Meta-analysis

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginal discharge. However, in some cases, side effects and resistance rates have been reported when antibiotics are administered. This problem has...

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Effect of awareness, quarantine and vaccination as control strategies on COVID-19 with Co-morbidity and Re-infection

In this paper, a deterministic compartmental model is presented to assess the impact of vaccination and non-pharmaceutical interventions (social distance, awareness, face mask, and quarantine) on the...

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Competitive exclusion of two viral strains of COVID-19

The pandemic COVID-19 has caused severe losses in public health and economy. One of the most difficult problems in prevention of the disease spread is the emergence of new variants. In this paper, a...

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Epidemic time series similarity is related to geographic distance and age structure

More similar locations may have similar infectious disease dynamics. There is clear overlap in putative causes for epidemic similarity, such as geographic distance, age structure, and population size....

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Modelling the potential influence of human migration and two strains on Ebola virus disease dynamics

Migration of infected animals and humans, and mutation are considered as the source of the introduction of new pathogens and strains into a country. In this paper, we formulate a mathematical model...

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The role of super-spreaders in modeling of SARS-CoV-2

In stochastic modeling of infectious diseases, it has been established that variations in infectivity affect the probability of a major outbreak, but not the shape of the curves during a major outbreak,...

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Meteorological indicators of dengue epidemics in non-endemic Northwest Argentina

In the last two decades dengue cases increased significantly throughout the world, giving place to more frequent outbreaks in Latin America. In the non-endemic city of San Ramón de la Nueva Orán, located...

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Host movement, transmission hot spots, and vector-borne disease dynamics on spatial networks

We examine how spatial heterogeneity combines with mobility network structure to influence vector-borne disease dynamics. Specifically, we consider a Ross-Macdonald-type disease model on n spatial locations...

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A mathematical model for the dynamics and control of malaria in Nigeria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease endemic in many African countries especially Nigeria. A mathematical model is used to study the dynamics of malaria in Nigeria. The model incorporates drug resistance,...

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Mathematical model to predict COVID-19 mortality rate

Covid-19 is a highly contagious viral infection that has recently become a pandemic. Since the beginning of the pandemic, the disease has affected millions of people and taken many people's lives. The...

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Evaluations of COVID-19 epidemic models with multiple susceptible compartments using exponential and non-exponential distribution for disease stages

Mathematical models have wide applications in studying COVID-19 epidemic transmission dynamics, however, most mathematical models do not take into account the heterogeneity of susceptible populations...

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Modeling the impact of surveillance activities combined with physical distancing interventions on COVID-19 epidemics at a local level

Physical distancing and contact tracing are two key components in controlling the COVID-19 epidemics. Understanding their interaction at local level is important for policymakers. We propose a flexible...

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Optimal COVID-19 epidemic strategy with vaccination control and infection prevention measures in Thailand

COVID-19 is a severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by the Coronavirus-2 virus (SARS-CoV-2). The virus spreads from one to another through droplets from an infected person, and sometimes these droplets...

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Understanding the transmission pathways of Lassa fever: A mathematical modeling approach

The spread of Lassa fever infection is increasing in West Africa over the last decade. The impact of this can better be understood when considering the various possible transmission routes. We designed...

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Modelling the impact of timelines of testing and isolation on disease control

Testing and isolation remain a key component of public health responses to both persistent and emerging infectious diseases. Although the value of these measures have been demonstrated in combating...

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The malaria transmission in Anhui province China

Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum cases have opposite trends in Anhui China in the past decade. Long term and seasonal trends in the transmission rate of P. falciparum in Africa has been well...

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Recursive Zero-COVID model and quantitation of control efforts of the Omicron epidemic in Jilin province

Since the beginning of March 2022, the epidemic due to the Omicron variant has developed rapidly in Jilin Province. To figure out the key controlling factors and validate the model to show the success...

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The distribution of COVID-19 mortality

We estimate the distribution of COVID-19 mortality (measured as daily deaths) from the start of the pandemic until July 31st, 2022, for six European countries and the USA. We use the Pareto, the stretched...

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Mathematics of a single-locus model for assessing the impacts of pyrethroid resistance and temperature on population abundance of malaria mosquitoes

This study presents a genetic-ecology modeling framework for assessing the combined impacts of insecticide resistance, temperature variability, and insecticide-based interventions on the population...

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Evaluating recurrent episodes of malaria incidence in Timika, Indonesia, through a Markovian multiple-state model

The high prevalence of malaria in endemic areas generally stems from recurrence events, characterized by the appearance of malaria symptoms at the time of examination; nearly every resident is at risk...

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